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Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written con...
1-2
What is Organizational Behavior?What is Organizational Behavior?
• A field of study devoted
to understanding,
explaini...
1-3
1-4
Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter?
• Do firms who do a good job managing
OB concepts become more profitable as
a result?
1-5
Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter?
• The resource-based
view of the firm
1-6
Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter?
1-7
Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter?
Retention
Sales/employee
Market value
Profitability
1-8
How Do We Know Things About OB?How Do We Know Things About OB?
• Where does the
knowledge in this
textbook come from?
...
1-9
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• Methods of Knowing
๏ Experience
๏ Intuition
๏ Authori...
1-10
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• Scientific method
1-11
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• Theory
๏ A collection of assertions
(both verbal and...
1-12
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• To test our theory we
gather data on the
variables i...
1-13
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• The correlation
๏ Perfect positive relationship: 1
๏...
1-14
The CorrelationThe Correlation
1-15
The CorrelationThe Correlation
1-16
The CorrelationThe Correlation
1-17
The CorrelationThe Correlation
• Important Disclaimer
๏ Correlation does not prove causation
• Proving causation requ...
1-18
How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB?
• The correlations from multiple studies get averaged
...
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MGMT 340: Chapter 01

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MGMT 340: Chapter 01

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MGMT 340: Chapter 01

  1. 1. Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. What IsWhat Is OrganizationalOrganizational Behavior?Behavior? Chapter 1
  2. 2. 1-2 What is Organizational Behavior?What is Organizational Behavior? • A field of study devoted to understanding, explaining, and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations
  3. 3. 1-3
  4. 4. 1-4 Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter? • Do firms who do a good job managing OB concepts become more profitable as a result?
  5. 5. 1-5 Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter? • The resource-based view of the firm
  6. 6. 1-6 Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter?
  7. 7. 1-7 Does OB Matter?Does OB Matter? Retention Sales/employee Market value Profitability
  8. 8. 1-8 How Do We Know Things About OB?How Do We Know Things About OB? • Where does the knowledge in this textbook come from? • Understanding that requires an understanding of how we know things, in general
  9. 9. 1-9 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • Methods of Knowing ๏ Experience ๏ Intuition ๏ Authority ๏ Science • What are the benefits of the last one, relative to the other three?
  10. 10. 1-10 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • Scientific method
  11. 11. 1-11 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • Theory ๏ A collection of assertions (both verbal and symbolic) that specify how and why variables are related, as well as the conditions in which they should (and should not) be related
  12. 12. 1-12 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • To test our theory we gather data on the variables included in our hypotheses • We then use variants of the correlation coefficient to test hypotheses, to see if they verify our theory
  13. 13. 1-13 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • The correlation ๏ Perfect positive relationship: 1 ๏ Perfect negative relationship: -1 ๏ Strength of the correlation inferred from judging the compactness of a scatterplot of the X-Y values ๏ More compact = stronger correlation ๏ Less compact = weaker correlation
  14. 14. 1-14 The CorrelationThe Correlation
  15. 15. 1-15 The CorrelationThe Correlation
  16. 16. 1-16 The CorrelationThe Correlation
  17. 17. 1-17 The CorrelationThe Correlation • Important Disclaimer ๏ Correlation does not prove causation • Proving causation requires: ๏ Correlation ๏ Temporal precedence ๏ Elimination of alternative explanations
  18. 18. 1-18 How Do We Know Things about OB?How Do We Know Things about OB? • The correlations from multiple studies get averaged together using a technique called meta-analysis • Meta-analyses can then form the foundation for evidence-based management--the use of scientific findings to inform management education and practice

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