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わかる中級英文法 Grammar in Use Unit 56-60復習 (動名詞と不定詞)

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フィリピン英語留学ACERS School
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わかる中級英文法 Grammar in Use Unit 56-60復習 (動名詞と不定詞)

  1. 1. Grammar in UseRaymond Murphy3rd edition(参考)Unit 56-60復習用(動名詞と不定詞) ACERS School March 11, 2013 http://ace-up.net
  2. 2. 2Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3like,  love,  hateのあとは不不定詞?  動名詞? http://ace-up.net
  3. 3. 3Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3like,  love,  hateのあとは不不定詞?  動名詞?↓どちらでもOK◯Do  you  like  to  sleep?◯Do  you  like  sleeping?   http://ace-up.net
  4. 4. 4Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3でも例例外がある。例例、⽣生徒であることが好きです。↓英作 http://ace-up.net
  5. 5. 5Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3でも例例外がある。例例、⽣生徒であることが好きです。 ↓英作 I like being a student. I like to be a student. http://ace-up.net
  6. 6. 6Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3でも例例外がある。例例、⽣生徒であることが好きです。 ↓英作 I like being a student.  今はもう学生 I like to be a student.  未来的な感じ http://ace-up.net
  7. 7. 7Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3でも例例外がある。例例、⽣生徒であることが好きです。 ↓英作 I like being a student.  今はもう学生   ②     ① I like to be a student.  未来的な感じ    ①     ② http://ace-up.net
  8. 8. 8Unit 56-A Ving and 不定詞3すでに発⽣生、存在  →  ing形フィリピンに住むのが好きです。I  like  living  in  the  Philippines. http://ace-up.net
  9. 9. 9Unit 56-B Ving and 不定詞3likeとwould likeの違いI like to eat cheesecake.I would like to eat cheesecake. http://ace-up.net
  10. 10. 10Unit 56-B Ving and 不定詞3likeとwould likeの違いI like to eat cheesecake. 一般的な好みI would like to eat cheesecake. 今 http://ace-up.net
  11. 11. 11Unit 56-B Ving and 不定詞3様々な表現•  would like•  would love•  would hate•  would prefer今もしくは特定のシチュエーションで使う http://ace-up.net
  12. 12. 12Unit 56-B Ving and 不定詞3I  would  prefer  to  go  now.否定形?省省略略形? http://ace-up.net
  13. 13. 13Unit 56-B Ving and 不定詞3I  would              like  to  go  now.否定形I  would  not  like  to  go  now.省省略略形Iʼ’d                              like  to  go  now. http://ace-up.net
  14. 14. 14 Unit 57prefer and would rather http://ace-up.net
  15. 15. 15Unit 57-A prefer and wouldratherPrefer の形1.  Prefer + ______2.  Prefer + ______3.  Prefer + ______ http://ace-up.net
  16. 16. 16Unit 57-A prefer and wouldratherPrefer の形1.  Prefer + 名詞2.  Prefer + Ving3.  Prefer + to do例文をつくってみよう! http://ace-up.net
  17. 17. 17 Unit 57-A prefer and would rather1.  Prefer  +  名詞 I  prefer  apples      to  bananas.  2.Prefer  +  Ving I  prefer  eating  apples   to   eating  bananas.  3.Prefer  +  to  do I  prefer  to  eat  apples  rather  than  (eat)  bananas   http://ace-up.net
  18. 18. 18 Unit 57-A prefer and would ratherA.  _̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲likelove ?preferB.  _̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲_̲would  likewould  love ?would  prefer http://ace-up.net
  19. 19. 19 Unit 57-A prefer and would ratherA.⼀一般的な好み(usually)  like 名詞love Vingprefer to  VB.  特定の状況      (only  now)  今だけよ♥  would  likewould  love 名詞would  prefer to  V質問に答えてみよう。 http://ace-up.net
  20. 20. 20 Unit 57-A prefer and would rather新しい生徒さんがきて、おしゃべりをしてるWhat do you like to do on weekends? 今、グラマークラスを受けてる。What would you like to eat for tomorrow’s breakfast? http://ace-up.net
  21. 21. 21 Unit 57-C prefer and would ratherwould rather飲み終わって、次どうしようか考え中。Should we go to another bar?would  preferとwould  ratherを使って答えてみよう http://ace-up.net
  22. 22. 22 Unit 57-C prefer and would ratherwould rather飲み終わって、次どうしようか考え中。Should we go to another bar?I would prefer to sleep rather than study.I would rather  sleep than study.           ↑なぜtoがいらないのか? http://ace-up.net
  23. 23. 23 Unit 57-C prefer and would ratherwould rather飲み終わって、次どうしようか考え中。Should we go to another bar?I would prefer to sleep rather than study.I would rather  sleep than study.           ↑なぜtoがいらないのか? ratherは副詞 http://ace-up.net
  24. 24. 24 Unit 57-C prefer and would rather他の使い方I would rather (that) Mon taught me on Saturday. http://ace-up.net
  25. 25. 25 Unit 57-C prefer and would rather他の使い方I would rather (that) Mon taught me on Saturday.I would rather 人 過去動詞 〜 ↑このratherは動詞できれば(人)に〜してほしいです。askより丁寧 http://ace-up.net
  26. 26. 26 Unit 57-C prefer and would ratherシチュエーションMoto dated Mon yesterday.Tatsu just knew it.タツがモトに聞きます。Tatsu: What should I do?would rather 人 過去動詞  の形を使って回答肯定形否定形 http://ace-up.net
  27. 27. 27 Unit 58preposition + Ving http://ace-up.net
  28. 28. 28 Unit 58-A Preposition + Ving前置詞の後に動詞を使いたいI am interested in __________Beth is good at ___________How about __________ http://ace-up.net
  29. 29. 29 Unit 58-A Preposition + Ving前置詞の後に動詞を使いたいI am interested in going to a bar.Beth is good at cooking.How about drinking Sake there?動名詞Vingの形にする http://ace-up.net
  30. 30. 30 Unit 58-B Preposition + Vingbefore, after例文を作ってみよう http://ace-up.net
  31. 31. 31 Unit 58-B Preposition + Ving接続詞 Before I jog, I drink a cup of water. ↓前置詞 Before jogging, I drink a cup of water.接続詞 After I finished my class, I did my HW. ↓前置詞 After finishing my class, I did my HW.前置詞+Ving http://ace-up.net
  32. 32. 32 Unit 58-B Preposition + VingByI can lose weight by ________I will be very awake by ________WithoutI can survive without ___________Mon came back home very late without _______(受け身) http://ace-up.net
  33. 33. 33 Unit 58-B Preposition + VingBy(〜によって)手段I can lose weight by eating only vegetables.I will be very awake by drinking strong coffee.Without(〜なしに)I can survive without eating.Mon came back home very late without being seen. http://ace-up.net
  34. 34. 34 Unit 58-C Preposition + Ving何が違う?I want to eat out.I traveled from China to Australia. http://ace-up.net
  35. 35. 35 Unit 58-C Preposition + Ving何が違う?(不定詞) I want to eat out. (前置詞) I traveled from China to Australia.練習What are you looking forward to? http://ace-up.net
  36. 36. 36 Unit 59be/get used to something http://ace-up.net
  37. 37. 37 Unit 59 be/get used to something発音はユーストゥネイティブの発音はユースタも多い。I have to go.はふたぁ http://ace-up.net
  38. 38. 38 Unit 59 be/get used to somethingTatsu came to the Philippines last August.He was not used to hot weather then.But last December, he got used to it.Now, he is used to it.Be動詞とgetの違いは? http://ace-up.net
  39. 39. 39 Unit 59 be/get used to something be used to すでにその状態、 get used to 〜に慣れた。(以前は違った) got used to is used to 慣れる慣れていない was not used to 練習 http://ace-up.net
  40. 40. 40Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ing http://ace-up.net
  41. 41. 41 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ing60-A 自動詞Alu talked about you.Mon apologized for his mistake.下線部の役割は? http://ace-up.net
  42. 42. 42 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ing60-A 自動詞Alu talked about you.Mon apologized for his mistake.下線部の役割は?動詞を修飾しているので副詞の役割 http://ace-up.net
  43. 43. 43 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ingでは前置詞のあとに動詞を使いたいときはどうしましょう?Alu talked aboutMon apologized for http://ace-up.net
  44. 44. 44 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ingでは前置詞のあとに動詞を使いたいときはどうしましょう?Alu talked about throwing a party.Mon apologized for breaking your laptop.前置詞+動名詞になる。 http://ace-up.net
  45. 45. 45 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ing1.  Mon succeeded __ gaining weight.2.  Beth insisted __ eating more cake.3.  Alu is thinking __ going to Makati.4.  Mon approved __ going to a gay bar.5.  Daiki decided __ having meat party.6.  Alu feels __ eating ice cream.7.  Beth looks forward __ going to bed. http://ace-up.net
  46. 46. 46 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ing1.  Mon succeeded in gaining weight.2.  Beth insisted on eating more cake.3.  Alu is thinking of going to Makati.4.  Mon approved of going to a gay bar.5.  Daiki decided against having meat party.6.  Alu feels like eating ice cream.7.  Beth looks forward to going to bed.前置詞のルールなし → 使いまくって暗記 http://ace-up.net
  47. 47. 47 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ingV + 人 + 前 + 名詞(動名詞)動詞の後に人が来るパターンもある http://ace-up.net
  48. 48. 48 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ingI would like to congratulate you __ getting a high score in TOEIC.The police accused the man __ breaking into the bank.The police suspected the woman __ stealing a wallet.TOEIC prevented me __ going to a nightclub.Beth stopped Moto __ smoking.I would like to thank you __ giving me coffee.Please excuse me __ breaking your camera.Please forgive me __ eating your cake.Don’t blame me __ breaking your iphone. http://ace-up.net
  49. 49. 49 Unit 60 V+ 前置詞+ingI would like to congratulate you on getting a high score in TOEIC.The police accused the man of breaking into the bank.The police suspected the woman of stealing a wallet.TOEIC prevented me from going to a nightclub.Beth stopped Moto from smoking.I would like to thank you for giving me coffee.Please excuse me for breaking your camera.Please forgive me for eating your cake.Don’t blame me for breaking your iphone. http://ace-up.net
  50. 50. Grammar in UseRaymond Murphy3rd edition(参考)Unit 56-60復習用(動名詞と不定詞) ACERS School March 11, 2013 http://ace-up.net

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