Syntax

2,770 views

Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,770
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
38
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
125
Comments
1
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Syntax

  1. 1. Syntax <br />Subjects and Predicates<br />Phrases<br />Clauses<br />Simple Sentences<br />Compound Sentences<br />Complex Sentences<br />
  2. 2. What is Syntax? <br />The study of rules for forming sentences.<br />Noun <br />Language of Origin – Greece<br />1605<br />Synonym = Sentence Structure <br />
  3. 3. What is a sentence?<br />Subject (The performer of an action)<br />Predicate (the action) <br />Hewalked.<br />His favorite catexploded.<br />The turtlewondered into the tiger’s cage.<br />Martywas buried in tuna fish for eleven years. <br />
  4. 4. Simple Subject / Simple Predicate <br />Simple Subject = One word<br />(NOUN or PRONOUN)<br />The performer of the action<br />Simple Predicate = One word<br />The action (VERB)<br />
  5. 5. Phrase<br />A group of words missing either the subject, predicate, or both<br />The wicked queen (missing predicate)<br />Fighting the dragon (missing subject)<br />Under the bridge (missing both)<br />
  6. 6. Clause <br />A group of words with a subject and a predicate<br />Independent Clauses<br />Subordinate (Dependent) Clauses<br />
  7. 7. Independent Clause<br />A Clause that makes sense on its own<br />A COMPLETE SENTENCE !<br />Jenny left early. <br />Todd and Terry went to the mall. <br />The book was very interesting. <br />
  8. 8. Subordinate (Dependent) Clause<br />A Clause that does not make sense on its own. It needs to be attached to an independent Clause.<br />After it stopped raining…<br />Unless Jesse stops snoring…<br />Until the team arrives…<br />
  9. 9. Simple Sentences<br />Only one Independent Clause<br />Can have many phrases<br />I will visit Paris this summer. <br />Over the river, and through the woods, to grandmother’s house I go. <br />
  10. 10. Compound Sentences<br />Two independent Clauses combined together with a coordinating conjunction or a semi-colon ( ; )<br />Marty brought the sandwiches, and Carmen brought the drinks. <br />Marty brought the sandwiches; Carmen brought the drinks. <br />
  11. 11. Coordinating Conjunctions<br />Used to bring independent clauses together<br />FANBOYS<br />For<br />And<br />Nor<br />But<br />Or<br />Yet<br />So<br />
  12. 12. Complex Sentences<br />One dependent clause combined together with an independent clause using a subordinating conjunction.<br />After she receives the prize, Molly will go to Disneyland. <br />
  13. 13. Subordinating Conjunctions<br />Used to begin a dependent clause<br />Always at the beginning of a dependent clause<br />after, although, as, because, before, if, in order that, no matter, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, wherever, which, while, even though<br />
  14. 14. Fragment <br />A phrase or dependent clause acting as if it were a sentence.<br />After dinner.<br />“Ouch!” <br />Running through the grass.<br />Why me?<br />
  15. 15. Summary <br />Simple Subject = the doer (noun or pronoun)<br />Simple Predicate = the verb<br />Clause = Subject + Predicate<br />Phrase = missing subj. or pred. or both <br />Simple Subject = 1 Independent Clause<br />Compound Sentence = 2 Ind. Clauses w/coordinating conjunction<br />Complex Sentence = 1 Ind. Clause + 1 Dep. Clause w/subordinating conjunction <br />

×