Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
Frayer Model
Purposes of Government <ul><ul><li>Provide security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain law and order </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for...
Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her ...
Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serv...
Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
Dictatorship <ul><li>Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power </li></ul><ul><u...
Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
Dictatorship <ul><li>Other Famous Dictators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol P...
Dictatorship <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator. </li></ul></ul>...
Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
The Pillars of Democracy <ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent of the governed </li></u...
Direct Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Direct Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every citizen has equal say in govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Representative Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsib...
Representative Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens are involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repres...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

FOG

966 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

FOG

  1. 1. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
  2. 2. Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
  3. 3. Frayer Model
  4. 4. Purposes of Government <ul><ul><li>Provide security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain law and order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide public services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain other institutions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for each.
  6. 6. Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
  7. 7. Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
  8. 8. Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
  9. 9. Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Divine Right </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
  11. 11. Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serves mainly as a ceremonial leader of government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
  13. 13. Dictatorship <ul><li>Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
  15. 15. Dictatorship <ul><li>Other Famous Dictators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol Pot in Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augusto Pinochet in Chile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Josef Stalin in USSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong in China </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Dictatorship <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A dictator can move quickly to take action. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People are often given little or no freedom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A dictator’s policies may suit only his own needs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making has a narrow base. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
  18. 18. Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
  19. 19. The Pillars of Democracy <ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent of the governed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minority rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantee of basic human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free & fair elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality before the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due process of the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compromise </li></ul></ul>Source: US Department of State
  20. 20. Direct Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Direct Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every citizen has equal say in govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad base of support and loyalty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual rights are protected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only works with a small number of people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-consuming. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Representative Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsibility and power to make and conduct government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Representative Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens are involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives know their job depends on keeping citizens happy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likely that all elements of the population involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps usually educated with time to devote to gov’t problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making is time-consuming. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps may want to please everyone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps may not always agree with those they represent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens may not get involved in gov’t. </li></ul></ul>

×