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Adaptive droop control strategy for load sharing and circulating current minimization in low voltage standalone dc microgrid

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Adaptive droop control strategy for load sharing and circulating current minimization in low voltage standalone dc microgrid

  1. 1. ADAPTIVE DROOP CONTROL STRATEGY FOR LOAD SHARING AND CIRCULATING CURRENT MINIMIZATION IN LOW-VOLTAGE STANDALONE DC MICROGRID ABSTRACT This paper addresses load current sharing and circulating current issues of parallel- connected dc–dc converters in low-voltage dc micro grid. Droop control is the popular technique for load current sharing in dc micro grid. The main drawbacks of the conventional droop method are poor current sharing and drop in dc grid voltage due to the droop action. Circulating current issue will also arise due to mismatch in the converters output voltages. In this work, a figure of merit called droop index (DI) is introduced in order to improve the performance of dc micro grid, which is a function of normalized current sharing difference and losses in the output side of the converters. This proposed adaptive droop control method minimizes the circulating current and current sharing difference between the converters based on instantaneous virtual resistance Rdroop. Using Rdroop shifting, the proposed method also eliminates the tradeoff between current sharing difference and voltage regulation. The detailed analysis and design procedure are explained for two dc–dc boost converters connected in parallel. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by detailed simulation and experimental studies.

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