B15 The Governmental Role in Post-Secondary Planning & Access


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Federal, state, and local governing bodies play an enormous role in post-secondary planning and access. College counseling curriculum for guidance counselors (or lack thereof), graduation requirements, public university admission standards, and financial aid programs are but a few of the ways these bodies determine student outcomes. Come learn how the governmental agencies in our state shape the education and post-secondary options of our students, as well as the make-up of the post-secondary institutions we serve. Included will be an in-depth discussion on how financial aid programs impact a university’s incoming class and bottom line.

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B15 The Governmental Role in Post-Secondary Planning & Access

  2. 2. IntroductionNACAC Gov’t Relations three-tiered advocacy efforts Access Funding Student Protection
  3. 3. AccessAccess involves two aspects: Rigorous curriculum Quality counseling
  4. 4. ISBE Graduation RequirementsAcademic Course Requirements 4 yrs of English 3 yrs of math (Algebra I and a course that “includes some Geometry content”) 2 yrs of science (no lab req.) 2 yrs of Social Science (one US History) One yr chosen from: art, music, for. lang., voc. educ._______________Total: 12 Academic Credits
  5. 5. University of Illinois U/C Minimum Required Years Recommended Years ofSubject of Coursework CourseworkEnglish 4 4Math 3 or 3.5 1 4Social Sciences 2 4Lab Sciences 2 4One Foreign Language 2 4Flexible Academic 2 4+UnitsTotal 15-15.5 24+
  6. 6. Northern Illinois UniversityEnglish 4 years 3 years (algebra, geometry, algebra II,Mathematics trigonometry or higher)Science 3 years (at least one year lab science) 3 years (at least one must be US HistorySocial Studies or US Government)Foreign Language, Art, or 2 yearsMusic.Elective Chosen from Above 1 yearTotal 16 credits
  7. 7. SIU - EdwardsvilleEnglish 4 yearsMath 3 yearsLab Science 3 yearsSocial Science 3 yearsAcademic Electives 2 yearsTotal 15 credits
  8. 8. To Review…ISBE Grad Requirements 12 creditsUniv. of Illinois 15-24 (60%)NIU 16 (75%)SIUE 15 (80%)
  9. 9. Access to Quality Counseling IL student:counselor ratio in 2009-2010 was 667:1 5th highest ratio in the U.S. ASCA recommended ratios – 250:1
  10. 10. Access to Quality Counseling Type 73 – School Service Personnel Requirements include training in: -The structure, organization and operation of the educational system, with emphasis on P-12 schools. -The growth and development of children and youth, and their implications for counseling in schools. -The diversity of Illinois students and the laws and programs that have been designed to meet their unique needs. -Effective management of the classroom and the learning process.
  11. 11. Access To Quality Counseling Something missing? No state requirement for any type of transition planning on the part of counselors Individual schools have their own requirements, such as:
  12. 12. Career Development“This course represents an introduction to career psychology andcounseling (areas central to the professional identity of communitycounseling, school counseling, and counseling psychology). Careercounseling requires competence and knowledge in three broad areas.First, it requires the basic counseling skills required of all counselors.Second, it requires a thorough knowledge of major theories of careerdevelopment, choice and adjustment and the research derived fromthem. Third, it requires counselors to apply relevant theory andresearch in working with clients with career development, choice, andadjustment concerns across the life span…Additionally, technologyhas had a significant impact on career counseling practice. It is,therefore, also necessary to introduce the student to Internet andcomputer-based career services and the professional and ethical issuesinvolved in using these technologies.”
  13. 13. Bringing it Full Circle… IL state graduation standards simply don’t cut the mustard in regards to college prep Counselors relied upon to provide the info necessary to bridge that gap, despite averaging ratios of 667:1 Many have no training
  14. 14. What do we do about it?Advocacy! Inclusion of college access agenda in Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) reauthorization -use of Title I funds for college prep purposes: creating a college resource center, prof. dev. For counselors, etc. Working with Governor’s office on white paper for inclusion of college counseling in Type 73 cert. language -IL P-20 council
  15. 15. FundingObama 2013 Budget Request Maintain Maximum Pell Limit Eligibility for In-School Interest Subsidy Tie Campus-Based Aid to Outcomes
  16. 16. Funding Grants  Pell  TEACH Federal Loans  Interest rate  Interest subsidy Campus Based Aid  Double the number of FWS jobs  Expand Perkins Loan from $1B to $8.5B a year  Shift aid away from colleges that fail to keep net tuition down, and toward those colleges and universities that do their fair share to keep tuition affordable, provide good value, and serve needy students well Access and Affordability Proposals
  17. 17. Access & Affordability Create incentives for states and colleges, mirrored after the K-12 Race to the Top initiative, to keep costs under control Create a new $55 million initiative to increase college access and completion, up to $20 million of which will go directly to minority serving institutions Provide $30 million for grant program, Hawkins Centers of Excellence, to improve and expand teacher education programs at minority-serving institutions, a significant pipeline for preparing a diverse teaching force; and $9 million to promote post-baccalaureate programs for Hispanic-Americans Fund a new initiative designed to improve access to job training across nation to support state and community college partnerships with businesses to build skills of American workers to give them the skills employers explicitly need
  18. 18. Access & AffordabilityFocus on three broad areas: Shared responsibility on college affordability State incentive programs Consumer protections
  19. 19. Access & AffordabilityHouse GOP budget (Passed): Eliminate Maximum Pell Grant Increases Eliminate In-School Interest Subsidy Limit Eligibility for Student Aid Program*Many predicting that the contentious FY 2013 budget debate wont beresolved until the lame-duck session after Election Day in November.
  20. 20. NASFFA Advocacy NASFAA Reauthorization Task Force To FocusRecommendations on Access and Accountability NASFAA Advocacy
  21. 21. IL Monetary Award Program (MAP) FY12: $420 million to 147,000 students  Proposals could reduce funding by 5 – 15%  $3,000 max FR, SOPH  1st come, 1st served  Stronger merit component Genuine funding threats  $2.7B Medicaid cuts goal  Pension system reform  Governor Quinn has proposed reductions in State spending to pre-2008
  22. 22. 2010-11 MAP Awards, by sector $180,000,000 $160,000,000 50,000 $140,000,000 $120,000,000Total Dollars Received Number of Recipients $100,000,000 35,000 $80,000,000 $60,000,000 20,000 $40,000,000 $20,000,000 $0 5,000 Public 4 year Private 4 year Public 2 year Proprietary Amount Received $159,981,571 $158,081,497 $53,740,110 $25,204,735 # of recipients 44,743 38,954 53,411 8,364 Average MAP amount $3,576 $4,058 $1,006 $3,013
  23. 23. MAP FundingAt some IL colleges, half of their studentsreceive MAP  Decrease or loss of MAP may shift students to other sectors  Loss of students will lead to cost cutting at colleges (fewer faculty, staff, etc.)  Economic impact on surrounding communities
  24. 24. MAP FundingResolution: MAP Task Force  Chaired by ISAC  All sectors and professional organizations (ex. IBHE) represented Save MAP Funding
  25. 25. Illinois Student Assistance Commission (ISAC)Other ISAC Services: ISAC Corp  60 peer counselors  Federally funded, at risk January - March  651 FAFSA events  10,000 students helped
  26. 26. Student Protection College Scorecard  Enable students and families to compare college costs and outcomes before making a decision on postsecondary education Gainful Employment
  27. 27. Student ProtectionGainful Employment - Institution must annuallysubmit information on students who complete a programleading to gainful employment in a recognized occupationincluding: Student and program information Amount from private loans or finance plans. Defines “gainful” to be when a substantial number of the program’s students –  Are repaying their Title IV loans (Repayment Rate)  Have a reasonable debt burden (Debt to Earnings Ratio).
  28. 28. Student ProtectionNASFAA Establishes Award Letter Task Force Take Action with NASFAA
  29. 29. Discussion… Thank you!