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Voyage virtuel a travers la philosopie des lumieres - Synthèse

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Diaporama synthèse des recherches menées par les lycéens d'i-voix lors de la viste de l'exposition virtuelle de la BnF sur la philosophie des Lumières.

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Voyage virtuel a travers la philosopie des lumieres - Synthèse

  1. 1. « L’univers est une espèce de livre dont on n’a vu que la première page quand on n’a vu que son pays » (FOUGERET DE MONBRON)
  2. 2. http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/ http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/
  3. 3. La philosophie des Lumières désigne les idées nouvelles du 18ème siècle : selon ce mouvement, la raison peut éclairer les hommes, les libérer des ténèbres de l’ignorance et du despotisme, répandre les connaissances et favoriser le progrès.  « Aie le courage de te servir de ton propre entendement ! Voilà la devise des Lumières. » (KANT) http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/049.htm  « Le prochain siècle sera de jour en jour plus éclairé : en comparaison tous les siècles précédents ne seront que ténèbres. » (BAYLE) http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/expo/salle1/index.htm
  4. 4. A- Tous les pays européens participent à ce grand mouvement d’idées que furent les Lumières.
  5. 5. - Allemagne : le mouvement Aufklärung, LESSING, KANT, MENDELSSOHN, MOZART… http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/301.htm Emmanuel Kant Mozart - Angleterre : le mouvement Enlightenment, HUME, NEWTON, WATSON, FIELDING, RICHARDSON, SMITH… Hume
  6. 6. - Italie : le mouvement Illuminismo, AlLGAROTTIi, VICO, CESARE BECCARIA … http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/emi_139.htm http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/013.htm http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/114.htm Cesare Beccaria Guardi - La place Saint-Marc à Venise - France : MONTESQUIEU, VOLTAIRE, ROUSSEAU, DIDEROT, D’ALEMBERT, CONDORCET… http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/306.htm Jean Huber (dessin) Le Souper des philosophes
  7. 7. B- Une conscience européenne semble même en train de naître : « Il n’y a plus aujourd’hui de Français, d’Allemands, d’Espagnols, d’Anglais même, quoi qu’on en dise ; il n’y a que des Européens. » (JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU) http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/expo/salle1/03.htm
  8. 8. la raison la science le progrès l’éducation
  9. 9. la liberté l’égalité la fraternité la justice la tolérance
  10. 10. le bonheur l’individu ANTOINE WATTEAU
  11. 11. la religion les préjugés l’intolérance les dogmes http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/025.htm
  12. 12. le despotisme l’esclavage CONDORCET
  13. 13. A- Exemples de voyages réels : BOUGAINVILLE à Tahiti : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/uto_138.htm VOLTAIRE à Berlin : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/333.htm Le capitaine COOK à Hawaï : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/098.htm MAUPERTUIS en Laponie : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/emi_92.htm SOLVYNS aux Indes : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/093.htm
  14. 14. B- Exemples de voyages imaginaires ? • MONTESQUIEU, Les Lettres persanes : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/112.htm • SWIFT, Voyages de Gulliver : http://expositions.bnf.fr/lumieres/grand/110.htm
  15. 15. Ces voyages invitent à une réflexion sur la place de l’homme dans le monde et favorisent le développement de nouvelles valeurs …
  16. 16. = le sentiment d’être citoyen du monde, la volonté de favoriser les échanges et le rapprochement entre les peuples « Je me flatte d’être citoyen de la grande ville du monde. » (DIDEROT)
  17. 17. = tous les hommes participent d’une même nature, dès lors tous les hommes partout dans le monde doivent avoir les mêmes droits « Je suis nécessairement homme et je ne suis français que par hasard » (MONTESQUIEU)
  18. 18. = il faut prendre en compte la diversité des cultures : ne pas considérer que sa propre culture est supérieure, ne pas tout juger à partir d’elle, mais au contraire accepter les différences de coutumes

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