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Hydrodrive electronic catalytic convertor cum synthesizer mechanism adopted

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HYDRODRIVE ELECTRONIC CATALYTIC CONVERTOR cum ONBOARD FUEL SYNTHESIZER for CLEAN ENHANCED COMBUSTION of ALL FUELS -The MECHANISM involved is presented.For More Details,please visit:

http://www.hydrodrive.co.in/ecc.html

http://www.hydrodrive.co.in/eccperformance.html

http://www.hydrodrive.co.in/HOWTESTFUELSUSEDFORTHEEMISSIONNORMCERTIFICATIONSUPPRESSTHEREAL.html

Published in: Technology
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Hydrodrive electronic catalytic convertor cum synthesizer mechanism adopted

  1. 1. HYDRODRIVE INVENTS NEW THROUGH COMBUSTION KINETICS CHANGE!.
  2. 2. HOW DO WE ACHIEVE BOTH EMISSION REDUCTION AND FUEL SAVING IN THE HYDRODRIVE ELECTRONIC CATALYTIC CONVERTOR?. WHAT IS THE MECHANISM ADOPTED?.
  3. 3. Plasma Generation Plasma is usually obtained when sufficient energy, higher than the ionization energy, is added to atoms of a gas, causing ionization and production of ions and electrons. Parallel and concomitant to the ionization occur the opposite process of recombination of electrons with ions to form neutral atoms or molecules. Though we could also make a plasma by heating a gas to very high temperatures, it would not be a good way to do so as the container itself would heat up and vaporize and ionize. Due to this reason we usually make plasma by heating a gas to moderate temperatures and driving a current through it or using radio frequency waves to energize it. Although plasmas are commonly produced by electric discharges in gases, plasma can also be obtained when sufficient energy is provided to a liquid or a solid to cause its vaporization and ionization.
  4. 4. The most commonly used method of generating and sustaining a low-temperature plasma for technological and technical application is by applying an electric field to a neutral gas. Any volume of a neutral gas always contains a few electrons and ions that are formed, for example, as the result of the interaction of cosmic rays or radioactive radiation with the gas. These free charge carriers are accelerated by the electric field and new charged particles may be created when these charge carriers collide with atoms and molecules in the gas or with the surfaces of the electrodes. This leads to an avalanche of charged particles that is eventually balanced by charge carrier losses, so that a steady-state plasma develops. There are various other ways to supply the necessary energy for plasma generation to a neutral gas. One possibility is to supply thermal energy, for example in flames, where exothermic chemical reactions of the molecules are used as the prime energy source. Adiabatic compression of the gas is also capable of gas heating up to the point of plasma generation.
  5. 5. Particle physics in space: basic particle motion If the magnetic field is nonuniform in a direction perpendicular to the local magnetic field, a drift results: S. Elkington, Feb 22, 2009 On the other hand, a magnetic field that is nonuniform in a direction parallel to the magnetic field will cause a particle to experience a force away from the regions of strong magnetic field: Fm = -mÑ||B
  6. 6. Particle physics in space: basic particle motion A charged particle will move at constant velocity in a straight line unless acted on by a force. In space, the most important forces for charged particles arise from electric and magnetic fields. •Electric fields (E) will accelerate particles in the direction of the field. •Magnetic fields (B) will accelerate particles in a direction perpendicular to the both the B field and the particles motion. Thus a magnetic field will cause a particle to execute some kind of gyromotion. r = ^ = ^ “Gyroradius” S. Elkington, Feb 22, 2009 q q F = E+ v´ B c c mv L qB . mc L w = cp qB qB “Gyrofrequency”
  7. 7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjTelKoHqUk
  8. 8. IN 2004 U.S.GOVT.’S LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY ACKNOWLEDGES THAT PLASMA CATALYSIS ENHANCES COMBUSTION IN PROPANE BUT ADMITS -YET TO APPLY SAME IN CONVENTIONAL FUELS-GASOLINE, DIESEL OR BIO-DIESEL AS AGAINST HYDRODRIVE’S- SRINIVASAN GOPALAKRISHNAN HAVING FILED PATENTS ,CONFIRMING MUCH EARLIER THE PROCESS AND THE SYNTHESIZER INSTALLED IN THE FIELD,PROVED FOR THE VARIOUS BENEFITS IN SEVERAL COUNTRIES !.
  9. 9. HYDRODRIVE’S ELECTRONIC CATALYTIC CONVERTOR cum ONBOARD SYNTHESIZER CHANGES THE COMBUSTION KINETICS Which plays vital role in emission control, engine performance improvements and fuel economy. To achieve the stringent emission norms and low emission vehicle standards, exhaust gas treatment alone is not sufficient and fuel quality improvement has become a necessity to alter the KINETICS OF COMBUSTION to result in different mass fraction of the combustion products namely the emissions. Kinetics of Combustion is influenced by : 1.Fuel quality modified by refinery processes such as change in sulfur level, aromatics,fuel composition,additive volume,viscosity,density,cetane /octane changes 2.Fuel quality modified by fuel adulteration or mixing with ethanol,methanol,any oxidants or external additives sold at the gas pumps. 3.Intake air temperature, it’s humidity content and air pressure into the engine. 4.Air to Fuel Ratio with which the engine is operated.
  10. 10. 5.Exhaust Gas Re-circulation (EGR) into engine intake and it’s temperature. 6.CRDI-Common Rail Diesel Injection with HIGH PRESSURE injection. 7.ONBOARD FUEL SYNTHESIS through EXCITATIONS and PLASMA CATALYSIS of the fuels resulting in hydrogen ions,free radicals generation leading to fuel property changes in REAL TIME such as decreased ignition delay,reduction of ignition threshold,change in the activation energy to facilitate fuel injection timing advance/spark ignition advance or change of Air to Fuel Ratio for lean combustion resulting in enhancement of the efficiency of chemical energy release during combustion for higher engine efficiency with less heat, knock free engine with smoothness,enhanced power,improved fuel economy with lowest emissions.
  11. 11. WHY COMBUSTION CONTROL THROUGH COMBUSTION KINETICS CHANGE IS THE NEED OF THE HOUR?. 1.EXHAUST GAS TREATMENT HAS LIMITATIONS. 2.NO x REDUCTION THROUGH EXHAUST TREATMENT IS COSTLIER AND COMPLICATED. 3.EXHAUST GAS RE-CIRCULATION (EGR) FOR NO x REDUCTION INCREASES PARTICULATE MATTER AND BECOMES INEFFECTIVE WITH SLIGHT EGR TEMPERATURE INCREASE AND LESS SUITABLE FOR PLACES WITH HIGH AMBIENT TEMPERATURE WITH LESS HUMIDITY. 4.EXHAUST GAS RE-CIRCULATION (EGR) REDUCES ENGINE LIFE.
  12. 12. 5.EXHAUST GAS RE-CIRCULATION (EGR) NECESSIATES FUEL INJECTION TIME RETARD DUE TO DILUTION AND TEMPERATURE INCREASE OF INTAKE FUEL MIXTURE AND A RETARDED TIMING WILL INCREASE FUEL CONSUMPTION. 6.EXHAUST NO x REDUCING CATALYST MANDATORILY REQUIRE STOICHIOMETRIC FUEL, COSTLIER ULTRA LOW SULFUR DIESEL FOR SATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE AND THUS DEPRIVE THE ENGINE BEING OPERATED AT HIGHER EFFICIENCIES WITH LOWER FUEL CONSUMPTION UNDER LEAN BURN CONDITIONS FOR ENHANCED ENGINE PERFORMANCE. 7. EXHAUST TREATMENT PURELY DEPENDS UPON NOBLE METALS AND ULTRA LOW SULFUR DIESEL. 8. WITH THE COST OF NOBEL METAL PRICES SOARING DUE TO HEAVY DEMAND,IT WILL INCREASE THE COST OF EMISSION CONTROL. 9. SIMILARLY,WITH WORLD OIL PRICES RISING DUE TO DEPLETION OF CRUDE RESERVES ULSD WILL BECOME COSTLIER THEREBY MAKING ENGINE RUNNING COSTS HIGHER.
  13. 13. The KNOCK LIMIT SHIFT calls for LAMBDA(AIR-FUEL RATIO) CHANGE through ECU/FUEL MAP REPROGRAMMING facilitating LEAN BURN COMBUSTION to take advantages of LESSER EMISSION,IMPROVED ENGINE EFFICIENCY,LESS FUEL CONSUMPTION,SMOOTHEST ENGINE that we have never experienced.
  14. 14. BENEFITS FORVEHICLE USERS,OIL COMPANIES,VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS AND THE NATION 1.VEHICLE USERS GET BENEFITED WITH LESS FUEL PRICE HIKE BURDEN,LESS POLLUTION ,BETTER ENGINE PERFORMANCE. 2.NATION IS BENEFITED WITH Rs.30,000 CRORES OF LESS OIL IMPORT BILL ANNUALLY AND SAME AMOUNT FOREIGN EXCHANGE 3.FOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS,CLEAN COMBUSTION WITH HYDRODRIVE ECC HELP TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY AND LIFE OF EXHAUST GAS TREATMENT SYSTEMS 4.NATION WILL SAVE ON LESS OIL IMPORT BILL.OTHER BENEFITS ARE MORE EXCISE AND SALES TAX REVENUE THROUGH SALES OF HYDRODRIVE WITH EMPLOYMENT FACILITIES THROUGH RETROFITS AND VOLUME PRODUCTION.
  15. 15. VARIOUS INSTALLATIONS OF HYDRODRIVE ECC
  16. 16. THANK YOU !.

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