SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Advanced smart credential cum unique identification and recognition system

1 of 8
Download to read offline
INTERNATIONALComputer EngineeringCOMPUTER ENGINEERING
  International Journal of
                              JOURNAL OF and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
  6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME
                             & TECHNOLOGY (IJCET)
ISSN 0976 – 6367(Print)
ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online)
Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), pp. 97-104
                                                                              IJCET
© IAEME: www.iaeme.com/ijcet.asp
Journal Impact Factor (2012): 3.9580 (Calculated by GISI)                  ©IAEME
www.jifactor.com




  ADVANCED SMART CREDENTIAL CUM UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION
            AND RECOGNITION SYSTEM. (ASCUIRS)

                        Mr.Lokesh S. Khedekar 1 , Dr.A.S.Alvi 2
                PRMIT&R,Badnera,Amravati,India,lokeshkhedekar@gmail.com 1
                PRMIT&R,Badnera,Amravati,India,abrar_alvi@rediffmail.com 2


  ABSTRACT

          Today barcode system is very popular to identifying a unique product. Many
  organizations are using this technique for identifying a unique product. Tracking these items
  has historically been done by the use of bar-code technologies, which suffer from lack of
  efficiency, robustness, difficulty in automation, inability to have secure or dynamic data, etc.,
  whereas the 2D Data matrix has the ability to overcome several of these limitations over
  barcode This paper presents a comparative basis for the Advanced Smart Credential cum
  Unique Identification and Recognition System via 2D Data matrix versus other technologies
  such as barcode and QR code.

  Keywords: Barcode, Data Matrix, Encoding, QR Code, SCUIRS.

  I.      INTRODUCTION

          This proposed paper is related with the implementation of a product that will combine
  the power of graphical representation and the power of random numbers and characters for a
  unique ID. Combination of both Unique ID and Unique image will help a user to identify the
  product from other products and store its information accordingly. ASCUIRS will not only
  give you a complete solution to product identification but can facilitate you with one more
  option. ASCUIRS will also act like a Security system. The basic idea behind the designing of
  ASCUIRS is to use the feature of Unique numbers combined with unique images and form a
  unique combination that will help in recognizing the product or a user or any item in
  inventory.

  1.1       Existing Systems
  1.1.1     Barcode System
                                                 97
International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME

          There are a variety of methods you can use to print BarCode [1]. We recommend the
lowest cost alternative to get started – a barcode font. Barcode fonts give you an inexpensive
and flexible way to print labels quickly with high resolution and a low initial investment. The
location barcode is important because the goal of the inventory system is to know not only
what you have, but to be able to tell accurately where it all is. You can get creative with the
location barcode.
          The first barcode was developed by Bernard Silver and Norman Joseph Woodland in
the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The first commercial use of barcodes was by the
RCA/Kroger system installed in Cincinnati on the call of the National Association of Food
Chains (NAFC). However it was not widely used until the Universal Product Code (UPC) [2]
was introduced into America and adopted by the U.S. Supermarket Ad Hoc Committee.
Today’s barcodes have two forms: one dimensional (1D) barcode and two dimensional (2D)
barcode [3][4]. The 1D barcodes use bars and gaps to encode identification information such
as serial numbers. The 2D barcodes [5] consist of more complicated patterns and may encode
up to 4K bytes of data. Figure 1 shows the 1D barcodes. Although 1D is the more prevalent
barcode used in daily life.




                           Figure 1. 1D Barcode and 2D Barcode
Figure 2 illustrates a basic barcode system. Barcodes are read or scanned by a barcode reader
and the reader is connected to a computer. The operator has to physically align/point the
barcode reader with/to the barcode to read the identification information. The software
running on the computer processes the identification information picked up by the scanner.
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is usually used to control the scanner in more
automated process such as production line. The primary scanning technology for barcode is
LED (Light-Emitting Diode). More advanced scanning such as CCD (Charge-Coupled
Device), Laser, and Imager are used in industry automatic processing.




                    Figure 2 Basic Barcode System 2D Barcode System


                                              98
International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME

Barcodes can be printed from most printers. 1D barcodes usually have coded readable ID
printed along with the barcode. Barcodes can be read by barcode scanners which we see at a
typical Point of Sale (POS) in retail stores. The barcode can be printed from any black/white
printer. Since the barcode can be directly printed on an object or on paper label, the cost for a
barcode is typically less than 1 cent [6].
Disadvantage of Barcode System:
Barcodes are graphic images featuring a series of lines or bars, of varying thickness,
positioned parallel to each other in such a way that a scanner passed along the image will
translate their thickness and spacing with relation to each other as a series of numbers or
code.
This code is then interpreted by customized software to produce pricing and stocking
information in an effort to assist in the automation of the retail sales and stocking processes.
It is a very efficient and effective system, but, like any other method of tracking inventory, it
is not foolproof.
Pricing Discrepancies and Scanning Problems
When discounts apply to bar-coded merchandise, store employees may forget to code in the
discount price. This, in turn, can lead to confusion and delays at the checkout counter,
inconveniencing the customer, the checkout clerk, and other customers waiting in line. If a
barcode can't be scanned, for any reason, the clerk must then read the corresponding numeric
code and enter it manually. Because clerks have become used to scanning barcodes quickly
and automatically, without any additional effort on their part, their lack of practice in manual
code entries may potentially cause them to be slow and/or inaccurate in entering the
information, further delaying the checkout process.
Label Damage
Barcodes that are printed on a torn section of packaging, or that have been smeared, smudged
or otherwise damaged, will present additional scanning problems. If the corresponding
numeric code is also illegible due to damage, the checkout process can be significantly
delayed while another package of the same merchandise is located and brought to the
checkout counter for scanning.
Financial and Equipment Costs
For businesses that are not already equipped for barcode checkout, the cost of the equipment
necessary to implement the new system can be prohibitive. Other delays can occur in training
employees to adapt to new equipment, and expensive printers must be purchased to print
coded labels for any merchandise that doesn't come prepackaged with a barcode already on it.
Dot matrix and ink jet printers, for example, are generally incapable of printing finely-
detailed barcodes.
1.1.2        QR Code
              QR Code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type
of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional code) first designed for the automotive industry. The
QR barcode [7] is a two dimensional symbol developed by Denso Wave in 1994. More
recently, the system has become popular outside the industry due to its fast readability and
large storage capacity compared to standard UPC barcodes. The code consists of black
modules (square dots) arranged in a square pattern on a white background. The information
encoded can be made up of four standardized kinds ("modes") of data (numeric,
alphanumeric, byte/binary, Kanji), or through supported extensions, virtually any kind of
data.
                                               99
International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME

The code contains information in both the x-axis and y-axis, whereas traditional barcodes
contain data in one direction only. The outer range is the quiet zone. The upper-left, upper-
right, and left bottom square areas of QR code [8] are used for position detection and pattern
separators for positioning.
Figure 3 depicts basic block diagram of QR Code scanning with any image capturing device.




                                     Figure 3 QR Code


Advantage of QR codes
   There is no need to write vital details down. A simple scan captures the desired
information.
   QR Codes can be used to store addresses and URLs that can appear in magazines, on signs,
buses, business cards or just about any product that users might need information about.
Disadvantages of QR codes
   Users must be equipped with a camera phone and the correct reader software that can scan
the image of the QR Code. Currently only Smartphone’s are technically equipped to do this.
Many users that have mobile phones that have cameras are unable to get QR reading software
for their phones.

II.    GENERAL STRUCTURE

                2-D bar code consists of a certain white and black geometric modules that
alternately arrange in the vertical and horizontal directions according to certain rules see
Figure, and it is a symbol with large capacity for storing information. As the 2-D bar code
with smallest size in the world, data matrix code is widely applied to electronic product
components. 2-Dbar code recognition technology shows great commercial value, and at
present, most COTS (commercial of the shell) recognition algorithms are proprietary and
protected by patents, so the 2-D bar code recognition technology is in a great demand for
researching. Figure Data matrix structure shows the principle of a Data matrix barcode. The
image shows an annotated Data matrix where the finder and synchronization patterns have
been highlighted.




                                             100
International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME




                                         Figure 4.Data Matrix

III.     PROBLEM DEFINITION
                When user will store the product information the unique ID will be generated. This
Unique ID will be Tier 1 identification for the product information. Entering this Unique ID as an
Input to our Selective algorithm will generate a unique Image for that particular ID. This Unique
image will act as Tier 2 identification for product information. This image will be hash mapped to the
User Unique ID and both will be used to identify product information. When identifiers are used
solely within a database, their generation should be left to the database itself.

3.1              ASCUIRS Working
       To generate a unique image from a unique ID and to map the image to a specific item in an
       inventory.
       When user will store information about a product or person a unique ID will be generated.
       This Unique ID will be Tier 1 identification for the User or Object.
       Entering this Unique ID as an Input to our Selective algorithm will generate a unique Image for
       that particular ID.
       This Unique image will act as Tier 2 identification for User or Object.
       This image will be hash mapped to the User Unique ID and both will be used to identify an
       object.

 3.2           Proposed Dataflow Diagram




                                 Figure 5.Dataflow Diagram

                                                  101
International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976-
6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME

      •   GUI:
          Graphical User Interface will be used to gather information regarding the inventory
      from the user.
          GUI will consist of components to take inventory information and details from the
      user, components to save, edit, retrieve (searching) and delete the information. GUI will
      also contain a separate module for Unique ID (generated by the database and encrypted
      by selective algorithm) passing to generate an unique data matrix image.

      •   Selective algorithm for Unique ID encryption:
          This algorithm will be a modified version of 56 bit key DES algorithm.
          The selective algorithm will be used to encrypt the unique ID before been passed on
      for conversion into data matrix image.

      •   Selective algorithm for unique image
          The algorithm will encode the pre encrypted Unique ID and a data matrix will be
          generated that will be used for printing or publishing as required by the user.

      •   Storage of Unique ID:
          Database will store inventory information and details and a Unique ID will be
          generated and associated with every record.
          This Unique ID will act as Tier 1 identification for the record.

      •   Web server process and retrieval:
          A portal will be established which will contain the GUI and the entire process of
          storage of Data and retrieval along with data matrix image generation and publishing
          process.

IV.       PROPOSED SYSTEM

      •   Web Portal:Web portal will contain a module that will take an input from the client
          which will be a data matrix image.

      •   Data inventory: Tables, relations related to items will be stored in data inventory.
          Data inventory is nothing but a set of tables that will contain records about items and
          its detailed information.

      •   Database: Information entered by the administrator will be stored in the database.
          This information will be stored in the form of a tuple. Each tuple will have a unique
          ID associated with it.

      •   Unique ID: This will be a 16 bit ID generated by the database (MySQL) and it will be
          used to identify the tuple in case of searching.

      •   Unique ID passed to (selective) algorithm: The algorithm will encrypt the Unique ID
          generated by database (MySQL). This encrypted key or string will be further passed
          on to another selective algorithm to create a unique image (i.e. Data Matrix image).
                                               102

Recommended

Adding barcode to report (cr)
Adding barcode to report (cr)Adding barcode to report (cr)
Adding barcode to report (cr)Hwang Waisen
 
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...IAEME Publication
 
Creation of automatic identification and data
Creation of automatic identification and dataCreation of automatic identification and data
Creation of automatic identification and dataIAEME Publication
 
Barcode & qr code
Barcode & qr codeBarcode & qr code
Barcode & qr codeCoder Tech
 
Product Recognition using Label and Barcodes
Product Recognition using Label and BarcodesProduct Recognition using Label and Barcodes
Product Recognition using Label and BarcodesIRJET Journal
 
Technical Report On Barcode
Technical Report On BarcodeTechnical Report On Barcode
Technical Report On BarcodeSuryadip Basu
 
Understanding Bar Codes
Understanding Bar Codes  Understanding Bar Codes
Understanding Bar Codes NEPSLLC
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Automatic data capture
Automatic data captureAutomatic data capture
Automatic data captureLavakush Verma
 
Bar code-technology in tire industry
Bar code-technology in tire industryBar code-technology in tire industry
Bar code-technology in tire industryhemanth102030
 
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code Symbologies
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code SymbologiesYour Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code Symbologies
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code SymbologiesStallion Group
 
vrushabh sahare barcoding presentation
vrushabh sahare   barcoding presentationvrushabh sahare   barcoding presentation
vrushabh sahare barcoding presentationAkash Maurya
 
Presentation on barcode
Presentation on barcodePresentation on barcode
Presentation on barcodeSp97744
 
Barcode & smart cards
Barcode & smart cardsBarcode & smart cards
Barcode & smart cardsMuhammad Ali
 
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?Arie Terner
 
Barcode In Retail Presentation
Barcode In Retail PresentationBarcode In Retail Presentation
Barcode In Retail Presentationguest561f62
 
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPT
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPTBar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPT
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPTBadshah34
 
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.Gauri Agrawal
 
Contact Bar Code Readers
Contact Bar Code ReadersContact Bar Code Readers
Contact Bar Code Readersadil529
 
Regulatory aspect of barcode technology
Regulatory aspect of barcode technologyRegulatory aspect of barcode technology
Regulatory aspect of barcode technologyDeveshDRA
 
Barcode presentation 2013
Barcode presentation 2013Barcode presentation 2013
Barcode presentation 2013JASON WOODHOUSE
 
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its application
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its applicationBar codes and its type with different scanner and its application
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its applicationAkshay Shelake
 
seminar-on-barcodes
seminar-on-barcodesseminar-on-barcodes
seminar-on-barcodesalibefkani
 
Barcode scanner and printer ppt
Barcode scanner and printer pptBarcode scanner and printer ppt
Barcode scanner and printer pptNiks Adhiya
 

What's hot (19)

Automatic data capture
Automatic data captureAutomatic data capture
Automatic data capture
 
Bar code-technology in tire industry
Bar code-technology in tire industryBar code-technology in tire industry
Bar code-technology in tire industry
 
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code Symbologies
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code SymbologiesYour Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code Symbologies
Your Resource Guide For Communicating With Bar Code Symbologies
 
vrushabh sahare barcoding presentation
vrushabh sahare   barcoding presentationvrushabh sahare   barcoding presentation
vrushabh sahare barcoding presentation
 
Presentation on barcode
Presentation on barcodePresentation on barcode
Presentation on barcode
 
Barcode & smart cards
Barcode & smart cardsBarcode & smart cards
Barcode & smart cards
 
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?
Barcodes (WHW) What ? How ? Why ?
 
Barcodes
BarcodesBarcodes
Barcodes
 
Barcode In Retail Presentation
Barcode In Retail PresentationBarcode In Retail Presentation
Barcode In Retail Presentation
 
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPT
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPTBar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPT
Bar code- Techlogogy : Seminar PPT
 
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.
BAR CODE AND R.F.I.D.
 
Contact Bar Code Readers
Contact Bar Code ReadersContact Bar Code Readers
Contact Bar Code Readers
 
Dwarakseminar1
Dwarakseminar1Dwarakseminar1
Dwarakseminar1
 
Regulatory aspect of barcode technology
Regulatory aspect of barcode technologyRegulatory aspect of barcode technology
Regulatory aspect of barcode technology
 
Barcode presentation 2013
Barcode presentation 2013Barcode presentation 2013
Barcode presentation 2013
 
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its application
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its applicationBar codes and its type with different scanner and its application
Bar codes and its type with different scanner and its application
 
Barcodes
BarcodesBarcodes
Barcodes
 
seminar-on-barcodes
seminar-on-barcodesseminar-on-barcodes
seminar-on-barcodes
 
Barcode scanner and printer ppt
Barcode scanner and printer pptBarcode scanner and printer ppt
Barcode scanner and printer ppt
 

Viewers also liked

The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svm
The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svmThe machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svm
The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svmIAEME Publication
 
Os animais
Os animaisOs animais
Os animaisaasf
 
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardim
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto JardimFórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardim
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardimtruckracing
 
Fundamentos de análisis
Fundamentos de análisisFundamentos de análisis
Fundamentos de análisiselicamargoalze
 
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacion
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacionNativo Web 1.0 presentacion
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacionnativoweb
 
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0marialuisalaradavila
 
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.tatiana3
 
Nuevos PLV´s automáticos
Nuevos PLV´s automáticosNuevos PLV´s automáticos
Nuevos PLV´s automáticosJosé Luis Heras
 
Power point moda
Power point modaPower point moda
Power point modaceroes
 
Promises in JavaScript
Promises in JavaScriptPromises in JavaScript
Promises in JavaScriptRevath S Kumar
 

Viewers also liked (20)

The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svm
The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svmThe machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svm
The machine learning method regarding efficient soft computing and ict using svm
 
As difer[1].
As difer[1]. As difer[1].
As difer[1].
 
Os animais
Os animaisOs animais
Os animais
 
Elegance
EleganceElegance
Elegance
 
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardim
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto JardimFórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardim
Fórmula Truck 2013 - Patrocínio Adalberto Jardim
 
Fundamentos de análisis
Fundamentos de análisisFundamentos de análisis
Fundamentos de análisis
 
Coragem de mulher sonoro (1)
Coragem de mulher   sonoro (1)Coragem de mulher   sonoro (1)
Coragem de mulher sonoro (1)
 
Us ascii''tailndia
Us ascii''tailndiaUs ascii''tailndia
Us ascii''tailndia
 
Mandriva linux a
Mandriva linux aMandriva linux a
Mandriva linux a
 
Palacio domabahce em estambul1
Palacio domabahce em estambul1Palacio domabahce em estambul1
Palacio domabahce em estambul1
 
Chineses
ChinesesChineses
Chineses
 
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacion
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacionNativo Web 1.0 presentacion
Nativo Web 1.0 presentacion
 
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0
Qué es la dieta mediterránea curso escuela2.0
 
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.
Presentación Málaga Tatiana Jiménez 2ºB.
 
Nuevos PLV´s automáticos
Nuevos PLV´s automáticosNuevos PLV´s automáticos
Nuevos PLV´s automáticos
 
4esposas 100309145710-phpapp02
4esposas 100309145710-phpapp024esposas 100309145710-phpapp02
4esposas 100309145710-phpapp02
 
Chineses
ChinesesChineses
Chineses
 
Power point moda
Power point modaPower point moda
Power point moda
 
Sopre as cinzas
Sopre as cinzasSopre as cinzas
Sopre as cinzas
 
Promises in JavaScript
Promises in JavaScriptPromises in JavaScript
Promises in JavaScript
 

Similar to Advanced smart credential cum unique identification and recognition system

Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...IAEME Publication
 
Barcode Technology ppt
Barcode Technology pptBarcode Technology ppt
Barcode Technology pptVyakhayaYadav
 
IRJET - Color Qr Code
IRJET -  	  Color Qr CodeIRJET -  	  Color Qr Code
IRJET - Color Qr CodeIRJET Journal
 
QR Codes seminar
QR Codes seminarQR Codes seminar
QR Codes seminarUmsh23
 
IRJET- A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR Code
IRJET-  	  A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR CodeIRJET-  	  A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR Code
IRJET- A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR CodeIRJET Journal
 
Limitations of Barcode and QR code Scanner
Limitations of Barcode and QR code ScannerLimitations of Barcode and QR code Scanner
Limitations of Barcode and QR code ScannerIRJET Journal
 
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory tracking
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory trackingQr codes vs. barcodes in inventory tracking
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory trackingMRPeasy
 
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in India
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in IndiaUse of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in India
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in IndiaIRJET Journal
 
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...IRJET Journal
 
Barcode history and Future
Barcode history and Future Barcode history and Future
Barcode history and Future Maruf Alom
 
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...Techugo
 
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for Images
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for ImagesImplementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for Images
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for ImagesEditor IJCATR
 
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLING
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLINGAUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLING
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLINGIRJET Journal
 
The Definitive Guide to Barcoding
The Definitive Guide to BarcodingThe Definitive Guide to Barcoding
The Definitive Guide to BarcodingADCBarcode
 

Similar to Advanced smart credential cum unique identification and recognition system (20)

Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
Creation of automatic identification and data capture infrastructure via data...
 
Barcode Technology ppt
Barcode Technology pptBarcode Technology ppt
Barcode Technology ppt
 
IRJET - Color Qr Code
IRJET -  	  Color Qr CodeIRJET -  	  Color Qr Code
IRJET - Color Qr Code
 
QR Codes seminar
QR Codes seminarQR Codes seminar
QR Codes seminar
 
20320130406009
2032013040600920320130406009
20320130406009
 
Barcode technology
Barcode technologyBarcode technology
Barcode technology
 
IRJET- A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR Code
IRJET-  	  A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR CodeIRJET-  	  A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR Code
IRJET- A Survey: Secret Sharing Approach with Cheater Prevention on QR Code
 
Limitations of Barcode and QR code Scanner
Limitations of Barcode and QR code ScannerLimitations of Barcode and QR code Scanner
Limitations of Barcode and QR code Scanner
 
BARCODE TECHNOLOGY.pptx
BARCODE TECHNOLOGY.pptxBARCODE TECHNOLOGY.pptx
BARCODE TECHNOLOGY.pptx
 
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory tracking
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory trackingQr codes vs. barcodes in inventory tracking
Qr codes vs. barcodes in inventory tracking
 
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in India
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in IndiaUse of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in India
Use of QR Code: A Step Towards Development in India
 
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...
Review of Types and Analysis of Two Dimensional Bar Codes in Logistics and E-...
 
Barcode history and Future
Barcode history and Future Barcode history and Future
Barcode history and Future
 
Qr codes
Qr codesQr codes
Qr codes
 
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...
What is the significance of the QR Code Maintenance App for Your Business- He...
 
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for Images
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for ImagesImplementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for Images
Implementation of 2D Optimal Barcode (QR Code) for Images
 
Qr codes
Qr codesQr codes
Qr codes
 
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLING
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLINGAUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLING
AUTOMATIC SMART SHOPPING TROLLY WITH BILLING
 
The Definitive Guide to Barcoding
The Definitive Guide to BarcodingThe Definitive Guide to Barcoding
The Definitive Guide to Barcoding
 
Silchar paper final
Silchar paper finalSilchar paper final
Silchar paper final
 

More from IAEME Publication

IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdf
IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdfIAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdf
IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdfIAEME Publication
 
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...IAEME Publication
 
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURSA STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURSIAEME Publication
 
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURS
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURSBROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURS
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURSIAEME Publication
 
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONS
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONSDETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONS
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONSIAEME Publication
 
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONS
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONSANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONS
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONSIAEME Publication
 
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINO
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINOVOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINO
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINOIAEME Publication
 
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...IAEME Publication
 
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMY
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMYVISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMY
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMYIAEME Publication
 
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...IAEME Publication
 
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICE
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICEGANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICE
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICEIAEME Publication
 
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...IAEME Publication
 
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...IAEME Publication
 
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...IAEME Publication
 
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...IAEME Publication
 
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...IAEME Publication
 
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...IAEME Publication
 
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...IAEME Publication
 
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...IAEME Publication
 
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENTA MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENTIAEME Publication
 

More from IAEME Publication (20)

IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdf
IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdfIAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdf
IAEME_Publication_Call_for_Paper_September_2022.pdf
 
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...
MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND WHITE LATER THICKNESS IN WIRE-...
 
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURSA STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS
A STUDY ON THE REASONS FOR TRANSGENDER TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS
 
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURS
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURSBROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURS
BROAD UNEXPOSED SKILLS OF TRANSGENDER ENTREPRENEURS
 
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONS
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONSDETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONS
DETERMINANTS AFFECTING THE USER'S INTENTION TO USE MOBILE BANKING APPLICATIONS
 
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONS
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONSANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONS
ANALYSE THE USER PREDILECTION ON GPAY AND PHONEPE FOR DIGITAL TRANSACTIONS
 
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINO
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINOVOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINO
VOICE BASED ATM FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED USING ARDUINO
 
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...
IMPACT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG...
 
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMY
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMYVISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMY
VISUALISING AGING PARENTS & THEIR CLOSE CARERS LIFE JOURNEY IN AGING ECONOMY
 
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PERFO...
 
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICE
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICEGANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICE
GANDHI ON NON-VIOLENT POLICE
 
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...
A STUDY ON TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SELECTED...
 
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...
ATTRITION IN THE IT INDUSTRY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: LINKING EMOTIONAL INTE...
 
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...
INFLUENCE OF TALENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A STUD...
 
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LOANS OF SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS...
 
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MECHANICAL AND TRIBOLOGICAL RELATION OF NYLON/BaSO4 POL...
 
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...
ROLE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA - PROBLEMS AND ...
 
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...
OPTIMAL RECONFIGURATION OF POWER DISTRIBUTION RADIAL NETWORK USING HYBRID MET...
 
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...
APPLICATION OF FRUGAL APPROACH FOR PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF...
 
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENTA MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
A MULTIPLE – CHANNEL QUEUING MODELS ON FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
 

Advanced smart credential cum unique identification and recognition system

  • 1. INTERNATIONALComputer EngineeringCOMPUTER ENGINEERING International Journal of JOURNAL OF and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME & TECHNOLOGY (IJCET) ISSN 0976 – 6367(Print) ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), pp. 97-104 IJCET © IAEME: www.iaeme.com/ijcet.asp Journal Impact Factor (2012): 3.9580 (Calculated by GISI) ©IAEME www.jifactor.com ADVANCED SMART CREDENTIAL CUM UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION AND RECOGNITION SYSTEM. (ASCUIRS) Mr.Lokesh S. Khedekar 1 , Dr.A.S.Alvi 2 PRMIT&R,Badnera,Amravati,India,lokeshkhedekar@gmail.com 1 PRMIT&R,Badnera,Amravati,India,abrar_alvi@rediffmail.com 2 ABSTRACT Today barcode system is very popular to identifying a unique product. Many organizations are using this technique for identifying a unique product. Tracking these items has historically been done by the use of bar-code technologies, which suffer from lack of efficiency, robustness, difficulty in automation, inability to have secure or dynamic data, etc., whereas the 2D Data matrix has the ability to overcome several of these limitations over barcode This paper presents a comparative basis for the Advanced Smart Credential cum Unique Identification and Recognition System via 2D Data matrix versus other technologies such as barcode and QR code. Keywords: Barcode, Data Matrix, Encoding, QR Code, SCUIRS. I. INTRODUCTION This proposed paper is related with the implementation of a product that will combine the power of graphical representation and the power of random numbers and characters for a unique ID. Combination of both Unique ID and Unique image will help a user to identify the product from other products and store its information accordingly. ASCUIRS will not only give you a complete solution to product identification but can facilitate you with one more option. ASCUIRS will also act like a Security system. The basic idea behind the designing of ASCUIRS is to use the feature of Unique numbers combined with unique images and form a unique combination that will help in recognizing the product or a user or any item in inventory. 1.1 Existing Systems 1.1.1 Barcode System 97
  • 2. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME There are a variety of methods you can use to print BarCode [1]. We recommend the lowest cost alternative to get started – a barcode font. Barcode fonts give you an inexpensive and flexible way to print labels quickly with high resolution and a low initial investment. The location barcode is important because the goal of the inventory system is to know not only what you have, but to be able to tell accurately where it all is. You can get creative with the location barcode. The first barcode was developed by Bernard Silver and Norman Joseph Woodland in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The first commercial use of barcodes was by the RCA/Kroger system installed in Cincinnati on the call of the National Association of Food Chains (NAFC). However it was not widely used until the Universal Product Code (UPC) [2] was introduced into America and adopted by the U.S. Supermarket Ad Hoc Committee. Today’s barcodes have two forms: one dimensional (1D) barcode and two dimensional (2D) barcode [3][4]. The 1D barcodes use bars and gaps to encode identification information such as serial numbers. The 2D barcodes [5] consist of more complicated patterns and may encode up to 4K bytes of data. Figure 1 shows the 1D barcodes. Although 1D is the more prevalent barcode used in daily life. Figure 1. 1D Barcode and 2D Barcode Figure 2 illustrates a basic barcode system. Barcodes are read or scanned by a barcode reader and the reader is connected to a computer. The operator has to physically align/point the barcode reader with/to the barcode to read the identification information. The software running on the computer processes the identification information picked up by the scanner. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is usually used to control the scanner in more automated process such as production line. The primary scanning technology for barcode is LED (Light-Emitting Diode). More advanced scanning such as CCD (Charge-Coupled Device), Laser, and Imager are used in industry automatic processing. Figure 2 Basic Barcode System 2D Barcode System 98
  • 3. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME Barcodes can be printed from most printers. 1D barcodes usually have coded readable ID printed along with the barcode. Barcodes can be read by barcode scanners which we see at a typical Point of Sale (POS) in retail stores. The barcode can be printed from any black/white printer. Since the barcode can be directly printed on an object or on paper label, the cost for a barcode is typically less than 1 cent [6]. Disadvantage of Barcode System: Barcodes are graphic images featuring a series of lines or bars, of varying thickness, positioned parallel to each other in such a way that a scanner passed along the image will translate their thickness and spacing with relation to each other as a series of numbers or code. This code is then interpreted by customized software to produce pricing and stocking information in an effort to assist in the automation of the retail sales and stocking processes. It is a very efficient and effective system, but, like any other method of tracking inventory, it is not foolproof. Pricing Discrepancies and Scanning Problems When discounts apply to bar-coded merchandise, store employees may forget to code in the discount price. This, in turn, can lead to confusion and delays at the checkout counter, inconveniencing the customer, the checkout clerk, and other customers waiting in line. If a barcode can't be scanned, for any reason, the clerk must then read the corresponding numeric code and enter it manually. Because clerks have become used to scanning barcodes quickly and automatically, without any additional effort on their part, their lack of practice in manual code entries may potentially cause them to be slow and/or inaccurate in entering the information, further delaying the checkout process. Label Damage Barcodes that are printed on a torn section of packaging, or that have been smeared, smudged or otherwise damaged, will present additional scanning problems. If the corresponding numeric code is also illegible due to damage, the checkout process can be significantly delayed while another package of the same merchandise is located and brought to the checkout counter for scanning. Financial and Equipment Costs For businesses that are not already equipped for barcode checkout, the cost of the equipment necessary to implement the new system can be prohibitive. Other delays can occur in training employees to adapt to new equipment, and expensive printers must be purchased to print coded labels for any merchandise that doesn't come prepackaged with a barcode already on it. Dot matrix and ink jet printers, for example, are generally incapable of printing finely- detailed barcodes. 1.1.2 QR Code QR Code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional code) first designed for the automotive industry. The QR barcode [7] is a two dimensional symbol developed by Denso Wave in 1994. More recently, the system has become popular outside the industry due to its fast readability and large storage capacity compared to standard UPC barcodes. The code consists of black modules (square dots) arranged in a square pattern on a white background. The information encoded can be made up of four standardized kinds ("modes") of data (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, Kanji), or through supported extensions, virtually any kind of data. 99
  • 4. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME The code contains information in both the x-axis and y-axis, whereas traditional barcodes contain data in one direction only. The outer range is the quiet zone. The upper-left, upper- right, and left bottom square areas of QR code [8] are used for position detection and pattern separators for positioning. Figure 3 depicts basic block diagram of QR Code scanning with any image capturing device. Figure 3 QR Code Advantage of QR codes There is no need to write vital details down. A simple scan captures the desired information. QR Codes can be used to store addresses and URLs that can appear in magazines, on signs, buses, business cards or just about any product that users might need information about. Disadvantages of QR codes Users must be equipped with a camera phone and the correct reader software that can scan the image of the QR Code. Currently only Smartphone’s are technically equipped to do this. Many users that have mobile phones that have cameras are unable to get QR reading software for their phones. II. GENERAL STRUCTURE 2-D bar code consists of a certain white and black geometric modules that alternately arrange in the vertical and horizontal directions according to certain rules see Figure, and it is a symbol with large capacity for storing information. As the 2-D bar code with smallest size in the world, data matrix code is widely applied to electronic product components. 2-Dbar code recognition technology shows great commercial value, and at present, most COTS (commercial of the shell) recognition algorithms are proprietary and protected by patents, so the 2-D bar code recognition technology is in a great demand for researching. Figure Data matrix structure shows the principle of a Data matrix barcode. The image shows an annotated Data matrix where the finder and synchronization patterns have been highlighted. 100
  • 5. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME Figure 4.Data Matrix III. PROBLEM DEFINITION When user will store the product information the unique ID will be generated. This Unique ID will be Tier 1 identification for the product information. Entering this Unique ID as an Input to our Selective algorithm will generate a unique Image for that particular ID. This Unique image will act as Tier 2 identification for product information. This image will be hash mapped to the User Unique ID and both will be used to identify product information. When identifiers are used solely within a database, their generation should be left to the database itself. 3.1 ASCUIRS Working To generate a unique image from a unique ID and to map the image to a specific item in an inventory. When user will store information about a product or person a unique ID will be generated. This Unique ID will be Tier 1 identification for the User or Object. Entering this Unique ID as an Input to our Selective algorithm will generate a unique Image for that particular ID. This Unique image will act as Tier 2 identification for User or Object. This image will be hash mapped to the User Unique ID and both will be used to identify an object. 3.2 Proposed Dataflow Diagram Figure 5.Dataflow Diagram 101
  • 6. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME • GUI: Graphical User Interface will be used to gather information regarding the inventory from the user. GUI will consist of components to take inventory information and details from the user, components to save, edit, retrieve (searching) and delete the information. GUI will also contain a separate module for Unique ID (generated by the database and encrypted by selective algorithm) passing to generate an unique data matrix image. • Selective algorithm for Unique ID encryption: This algorithm will be a modified version of 56 bit key DES algorithm. The selective algorithm will be used to encrypt the unique ID before been passed on for conversion into data matrix image. • Selective algorithm for unique image The algorithm will encode the pre encrypted Unique ID and a data matrix will be generated that will be used for printing or publishing as required by the user. • Storage of Unique ID: Database will store inventory information and details and a Unique ID will be generated and associated with every record. This Unique ID will act as Tier 1 identification for the record. • Web server process and retrieval: A portal will be established which will contain the GUI and the entire process of storage of Data and retrieval along with data matrix image generation and publishing process. IV. PROPOSED SYSTEM • Web Portal:Web portal will contain a module that will take an input from the client which will be a data matrix image. • Data inventory: Tables, relations related to items will be stored in data inventory. Data inventory is nothing but a set of tables that will contain records about items and its detailed information. • Database: Information entered by the administrator will be stored in the database. This information will be stored in the form of a tuple. Each tuple will have a unique ID associated with it. • Unique ID: This will be a 16 bit ID generated by the database (MySQL) and it will be used to identify the tuple in case of searching. • Unique ID passed to (selective) algorithm: The algorithm will encrypt the Unique ID generated by database (MySQL). This encrypted key or string will be further passed on to another selective algorithm to create a unique image (i.e. Data Matrix image). 102
  • 7. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME • Unique image ready to publish: Unique image created by the selective algorithm can be either published or printed by the administrator. • Capturing unique image: The image i.e. published or printed by the administrator can be captured by the user and sent back to the web portal through an HTTP response. • Clipping: Since the captured image will vary in size, it needs to be clipped and exact Data Matrix needs to be extracted out of the captured image. Clipping will help to extract the exact image and pass it on to the web portal. Figure 6.Proposed System. 103
  • 8. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), ISSN 0976- 6367(Print), ISSN 0976 – 6375(Online) Volume 4, Issue 1, January- February (2013), © IAEME • Uploading of Image: An FTP request to the server will carry the clipped image that will be used to map with the database to find the related record or information. • Sending information back to client: If mapping returns a record, then it will be sent back to the client (i.e. browser of phone or computer system) and this will complete the process. V. CONCLUSION Using this image through scanner or mobile phone camera we can decompile product’s information. The product’s information can be accessed anywhere if the database is stored and accessed through a web server. This ensures portability and security since the unique number will only be known to the organization. Organization will be using a unique image to access their product information or person or object. A new algorithm is proposed here which is a hybrid model for data hiding in data matrix and provides decoding algorithm which is independent of image orientation in any direction and de noising is one of the main advantages of this. It runs at 640×480 resolution for real time scenarios. For practical implementation dimensions of data matrix image is 420×420 includes finder pattern of 10×10 ad size of squares is 20×20.This proposed system provides an accuracy of 97.6%. REFERENCES [1] On The Creation of Automatic Identification and Data Capture Infrastructure via RFID Xiaoyong Su, Chi-Cheng Chu, B.S. Prabhu, RajitGadhUniversity of California, Los Angeles UCLA-WINMEC RFID Lab http://winmec.ucla.edu/rfid420 Westwood Plaza, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 [2] GS1 US, The Universal Product Code, http://www.uc-council.org/upc_background.html [3] Multi-color 2D datamatrix codeswith poorly readable colors Urška Bogataj1, Tadeja Muck, BrankaLozo ,ArjanaŽitnik. [4] YongyueYang ,Guang Zhu and Peng Wang, “Reading system for 2D code based on machine vision”, ICEMI ,2009 [5] Zhi Liu, HerongZhengWenting Cai, “ Research on Two- Dimensional code positioning approach based on Convex hull algorithm”, International Conference on Digital Image Processing, 2009 [6] J. Abernethy, Widener Liberary: Book Identification – Bar Codes & RFID, An Engineering Science 96 Report, M17, 1995, http://www.deas.harvard.edu/courses/es96/spring1995/barcodes_rfid/abernethy.html [7] Wen-Yuan Chen, Jing-Wein Wang; “Nested image steganography scheme using QR- barcode technique” Optical Engineering 48_5, 057004 _May 2009_Vol. 48(5). [8] Wakahara, Toshihiko; Yamamoto, Noriyasu; “Image Processing of 2-Dimensional Barcode”, Conference on Network-Based Information Systems (NBiS), 2011 14th International. 104