global aviation transports 2.8 billion passengers1.7 million tonsof inflight garbage sources: IATA, 2011; Green America 2010
32-71% 5-21% 3-24% magazines, newspapers, boardin inflight meals, fruits & other wines, sprits & liquors, other g cards , menus, perishables (complimentary on bottled beverages brought on by catalogues, flight & catering international, for purchase on passengers/crew, baby food jars reports, cardboard, paper domestic), crew meals & snacks napkins, custom forms, aseptic and food brought on by containers, barf bags, labels passengers/crew ~75% of total inflight waste is recyclable > 2-4% > 2-10% Household recycling rate Canada: 27% US: 34.1% pop cans, aluminum food trays & lids, foils bottled water, other bottled beverages, inflight meal inflight packaging, cutlery sets, plastic tumblers, foam cups, trash recycling rate: 20% bags, recycling bags, packaging for pillows &sources: Li et al. , 2003; Statistics Canada blankets, wrappers for catering supplies, food lids, noodle soup foam containers, plastic wrap, swizzle sticks, napkin/creamer,2004; US Environmental Protection Agency packaging, mini bottles of alcohol, snack wraps , earphones, security seals ….. etc., 2010; Green America 2010
A plastic cup weighs ~ 5 grams. 5g x 2.8 billion passengers = 140,000 tons per year
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16 billion by year 2050Delta Airlines B-Virgin America B-Virgin Atlantic CSouthwest Airlines C Source: IATA Vision2050, 2010Continental Airlines D environmentally damaging Air transport isJetBlue D vital to modern society. Initiatives to yetAmerican Airlines D planet are lacking. Excessive preserve ourBritishpackaging & over-reliance on disposables Airways DAir Tran D generate unforgivable amounts of waste.UnitedRecycling programs in the industry are also Airlines FUS Airways F inadequate and ineffective.Source: Green America, 2010
a sustainable solution that focuses oninflight product &service delivery withthe goal of reducing consumption andwaste.Reinvestigation of the current system – improve on efficiency &effectiveness of service delivery & find greener alternatives formaterials used in inflight productsHeighten awareness about the issue across the industry spectrum;from traveling public to management-level decision makers. Promotea shift in mentality towards an environmentally-sustainable future.
REQUIREMENTSMust be cost-effective in order to appeal to businessesMeet the inflight needs of a diversified body of air travelersEase of operation for groomers, caterers &inflight staffAdhere to governmental rules and regulations onsecurity, safety and healthEasily adaptable to existing systems and inflight services(ex. catering facilities, transport tools &equipment, aircraft configurations, recycling programs)Lightweight and compact
identify approach1m concept stage experience prototypes working prototypes user interaction analysis process models cost & design specifications8m final model