Characteristics of Educational ResearchResearch:Research commonly refers to a search for knowledge. It is a scientific and systematicinvestigation for some pertinent information on a specific phenomena or problem withthe aim to solve that problem.Definitions of ResearchR. Rusk. “Research is a point of view, an attitude of inquiry or a frame of mind ." It asksquestions which have hitherto not been asked. It seeks to answer them by following afairly definite procedure. It is not a mere theorizing. It is an attempt to elicit facts and toface them once they have been assembled.2. James Harvey Robinson. "Research is a diligent search which enjoys the high flavoror primitive hunting."3. I.V. Redman and A.V.H. Mory."Research is a systematic effort to gain newknowledge".4. The advanced Learner,s Dictionary of Current English lays down the meaning ofresearch as"a careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts inany branch of knowledge ."Educational ResearchEducational research in common parlance refers to a systematic attempt to define andinvestigate significant problems involved in teaching and learning in and outside theschool and at various school systems.1. J.W.Best. " Educational Research is that activity which is directed towardsdevelopment of a science of behavior in educational situations. The ultimate aim of sucha science is to provide knowledge that will permit the educator to achieve his goals bythe most effective methods."2.W.M Traverse. " Educational Research is the activity which is directed towards thedevelopment of science of behavior in educational situation."Characteristics of Educational ResearchThe characteristics of educational research are part of its nature. According to GaryAnderson ( 1998 ), there are ten characteristics of educational research.
1. A sound philosophical basis.In the application of scientific methods to education, it invokes a sound philosophy bydeveloping new knowledge or data from primary source.2.One of the most important characteristic of educational research is as it developsgeneral principles of a theory or law.3. An inter-disciplinary approachEducational Research is not a mere description of elementary and isolated facts ofnature, it must be related to the study of complex relationships of various facts. Itrequires an inter -disciplinary approach.4. Employs deductive reasoning process.In the nature and functions of educational research , Eric Hylla writes that science ofmind commonly uses methods of description, explanation, interpretation, sympatheticunderstanding-methods which are mainly speculative and deductive in character andwhich rarely furnish results that can be subjected to measurement or mathematicalprocedures.5. A desire to things better.Stephen M.Corey writes, Better educational means better development or formulation ofinstructional aims , better motivation of pupils, better teaching methods, betterevaluation and better supervision and administration-these are "activities or"operations."6. Not as exact as research in physical science.No scientific investigations of human behavior have resulted in the findings of individualcompletely similar in structure or behavior. Educational research mainly studies socialphenomenon or something happens caused by human characteristics which is dynamicin nature and often difficult or impossible to measure. This fact stands in way of makingeducational research an exact science.7. Not the field of the specialist only.It is not a field of specialist only. Research carried out in the day-to-day work of theschool, should be concerned directly with the problems of the school such as childdevelopment, classroom management, teacher-pupil relationships, interaction with thecommunity, curriculum matters, teaching techniques and many others. Thus actionresearch may be done by a classroom teacher or and educational administrator.
8. Not a mechanical process.It is not a purely mechanical approach. Symonds concludes that research is notsomething that can be carried out as by machine. Thus educational research can neverbe made a mechanical process.9. Based on subjectivity and intangibility of social phenomenaEducational research based on subjectivity behavior Lundberg has pointed out that thephysical phenomena may be known directly through sense, whereas social phenomenamay be known directly through words and dynamic behavior representing suchphenomena as tradition, custom, attitude, values .10. Cannot be dealt through empirical methodEducational research is to some extent a qualitative concept, therefore cannot be dealtthrough empirical methods and techniques. According to lundberg, "Exact science tendsto become increasingly quantitative in its units, measures and terminology while most ofthe matter of social science is qualitative and does not form quantitative statement.