Proiectul „Remitenţele Dezvoltă Comunităţile din Moldova” implementat de Hilfswerk Austria International în parteneriat cu Centrul Naţional de Asistenţă şi Informare a Organizaţiilor Neguvernamentale din Republica CONTACT cu suportul financiar al UE a avut drept scop contribuirea la conexiunea procesului de migraţie cu dezvoltarea economică a Republicii Moldova şi utilizarea eficientă a consecinţelor pozitive ale migraţiei în vederea dezvoltării comunităţilor rurale. Unul din obiectivele specifice ale proiectului a vizat mărirea impactului pozitiv al remitenţelor în Republica Moldova prin îmbunătăţirea capacităţii beneficiarilor de remitenţe şi a comunităţilor locale din raioanele Orhei, Teleneşti, Şoldăneşti şi Rezina de a dezvolta activităţi generatoare de venituri, de a dezvolta întreprinderi şi de a investi în comunităţile lor.
s-a optat pentru o metodologie complexă de analiză care a cuprins următoarele metode:
Au fost selectata 3 planuri de afaceri din raionul Teleneşti, 2 din raionul Orhei şi câte unul din raioanele Rezina şi Şoldăneşti. 5 din 7 beneficiari vârsta sub 30 ani Toţi beneficiarii bărbaţi 5 din 7 întreprinderi care au fost deschise anterior proiectului „Remitenţele dezvoltă Comunităţile din Moldova”
Planurile de afaceri înaintate cuprind şi riscurile identificate de participanţii la concurs la momentul de scriere a acestora, fapt ce a permis eliminarea unor momente critice în ceea ce priveşte eficacitatea proiectului. Perioada scurtă de la iniţierea/beneficierea de microproiect şi cea de evaluare (aproximativ 6 luni) nu a determinat careva schimbări semnificative în condiţiile de trai ale beneficiarilor de microproiecte şi în comunităţile în care acestea se implementează. Actualmente, cei mai mulţi dintre aceştia îşi investesc profitul obţinut în dezvoltarea afacerii.
Utilajul/echipamentul oferit beneficiarilor de granturi a fost procurat de peste hotare ţării, din Italia, Germania, Ucraina) şi poate fi găsit într-un număr extrem de restrâns în Republica Moldova, iar în unele situaţii a fost adus chiar în premieră (de exemplu: laboratorul mobil de extragere a mierii de albine). Acesta a permis dezvoltarea bazei tehnologice a întreprinzătorilor. Punerea în funcţiune a utilajului a contribuit la creșterea productivității muncii, creşterea calităţii produselor şi a volumului de producţie, reducerea operațiunilor manuale, inclusiv a timpului de muncă necesar pentru prelucrare.
Aceasta relevă că microproiectele sunt importante pentru comunitate şi au un impact pozitiv atât din punct de vedere economic, cât şi din punct de vedere social prin oferirea posibilităţii de investire a economiilor proprii, crearea locurilor de munca, contribuţiile în bugetul local prin achitarea de impozite şi taxe, determinând ridicarea calităţii nivelului de trai al populaţiei şi a nivelului de dezvoltare a comunităţii.
Assessment of funded microprojects impact on community development
ASSESSMENT OF FUNDED MICROPROJECTS
IMPACT ON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
PURPOSE OF ASSESSMENT
The impact of funded microprojects on the
community through their effectiveness,
efficiency, consequences on the environment,
gender aspects, and last but not least,
The assessment of results was conducted 6 months
after the microgrant beneficiaries have received the
equipment and machinery purchased within the
1. Analysis of documents.
3. Individual in-depth interview. Interviews were conducted with:
(i) representatives of local public administration of levels I and II from localities
where projects are implemented;
(ii) a representative of a national association the microproject beneficiaries are
(iii) manager of the Orhei Resource Centre;
(iv) microproject beneficiaries;
(v) representatives of Hilfswerk Austria in Moldova, implementers of the
“Remittances Developing Moldovan Communities” Project and project partner the
National Assistance and Information Centre for NGOs in Moldova CONTACT.
4. Analysis of financial results collected from beneficiaries of microgrants for the
12 persons from the district of Orhei,
11 persons from the district of Telenesti,
6 persons from the district of Rezina,
4 persons from the district of Soldanesti.
- Gender: 8 women and 25 men;
- Age: 20-45 years;
Most of the business projects were related to the agricultural field:
growing mushrooms, vegetables, walnuts, breeding sheep, cattle,
7 BENEFICIARIES OF MICROGRANTS
Grant size: Euro 9,900 - 15,000
1. Acquisition of wrought iron processing equipment (LLC “Zmuvinadorvic –
Metal,” village of Negureni, district of Telenesti);
2. Acquisition of a honey extracting mobile laboratory (LLC “Fagurasii de
Aur”, village of Sipca, district of Soldanesti);
3. Construction, setup and outfit of an agricultural hardware repair
workshop (CS “MCN-Curchi” LLC, village of Mitoc, district of Orhei);
4. Setup of a rabbit farm (LLC “Casa Iepurilor,” village of Mandresti, district
5. Development of a corn flour milling and packing business (CS “Venera”
LLC, village of Tahnauti, district of Rezina);
6. Acquisition of a hail net for a curant and jostaberry plantation (PF “Gaina
Petru Dinu,” village of Chitcanii Vechi, district of Telenesti);
7. Acquisition of a mobile electrotechnical laboratory on ETL-10 cables (LLC
“Erstelab,” town of Orhei.
• All enterprises recorded an increase in the amount
of sales for 2013, generating gross profits. Only one
business did not also register net profits.
• None of the microgrant beneficiaries did not reach
the indicators set up in their submitted business
plans, although most of them were very close. This
situation is due, on one hand, to some delays in the
project implementation, and on the other hand, to
the underestimation of some risks.
FACTORS SUPPORTING THE SUCCESS OF
THE INITIATED BUSINESSES
existence of the business before the grant competition (5 out of the 7
(ii) beneficiaries’ professional experience in the field they have launched their
(iii) modern machinery/equipment purchased within the “Remittances Developing
Moldovan Communities” Project, helping beneficiaries to increase the amount
and quality of work;
(iv) hard work by microproject beneficiaries, sometimes over the standard 8
hours per day;
(v) identification of potential clients among individuals and legal entities;
(vi) reasonable prices of the finished products, including prices for some
additional services (transportation, installation, etc.);
(vii) trainings delivered within the project;
(viii) implementation of new technologies, etc.
• Performance obtained over the short period of activity and
comparative assessment of financial results for 2012 and
2013, including data set up in the 2013 business plan and
the achieved results, point out to an efficient management
in 5 businesses, while in the case of the other 2 – there are
possibilities to enhance the management efficiency.
• Starting up and development of these businesses created 20
new jobs (13 permanent and 7 seasonal jobs), giving the
possibility to employees’ families to have a stable income
while working in Moldova.
IMPORTANCE OF FUNDED
MICROPROJECTS FOR THE
(i) Creation of new jobs and stable incomes in employees’ families;
(ii) Prevention of migration in some families, hence husbands can be
together with their wives, while parents can be together with their
children, including elimination of some eventual negative consequences
of migration (divorce, children without parental care due to
(iii) Contributions to the local budget, through the paid taxes and fees;
(iv) Examples of successful business persons influencing other members of
the community to invest their remittances and develop a business;
(v) Provision of consultation in the business field and to other interested
EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
In developing their businesses, entrepreneurs
considered the particularities of the environment.
The started-up businesses do not cause any negative
consequences on the environment.
Moreover, some of them have rather beneficial effects
on the regional flora (e.g., SRL “Fagurasii de Aur”
provide pollination services for annual and multiannual
plantations, determining an increase in the productivity
of farming land).
All businesses funded within the “Remittances
Developing Moldovan Communities” Project
are managed by men.
Moreover, even the majority of employees
are men, and the number of women working
in the 7 businesses is extremely low.
• The initiated/developed businesses are viable. The review of
financial data of beneficiary enterprises shows that all of them
recorded gross profits in 2013, which indicates to a stable financial
situation in terms of profit level growing indices.
• To initiate and develop these businesses, beneficiaries used their
own financial resources, benefited from resources provided by the
project, or applied for grants from local institutions and contracted
• Trainings provided within the project contributed to the
development of knowledge and abilities of beneficiaries and
enhanced the level of sustainability in short and medium term.
• The started-up businesses are welcome in Moldovan
communities and serve as a positive example at the locality
level for the initiation and development of new businesses.
• Results show that in terms of economic activity, part of
enterprises have increased their amount of activity, also
- creating the public resources fund at the local budget level,
- creating new jobs,
- increasing local consumption level.
DIFFICULTIES IN THE SUSTAINABILITY
OF BUSINESSES IN MEDIUM AND LONG
(i) reduced capacity to expand the activity;
(ii) high costs of financial sources available on the loan
(iii) reduced profits and high fixed costs due to the
capacity of fixed assets engaged in the operational
activity that is not fully used;
(iv) insignificant production amounts, which is limiting
the competitiveness of products on the market from
the price perspective;
(v) limited financial possibilities for making own
The Project “Remittances Developing Moldovan Communities,” at
the microgrant chapter, has succeded to:
initiate 2 businesses and further develop 5 existing businesses;
create 20 new jobs (13 permanent and 7 seasonal jobs at the
ensure stable incomes in 20 families and prevent migration in a
significant part of these families;
provide good practices on investing remittances to community
members and Moldovan society;
contributions through taxes and fees paid to the LPA budget;
provide consultations on starting up and developing similar
• To expand similar projects in all districts of Moldova, as
this will contribute to enhancing competitiveness;
• To also provide support to businesses managed by women;
• To support beneficiaries to enhance the sustainability of
their businesses in medium and long terms, by developing a
detailed strategy ensuring their medium- and long-term