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Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Crude Oil / Petroleum Product
Transportation
Hassan Z. Harraz
hharraz2006@yahoo.com
201...
 Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation
 Typical Mode Wise Transportation Crude Oil & Petroleum Products- Industry...
Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation
Mode wise transportation of Crude
Oil and Petroleum Products.
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
INDIA
Rail
16%
USA
Road
14%
Coastal
18%
Pipelines
52%
Typical Mode Wise Transportation
Crude Oil & Petroleum Products- Ind...
Present Transport Modal-Mix - Industry
43%
32%
19%
6%
Pipeline Coastal Rail Road
Inter-Modal Mix- Industry Vs. IOCL Petrol...
Present Transport Modal-Mix - Industry
Inter-Modal Mix for Transportation of Crude Oil- Industry Vs. IOCL
Present Transpor...
IndianOil
Tankers
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Jetty
Pipeline
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Transportation Pipeline: Long pipe with large diameter, moving products (natur...
Pipeline Transportation
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Pipelines System:
 Crude Oil Transportation
 Gas Transportati...
CRUDE OIL IN SHIPS
FLOATING HOSES
CROSS COUNTRY PIPELINE
REFINERY TANKAGE
UNDER BUOY HOSES
PIPELINE END MANIFOLD
OFFSHORE ...
REFINED PRODUCT
FROM REFINERIES
IMPORTED / OTHER PRODUCT
IN SHIP/OIL JETTY
PUMPING STATION
DELIVERY TERMINAL
PUMPING CUM D...
Transportation Pipeline Operation
Pipeline field devices include:
 instrumentation,
 data gathering units and
 communic...
Transportation Strategy SCMN
4780
Petroleum Product Pipeline Information
• Liquid products move through pipelines at a rat...
Transportation Strategy SCMN
4780
Petroleum Product Pipeline Operation
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Gas Transmission
Liquefaction
Cryogenic
Vessels
Terminals
Like Dahej
Cryogenic Truck/
Rail transport
Cryogenic
Storage tan...
Transportation Strategy SCMN
4780
Natural Gas Pipeline Information
• Natural gas pipelines connected to each other would s...
PIPELINE
Pipe line
November 23, 2015 21
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt
Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt
The first 250km of the pipeline in Egypt starts at Arish and ends
a...
Egyptian Petroleum
Products Pipeline
Network
Advantages of Pipeline Transportation
 Lower cost of transportation
 Lower transit losses
 Lower energy intensiveness
...
Typical Advantages of Pipelines
Lower cost of
transportation
about 30-50% of
the railway
freight and 4 to 5
times cheaper
...
Crude Oil and natural Gas Product Transportation
Crude Oil and natural Gas Product Transportation
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Crude Oil and natural Gas Product Transportation

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Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation, Typical Mode Wise Transportation Crude Oil & Petroleum Products- Industry, Tankers, Jetty, Pipelines, Petroleum Product Pipeline Operation, Pipelines System: Crude Oil Transportation, Europe Gas Pipeline, Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Pipelines System: Gas Transportation, Gas Transmission, Advantages of Pipeline Transportation

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Crude Oil and natural Gas Product Transportation

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation Hassan Z. Harraz hharraz2006@yahoo.com 2014- 2015 This material is intended for use in lectures, presentations and as handouts to students, and is provided in Power point format so as to allow customization for the individual needs of course instructors. Permission of the author and publisher is required for any other usage. Please see hharraz2006@yahoo.com for contact details.
  2. 2.  Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation  Typical Mode Wise Transportation Crude Oil & Petroleum Products- Industry  Tankers  Jetty  Pipelines:  Petroleum Product Pipeline Operation  Pipelines System: Crude Oil Transportation  Europe Gas Pipeline  Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP)  Pipelines System: Gas Transportation  Gas Transmission  Advantages of Pipeline Transportation  Advantages of Pipelines Outline: Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  3. 3. Crude Oil / Petroleum Product Transportation
  4. 4. Mode wise transportation of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  5. 5. INDIA Rail 16% USA Road 14% Coastal 18% Pipelines 52% Typical Mode Wise Transportation Crude Oil & Petroleum Products- Industry Dependence on road and rail infrastructure is putting severe strain on these infrastructures. ** Source : Association of Oil Pipelines, http://www.aopl.org/pdf/Shift_Report_2008_FINAL1.pdf * Source : PPAC Haulage – MT-Km basis Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  6. 6. Present Transport Modal-Mix - Industry 43% 32% 19% 6% Pipeline Coastal Rail Road Inter-Modal Mix- Industry Vs. IOCL Petroleum products Present Transport Modal-Mix - IOCL Capacity (MMT) basis Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  7. 7. Present Transport Modal-Mix - Industry Inter-Modal Mix for Transportation of Crude Oil- Industry Vs. IOCL Present Transport Modal-Mix - IOCL Capacity (MMT) basis As in 2010-11 Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  8. 8. IndianOil
  9. 9. Tankers Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  10. 10. Jetty
  11. 11. Pipeline Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation Transportation Pipeline: Long pipe with large diameter, moving products (natural gas, petroleum products) between cities, countries, continents.
  12. 12. Pipeline Transportation Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation Pipelines System:  Crude Oil Transportation  Gas Transportation  Transportation Pipeline: Long pipe with large diameter, moving products (natural gas, petroleum products) between cities, countries, continents.  Pipelines are owned by shippers or operating companies  Land is owned by corporate, private (right-of-way) and public (federal, state, local)  Material in pipeline is owned by the shipper.
  13. 13. CRUDE OIL IN SHIPS FLOATING HOSES CROSS COUNTRY PIPELINE REFINERY TANKAGE UNDER BUOY HOSES PIPELINE END MANIFOLD OFFSHORE / ONSHORE PIPELINE SHORE TANKAGES PUMPING UNITS SPM SYSTEM OIL FIELDS OFFSHORE LINE GATHERING STATION Pipelines System: Crude Oil Transportation Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  14. 14. REFINED PRODUCT FROM REFINERIES IMPORTED / OTHER PRODUCT IN SHIP/OIL JETTY PUMPING STATION DELIVERY TERMINAL PUMPING CUM DELIVERY STATIONS OR DELIVERY STATION TANKAGESREFINERY’s PRODUCT TANKAGE Pipelines System: Product Transportation Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  15. 15. Transportation Pipeline Operation Pipeline field devices include:  instrumentation,  data gathering units and  communication systems. Operating equipment is installed along the pipeline at specific locations such as injection or delivery stations, pump stations (liquid) or compressor stations (gas), and block valve stations. Pipelines are controlled remotely from a central control room. Pipeline operating data is transmitted from RTUs along the pipeline. All data related to field measurement is consolidated into a single database. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  16. 16. Transportation Strategy SCMN 4780 Petroleum Product Pipeline Information • Liquid products move through pipelines at a rate of 3 – 8 miles per hour. • Interstate pipelines deliver over 11.3 billion barrels of petroleum each year. • 52% of the petroleum transported by pipelines is crude oil and 47% is in the form of refined petroleum products. • Due to the significantly high volumes, liquid pipelines are the only feasible method for moving the quantities of petroleum that America requires to keep going each day. • Replacing a modest-sized pipeline (150K barrels per day) would require:  750 tanker truck loads per day, a load delivered every 2 minutes around the clock.  225-car train to arrive and be unloaded every day. • Pipelines have environmental and safety benefits. Compared to other transportion modes, pipelines do not congest highways and produce negligible air pollution. • Pipelines have a lower spill rate per barrel of oil transported than competing modes of transportation, namely trucks and barges.
  17. 17. Transportation Strategy SCMN 4780 Petroleum Product Pipeline Operation Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  18. 18. Gas Transmission Liquefaction Cryogenic Vessels Terminals Like Dahej Cryogenic Truck/ Rail transport Cryogenic Storage tanks End Users Re-gasification Power / Fertilizer 18
  19. 19. Transportation Strategy SCMN 4780 Natural Gas Pipeline Information • Natural gas pipelines connected to each other would stretch to / from the moon 3X. • Robotic devices (pigs) are used to evaluate the inside of a pipeline to ensure it is safe. Pigs get their name due to the squealing sound they make when they travel through the pipelines. • Pipelines are constructed of different material depending on size, pressure requirements and use. Transmission pipes, pipes used to transport gas from supply areas to distribution centers, are made of ¼ - ½ inch thick steel with special coating to protect against corrosion. • Transmission pipelines are protected by an electrical shield called cathodic protection. This barrier is achieved by applying an electrical current to the pipeline. • 98% of the natural gas transported / used in the US comes from North America. • INGAA members operate over 202,000 miles of natural gas pipelines. • Natural gas first placed in a transmission line receives a pressure of up to 1,500 psi. By the time it reaches a household piping system, pressure has been reduced to less than 0.25 psi or the pressure created by a child blowing bubbles through a straw.
  20. 20. PIPELINE
  21. 21. Pipe line November 23, 2015 21
  22. 22. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  23. 23. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  24. 24. Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt
  25. 25. Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt The first 250km of the pipeline in Egypt starts at Arish and ends at Taba on the Red Sea. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  26. 26. Egyptian Petroleum Products Pipeline Network
  27. 27. Advantages of Pipeline Transportation  Lower cost of transportation  Lower transit losses  Lower energy intensiveness  Economies of scale  Safety and Reliability - minimum disruptions  Environment-friendliness  Multi-product handling  Flexibility  Stationary carrier  Augmentation at low cost  Minimal land costs  Decongestion of surface transport systems Pipelines are the best suited mode for transportation of large volumes of petroleum over long leads. Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation
  28. 28. Typical Advantages of Pipelines Lower cost of transportation about 30-50% of the railway freight and 4 to 5 times cheaper than road transportation Lower transit losses PL- 0.05% Max., Railway- 0.25%, Road- 0.5% Energy efficient Railway mode consumes 3-4 times and road mode about 20 times more energy than Pipeline mode Safety and Reliability minimum disruptions Environment friendly 3-4 times lesser Carbon emissions than Railway mode Prof. Dr. H.Z. Harraz Presentation Pipeline mode of transportation has some inherent advantages over other conventional modes of transportation. Some of the salient advantages of pipeline mode is brought out on the slide.

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