Morocco History Pres.


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Morocco History Pres.

  1. 1. Morocco By: Waseem and Daniel
  2. 2. History - Arrival of Islam <ul><li>681: First introduction of Islam, with the arrival of Uqba Ibn Nafi, who is believed to have spread Islam to Morocco with a 5000 km long march around the country. </li></ul><ul><li>683: Uqba is defeated by a Berber chieftain, and his Muslim troops leaves the country. </li></ul><ul><li>710: The Arab governor Musa Ibn Nasr has taken control over the central regions of Morocco. At this point both Arab culture and Islam starts to gain strong positions in Morocco. </li></ul><ul><li>787: A Shi’i refugee, Moulay Idriss starts what becomes a 4 year campaign until his own death to establish an infrastructure for an Arab state in central parts of Morocco. Idriss was recognized among Moroccans as Imam, and with him, the line of Moroccan rulers start, first with the Idrissid dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>807: Moulay Idriss 2 takes power, and during his 20 years reign, control is extended to the northern mountains and to the oases south of the Atlas mountains. Idriss 2 made Fez his capital. </li></ul><ul><li>10th century: The Idrisid dynasty falls apart, and Morocco is divided into smaller kingdoms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Demographics of Morocco <ul><li>Morocco is the fourth most populous Arab country, after Egypt, Sudan and Algeria . </li></ul><ul><li>Most Moroccans are of Sunni Muslims, of Arab, Berber, or mixed Arab-Berber descent. </li></ul><ul><li>Most foreign residents are from either France of Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>30% of the population is at the age of 0-14. 65% of the population are ages 15-64, and only 5% of the population is over the age of 65. The average age is 24 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Only around half the population is literate. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Morocco’s Geography <ul><li>Morocco is situated just south of Spain, on the northwestern edge of Africa. The county is marginally larger than the state of California. The northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, valleys, and rich coastal plains. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government of Morocco <ul><li>In the early AD years, Morocco was a caliphate. It was then controlled by different groups and different families. One such group were the Berbers. They controlled Morocco until Arabs conquered the country. The ruling groups were more often than not, Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>King Muhammad VI is the current King of Morocco. He has been King since 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. It has an elected parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>The previous King ruled for 38 years and introduced an elected chamber to the Parliament and was in favor of multi-party politics. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Human rights in Morocco <ul><li>Moroccans have lots of human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>They have freedom of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>and social rights and equality </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 the Moroccan parliament took steps to improve the status of women and children,and has passed a new family law, Mudawana . In addition to being candidates in mixed electoral lists, women have a national list in parliamentary elections that allow them for at least 10% of the seats. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Morocco's Culture <ul><li>Morocco is a very diverse country. There are people descended from Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Jews, Arabs, Africans, Romans, Vandals, and Moors. </li></ul><ul><li>Each group have their own contributions to the country’s mixed culture and legacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Among Arab countries, Morocco can be considered the least Arabic. </li></ul><ul><li>Moroccan cuisine is one of the most diverse in the world. This is because it is a mix of Berber, Spanish, Moorish, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and African cuisines. One big aspect of Moroccan food is the spices, they are used very often. </li></ul><ul><li>Spices have been imported into Morocco for centuries, and have been changed and modified. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Holidays in Morocco <ul><li>There are many holidays in Morocco, some of them are muslim holidays and some of them are just from their past that they want to celebrate. </li></ul><ul><li>January 01 2005 New Year's Day </li></ul><ul><li>January 10 Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) </li></ul><ul><li>January 11 Manifesto of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>March 03 Feast of the Throne </li></ul><ul><li>March 18 Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) </li></ul><ul><li>May 01 Labour Day </li></ul><ul><li>April 08 Islamic New Year </li></ul><ul><li>May 23 National Feast </li></ul><ul><li>June 16 Mouloud (Prophet's Birthday) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Holidays in Morocco Cont. <ul><li>July 09 HM Hassan II's Birthday </li></ul><ul><li>August 14 Allegiance of Oued Eddahab </li></ul><ul><li>August 20 Anniversary of the King's and People Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>November 06 Anniversary of the Green March </li></ul><ul><li>November 18 Independence Day </li></ul><ul><li>December 31 Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) </li></ul>