Achievements and perspectives of Innovation Platroforms on Bananas and Plantain in West and Central Africa Josué  TETANG T...
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Platform-Definition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview bana...
Introduction <ul><li>Innovation Platform-Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Network of dialogue   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confront...
Overview of plantain sub sector in WCA <ul><li>Plantain  in WCA is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Staple food   </li></ul></ul><u...
Overview plantain sector… <ul><li>Plantain in WCA… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is  Economically more valued than dessert banana ...
Actors of the Value chain <ul><li>At National level </li></ul><ul><li>NARS Banana Research Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Sm...
Actors of the value chain… <ul><li>Regional… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional frameworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rese...
Actors of the value chain… <ul><li>International organisations   </li></ul><ul><li>Bioversity International (former INIBAP...
Linkages between actors <ul><li>Interaction Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>The  Musa  Research Network  MUSA CO  </li></ul><...
Linkages… <ul><li>Linkage constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Commitment from NARS and Policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Weak...
Emergence of  Musa  IP in WCA <ul><li>Factors in favour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor improvement of the  Musa  sector;  </li...
Emergence  Musa  IP in WCA <ul><li>Plantain Varietal Innovation Platform (DURAS-INNOBAP, 2005-2008)   </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
DURAS-INNIBAP… <ul><li>Guiding Principle :  all actors have something to share  NOT   just the research component alone </...
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Methodology… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem identification - Diagnostic survey </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Learning System/Mechanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steering Committee (SC): coordinating body </li></u...
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Learning mechanism… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation (o...
DURAS-INNOBAP…
DURAS-INNOBAP…
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Impact  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers adopted varieties based on personnel preferences </li></ul></...
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Impact… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants’ organisations organized and strengthened   </li></ul></ul><...
DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance to change  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners’ inabil...
Musa IP in Central Africa (FSTP-2009-2012) <ul><li>Funded by the the European Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the framework...
FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>03 (Three) platforms created in 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONGO : Congo and DR-Congo <...
FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Functioning of FST-IP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional coordination Unit </li></ul></ul><...
FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Emphasis laid on: </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostis Survey-Problem Identification </li></ul>...
FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Diffusion/Learning mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training, e.g:  </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Components of FSTP platforms
Governance of FSTP platforms
Towards the setting up of the  plantain Innovation platform  for West and Central Africa <ul><li>Resolution taken on Nov. ...
The plantain Innovation platform for West and Central Africa <ul><li>Why  Plantain Innovation Platforms  and  NOT   banana...
<ul><li>From Research to Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>That is our motto!!! </li></ul>
Problem Indentification - Diagnostic survey in Congo
Problem Indentification - Diagnostic survey in Congo
Pilot seed production site in Cameroon
PIF-Explant preperation
PIF – Planting of explants
PIF-Explant proliferation
Pilot Horticultural Multiplication site in Cameroon Seed multiplication with the PIF technique, an in vivo multiplication ...
Pilot Horticultural Multiplication site in Cameroon Weaning/Hardening
Pilot Seed production site in Cameroon Extension of horticultural production site
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Achievements and perspectives of Innovation Platforms on Bananas and Plantain in West and Central Africa

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Presentation by Josué Tetang Tchinda (Centre Africain de Recherches sur Bananiers et Plantains) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

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Achievements and perspectives of Innovation Platforms on Bananas and Plantain in West and Central Africa

  1. 1. Achievements and perspectives of Innovation Platroforms on Bananas and Plantain in West and Central Africa Josué TETANG TCHINDA 1; Isabelle NKAPNANG D.; Bertrand NDEMBA; Jean-Antoine CORBALAN; Clotilde ABESSOLO M.; Mathieu LAMA; Bernardin LOKOSSOU; Etienne ZIKI; Simon KELEKE; Omar DIOUF; Kodjo TOMEKPE
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Platform-Definition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview banana Sector in WCA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actors and Linkages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emergence of Musa Innovation Platforms in WCA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Plantain Varietal IP (DURAS-INNOBAP:2005-2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Musa IP for Central Africa (FSTP: 2009-2012) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Toward the creation of a plantain Innovation platorm in WCA </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Innovation Platform-Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Network of dialogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confrontation of viewpoints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing of knowledge & experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-production and diffusion of innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjustments of products and services </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Overview of plantain sub sector in WCA <ul><li>Plantain in WCA is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Staple food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important component of food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Cash crop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generates substancial incomes for farmers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produced by Small holder farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranked as highest commodity in countries like Cameroon (FAO, 2009) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Overview plantain sector… <ul><li>Plantain in WCA… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is Economically more valued than dessert banana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production represents : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% of world production and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>72% of African production, 70% of which is for local consumption, i.e. about 7.8Mt (FAO, 2009) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total production in six countries ( Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Ghana, Côte D’Ivoire, Cameroon and Guinea ) account for 90% of annual production </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Actors of the Value chain <ul><li>At National level </li></ul><ul><li>NARS Banana Research Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Small holders & associated groupings </li></ul><ul><li>Small scale processors </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and extension agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental organisations (Ministries of agriculture, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Development organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Traders </li></ul><ul><li>Users/Consumers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Actors of the value chain… <ul><li>Regional… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional frameworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research network MUSA CO (1997-2006) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Platforms (Since 2005) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Research and Dev. Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CARBAP : Regional Musa Research and Development centre for WCA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRO-CORAF/WECARD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Included plantain among its priority crops only since 2006) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recognized CARBAP as the banana research center for WCA (since 2006) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Actors of the value chain… <ul><li>International organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Bioversity International (former INIBAP) </li></ul><ul><li>CIRAD, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>FUNDING Organisations </li></ul><ul><li>European Union (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral Organisations: French cooperation , Belgian coperation, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less funding provided for plantain as against banana </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Linkages between actors <ul><li>Interaction Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>The Musa Research Network MUSA CO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletter ( MusA frica) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Linkages… <ul><li>Linkage constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Commitment from NARS and Policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Weak communication facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Network approach generated a lot of parasites </li></ul><ul><li>Poor lobbying mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequence: Plantain is less Promoted than banana </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Emergence of Musa IP in WCA <ul><li>Factors in favour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor improvement of the Musa sector; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donors’ exigencies ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor investment on the plantain sub-sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for optimizing and harmonizing the diffusion methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CTA ASTI Training workshops </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Emergence Musa IP in WCA <ul><li>Plantain Varietal Innovation Platform (DURAS-INNOBAP, 2005-2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funded by French Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jointly implemented by CARBAP, CIRAD and IRD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involved 4 countries ( Gabon, Guinea, Benin and Cameroon ) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. DURAS-INNIBAP… <ul><li>Guiding Principle : all actors have something to share NOT just the research component alone </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology: centered on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management, sharing, training and exchange of knowledge and experiences through : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exchange mechanisms, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>communication tools </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Methodology… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem identification - Diagnostic survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of key actions based on indentified needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participative selection, testing and diffusion of varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvment of the actors of the value chain: Farmers, nursery operators , processing businesses , consumers (for testing the organoleptic properties of the varieties) traders ; government coordinating bodies , researchers , extensionits , NGOs , peasant’s organisations </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Learning System/Mechanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steering Committee (SC): coordinating body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Innovation platforms: 2 per country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Users and Expert Association (LUEA). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Reference Plot (CRP). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A network of 20 farmers (for each platform), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Evaluation Plots (IEP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A facilitator </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Learning mechanism… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation (of Disputes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation of experiences and innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing Meetings: Learning from others’ experiences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field visits: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CRP </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Evalution Plots (IEP) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-resources (web page) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. DURAS-INNOBAP…
  18. 18. DURAS-INNOBAP…
  19. 19. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers adopted varieties based on personnel preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in knowledge, attitudes and skills recorded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers realized the value of the co-construction of innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of network of experimenting peasants </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Impact… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants’ organisations organized and strengthened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of problem identification through participative diagnosis/survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The INNOBAP project provided a framework for confronting scientific knowledge to the indigenous knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. DURAS-INNOBAP… <ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners’ inability to work in partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>poor formal communication among various management bodies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need for training actors on : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>participative approach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ASTI methodology </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Musa IP in Central Africa (FSTP-2009-2012) <ul><li>Funded by the the European Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the framework of the Food Security Thematic Programme (FSTP) of </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Involves 6 Central African countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cameroon, CAR, Gabon, Congo, DR-Congo and Guinea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose: Optimise the diffusion of innovations </li></ul>
  23. 23. FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>03 (Three) platforms created in 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONGO : Congo and DR-Congo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OUBANGUI : CAR and DR-Congo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NTEM : Cameroon, Gabon and Guinea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NB: The INNOBAP model has been a source of inspiration </li></ul>
  24. 24. FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Functioning of FST-IP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional coordination Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steering Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of actors of the value chain at national level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Takes strategic decisions for each platform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitator (animator) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Emphasis laid on: </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostis Survey-Problem Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and visibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project, Donor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Use of mass media (Radio, Television and Newspaper) to raise awareness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lobbying for policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbying mechanisms reinforced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvment of Governmental representatives (Ministers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encounters/Meetings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>During launching ceremonies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. FSTP Innovation Platforms… <ul><li>Diffusion/Learning mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training, e.g: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pest and disease management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horticultural multiplication Techniques (PIF) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Pilot diffusion sites: eg. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horticultural Multiplication Pilot Sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Information System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Market observatories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web tools : web page and d-Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newsletter: Planta i nnovation </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Components of FSTP platforms
  28. 28. Governance of FSTP platforms
  29. 29. Towards the setting up of the plantain Innovation platform for West and Central Africa <ul><li>Resolution taken on Nov. 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During a regional consultative meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Plantain Innovation for WCA : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To replace MUSA CO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To act as a framework of dialogue among the actors of the value chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To cover the sub region (WCA) </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. The plantain Innovation platform for West and Central Africa <ul><li>Why Plantain Innovation Platforms and NOT banana Innovation platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic value gained by plantain in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Because Plantain : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the highest commodity in many countries of WCA (FAO) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>is economically more valued than bananas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has greater potential for : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improving global agricultural production and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sustaining food security in the sub region, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>From Research to Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>That is our motto!!! </li></ul>
  32. 32. Problem Indentification - Diagnostic survey in Congo
  33. 33. Problem Indentification - Diagnostic survey in Congo
  34. 34. Pilot seed production site in Cameroon
  35. 35. PIF-Explant preperation
  36. 36. PIF – Planting of explants
  37. 37. PIF-Explant proliferation
  38. 38. Pilot Horticultural Multiplication site in Cameroon Seed multiplication with the PIF technique, an in vivo multiplication techique developed by CARBAP
  39. 39. Pilot Horticultural Multiplication site in Cameroon Weaning/Hardening
  40. 40. Pilot Seed production site in Cameroon Extension of horticultural production site

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