Flavio Cucchietti - Energy Efficiency and ICT: short term needs long term opportunities

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  • Nella slide precedente sono state evidenziate diverse azioni volte ad ottenere una rapida disponibilità di apparati a minor consumo. In questa slide abbiamo riportato i primi risultati concreti delle azioni descritte n precedenza. In particolare, la chart riporta i dati di consumo unitario per apparati VDSL2 FTTB rilevati nelle ultime due RFQ di TI. Certamente una parte del merito di tale risultato è legato alle diverse azioni intraprese da due anni a qusta parte. Ma ovviamente, ci sono ancora ulteriori margini di ottimizzazione. Il messaggio principale di questa slide è l’evidenziare la notevole riduzione dei consumi degli apparati VDSL2 nel giro di due anni, ottenuta anche a seguito alle azioni in precedenza descritte Non tutti gli apparati sono uguali Se c’è il giusto committment, una forte riduzione è fattibile
  • I consumi collegati al BB, a casa del cliente, potrebbero esplodere. Un’analisi dell’UE stima che, al 2015, questi consumi potrebbero rappresentare > del 10% dei consumi totali nell’abitazione. Oltre agli ovvi impatti su costi e sostenibilità, si rischia di associare alle telecomunicazioni una cattiva immagine, dannosa allo sviluppo delle offerte. Le azioni incorso (CoC, Energy Star, ecc) mirano a dimezzarlo. È anche necessario informare i clienti in modo che possano scegliere in modo consapevole, premiando le offerte maggiormente efficienti. I due grafici a torta riportano la distribuzione attuale dei consumi unitari (ripartizione tra user side e network side) e quella prospettica di lungo periodo. In particolare, ad oggi gli utenti a larga banda con tariffa flat (e dunque PC e modem assumibili sempre accesi) rappresentano una minoranza del totale (circa un 10% delle linee totali). Nel lungo periodo, invece, si assume che praticamente tutti abbiano la connessione a larga banda always on: questo comporterà sia un incremento del consumo medio per utente (area della torta) sia un aumento della quota parte associata allo user side. In conclusione, il messaggio che si intende trasmettere è un warning sulla sempre crescente attenzione che occorrerà prestare verso i consumi lato utente
  • Flavio Cucchietti - Energy Efficiency and ICT: short term needs long term opportunities

    1. 1. Energy Efficiency and ICT: short term needs long terms opportunities
    2. 2. Telecom Italia and its Network …some numbers … Thousands diesel gensets 49 .ooo battery strings >20MAh@48V
    3. 3. (*) Second highest national energy user. Energy used equivalent to the yearly production of a II Generation nuclear plant. Cooling 550 GWh TLC 1290 GWh ICT 160 GWh 509 GAS and Thermal plants 16 Co/trigeneration plants 2.200 (*) 1.900 450 Yearly consumption of Electrical Energy IT Railw. Telecom Italia Other TLC Operators 4.300 Yearly consumption of GAS: 32 Mil. Regione Val d’Aosta Telecom Italia 99 Mil. Posts 20 Mil . S. Raffaele Hospital Milan GWh GWh GWh GWh mc mc mc 26 Mil. mc mc Posts Energy consumption (E.E. 2,2 TWh, Gas 32 Mil. mc) Offices 200 GWh
    4. 4. -85 GWh <ul><li>Efficiency i the sites </li></ul><ul><li>Switch off/compactingold equipment </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative energies </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation/compacting equipment rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient use of offices </li></ul><ul><li>Next Gen. Data Centres, virtualization … </li></ul><ul><li>BroadBand extension: ADSL, Switching, Rete intelligente, Core network….) </li></ul><ul><li>MobileNetwork extension </li></ul><ul><li>OLO/ULL </li></ul><ul><li>Data Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Start of the NGN2 </li></ul>Values in GWh Energy consumption evolution 2008-2010 2010 2.171 2.256 2007 405 INCREASE 490 SAVING
    5. 5. Energy consumption trend – wireline network E TOT E TLC Fixed network domain Source: Telecom Italia End user appliances Power Consumption <ul><li>FUTURE  high priority on energy </li></ul><ul><li>Last decade  20% reduction, but strong OPEX increase due to increased energy cost </li></ul><ul><li>’ 80-’90  Digital switching/ISDN = network consumption X 4 </li></ul>‘ 84 ‘ 88 ‘ 92 ‘ 96 GWh Years ‘ 98 ‘ 10 ‘ 08 Start of network digitalization End of network digitalization E TOT: total energy consumption from mains (TLC equipment, cooling, ausiliary systems) E TLC: energy consumption of TLC equipment New challenge on energy saving Need of further actions on TLC equipments Energy consumption became a Key Issue Start ADSL deployment Actions on cooling and energy systems
    6. 6. ENERGY EFFICIENT NETWORKS
    7. 7. Energy burden to the Customer <ul><li>Minimize the consumption with reference to the single function supported </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce the lowest power state whenever possible </li></ul><ul><li>Design to optimize end of life management </li></ul><ul><li>Pursue these goals both internally and towards Std Bodies & Governments </li></ul>ENERGY EFFICIENT CUSTOMERS Smart Grids, Sensor Networks, BroadBand evolution … = Further ICT to the Client!!! While reducing the load to the Operator, NGN could greatly increase the energy expense to the Customer (much more ICT to the client) We have (and can) act now!
    8. 8. ICT – part of the “problem” and of its “SOLUTION” NEGATIVE 3,5% (could be greater!) POSITIVE ~15% ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN OTHER SECTORS
    9. 9. <ul><li>Products are global and need huge investments </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization is the key to guarantee: </li></ul><ul><li> earlier availability, quality and affordable costs </li></ul>Wanna get results soon? ….. Go Standard! ….. Connect STD with public and private research! <ul><li>… but is the Standardization arena ready for this challenge? </li></ul><ul><li>Strong need for coordinated action within and among Standardization Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>To reach the 2020 objectives it is urgent to obtain results </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators/Governments need to play their role </li></ul><ul><li>… too often research results do not become products </li></ul><ul><li>Need to promote linking and cross fertilization between Research and STD </li></ul><ul><li>Apply it systematically , starting from the EC funded projects </li></ul><ul><li>Review procedures/rules of the Standardization organizations to enable it </li></ul>EC Codes of Conduct EC Standardization Mandate M/362
    10. 10. Standardization fragmentation and lack of coverage GeSI EE IOCG Standardization Map – December 2009 Source: http:// gesi.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket =Lmkk%2fMfiZ9Q%3d&tabid=72 <ul><li>Fragmented Standardization!  objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify current state of the art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define coordinated strategy </li></ul></ul>Lack of Standardization Risk of inconsistent and conflicting Standardization
    11. 11. GeSI hot standardiztion action areas Customer networking and equipment sustainability goals (less equipment; reuse; optimize …) Standard external power supply Mobile (and small handheld) common charger Need for unique, standardized charger for all mobile phones (and other small devices too). Support ITU Rec. L1000 development. Few standardized power supply types to power Home Networking devices (and other): EU BroadBand Code of Conduct Home networking equipment requirements Propose energy improvement goals to be inserted into the new EU BB CoC Support harmonization among the world regional initiatives (EU and EPA/Energy Star) Customer networking and equipment energy efficiency goals (less user energy usage) Data Centre Act towards more environmental friendly IT equipment through the EU Data Centre CoC Radio Base Stations Cooperate towards the definition pf RBS testing methods and objectives (What you can measure you can improve!) ICT networks energy efficiency goals (less network energy usage) Energy Efficiency and Sustainability issues Area Action Point Description
    12. 12. Not only a service provider – customer issue Source: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/sustainable_growth/docs/events/past_events/eusew-grids.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/digital-agenda/documents/dae_v6.ppt
    13. 13. EU actions … Code of Conducts GLOBAL STANDARDIZATION The BB CoC is worldwide reference for Industries and Operators It paves the way for much greater Energy Efficiency for Clients and Service Providers September 2010 GeSI CoC Event Bruxelles New BB CoC (V.4) is being finalized
    14. 14. The ICT Sector is moving Source: http://gesi.org/Media/GeSINewsFullStory/tabid/85/smid/503/ArticleID/64/reftab/37/t/GeSI%20companies%20commit%20to%20huge%20energy%20savings%20in%20use%20of%20ICT%20equipment/Default.aspx
    15. 15. Let’s move all together! <ul><li>Showing that the ICT can contribute within its own sector </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating actions to accelerate the availability of more efficient ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling important and measurable savings now </li></ul><ul><li>Paving the way for future technologies and services that will deliver even more </li></ul><ul><li>… then we will be more credible towards the “98%” </li></ul>It is URGENT to develop an energy efficient and low carbon society Let’s make it happen! It can be reached through coordination and cooperation
    16. 16. [email_address] Thank you

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