Successfully reported this slideshow.

Eleanor Of Aquitaine


Published on

This is the history medieval women project

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Eleanor Of Aquitaine

  1. 1. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  2. 2. Who was she? <ul><li>Eleanor of Aquitaine lived from 1122- 1204 </li></ul><ul><li>Her father was Duke William X of Aquitaine and her mother was Aenor </li></ul><ul><li>She inherited Aquitaine after her father’s death </li></ul><ul><li>She married both King Louis VII of France and then King Henry II of England </li></ul><ul><li>Mother of ten children including Kings Richard and John </li></ul>
  3. 3. Eleanor’s Childhood The Castle of Poitiers
  4. 4.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Eleanor spent most of her childhood at the Castle of Poitiers in Aquitaine </li></ul><ul><li>She traveled around Aquitaine with her father and inherited many of his great ruling skills </li></ul><ul><li>The court at Poitiers was a center of culture and she became accustomed to a lively court with jesters, acrobats, poets, troubadours and more </li></ul><ul><li>Eleanor was educated which was unusual for the time </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Fifteen Year Old Queen
  7. 7. Becoming Queen of France <ul><li>When her father died, Eleanor was fifteen </li></ul><ul><li>She inherited Aquitaine which was more land then what the king of France had control over </li></ul><ul><li>She married the heir to the French throne, who became King Louis VII in two months </li></ul><ul><li>She was crowned Queen of France on Christmas day 1137 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Here, Eleanor and Louis are getting married. This image is found in the Bayeux Tapestry.
  9. 9. Crusading Queen <ul><li>In 1146, the second crusade was announced </li></ul><ul><li>Louis lead the holy war </li></ul><ul><li>Eleanor decided to join </li></ul><ul><li>They came back to France in separate ships after many quarrels and defeated </li></ul>
  10. 10. This is the route that Eleanor took on the second crusade
  11. 11. A New Country
  12. 12. Queen of England <ul><li>In 1152 Louis and Eleanor decided on an annulment of their marriage </li></ul><ul><li>She then married Duke Henry of Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>Two years after their marriage, Henry became King Henry II of England </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they united Normandy, Anjou, England, and Aquiaine known as the Angevin empire </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mother of Eight <ul><li>With Henry, Eleanor gave birth to eight children </li></ul><ul><li>Two of Eleanor’s daughters became queens, and three of her sons became kings </li></ul><ul><li>Among them was King Richard and King John </li></ul><ul><li>She made marriages for her children for political reasons </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bye-Bye Henry <ul><li>In 1168, Eleanor and Henry’s marriage was in trouble, and Eleanor moved back to Aquitaine </li></ul><ul><li>Henry and Eleanor were still officially married, but never lived together again </li></ul><ul><li>Her children lived with her in the court of Poitiers </li></ul>
  15. 15. Prisoner Medievel woodcut of Old Sarum Castle
  16. 16. The Rebellion <ul><li>In 1173, Eleanor and her three oldest sons; Henry, Richard, and Geoffery plotted against their father </li></ul><ul><li>In May 1173, war broke out </li></ul><ul><li>Eleanor was captured by Henry’s men and taken prisoner </li></ul>
  17. 17. Old Sarum Castle <ul><li>Eleanor taken prisoner in Old Sarum Castle in Salisbury, England </li></ul><ul><li>She was not locked up in a dungeon, but was guarded and not allowed to leave the castle or get visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, Henry made up with his sons but they continued to plot against their father </li></ul><ul><li>She was held prisoner until 1189 when Henry died </li></ul>
  18. 18. Challenges <ul><li>Eleanor faced the challenge of being a woman in Medieval Times </li></ul><ul><li>This gave her less rights </li></ul><ul><li>She was treated like her husband’s property, but did not allow this </li></ul>
  19. 19. Accomplishments
  20. 20. A Start to Woman’s Rights <ul><li>Eleanor of Aquitaine started the idea of women being respected and gentle </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of “women goes first” </li></ul><ul><li>Also, opening the door for women </li></ul><ul><li>Before, women were lawfully their husband’s property, and treated as it </li></ul>
  21. 21. Courtly Love <ul><li>Eleanor was the one who spred the idea of courtly love into medieval courts </li></ul><ul><li>Courtly love refers to the idea of women in dresses and knights in shining armor </li></ul><ul><li>Eleanor believd that this could save women </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Code of Love <ul><li>A book that Eleanor wrote </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on courtly love </li></ul><ul><li>It contains 31 rules for men to obey when dealing with women </li></ul>
  23. 23. Unique Eleanor <ul><li>Her compared to Noble Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She was disobedient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She did not allow herself to be bossed by men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eleanor ruled which was a big shock and step towards woman’s rights </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24.