Parts of Speech - Verbs

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Parts of Speech - Verbs

  1. 1. VERBS 6 Basic Tenses Auxiliaries Regular Verbs vs. Irregular Verbs Progressive Tense Troublesome Verbs
  2. 2. VERB TENSES – 6 BASIC <ul><li>PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>PAST </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE PERFECT </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB <ul><li>EVERY VERB HAS THREE PARTS </li></ul><ul><li>1 ST PRINCIPAL PART =PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>2 ND PRINCIPAL PART = PAST </li></ul><ul><li>3 RD PRINCIPAL PART = PAST PARTICIPLE </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRINCIPAL PARTS <ul><li>VERB = SLEEP </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT = SLEEP </li></ul><ul><li>PAST = SLEPT </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PARTICIPLE = SLEPT </li></ul><ul><li>VERB = BREAK </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT = BREAK </li></ul><ul><li>PAST = BROKE </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PARTICIPLE = BROKEN </li></ul>
  5. 5. CONJUGATE <ul><li>Definition = To alter a verb </li></ul>
  6. 6. AUXILIARIES (AUXILIARY VERBS) <ul><li>Forms of &quot;be&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;can,&quot; &quot;do,&quot; &quot;may,&quot; &quot;must,&quot; &quot;ought,&quot; &quot;shall,&quot; &quot;will,&quot; &quot;has,&quot; &quot;have,&quot; &quot;had” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. REGULAR VERBS VS. IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Regular verbs – Add an “ed” or “d” to make them past tense </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walk – Walked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irregular Verbs – Do not add “d” or “ed” to make them past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran – Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burst – Burst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strike – Struck </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. MORE IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Some change for every principal part </li></ul><ul><li>ARISE – AROSE – ARISEN </li></ul><ul><li>TAKE – TOOK – TAKEN </li></ul><ul><li>THROW – THREW – THROWN </li></ul><ul><li>WRITE – WROTE - WRITTEN </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRESENT AND PAST TENSE <ul><li>Present and Past are the only 2 tenses that do not require an Auxiliary before it. </li></ul><ul><li>VERB = walk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present = walk(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past = walked </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. PRESENT TENSE FORMULA <ul><li>No Auxiliary Verb + 1 st Principal Part </li></ul><ul><li>I walk to the store. </li></ul><ul><li>He walks to the store. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PAST TENSE FORMULA <ul><li>No Auxiliary Verb + 2 nd Principal Part </li></ul><ul><li>He walked to the store. </li></ul>
  12. 12. FUTURE TENSE FORMULA <ul><li>Auxiliary Verb (Will) + 1 ST PRINCIPAL PART </li></ul><ul><li>I will walk to the store. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PRESENT PERFECT FORMULA <ul><li>Auxiliary Verb (Has or Have) + 3 RD PRINCIPAL PART </li></ul><ul><li>She has taught for seven years. </li></ul>
  14. 14. PAST PERFECT FORMULA <ul><li>Auxiliary Verb (Had) + 2 ND PRINCIPAL PART </li></ul><ul><li>I had taught for seven years . </li></ul>
  15. 15. FUTURE PERFECT FORMULA <ul><li>Auxiliary Verb ( Will have) + 3 RD PRINCIPAL PART </li></ul><ul><li>I will have rung the doorbell six times. </li></ul>
  16. 16. PROGRESSIVE FORM <ul><li>Expresses continuous action </li></ul><ul><li>Add “ing” to the first principal part </li></ul>
  17. 17. PROGRESSIVE FORMS TENSES <ul><li>PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PROGRESIVE TENSE </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE PROGRESIVE TENSE </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESIVE TENSE </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT PROGRESIVE TENSE </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESIVE TENSE </li></ul>
  18. 18. PROGRESSIVE FORMS <ul><li>PRESENT PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AM WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IS WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARE WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PAST PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAS WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WERE WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FUTURE PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WILL BE WRITING </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. PROGRESSIVE FORMS <ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HAVE BEEN WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HAS BEEN WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HAD BEEN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WILL HAVE BEEN WRITING </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. TROUBLESOME VERBS <ul><li>Lie, Lay, Lain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to recline or rest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWAYS INTRANSITIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present – lie, lies, lying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past – lay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future – will lie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect –have lain, has lain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Perfect – had lain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Perfect – will have lain </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. TROUBLESOME VERBS <ul><li>Lay, Laid, Laid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Put or place something </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWAYS TRANSITIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present – lay, lays, laying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past – laid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future – will lay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect – has laid, have laid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Perfect – had laid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Perfect – will have laid </li></ul></ul>

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