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SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION
•is also known as sexually-transmitted disease
(STD)
•is a communicable disease that is spread by a
pathogen (disease-causing organism) from one
person to another person through sexual contact
SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION
•transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids
during sexual intercourse
•are commonly caused by bacteria, viruses, or
parasites
SYMPTOMS OF STI
unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or anus
pain during sex or urination
sores, blisters, ulcers, warts or rashes in the genital
area
itchiness or irritation in the genital area
SYMPTOMS OF STI
persistent diarrhea
fever or flu-like symptoms
abnormal or unusual vaginal bleeding, especially
after having sex
pain in the scrotum or testicles
lumps and bumps on the genitals
COMMON SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
oAIDS
oChlamydia
oGenital Herpes
oGonorrhea
oSyphilis
oPubic lice (crabs)
AIDS
Pathogen (causative agent)
Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV)
AIDS
Long Term Effects
Immune systems failure
Severe illness leading to death
8-10 years to see signs of infection
Infection of infants leading to death
AIDS
Preventive Measures
Abstinence from sexual intercourse
and from use of intravenous drugs
CHLAMYDIA
Pathogen (causative agent)
Chlamydia Trachomatis Bacterium
CHLAMYDIA
Long Term Effects
oWomen:
Pelvic inflammation with abdominal pain
Fever
Menstrual bleeding
Ectopic pregnancy
CHLAMYDIA
Long Term Effects
oMen:
Enlarged lymph glands of the groin
Infection of the testicles
Infection during birth can cause blindness or illness
in newborn
CHLAMYDIA
Preventive Measures
Abstinence from sexual intercourse
GENITAL HERPES
Pathogen (causative agent)
Herpes Simplex Virus
GENITAL HERPES
Long Term Effects
If left untreated, it may cause cervical
cancer in women and cause deformities in
unborn babies.
GENITAL HERPES
Preventive Measures
Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from
use of intravenous drugs
GONORRHEA
Pathogen (causative agent)
Neisseria Gonorrhea Bacterium
GONORRHEA
Long Term Effects
Sterility
Liver disease
Testicular disease
Infection of the heart lining
Eye infections for newborn leading to blindness
GONORRHEA
Preventive Measures
Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from
use of intravenous drugs
SYPHILIS
Pathogen (causative agent)
Treponema Pallidum Bacterium
SYPHILIS
Long Term Effects
If left untreated
Mental illness
Heart and kidney damage
Death
SYPHILIS
Preventive Measures
Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from
use of intravenous drugs
CHLAMYDIA
HERPES
GONORRHEA
SYPHILIS
GENITAL ULCER
GENITAL WARTS
PUBIC LICE (CRABS)
Sexual contact (through infected body fluids
like blood, semen, vaginal fluids, etc.)
Sharing infected needles while injecting drugs
Maternal transference (mother to baby during
pregnancy)
MODE OF TRANSMISSION
The only certain way to
prevent and to keep from
catching these diseases is by
abstinence.
is the ability to say NO
to unhealthful practices
REFUSAL SKILLS
1. Maintain eye contact
and firmly say NO.
2. Be true to yourself and
to your belief. Give
reasons for saying NO.
TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
3. Walk away or avoid the
situation.
4. Change the subject.
5. Match verbal with non-
verbal communication.
TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
How will you define abstinence? Have you
experience giving up one thing in your life
in one-week period? Try this with a
partner or classmate. Choose one or two
from the activities.
A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
1. Refrain from doing any of the following
activities: watching television, eating a
particular food, or playing a particular
game or sport for one-week period.
A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
2. During that time, make a daily log of
your experience about being
“abstinent” in your diary.
A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
3. After a week is up, you and some of
your classmates will meet in small
groups and share your feelings and
discoveries.
A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
Answer the following questions in a small group.
a. How hard was it to abstain for the entire week?
b. Did it get more or less difficult as the week went by? Explain.
c. Did friends or family members try to tempt you during the time period?
d. How did you handle the pressure?
e. In your own words, try to define the words “abstinence” and “sexual
abstinence.”
A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
Marta, 15 years old, wants to finish her
schooling without delay and give her full
attention to helping her parents in their
business. She has a close friend Jonathan, 17
years old, who invited her to attend a party
with their friends.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
Marta knew that this group of friends has
been drinking alcohol and using drugs. She
knows that using drugs and alcohol affects
one’s ability to make decisions regarding
sexual behavior.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
This means that when a person uses drugs or
gets drunk, his/her ability to think clearly and
wisely can be affected. So, he told Jonathan
that in order to avoid getting infected with STIs
such as HIV/AIDS they must refrain from doing
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
risky behavior that may tempt them to have
undesirable sexual activities. She was able to
convince Jonathan to stay away from this
group of friends who engage in unhealthful
practices. Jonathan realized that abstinence is
a good way to avoid getting into trouble.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
Their classmates, Peter and Joanna, have also
chosen abstinence. They promise to abstain
from sexual behavior because they would like
to keep their purity until marriage. Instead,
they focus on their studies in order to prepare
for their future together.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
Racquel does not engage in sexual behavior
because she would like to protect her
reputation and that of her family. She believes
that risky sexual behaviors will only bring her
shame and guilt.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
Apparently, Noemi wanted to abstain from sex
because she chose to obey her parents’ advice
to be modest and respect her body.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
All of these young people have different
reasons but the end result is the same- they
have chosen abstinence and they are all proud
of their decision.
B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
Complete the chart with the required
entries. Write your answer in your activity
notebook.
TEENS STRAIGHT TALK
TEENS STRAIGHT TALK
Name
Reason for choosing
abstinence
Your name
_________________
(Your thoughts concerning
this reason)
Martha
Jonathan
Peter and Joanna
Racquel
Noemi
Role play the following situations showing how you
resist pressures using refusal skills. Practice with your
classmates.
1. A friend inviting you to drink alcohol after school
2. Ramon told you to cut classes so you can attend a
birthday party.
3. Carmen invited you to try smoking.
Make a poster on how to avoid STI
and HIV/AIDS using abstinence and
refusal skill.
MY ADVOCACY
Issues And Problems Related To Human Sexuality - MAPEH 8 (Health 1st Quarter)

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Issues And Problems Related To Human Sexuality - MAPEH 8 (Health 1st Quarter)

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION •is also known as sexually-transmitted disease (STD) •is a communicable disease that is spread by a pathogen (disease-causing organism) from one person to another person through sexual contact
  • 4. SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION •transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids during sexual intercourse •are commonly caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites
  • 5. SYMPTOMS OF STI unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or anus pain during sex or urination sores, blisters, ulcers, warts or rashes in the genital area itchiness or irritation in the genital area
  • 6. SYMPTOMS OF STI persistent diarrhea fever or flu-like symptoms abnormal or unusual vaginal bleeding, especially after having sex pain in the scrotum or testicles lumps and bumps on the genitals
  • 7. COMMON SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS oAIDS oChlamydia oGenital Herpes oGonorrhea oSyphilis oPubic lice (crabs)
  • 8. AIDS Pathogen (causative agent) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • 9. AIDS Long Term Effects Immune systems failure Severe illness leading to death 8-10 years to see signs of infection Infection of infants leading to death
  • 10. AIDS Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  • 12. CHLAMYDIA Long Term Effects oWomen: Pelvic inflammation with abdominal pain Fever Menstrual bleeding Ectopic pregnancy
  • 13. CHLAMYDIA Long Term Effects oMen: Enlarged lymph glands of the groin Infection of the testicles Infection during birth can cause blindness or illness in newborn
  • 15. GENITAL HERPES Pathogen (causative agent) Herpes Simplex Virus
  • 16. GENITAL HERPES Long Term Effects If left untreated, it may cause cervical cancer in women and cause deformities in unborn babies.
  • 17. GENITAL HERPES Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  • 19. GONORRHEA Long Term Effects Sterility Liver disease Testicular disease Infection of the heart lining Eye infections for newborn leading to blindness
  • 20. GONORRHEA Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  • 22. SYPHILIS Long Term Effects If left untreated Mental illness Heart and kidney damage Death
  • 23. SYPHILIS Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  • 31. Sexual contact (through infected body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids, etc.) Sharing infected needles while injecting drugs Maternal transference (mother to baby during pregnancy) MODE OF TRANSMISSION
  • 32. The only certain way to prevent and to keep from catching these diseases is by abstinence.
  • 33. is the ability to say NO to unhealthful practices REFUSAL SKILLS
  • 34. 1. Maintain eye contact and firmly say NO. 2. Be true to yourself and to your belief. Give reasons for saying NO. TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
  • 35. 3. Walk away or avoid the situation. 4. Change the subject. 5. Match verbal with non- verbal communication. TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
  • 36.
  • 37. How will you define abstinence? Have you experience giving up one thing in your life in one-week period? Try this with a partner or classmate. Choose one or two from the activities. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  • 38. 1. Refrain from doing any of the following activities: watching television, eating a particular food, or playing a particular game or sport for one-week period. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  • 39. 2. During that time, make a daily log of your experience about being “abstinent” in your diary. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  • 40. 3. After a week is up, you and some of your classmates will meet in small groups and share your feelings and discoveries. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  • 41. Answer the following questions in a small group. a. How hard was it to abstain for the entire week? b. Did it get more or less difficult as the week went by? Explain. c. Did friends or family members try to tempt you during the time period? d. How did you handle the pressure? e. In your own words, try to define the words “abstinence” and “sexual abstinence.” A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  • 42. Marta, 15 years old, wants to finish her schooling without delay and give her full attention to helping her parents in their business. She has a close friend Jonathan, 17 years old, who invited her to attend a party with their friends. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 43. Marta knew that this group of friends has been drinking alcohol and using drugs. She knows that using drugs and alcohol affects one’s ability to make decisions regarding sexual behavior. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 44. This means that when a person uses drugs or gets drunk, his/her ability to think clearly and wisely can be affected. So, he told Jonathan that in order to avoid getting infected with STIs such as HIV/AIDS they must refrain from doing B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 45. risky behavior that may tempt them to have undesirable sexual activities. She was able to convince Jonathan to stay away from this group of friends who engage in unhealthful practices. Jonathan realized that abstinence is a good way to avoid getting into trouble. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 46. Their classmates, Peter and Joanna, have also chosen abstinence. They promise to abstain from sexual behavior because they would like to keep their purity until marriage. Instead, they focus on their studies in order to prepare for their future together. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 47. Racquel does not engage in sexual behavior because she would like to protect her reputation and that of her family. She believes that risky sexual behaviors will only bring her shame and guilt. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 48. Apparently, Noemi wanted to abstain from sex because she chose to obey her parents’ advice to be modest and respect her body. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 49. All of these young people have different reasons but the end result is the same- they have chosen abstinence and they are all proud of their decision. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  • 50.
  • 51. Complete the chart with the required entries. Write your answer in your activity notebook. TEENS STRAIGHT TALK
  • 52. TEENS STRAIGHT TALK Name Reason for choosing abstinence Your name _________________ (Your thoughts concerning this reason) Martha Jonathan Peter and Joanna Racquel Noemi
  • 53.
  • 54. Role play the following situations showing how you resist pressures using refusal skills. Practice with your classmates. 1. A friend inviting you to drink alcohol after school 2. Ramon told you to cut classes so you can attend a birthday party. 3. Carmen invited you to try smoking.
  • 55.
  • 56. Make a poster on how to avoid STI and HIV/AIDS using abstinence and refusal skill. MY ADVOCACY

Editor's Notes

  1. A person who has a sexual relationship with someone who is infected can get one or more of these diseases.
  2. Some STIs can be treated successfully but many STIs such as HIV/AIDS still have no cure. The good news is, all STIs can be prevented.
  3. Symptoms of STIs depend on the type of infections. There are many different STIs and there are many signs that mean you may have caught one, but sometimes, there are no signs at all. When STIs do produce symptoms, they usually develop on the genital area. Your sexual contacts may also experience symptoms.
  4. How to say no and remain friendly to someone you like? Is it difficult for you to refuse? If somebody ask you to do risky behavior like drinking and smoking or even doing pre-marital sex , how will you refuse? Throughout life you are likely to meet people who will persuade you to do things you do not want to do. How do you say no and still remain friendly with someone you like? Is it difficult for you to refuse? If somebody asks you to do risky behavior like drinking and smoking or even do pre-marital sex, how will you refuse?
  5. 2. Person A: Do you want to be my drinking buddy? Person B: NO! I love my body. I don‟t want to die young.
  6. 3. If you know that the group are doing risky sexual behavior that you don‟t want to do or join, then JUST don‟t GO. 4. Try suggesting something better to do with your time, Person B: Let‟s smoke. Person A: I think it would be better if we eat instead. 5. Shake your head and say NO!
  7. There is an increasing number of young people being infected with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or for every 10 cases 1 is a child. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS