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Anatomy and Physilogy of Urinary System (Renal System)


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This is a vrief review of Renal System. It also presents the process of Urine Formation.

Published in: Health & Medicine

Anatomy and Physilogy of Urinary System (Renal System)

  1. 1. ANATOMY ANDPHYSIOLOGYURINARY SYSTEM (RENAL SYSTEM) Pr epar ed by: Diana J eanne T. Paculanan
  2. 2. RENAL SYSTEM-Is responsible for the creation, storage and elimination ofurine.- allows the body to eliminate nitrogenous wastes, such asurea and uric acid-Allows the body to adjust its concentrations of salt byproducing dilute or concentrated urine.
  3. 3. Functions Regulation of the volume of blood by excretion or conservation of water. Regulation of the electrolyte content of the blood by the excretion or conservation of minerals. Regulation of the acid-base balance of the blood by excretion or conservation of ions Regulation of all of the above in tissue fluid.
  4. 4. Parts of Renal System Kidneys Ureter Bladder Urethra
  5. 5. Parts of Renal System Kidneys- is to separate urea, mineral salts, toxins and other waste products from the blood.- filtering out wastes to be excreted in the urine.- regulating BP- regulating an acid-base balance- stimulating RBC production
  6. 6. Parts of Renal System Ureters- transports urine from the renal pelvis of the kidney to which it is attracted, to the bladder.- pass beneath the urinary bladder, which results in the bladder compressing the ureters and hence preventing back-flow of urine when pressure in the bladder is high during urination.
  7. 7. Parts of Renal System Bladder- store urine- expels urine into the urethra (Micturation)Micturation – involves both voluntary and involutary muscles.
  8. 8. Parts of Renal System Urethra- is the passageway through which urine is discharged from the body
  9. 9. FACT :Main difference between the urinary system of male and female is the “ length of urethra.”
  10. 10. Other Parts of Renal System Nephrons – functional unit of kidney. Each kidney is formed of about one million nephrons. Glomerulus – filters the blood Bowman’s Capsule – is a large double walled cup. It lies in the renal cortex Tubular Component – necessary substances are being reabsorbed
  11. 11.  Loop of Henle – create a concentration gradient in the medulla of the kidney. - reabsorb water and important nutrients in the filtrate. Renal Vein – a blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood out of the kidneys Renal Artery – supply clean, oxygen-rich blood to the kidneys Adrenal Gland (Suprarenal Gland) – located on top of the kidneys and is essential for balancing salt and water in the body
  12. 12. Three process in UrineFormation
  13. 13. Glomerular filtration Beginning of the process. A process by which the blood courses through the glomeruli, much of its fluid, containg both useful chemicals and dissolve waste materials, soaks out the blood through membranes where it is filtered and then flows into Bowman’s capsule.
  14. 14. Tubular Reabsorption A movement of substances out of the renal tubules back into the blood capillaries located around the tubules (peritubular capillaries).
  15. 15. Tubular Secretion disposing of substances not already in the filtrate (drugs) eliminating undesirable substances that have been reabsorbed by passive processes (urea and uric acid) ridding the body of excess potassium ions controlling pH
  16. 16. Glomerular Filtration Rate is the amount of fluid filtered from the blood into the capsule each minute. Factors governing the filtration rate at the capillary beds are: 1. total surface area available for filtration 2. filtration membrane permeability 3. net filtration pressure
  17. 17. URINARY SYSTEM KidneysUrinary Tract(ureter) Arteries and Veins Urinary Bladder
  18. 18. KidneyHilus Lobules
  19. 19. Nephrons Kidney NephronNephrontubule
  20. 20. Renal Blood flow Lobular arteriesRenal artery Segmental arteries Hilus
  21. 21. Urine Formation
  22. 22. GlomerularfiltrationTubularreabsorptionTubularsecretionWaterconservation
  23. 23. Urinary Tract(ureter) Urinary Bladder Urethra
  24. 24. Summary Kidneys performed as the body’s main Excretory function by filtering the blood and selectively reabsorbed those materials that are needed to maintain a stable internal environment. Nephrons is the functional unit of the kidneys. It is composed by a glomerulus which filters the blood and the tubular component where necessary substances are reabsorbed into the the blood stream and the unneeded materials are secreted into the tubular filtrate for elimination and urine.
  25. 25. Thank you 