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CHESS - MAPEH 8 (Physical Education 3rd Quarter)

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MAPEH 8 - Physical Education
Unit 3: Indoor Recreational Activities
Lesson 2: Chess

Published in: Education
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CHESS - MAPEH 8 (Physical Education 3rd Quarter)

  1. 1. CHESSMR. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 3 – Indoor Recreational Activities
  2. 2. HISTORY
  3. 3. Brief History of Chess ORIGIN • Chess is a game that has been played for centuries and was thought to have originated in India over the 15th century. • Long ago, it was considered a game reserved only for Kings and members of the upper classes. • Nowadays, chess is played by common people even at early age.
  4. 4. Brief History of Chess ORIGIN • The modern design of chess pieces bears the name Staunton, who was an English master in the mid-18OO's. • These are the type of pieces that are now used in all tournaments worldwide.
  5. 5. Brief History of Chess ANDERSSEN • London Tourney – the first international chess tournament played in 1851 • Adolf Anderssen – a German who won the game, London Tourney. • He became the unofficial best chess player of the world because he did not receive any award or title.
  6. 6. Brief History of Chess MORPHY • Paul Morphy – the first great American-born chess player • Paul traveled to Europe in the 185O's, where he beat all challengers, including Adolf Anderssen. • However, the English champion of the time (Staunton) refused to play with him, so Morphy never became a world chess champ.
  7. 7. Brief History of Chess STEINITZ • The first official championship chess tournament was played in 1866 in London, with sand clocks to restrict the length of a game. • Steinitz – a Bohemian (Czechoslovakian) Jew who won the game • He became the world's first official chess champion, holding this title until 1894.
  8. 8. Brief History of Chess TODAY • Recently, Russia dominates the game of chess. This results from the establishment of government schools for talented chess players after the communist revolution of 1917. • Since 1927, many of the top chess players have been citizens of the former USSR, and include: Tal, Alekhine, Petrosian, Spassky, Smyslov, Anatoli Karpov, and Gary Kasparov.
  9. 9. GOAL
  10. 10. GOAL • Chess is a game played between two opponents on opposite sides of a board containing 64 squares of alternating colors. Each player has 16 pieces: 1 king, 1 queen, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 2 knights, and 8 pawns. • The goal of the game is to checkmate the other king. Checkmate happens when the king is in a position to be captured (in check) and cannot escape from capture.
  11. 11. CHESS PIECES
  12. 12. CHESS PIECES Pieces on the Board White Diagram Pieces Black Diagram Pieces King Queen Bishop Knight Rook Pawn
  13. 13. King & Queen King Queen ⊙The King’s crown has a rounded shape. King’s has a cross on top of their crown. ⊙The Queen’s crown has a pointed shape.
  14. 14. Bishop ⊙The shape of the Bishop used in printed chess diagrams is based on the Bishop’s Mitre, a liturgical headpiece worn by the bishop when exercising his office. ⊙Two bands called “lappers” hang from the back of the Mitre down onto the shoulders. A Bishops’ Mitre Clipart courtesy FCIT, http://etc.usf.edu/clipart Chess Bishop for print diagrams These are lappers, not “feet” The cleft between the front and back of the Mitre became the diagonal cut in the Bishop chess piece.
  15. 15. Knight ⊙The shape of the Knight used in printed chess diagrams is the head of a Knight’s horse. Statue, Doncaster Knights Rugby Club © Copyright Dave Pickersgill and licensed for reuse Chess Knight for print diagrams
  16. 16. Rook ⊙ The shape of the Rook used in printed chess diagrams is a circular tower from a castle. Winsor Castle © Derek A R., 2005 licensed for reuse Chess Rook for print diagrams
  17. 17. Pawn ⊙Swiss infantry formed pike squares of 100 infantry men in a 10 x 10 array, each holding a long pointed staff. A well-drilled pike square was impenetrable by cavalry and very mobile. ⊙Notice how the pikeman’s helmet and armor looks like a pawn. Pikeman’s Armor, 1600-1630 A.D. © mharrsch, licensed for reuse Chess Pawn for print diagrams
  18. 18. Pike Square
  19. 19. CHESS BASICS
  20. 20. CHESS BASICS ⊙How to Set Up the Chess Board ⊙Basic Rules  How the Pieces Move  Rules for Castling  En Passant Pawn Captures  Checkmate – How a game is won  The Ways to Draw a Game
  21. 21. CHESS BASICS “White to the right” Put the white corner to the right side Switching this can make a game invalid. If the board has letters, they should read A-H for the white player. SETTING UP A CHESS BOARD
  22. 22. CHESS BASICS “Queen on her color” ⊙ White Queen is on a white square. ⊙ Black Queen is on a shaded square. “A lady wants her shoes to match her dress.” Check this before you start the game. SETTING UP THE PIECES
  23. 23. CHESS BASICS “Add the pieces in alphabetical order, going out from the King & Queen.” Bishops next to K & Q Knights next to Bishops Rooks in the Corners Switching a Bishop and a Knight is a common mistake in setting up the board. PIECES IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER
  24. 24. CHESS BASICS Now the board is ready to play chess! ADD THE PAWNS IN FRONT
  25. 25. CHESS BASICS  White (corner) to the right  Queen on her color  Add pieces alphabetically from the center  Pawns in Front RULES FOR SETTING UP BOARD
  26. 26. HOW THE PIECES MOVE
  27. 27. Rooks move to vacant squares in a horizontal or vertical straight line. Rooks must stop before their own pieces, or they can capture an opponent’s piece and occupy that square. MOVING ROOKS
  28. 28. Bishops move to vacant squares in a diagonal straight line. Bishops must stop before their own pieces, or they can capture an opponent’s piece and occupy that square. MOVING BISHOPS
  29. 29. Knights move in an “L”, two squares in one direction and one square at a right angle. Knights jump over pieces of any color. MOVING KNIGHTS Knights can capture opponent’s pieces, but not their own pieces.
  30. 30. The Queen combines the moves of the Rook and the Bishop. The Queen moves to vacant squares in a straight line. The Queen must stop before her own pieces, or she can capture an opponent’s piece and occupy that square. MOVING THE QUEEN
  31. 31. The King moves one square in any direction, but cannot stay in or move to a square under attack by an opposing piece, or occupy a square that has one of his own pieces. MOVING THE KING
  32. 32. The King may capture an unprotected piece, even if it is attacking him. Castling is done with both the King and Rook in the same move. MOVING THE KING
  33. 33. Pawns move forward, either one or two empty squares on their first move, and only one empty square after that. MOVING PAWNS
  34. 34. Pawns may capture opponent’s pieces that are one diagonal square in front of it. A Pawn cannot capture a piece directly in front of it. MOVING PAWNS
  35. 35. Pawns allowed able to take an opponent’s pawn “en passant” (French for “in passing”). When the opponent’s pawn moves two squares, the pawn can captures as if the pawn only moves one square. “EN PASSANT” CAPTURE
  36. 36. This en passant capture MUST be done immediately (on the very next move), or the option to capture this way is lost. “EN PASSANT” CAPTURE
  37. 37. CASTLING 1. The King & Rook have not yet moved in the game. 2. All squares between the King and Rook are empty. 3. The King is not in check. 4. The King does not move to or move over a square that is in check. RULES FOR CASTLING
  38. 38. CHECKMATE  Checkmate is when one player’s King is threatened and there is no legal move to meet the threat.  The player giving checkmate wins the game.  A player can resign when their position is hopeless. It is a loss, but it saves time & shows they knew they lost. CHECKMATE AND WHEN TO RESIGN
  39. 39. DRAW 1. By agreement with your opponent 2. Repeating the same position three (3) times, with the same person to move and the same possible moves 3. Stalemate: The player to move has no legal moves and is not in check 4. The 50-Move Rule: 50 moves without a check or a piece being captured 4 WAYS TO DRAW A GAME
  40. 40. DRAW  To request a draw: 1. You must be the player to move 2. Make your move 3. Offer a draw before touching the clock. The offer is considered on your time, not your opponent’s time.  If your opponent offers a draw, he often thinks he is losing. Check what winning chances you have. ABOUT DRAWS
  41. 41. 50-MOVE DRAW  The opposite-color Bishops can avoid each other, and avoid capture by the King forever.  This will be a draw eventually, if one is not offered and accepted. 50-MOVE DRAW EXAMPLE
  42. 42. PERFORMANCE
  43. 43. APPLICATION 1. Name each chess piece. 2. Set up the chess board. 3. Demonstrate how each chess piece moves. 4. Demonstrate castling and en passant capture. 5. Explain the four rules in castling. 6. Demonstrate on a chess board four ways a chess game can end in a draw. PERFORMANCE
  44. 44. THANKS! CHESSMR. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 3 – Indoor Recreational Activities

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