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Vital signs

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Vital signs

  1. 1.   These are measures of various physiological statistics in order to assess the most basic body functions. The act of taking vital signs normally entails recording body temperature, pulse rate (or heart rate), blood pressure, and respiratory rate, but may also include other measurements like pain. Vital signs often vary by age.
  2. 2.    What is body temperature? Body temperature is a measure of the body's ability to generate and get rid of heat. The body is very good at keeping its temperature within a narrow, safe range in spite of large variations in temperatures outside the body. Where is body temperature measured? Your body temperature can be measured in many locations on your body. The mouth, ear, armpit, and rectum are the most commonly used places. Temperature can also be measured on your forehead. What is normal body temperature? 37 ° Celsius
  3. 3.   What is a pulse? It is a tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat. What is normal pulse rate? 80 bpm!!! Age Group Normal Value Infant 120 – 160 bpm Child 80 – 100 bpm Adult 60 – 100 bpm
  4. 4. How to check for pulse?  Place two fingers on the pulse point, you will sense your pulse beating there.  Count for 1 full minute!!!
  5. 5.   What is normal blood pressure? Normal blood pressure is generally below 120/80 (one-twenty over eighty). 120 represents the systolic measurement and 80 represents the diastolic measurement. Desirable blood pressure is: Systolic - from 90 to 119 Diastolic - from 60 to 79 119/79 mmHg!!!
  6. 6.  What is normal respiratory rate? Age Group Infant 25 – 50 breaths per minute Child  Normal Value 15 – 30 breaths per minute Adult 12 – 20 How to check for respiration? breaths per minute ◦ Check the rise and fall of the chest.
  7. 7.    Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. An unpleasant feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. It is a major symptom in many medical conditions, and can significantly interfere with a person's quality of life and general functioning.
  8. 8. Acronyms Meaning What to ask? O Onset P Provocation or Palliation Q Quality R Region and Radiation S Severity What the severity is based on a PAIN SCALE of 1 to 10. T Timing When the signs and symptoms first occurred What the patient was doing when the signs and symptoms first occurred. Whether or not anything makes it better or worse. Description of what the patient is feeling. For example, the pain can be described as dull, sharp, crushing, aching, tearing, throbbing, Where the pain is located and if it moves to another part of the body.

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