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REACHING GOALS IN TIME - THE POTENTIAL OF DYNAMIC CHARGING

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REACHING GOALS IN TIME - THE POTENTIAL OF DYNAMIC CHARGING

  1. 1. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Reaching goals in time The potential of dynamic charging of HDVs on motorways EV Charging Infrastructure 2022 Berlin on Nov 21-22
  2. 2. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Germany truck manufacturers and government therefore are planning for ~ 75% of new truck sales in 2030 to be zero emission Page 2 Those sales figures will only be met if sufficient infrastructure to power those trucks can be put in place. Source: https://www.now-gmbh.de/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/NFZ22_Von-Innovationclustern-bis-Task-Forces_Hassheider.pdf slide 10 H2-Fuel cell electric truck Battery electric truck Fossil fueled truck
  3. 3. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Zero emission trucking, especially the direct electric kind, can be cheaper than diesel by 2030, with infrastructure costs playing only a minor role Page 3 Slide source: https://www.now-gmbh.de/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/NFZ22_Von-Innovationclustern-bis-Task-Forces_Hassheider.pdf slide 12 Original Source: https://www.oeko.de/fileadmin/oekodoc/StratON-O-Lkw-Technologievergleich-2018.pdf vehicle (purchase/lease, operation and maintenance) Truck toll Fuel/electricity production and distribution Energy supply infrastructure (full utilization) Energy supply infrastructure (half utilization) Total cost of ownership per vehicle, incl. cost for energy supply infrastructure
  4. 4. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 But there are some challenges for battery electric long-haul trucks and stationary charging Page 4 Examples of questions raised regarding BEVs and stationary charging 1) Can reliable supply chains for big batteries be established? 2) Can the grid cope when lots of trucks charge? 3) Is there space for all those charging stations? 4) How to ensure high availability of charging equipment? 5) How will booking be done and cope with traffic situations? 6) Can everything scale up fast enough? Adding dynamic charging to the technology mix helps alleviate all these concerns So let‘s dig deeper into what dynamic charging is →
  5. 5. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Key Characteristics • Connection and disconnection to catenary in motion • Recharging of onboard energy storage while driving • Operations up to 100 km/h possible • No limitations for first and last mile • Compatible and complementary with different alternative drive train technologies Dynamic charging technology for heavy duty vehicles From proof-of-concept to roll-out 2010 2022 1st Generation Proof-of-concept 2nd Generation Swedish and US Demonstration projects 4th Generation Industrialization Development of the eHighway technology 3rd Generation Field trials Page 5
  6. 6. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Dynamic charging demonstrated its maturity within the German field trials Information and routing Federal State of Hessen Federal State of Schleswig Holstein Federal State of Baden-Wuerttemberg Track length/ amount of trucks 5 km/+7 km South-bound 5 +7 trucks 5 km 5 2.6 – 3.4 km/ 5 Construction Apr – Nov 2018 Oct 2018 – May 2019 June 2020 – April 2021 Demonstration Started in Dec 2018 Started in Dec 2019 Started in June 2021 Project homepage ELISA Project homepage FESH Project homepage eWayBW Page 6
  7. 7. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Proven in daily trucking operations on German motorways https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NHSofIc31rw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAUff-fz_MM&t=0s Page 7
  8. 8. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 German transport ministry (BMDV) is driving the implementation of catenary Near-term scale up with innovation clusters and medium-term planning task force Image source: BMVI’s Overall approach to climate-friendly commercial vehicles page 15 Page 8
  9. 9. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Available online Including links to many supporting studies for each of the four fields: • Route network • Charging options • Energy grid • Operation and further potentials Page 9
  10. 10. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Dynamic charging: Beneficial interaction with the energy grid Page 10 • Study showing significant influence of demand charges on cost of electricity: US DOE (2017) pages 70-83 • Study showing why policy makers should encourage daytime charing: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41560-022-01105-7 • Study showing the challenge power demand from large truck stops: https://www.nationalgrid.com/us/EVhighway Reduces demand charges Matches Time-of-Use (TOU) rates
  11. 11. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 BEVs can reach their full economic and ecological potential when using a combination of dynamic and stationary charging • Increases battery use and energy losses • Loss of time, unless used during planned stops • Very high local grid load • Additional space demand • Higher threshold of min. number of users • Dependent on road operator’s cooperation • Higher technical complexity A combination of dynamic charging & stationary for BEVs makes sense because they • Offer the most mature technologies for decarbonization • Are the most energy-efficient solutions, which saves costs and emissions • Complement each other’s use cases strongly, with high power chargers enabling broad geographical coverage quickly and dynamic charging easing the scaling up on the core corridors Page 11 High Power Charger weaknesses • Many vehicles can be charged at the same time • Hardly any additional land required • Established technology with manageable adaptations for road • Easier load on the grid • Simple stand-alone solutions • Gradual build-up with large spacing and few points per location possible Dynamic Charging weaknesses
  12. 12. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 In september 2021, Germany announced ca. 200 km of innovation corridors with overhead contact lines Sources: https://www.bmvi.de/SharedDocs/DE/Pressemitteilungen/2021/104-scheuer-innovationscluster-strassennutzverkehr.html | https://www.stmb.bayern.de/med/pressemitteilungen/pressearchiv/2021/177/index.php How we will test climate-friendly commercial vehicles High power chargers in long-haul transport Focus: Testing of stationary charging on trucks stops and depots using high- power charging points Truck innovation cluster Rhine-Main/Rhine- Neckar Focus: Testing of different drive trains and infrastructures; optimization of planning-, approval- and procurement procedures; inclusion of temporary use of hard shoulder; challenging topography eHighway Bavaria Focus: Synergies among different drive technologies and charging infrastructures in the framework of dynamic and stationary charging of BEVs and FCEVs Drive Tech- nologies Infrastructures Different climate-friendly truck drives and corresponding infrastructure Battery electric (BEV) Fuel cell electric Charging while driving BEV- and fuel cell trucks H2-refueling station Charging point BEV Charging point BEV at depot H2-refueling station at depot Infrastructure for dynamic charging (Overhead line) Charging bridge at depot) Charging bridge at truck stop Truck stop with multiple charging points BW! Page 12
  13. 13. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 1. Nordics • SE: National Transport Plan 2022 – 2034 includes planning for 2,400 km electrified motorways • SE: Ca. 20 km pilot between national rail hub and nearby logistic centers being procured • DK: Parliament approved €400 k study on overhead catenary (OCL) corridor to Germany • NO: Public Road Administration study finds dynamic charging for trucks a cost-effective solution 2. UK • Gvmt. funded £2 m feasibility study on ca. 20 km catenary pilot with 50 – 150 trucks • Study finds catenary “most energy-efficient and cost-effective solution”, see also podcast 3. BeNeLux • NL: Study finds most economical. Alignment with neighbors is very important • BE: Study finds a very strong business case for overhead catenary 4. Central Europe • AT: Study “Energy Roads” ongoing, with involvement of neighbors CZ and SK • HU: Transport minster keen on implementing pilot project. Joint corridor study with AT & DE starting • PL: Local government project proposal for catenary route in southern Poland 5. Mediterranean • FR: Three Ministry-lead working groups on ERS: catenary is the cheapest solution for trucks • IT: Ministry strategy for trucks focus on electrification, incl. use of catenary • ES: Study by ECF finds TCO for overhead catenary already lower than ICE by 2025 Catenary solution: Demo/field trial realized or in preparation Study with regard to catenary solution for HDV exists or under preparation Interest in catenary solution exists 4 4 2 3 1 5 1 3 4 5 1 5 International interest in dynamic charging is growing, e.g., in Europe Enabling zero emission trucking on core motorways, example countries Page 13
  14. 14. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 We are on a climate protection journey Getting there in time requires solutions with high energy and resource efficiency Low fuel cost for best Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Reduces the size of batteries and cost of zero emission trucks Reaching customers reliably, without stopping or waiting Cheap renewable energy still limited in availability Avoids supply chain bottle necks, esp. for critical raw materials Staying within GHG budget for 1.5 °C warming Spreading loads over time and space helps the grid Upgrade of existing road infra- structure on the busiest corridors Well-known and proven technology to roll out quickly Energy efficiency Resource efficiency In time Page 14
  15. 15. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Contact Patrik Akerman Head of eHighway Business Development Siemens Mobility GmbH SMO RI EL COC EH Erlangen, Germany Mobil: +49 (172) 735 1509 E-mail: Patrik.akerman@siemens.com www.siemens.com/ehighway #eHighway Page 15
  16. 16. Unrestricted | © Siemens 2022 Available online Page 16

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