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Checks & Balances : Designing for the Public Forum

Thesis Presentation May 1 2012

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Checks & Balances : Designing for the Public Forum

  1. 1. “Bureaucracy is the death of all sound work”—Albert Einstein
  2. 2. Checks & Balances: Designing for the Public Forum Elisabetta Di Stefano | M.S. Communication/Packaging Design | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein
  3. 3. Books that inspired my thesis.
  4. 4. HYPOTHESIS StatementLocal governmental agencies are built on opaque forms oforganization and communication (bureaucracies), whose impenetrablestructure discourages citizen involvement in a democratic life.This thesis presents the hypothesis that individual CommunicationDesigners, alone or in league with one another, powered by theenlightened self-interest of working within their own communities andequipped with the ability to create clarity and participation bynon-textual means, may be a lever to instigate transparency, reformand increase civic engagement.Elisabetta Di Stefano | M.S. Communication/Packaging Design | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein
  5. 5. What is bureaucracy?A form of government and/or administrationcharacterized by excessive “red tape” androutine; where the true power lies in the handsof committees who dictate policy and bureausthat carry them out, with little accountabilityto the constituency.Elisabetta Di Stefano | M.S. Communication/Packaging Design | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein
  6. 6. New York City‘s Bureaucracy THE VOTERS OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK BOROUGHS OF THE BRONX, BROOKLY N, MANHATTAN, QUEE NS AND STATE N IS LAND AL L BOROU GH PRESIDENTS C OMP TROL LER PUB LIC THE COUNCIL DIST RIC T THE BRO NX ADVOC ATE 51 CO UNC IL MEMBE R S ATTOR NE YS BRO OKL YN MANHATTAN QUEE NS MAYOR THE B R ONX BR OOKLY N 8 MEMBERS 16 MEMBE R S MANHATTAN 10 ME MBERS ST ATEN IS LAND QUEE NS 14 MEMBERS S TATE N IS L AND 3 MEMBE R S OF FI CE OF SP ECI AL NARC OTICS FI NANCI AL OF FIC E OF PRO CUR EME NT INFOR MATION PA YR OL L PO LI CY SE RV IC ES ADMINIST RA TION BOA R D AGE NCY CI TY C L E R K BO ROU GH C OMMU NITY INDE PE NDEN T CL ERK OF THE BO ARD S B OAR DS BU DGE T OF FI CE C OUNCIL CHANCE LLOR DEPUTY MAYOR FOR CHIEF ADVISO R FOR P OLICY DEPUT Y MAYOR FOR DEPUTY MAYOR FOR LE GAL DEP UTY MAYOR FOR PRE SS SECR E TARY FIRST DE PUTY MAYOR SE NIOR AD VISOR DEPUTY M AYOR FO R HEAL TH AND ---------------------------------- GOVERNMEN T AFFAI R S AND AND STR ATEGIC P L ANNING ECON OMIC DE VELOPM E NT AFFAI R S OPER ATIONS HUMAN SERVIC E S DE PARTME NT OF ED UCATIO N CO MMUNICATIONS MAYOR’S COUN SEL DEPART MENT OF DEP ARTMEN T OF DE PARTMEN T OF HOUS ING CITY WIDE DEPAR TMENT O F INTERGOV ERNME NTAL OFFICE O F OFFICES OF PRESE RVATIO N AND YOUTH AND COMMUNITY AF FAIRS ADMINISTRATIV E DEP ARTMEN T FOR TH E POLICE DEPART MENT ADMINISTRA TIVE BUIL DINGS AFFAIR S MEDIA C OUNSE L OR SCHEDU LING AN D OFFIC E OF CR IMINAL DEVELO P MENT C OMMUNITY UNIT J USTICE C OORDIN ATOR AGING SERVICE S RESE ARCH ADVANCE JUSTIC E COOR DINATOR DEV E LOPM ENT AND ANALYSIS DEPA RTMENT OF TR ANSPOR TATION DEPAR TMENT O F CITY LEGISL ATIVE DEPART MENT OF PARKS DEPAR TMENT O F OFFICE OF ADMINISTRA TION FO R OTHE R AUTHOR ITIE S , BO AR DS , DE PARTMEN T OF AFFAIR S OF FICE OF SPECIAL ADMINISTR ATIVE T R IALS CHILDRE N’S SER VICES ENVIRO NMENTAL AND R E CREA TION CULTURA L AFFAI R S C OMMI S IONS AND CO R P OR ATIONS S SANI TATION PHOT O UNIT ENFORC EMENT AND HE ARING SS c hool Co ns truc tion Authority FIR E DEPA RTMENT P R OTECT IONC ity Universit y of New York E C ONOMICC ity Univers ity C ons truc tion F und DE VELOPM E NTNew York C ity Ed ucationalC ons truc tion Fun d STATE LEGISLA TIVE CO RPORAT ION FA MILY SE RVICES DEPARTM E NT OF AFFAIRS OFFICE OF OFFI CE TO C OMBAT COOR DINATOR OFFICE OF CONT RACT OFFICE OF DESIGN AND APPO INTMENT S DOMESTIC VIO L ENCE SERV ICES OPER ATIONS C ONSTRU C TION OFFIC E OF EM ERGENC Y MANAGEMENT DEPAR TMENT O F CITY PLAN NING DE PARTME NT OF LAN DMARKS HEA LTH AND MENTAL FEDER AL AFFA IRS DEPA RTMENT OF MAYOR’S JU DICIARY HYGIE NE OFFICE OF LON G TERM DEP ART MENT OF PRES ERVATI ON CO NSUMER AFFAIR S COMMITTEE PLANN ING AND INF ORMATION COMMISSIO N SU STAINAB ILITY TE CHNOL OGY AND OF FICE OF TE LE CO MMUNIC ATIONS NEW YORK CIT Y MANAGEME NT AND HOUS ING AUT HORITY HEAL TH AND HOSPITA LS B UDGET MAYOR’S FUND TO CORPOR ATION GRACI E MANSI ON ADVANCE NEW YORK OFFI CE OF OFFI CE OF OFFICE F OR PEO P LE CI TY WITH DISAB ILITIES ENV IRONME NTAL ENV IRONME NTAL CO ORDINA TION REME DIATION DEP ARTMEN T OF SMALL BUSIN ESS HUMAN RESOUR CES S E RVICE S ADMINISTRATI ON OFFI CE OF LA BOR OTHER AUTHOR ITIES, B OARDS, OFFICE OF SPE CIAL ----------------------------- RELA TIONS OF FICE OF CO MMISSIO NS P R OJECT S AND DEPARTM E NT OF CO RRESPO NDENCE OFFICE O F IMMIGRANT DE PARTMEN T OF AND C ORPOR ATIONS COMMUNITY EVE NTS SOCIA L SERVI CES RECOR DS AND Boa rd of Elec tions AFFAIR S INFORMAT ION Cam paign Fi nance B oard DEPA RTMENT OF SERVICE S Ele c tion Modernization Task F orce FINAN C E COMMISSION O N THE CO RPORAT ION OFFICE OF CITY WIDE UNITED NA TIONS , T HE DEPARTM E NT OF COU NSEL EVE NTS COO RDINAT ION CONS ULAR C ORPS HOME LESS S E RVICE S ----------------------------- AND MANAGEMENT COMMISSION O N HUMAN AND PR OTOCOL LAW DEPART MENT RIGHT S TAXI AND LI MOUSINE OTHE R AUTHOR ITIE S , BO ARDS , CO MMI S IONS S COMMISS ION AND C ORP OR ATIONS PUB L IC DES IGN COMMISSION ON DEPARTM E NT OF B oard of C ollective B argaining COMMISS ION WOMEN’S ISSUES CORREC TION C ivil Serv ice C ommis sio n ENVIR ONMENTAL DEPAR TMENT O F C ommis s ion on Pu blic Information and C ommunic ation En vironmental C ontrol B oard CO NTROL B OARD INVESTIG ATION F ranch ise an d C oncess ion R eview Committee BUSINES S INTEG RITY Loft Board Metropolitan Transp ortation Authority COMMISS ION DEP ARTMEN T OF OFFIC E OF Municip al Assist ance C orporation PROB ATION Municip al C redit Union ADMINISTRAT IVE C HIEF SE RVICE O FFICER Munic ipal Water Fi nanc e Authority SE R VIC E S OTHE R AUTHO R ITIES, BOARDS , Pr oc urement Po licy B oard Teach ers R etirement Syst em COMMISSION S AND C ORPOR ATIONS Transit ional F inance A uthority OFFIC E OF ME DIA AND Civilian Compla int Revie w Board ENTER TAINMENT CENTER FOR EC ONOMIC Water Bo ard Commi ssion to C ombat Police OPPOR TUNITY OFFICE OF VETE RANS Corruption AFFA IRS Conflict of Interests Boar d Equal E mployment Prac tices OTHE R AUTHOR ITIE S , BO ARDS , CO MMIS S IONS AND CO RP ORATIO NS Commi ssion Banking Commis s ion Biomedical Res earc h and Development Tas k Forc e OFF ICE OF F OOD POL ICY OTHE R AUTHOR ITIES, B OAR DS, C OMMISSION S Board of Educ ation Retirement Sys tem AND C OR P OR ATIONS Board of Standards and Appeals Adviso ry C ommiss ion for C ultural Affairs Metropolitan Mus eum of Art Brooklyn Navy Yard Development Corporation New York B otanical Garden Muse um of Modern Art City Planning Commis s ion American Museu m of Natural Hist ory Mus eum of the C ity of New York City S ports C ommis s ion Plan etarium Authority New York C ity Opera Commercial Inc entive Bounda ry Area Commi s s ion COO RDINATO R OF American Museu m of the Moving Image New York Hall of Scien ce Deferred Co mpensat ion Board Empire S tate Development Cor poration FATHE R HOOD B ronx C ounty Hist orical So ciety New York Pu blic L ibrary Fi re Department Pens ion Fund Boa rd of Trus tees INITIATIVE S B rooklyn Acad emy of Music New York Sh akesp eare F est ival Gov ernors Is land Pres ervation and Educ ation Cor poration B rooklyn B otanical Gar den New York C ity B allet Hous ing Development Cor poration B rooklyn B ridge Par k New York St ate Theatre Indus trial and Commercial Incentive Boa rd B rooklyn C hildrens Museu m New York Zoological So ciety Indus trial Development Agenc y B rooklyn Inst itute of Arts and Scie nc es Queens B orough Pu blic L ibrary In Rem F oreclos ure Release Bo ard B rooklyn Museu m Queens B otanical Garden So ciety Lower Manhattan Development Cor poration B rooklyn Pu blic L ibrary Queens Museu m New York City Employees’ Re tirement S yst em OTHER AU THORITIE S, BOAR DS, C arnegie Hall Sn ug Harbor C ultural C enter New York City Empowerment Zone C OMMISS IONS AN D CORP ORATION S C entral Park C ons ervancy St aten Is land B otanical Gard en NYC & Company Polic e Pens ion Fund B oard of Trus tees B oard of Correctio n C ity C enter 55th St reet Theatre St aten Is land C hildren’s Museu m C ouncil o n the En vironment of New York C ity St aten Is land Hist orical So ciety/ NYS P ublic S ervice Co mmis sio n B oard of Health C ultural C ouncil F oundation R ich mondtown R est oration NYS Department of Ec onomic Development C enter for Animal Care an d Control Penns ylvania S tation Re development Corporation C ommiss ion for Ec onomic Opportunity El Museo Del B arrio St aten Is land Inst itute of Arts and Scie nces Port Authority of NY/NJ Huds on R iver Park T rus t S taten Is land Zoologica l So ciety Power Authority of the S tate of NY HIV and Human S ervices Planning Council Inst itute for C ontemporary Art S tudio Museu m in Harlem Private Indus try Counc il Office of the Chief Medical Examin er Jam aica A rts C enter Theatre in the Par k Rent Guidelines Bo ard P rimary Care De velopment Corporation L andmarks Hardsh ip Appeals Pan el Trust for Governors Is land S ports Development Corporation L inc oln C enter Wave Hill Tax Appeals Tribunal Tax Co mmissio n United Nations Development Corporation Direct Reporting R elationsh ip Workforce Inves tment Bo ard Li aison R elationsh ip
  7. 7. New York City‘s Community Districts
  8. 8. How do we begin torepair the public forum?
  9. 9. Transparency
  10. 10. Transparency is operating in such a way that it is easy for others to see what actions are performed. With transparency there is:“openness, communication, and accountability“
  11. 11. Summer ‘11
  12. 12. QUEENS 678 New York Pa rk wa y Cross Bay Blvd. 27 27 27 B el t Frank Charles John F. Kennedy Memorial Park International Airport FlBROOKLYN at Canarsie bu Pier sh Av Jamaica Bay en Bergen Wildlife Refuge ue Beach Floyd Bennett Field B e l t P a r kw a y Plumb Beach Channel Beach Drive Jacob Riis Park Fort Tilden Breezy Point ATLANTIC OCEAN
  13. 13. Fishing Bus stop RAPTOR POINT Picnic area Floyd Bennett Field (Brookyln, NY) Permit Permit M od HANGAR B el Fl yi ng Fi JAMAICA BAY el d Permit MILL BASINSh INLET or Permit eP Archery Range ar kw ay Park Gateway Environmental Bi Nursery ke Study Center wa (New York City y/R Board of Education) North Forty ockw Ente rpris ay Gateway Greenway e Ro Shore Parkway Ecology ad Village Permit Park Permit Administration US Park Police NY Field Office Rang Armed Forces e r Ro Reserve Center Natural Area ad Blvd n et t Ben RYAN VISITOR CENTER d Pond Floy Aviation Rd HANGAR ROW HISTORIC DISTRICT Visitor Contact Station Gil H Rockway Gateway Greenway Me m o d g e s orial Bridg Flatbush Avenue e Shore Marina Parkway SPORTS CONCESSION Bikeway DEAD HORSE BAY ROCKAWAY INLET
  14. 14. 1.5 x the size of Central Park … Mostly abandoned
  15. 15. Searching for Answers | Endless Emails
  16. 16. Fact #1 (1970s)
  17. 17. Fact #1 (1970s)
  18. 18. Fact #2 (1970s–now)
  19. 19. Fact #2 (1970s–now)Successful
  20. 20. Fact #3 (2006)
  21. 21. Fact #3 (2006)Daily News July 11, 2006
  22. 22. Fact #4 (2007)
  23. 23. Fact #4 (2007)
  24. 24. Fact #5 (2010)A REPORT BY THE FLOYD BENNETT FIELD BLUE RIBBON PANEL National parks are America’s most precious treasures and Gateway National Recreation Area is New York City’s crown jewel. Senator Charles SchumerTHE NEXT JEWEL IN NEW YORK’S URBAN PARK CROWN 36
  25. 25. Fact #5 (2010)cOuLD BE... camping area grassland restoration Boat Launch Non-motorized Boating Possible harP Locations Sanitation & NYPD Minimize 5 Year Potential Education Location VisioncOuLD BE... Plan hangar row Active Uses uS armed Forces reserves 21
  26. 26. State of the Bay : Jamaica Bay Symposium (Brookyln College)
  27. 27. Floyd Bennett Fields‘s Bureaucracies
  28. 28. Project | Thesis 2In order to solve a complexcommunity issue, then thecreation of a system of whereinformation is transparent isvital to our rights as citizens.
  29. 29. Project ProposalHorrible Attempt to inform the public.
  30. 30. Project Proposal reconstruction of seven bridges on the belt parkway FL BA FR AT ES YR B US HC ID HA GE RE EK AV V E RO BA NU CK SIN E AW AY PA PA KWR E MI RD AY LL EG BA AT SIN B AS IN jAMAICA BAY WETLAND NO GE MITIGATION ST RR RA ITS ND New York City EN AV Michael R. Bloomberg IN FLOYD ENU LE T E BENNETT FIELD New York CityDepartment of Transportation Janette Sadik-Khan CONEY ISLAND SHEEPSHEAD BAY
  31. 31. Project Proposal14 ANtiCipAtEd sCHEdULE, CoNtrACt 1 ReconstRuction of seven Bridges on the Belt Parkway 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 J A S O ND J FMAM J J A S OND J FM AM J J A S OND J FMAM J J A S ONDJ FMAM J J A S OND J FMAM J J A S OND J FMAM J J A S OND J FMAM J J A S OND J A S O ND FRESH CREEK BASIN CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT 1: LANDSCAPING ROCKAWAY PARKWAY DURATION OCTOBER 2009  OCTOBER 2014 CONTRACT PAERDEGAT BASIN CLEAN UP PLANTING OFFSITE TIDAL WETLANDS MITIGATION AND MONITORING Fresh Creek Basin Rockaway Parkway At the end of each construction contract, a separate Paerdegat Basin landscaping contract managed by New York City Department of Parks and Recreation will start. The landscape contracts are designed to preserve and Floyd Bennett Field enhance the park-like character of the Belt Parkway, incorporating selected trees and planting species. Public?
  32. 32. Project ProposalThe nature of this designed transparency model wouldbe non-hierarchal and organic where the community canre-imagine, then plan, then develop what essentiallybelongs to them.GOAL : AccessibilityOBJECTIVE : TransparencyDesigners should help people find information on what isgoing on in their community.• Make information easy to get• Allow community to appeal for changes• Construct a forum to allow for the exchange of ideas
  33. 33. Checks & Balances: Designing for the Public Forum Elisabetta Di Stefano | M.S. Communication/Packaging Design | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein Thank you.