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These are measures of various physiological
statistics in order to assess the most basic
The act of taking vital signs normally entails
recording body temperature, pulse rate
(or heart rate), blood
pressure, and respiratory rate, but may also
include other measurements like pain. Vital
signs often vary by age.
What is body temperature?
Body temperature is a measure of the body's ability to
generate and get rid of heat. The body is very good at
keeping its temperature within a narrow, safe range in
spite of large variations in temperatures outside the
Where is body temperature measured?
Your body temperature can be measured in many
locations on your body. The mouth, ear, armpit, and
rectum are the most commonly used places.
Temperature can also be measured on your forehead.
What is normal body temperature?
37 ° Celsius
What is a pulse?
It is a tactile arterial palpation of
What is normal pulse rate?
120 – 160 bpm
80 – 100 bpm
60 – 100 bpm
How to check for pulse?
Place two fingers on
the pulse point,
you will sense
your pulse beating
Count for 1 full minute!!!
What is normal blood pressure?
Normal blood pressure is generally below
120/80 (one-twenty over eighty). 120
represents the systolic measurement and
80 represents the diastolic measurement.
Desirable blood pressure is:
Systolic - from 90 to 119
Diastolic - from 60 to 79
What is normal respiratory rate?
25 – 50 breaths per minute
15 – 30 breaths per minute
12 – 20
How to check for respiration? breaths per minute
◦ Check the rise and fall of the chest.
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional
experience associated with actual or potential
An unpleasant feeling often caused by
intense or damaging stimuli.
It is a major symptom in many medical
conditions, and can significantly interfere
with a person's quality of life and general
What to ask?
What the severity is based on a PAIN
SCALE of 1 to 10.
When the signs and symptoms first
What the patient was doing when the
signs and symptoms first occurred.
Whether or not anything makes it better
Description of what the patient is
feeling. For example, the pain can be
described as dull, sharp, crushing,
aching, tearing, throbbing,
Where the pain is located and if it
moves to another part of the body.