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Planning a video

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Planning a video

  1. 1. An introduction
  2. 2. Watch video
  3. 3. What is pre-production  Is the planning phase of any project. It is where we think about what we need to do, how we will do it, who will do it and when it needs to be done by..
  4. 4. Why do we need to conduct planning for a video production?
  5. 5. Why do we need to conduct planning for a video production?  Video production is a multi-faceted operation  That is, there are many different things we need to pull together, at a certain time and in a certain place, to make a production happen
  6. 6. What kind of things do we need to plan?  What we’re filming  When we’re filming  Where we’re filming  Who’s in it  Etc….
  7. 7. What do we need to plan for? Lets look at some of the planning we might need to do for a production.
  8. 8. What do we need to plan for? IDEAS EQUIPMENT TIME LOCATION CAST & CREW
  9. 9. Now we know what we need to do we need to think about what order it needs to be done in. 1. Time planning
  10. 10. Production milestones One way of helping to set things in the right order is to decide on your milestones. This is where you list the jobs in the order you think they need to be done. For example, which would you need to do 1st?  Come up with an idea for your music video?  Hire actors and dancers?
  11. 11. Production milestones By listing the tasks in the order they need to be complete we can plan to get things done in the right order, and we won’t fall behind with our filming. We can record this on a production milestones document.
  12. 12. Once we know our milestones  We can start to plan out what we will do on a week-by-week or day-by-day basis using a production schedule.
  13. 13.  Talent & contributors There are 2 types of people we need for a production… Crew 2. CAST & CREW
  14. 14.  Actors  Presenters  Guests on a TV show  Interviewees on the news Anyone who we want in front of the camera. They will not be fulfilling a technical role. What do we think talent & contributors might be?
  15. 15. In the industry we will normally audition for talent, or find them through research. We can use websites such as casting call pro or mandy.com to advertise for actors and presenters. Where can we find talent?
  16. 16. A casting director will audition prospective actors, feeding back to the producer & director
  17. 17. What do actors want in return for being in your video?
  18. 18. Who are the crew?
  19. 19. What different job roles are there on the crew?
  20. 20. If we were planning to make The Muppets: The Movie 2 which of these would we need? or What do we need to think about when deciding what crew we need?
  21. 21. A big action film will probably need: The crew you need will depend on the requirements of your production Armourer Helicopter pilot
  22. 22. whereas a TV gameshow will need… The crew you need will depend on the requirements of your production A vision mixer A TV presenter
  23. 23. Finance is an important part of film-making, but…. 3. Finance What is ‘finance’?
  24. 24. Finance Is the management of money, and money related matters. need. In film-making, finance can be best thought of as the money we have versus the money we need.
  25. 25. What do we need money for?
  26. 26. Lets think about funding for our crew… They’ll need the correct equipment for their job… We’ll need to get them to their location We need to make sure they’re fed & watered during production…. We need to pay them a fair wage…
  27. 27. Where can we get money from? A broadcaster might pay us to make a programme for them… (eg. TV show) A private investor might give us money in return for a share of the profits…. (eg. A feature film) A client may pay us to make a video for them… (eg. Music video) A charitable film fund may give you money (eg. Feature films)
  28. 28. Once we’ve got our funding we can budget for our production. What is a budget? “…an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time.”
  29. 29. Why do we need to do a budget? We need to make sure we have enough money to pay for all of our costs.
  30. 30. Why do we need to do a budget? You have £1000 budget for a music video.  You are filming for 2 days  You need 3 camera operators  Each camera operator costs £200 p/d  Each camera costs £80 for 2 days hire Total cost = £1440 Total funding = £1000 Loss = £440
  31. 31. What are the implications of going over-budget?
  32. 32. 4. Locations
  33. 33. There are 3 questions we need to answer when planning filming locations  Is it suitable?  Is it safe?  Do I have permission to film there?
  34. 34. Is it suitable?  The look: Does it meet the needs of the script?  Travel: can we get there?  Accommodation: Is it within commuting distance, or do we need to arrange accommodation whilst filming?  Cost: do we have to pay to use it?
  35. 35. Is it safe?  Can we access the location safely?  Are there any dangers to the cast and crew there?  Can we make the location safe of dangers?  Is it open to members of the public, or is it a closed set?  Are we insured if someone hurts themself?
  36. 36. Do I have permission to film there?  Ownership: Who owns the land / building / space?  Contact: Have I contacted them to ask permission?  Proof: Have I got proof that I am allowed to film there?
  37. 37. This is why we always need to do a budget for our productions…
  38. 38. So how do we plan for all this?  Location research  Location recce  Risk assessment  Signed filming permission / evidence of contact & consent
  39. 39. 5. Equipment  What kit do you need for filming?  Tripod? Stabiliser? Track?  Cards or tapes?  What type of camera?  Lighting?  Microphones? Boom poles? Headphones? Radio mic’s or shotgun mics? XLR cables?  Card readers?  What will you edit it on?
  40. 40. Equipment hire  Do you need to book it?  Who from?  What is a hire house?  How much will it cost?  When do you need to pick it up?  When does it need to be returned by?
  41. 41. 6. Legal issues  What legal issues could you potentially face?  What is a consent form?  Why do you need to do a risk assessment?
  42. 42. 7. Creative planning  What creative planning do you need to do?  What order do you do them in?
  43. 43. 8. Extra materials  What is a soundtrack?  When might you need to use archive footage?
  • ifra

    Dec. 21, 2019

for btec

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