EPILEPSY FIRST AID Emmaline McCulloch, RN Epilepsy Resource Nurse 9 West
What is a seizure?Short-lived bursts of uncontrolled energy in the brain.
Seizures can be very scary to watch whether it is a loved one who is experiencing the seizure, a patient you aretreating, or an individual you happened upon while shopping at the grocery store.
SEIZURES• Most people think that all seizures are convulsions.• Seizures may also consist of: – Staring spells – Abnormal movements – Abnormal smells or sounds – Abnormal behaviors
Here are some Guidelinesused to assist the individual having a seizure:
Seizures Guidelines• Remain cool, calm, and collected. Stay with the individual. Crowd control is important. Limit to 2 people for first aid support.• Protect the individual from injury by removing sharp objects around them. Place a pillow or folded clothing (towel or jacket) under their head.
Seizure Guidelines• Turn the individual to their side and loosen tight clothing around their neck and waist.• Remove eyeglasses• Do not place anything in the individual’s mouth.
Guidelines Cont.• Do not restrain the seizure activity.• Time the seizure activity.• If a visitor or stranger is having a seizure call 911 or 2-3333 immediately.• If patient is inpatient at hospital call the nurse immediately or push call bell.
Seizure Assessment• Look for any injuries that need immediate attention such as cuts or broken bones.• Do not let the individual drive after a seizure.
A seizure can strike anyone at any time. Please follow these simple steps to maintain an individual’s safety.
References:• Epilepsy Foundation of America. Safety and Seizures: Tips for Living with Seizure Disorders.• Handbook of Epilepsy: Diagnosis and Management, edited by J. Edwards, University Press, 2009.• Managing Seizure Disorders: A Handbook for Health Care Professionals, edited by N. Santilli, Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, 1996 by the Epilepsy Foundation of America.• Schacter, Steven C. & Shire Pharmaceuticals. (2000). A Guide for Adults: A Normal Life With Epilepsy.