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National rates of physical, psychological, and sexual teen dating violence


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National rates of physical, psychological, and sexual teen dating violence

  1. 1. 121st Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association Honolulu, HI Wednesday, July 31, 2013 National rates of physical, psychological, and sexual teen dating violence Michele L. Ybarra MPH PhD, Center for Innovative Public Health Research Dorothy Espelage PhD, University of Illinois at Champaign. Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling PhD, University of Southern Alabama. Josephine D. Korchmaros PhD, Center for Innovative Public Health Research (Currently: Southwest Institute for Research on Women) danah boyd PhD, Microsoft Research / New York University * Thank you for your interest in this presentation. Please note that analyses included herein are preliminary. More recent, finalized analyses may be available by contacting CiPHR for further information.
  2. 2. Acknowledgements Growing up with Media: This survey was supported by Cooperative Agreement number U49/CE000206 from the CDC. The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC. We would like to thank the entire Growing up with Media Study team from Internet Solutions for Kids, Harris Interactive, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the CDC, who contributed to the planning and implementation of the study. Finally, we thank the families for their time and willingness to participate in this study.
  3. 3. Study motivation Comprehensive national rates of adolescent dating violence (ADV) are critical to understanding the scope of the problem. They also help with benchmarking for ongoing investigation into the behavior. These data are lacking.
  4. 4. Growing up with Media survey methodology Data are from the national, online Growing up with Media study.  Data were collected in 2011 and 2012 from 1,058 adolescents 14-20 years of age;  Data were analyzed in 2013 
  5. 5. ADV Victimization Non-victim Females Victim 59% Males 41% 63% 0% 10% 20% 30% 37% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  6. 6. ADV Perpetration Non-perpetrator Females 65% Males 35% 71% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 29% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  7. 7. Differences are noted by sex Females were significantly more likely than males to report:  Physical ADV perpetration and  Sexual ADV victimization. Males were significantly more likely than females to report sexual ADV perpetration. Rates were similar for males and females for:  Physical ADV victimization  Psychological ADV perpetration and  Psychological ADV victimization
  8. 8. Differences by other demographic characteristics Prevalence generally increased with age Rates were generally similar for:  Race  Ethnicity and  Income
  9. 9. Perpetrators are victims Adolescents reported both victimization and perpetration experiences (these experiences could be in the same or different relationships): 29% of females  24% of males 
  10. 10. Conclusions ADV experiences are common among young people.  Overlaps between victimization and perpetration, and across different forms of dating abuse also appear to be typical.  Efforts to reduce ADV might benefit from consideration of dynamics within relationships that may result in nondefensive retaliatory behavior, as well as the extent to which ADV may occur in different relationships. 