SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 33
IN LIGHT OF QURAN AND SCIENCE
Dr. Hussein Mhanna
• We will learn about the biggest astrologic discovery of the 21st
century: The Cosmic Web.
• We will also examine the Quranic text related to this discovery.
• But before we do that, lets get an idea on how people used to
think of the universe 14 centuries ago… when the Quran was
revealed!
• From the early through the late Middle Ages, Europeans moved from a
disorganized, almost mystical way of thinking about the universe to an
acceptance of a well-ordered, geocentric universe based upon the ideas
of Greek philosophers such as Ptolemy and Aristotle.
• In this universe, the Earth was at the center and other heavenly bodies
rotated around it in a series of concentric spheres. The entire system
was powered by the primum mobile, or "Prime Mover," which was the
outermost sphere set in motion directly by God.
• Since medieval Europeans had no conception of a vacuum, it was
believed that the heavens were filled with a celestial fluid that flowed as
the spheres of the universe rotated, thus sustaining the motion of the
planets. Furthermore, all of this motion created a beautiful "music of the
spheres" which could not be detected by humans (at least not until after
they died and went to heaven), but which provided pleasure for angels
and other supernatural beings.
• In the early 20th century, scientists discovered that almost all the
stars and objects visible from Earth with the naked eye are only
part of our “small” galaxy: The Milky way!
• Our galaxy contains a 100 billion stars. (100,000,000,000)
• Our Sun is one of these stars.
• This is a difficult number to know for certain, since we can only
see a fraction of the Universe, even with our most powerful
instruments.
• The most current estimates guess that there are 100 to 200
billion galaxies in the Universe.
• A recent German supercomputer simulation put that number
even higher: 500 billion!
• Each of these galaxies has hundreds of billions of stars!
Different shapes of galaxies next door to our galaxy
• Scientists always thought the galaxies are randomly scattered
around the universe.
• A question came up: How does the universe look like if we were
to look at it “from outside”?!
• If we were able to look at the universe from outside, we would
get an idea on how the galaxies are positioned around the
universe.
• But how can you take a picture of the universe from outside
when it is impossible for anyone or anything to be outside the
universe?!!
• Scientists needed to design a “Supercomputer” that
weighed more than 100,000 kg!
• This Supercomputer can perform calculations in 1
second that would normally take a regular computer
10,000,000 years to perform!!!
• So it was the duty of this computer to put together,
from tons of data and information, a picture of our
universe, as if it was taken from outside.
• 10 million pieces of information were fed into this
supercomputer
• This included information about the expansion of the
universe, the behavior of galaxies and stars, cosmic dust,
dark matter, and details about 20,000,000 galaxies.
• They took a small section of the Hubble Deep Field and
accrued tons of data on the most distant galaxies and
objects. They determined size, mass, speed, and distance
using the most advanced methods available. Then, they fed
that info into a computer and produced a 3D model that
was our first glimpse into it’s overall structure.
Hubble eXtreme Deep Field "XDF" (2012) view –
Every speck of light is an entire galaxy - some of these are as old as 13.2
billion years - the observable universe is estimated to contain 200 billion
galaxies
A closer look…
Despite the unimaginable speed of the
Supercomputer, it took a whole month to process
all the information fed into it, and eventually
draw a picture of the observable part of the
universe.
So how did look like?!
• The picture represents millions of galaxies in the Cosmic Web.
• Each of the yellow dots is an ENTIRE GALAXY.
• That’s @ 200,000,000,000 stars each (200 billion).
• The largest portions of the structure (@ 84%) are in purple,
representing Dark Matter and Dark Energy. You can get lost in
it.
• Despite the fact that this map equals only 0.000001% of the
Known Universe, that’s 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
stars you’re looking at! That’s countless planets with countless
moons, untold comets, asteroids, black holes, and nebulae. Soak
it up!
• After the saw they amazing picture, they figured that the old
concept of the galaxies being randomly located around the
universe is wrong!
• They concluded that galaxies, filled with billions of stars, seem
enormous, but they only make up a small percentage of the
material in the universe. They serve as nodes where gravity
draws matter together. Computer simulations suggest that long
filaments connect the distant galaxies. These web lines contain
hydrogen gas left over from the start of the universe.
This insert (in green) is a
10-million-light-year segment
of the universe, that includes
both gas and dark matter.
It represents 2 clusters of
galaxies connected together by
filament-like matter.
Computer simulations suggest
that matter in the universe
exists in a "cosmic web" that
stretches between the nodes
made up of galaxies.
• In simple words:
• The universe is like a “web”
• Galaxies are like the
“nodes” in the “web”
• Long “filaments” connect the
distant galaxies together.
• Take a look again…
A slice, 70 million light-years thick, taken from the Millennium
Run. The overlaid panels zoom in each time by a factor of four.
In verse of 7 of sura Thariyat (51:7), Allah uses the arabic work “hubuk” when
swearing with the sky. So what does this word mean?
According to
1. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 6, Page 21.
2. Al-Muheet dictionary [2], Page 862.
3. Al-Muajam Al-Waseet dictionary [3], Page 153.
4. Al-Mawrid dictionary Arabic-English section [4], Page 450.
5. Al-Mawrid dictionary English-Arabic section [5], Page 1053.
6. Arabic-English dictionary the Hans Wehr dictionary [6], Page 154.
Some of the meanings of “hubuk” are the following:
‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫الشد‬ (al-shad) to pull or to attract.
‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫النجوم‬ ‫طرائق‬ (araa'eq al-nujoom) the paths of the celestial bodies.
‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫المحبوك‬ (al-mah'book): ‫ما‬‫أجيد‬‫عمله‬ (ma ujeeda aamaluh) what has
been perfected or done successfully.
‫محبوك‬ (mah'book): ‫شديد‬ ‫قوي‬ (Qawiy Shadeed) strong and mighty.
‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫اجاد‬‫نسجه‬ (ajaada nasjoh) weaved it with mastery.
Weave: ‫يحبك‬ (yahbuk), ‫ينسج‬ (yansij).
• By the heaven containing pathways
Sahih International
• By the heaven full of paths,
Muhsin Khan
• By the heaven full of paths,
Pickthall
• By the Sky with (its) numerous Paths
Yusuf Ali
• I swear by the heaven full of ways
Shakir
• And (by) the heaven comprising interwoven tracks
Dr. Ghali
• Allah Almighty's choice of the Holy Words was for a Divine
Purpose and not just by chance.
• There were many other choices of words that Allah
Almighty could've chosen, but He Chose the word “hubuk”
because it carried far deeper meanings in it that only Science
today was able to unveil and confirm.
• This Holy Word was used by Allah Almighty to describe how
He, the Almighty, Created the Universe and many of the
creations in it.
• The Holy Words are in perfect harmony with Science and
with the way the Universe was truly created by Allah
Almighty.
• “Such structures look like
highways converging onto a
large city, but with the important
difference that clusters feeding
filaments are organized in
three-dimensional space.”
• (Gemini, Subaru & Keck, Discover large-scale funneling of matter onto
a massive distant galaxy cluster, www.gemini.edu, 30 June 2004.)
• Highways in the sky?!
Where did I hear that before?!
•‫املؤمنني‬ ‫أمري‬ ‫عن‬(‫ع‬:)‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ي‬‫وِن‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ ُ‫َّاس‬‫ن‬‫ل‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫َي‬‫أ‬ََ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ي‬‫وِن‬ُ‫د‬‫ي‬‫ق‬‫ف‬َ‫ت‬ ‫َن‬‫أ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ي‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ط‬
‫ي‬‫اء‬َ‫م‬َّ‫لس‬َ‫ا‬‫ي‬‫ض‬‫ر‬َ‫ْل‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬‫ق‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ط‬‫ي‬‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ّن‬‫ي‬‫م‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫ل‬‫َع‬‫أ‬
• Imam Ali (pbuh) used to say:
O people! Ask me before you lose me, because certainly I am
acquainted with the passages of the sky more than the
passages of the earth
• As a doctor, I can’t help it but notice the stunning resemblance
between that image of the cosmic web and the web of neurons
in the brain.
• Another evidence of the One Creator!
And in your selves; do you then not behold?
[51:21]
The creation of the heavens and earth is
greater than the creation of mankind,
but most of the people do not know.
40:57
• http://quran.com/
• http://faculty.knox.edu/fmcandre/cosmology.html
• http://www.universetoday.com/30305/how-many-galaxies-in-the-universe/
• http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Columbia_Supercomputer_-
_NASA_Advanced_Supercomputing_Facility.jpg
• http://cyberpunkswebsite.com/the-cosmic-web-illuminated/
• http://www.space.com/24431-dark-matter-cosmic-web-first-image.html
• http://www.space.com/1236-code-heavens.html
• www.gemini.edu/node/15
• http://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-189-one-belief-
which-firm-and-steadfast-hearts%E2%80%A6#knowledge-successor-wasi-his-
challenge-ask-me-you-miss-me-and-prophecy-about-umayyads
• http://www.answering-
christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm
• http://www.kaheel7.com/ar/index.php/2010-02-02-20-06-04/945-2013-02-17-
06-59-38
• https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-gCFurNf682OwzNzi6iu8DcyE1pGyQ63

More Related Content

What's hot

Solar system.pptx
Solar system.pptx Solar system.pptx
Solar system.pptx elisav2
 
The Origin of the Universe
The Origin of the Universe   The Origin of the Universe
The Origin of the Universe FrichelleMae
 
Scientific culture.u1. the universe ppt
Scientific culture.u1. the universe pptScientific culture.u1. the universe ppt
Scientific culture.u1. the universe pptIrene Santos Fraile
 
The life of stars
The life of stars The life of stars
The life of stars cegalmar
 
Black holes definitivo
Black holes definitivoBlack holes definitivo
Black holes definitivoIgnaciomorefer
 
The fate of the universe - Between Science and Quran
The fate of the universe - Between Science and QuranThe fate of the universe - Between Science and Quran
The fate of the universe - Between Science and QuranHussein Mhanna
 
Theories on the origin of the Universe.
Theories on the origin of the Universe.Theories on the origin of the Universe.
Theories on the origin of the Universe.Jerome Bigael
 
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System Evolved
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System EvolvedBeyond The Earth and How The Solar System Evolved
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System EvolvedLJAshleyDigamon
 
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)John Lester
 
Theories on the origin of the universe
Theories on the origin of the universeTheories on the origin of the universe
Theories on the origin of the universeAnabelle Montevirgen
 
Introduction to Astronomy Notes
Introduction to Astronomy NotesIntroduction to Astronomy Notes
Introduction to Astronomy Notesmgitterm
 
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe  Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe greatest man
 

What's hot (20)

Solar system.pptx
Solar system.pptx Solar system.pptx
Solar system.pptx
 
Complete Astronomy Unit PPT
Complete Astronomy Unit PPTComplete Astronomy Unit PPT
Complete Astronomy Unit PPT
 
Astrophysics
AstrophysicsAstrophysics
Astrophysics
 
The Origin of the Universe
The Origin of the Universe   The Origin of the Universe
The Origin of the Universe
 
Scientific culture.u1. the universe ppt
Scientific culture.u1. the universe pptScientific culture.u1. the universe ppt
Scientific culture.u1. the universe ppt
 
The life of stars
The life of stars The life of stars
The life of stars
 
Black holes definitivo
Black holes definitivoBlack holes definitivo
Black holes definitivo
 
Out Of This World
Out Of This WorldOut Of This World
Out Of This World
 
Black holes
Black holesBlack holes
Black holes
 
The fate of the universe - Between Science and Quran
The fate of the universe - Between Science and QuranThe fate of the universe - Between Science and Quran
The fate of the universe - Between Science and Quran
 
Theories on the origin of the Universe.
Theories on the origin of the Universe.Theories on the origin of the Universe.
Theories on the origin of the Universe.
 
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System Evolved
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System EvolvedBeyond The Earth and How The Solar System Evolved
Beyond The Earth and How The Solar System Evolved
 
Intro to Astronomy
Intro to AstronomyIntro to Astronomy
Intro to Astronomy
 
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)
ASTRONOMY (THE UNIVERSE)
 
Theories on the origin of the universe
Theories on the origin of the universeTheories on the origin of the universe
Theories on the origin of the universe
 
Introduction to Astronomy Notes
Introduction to Astronomy NotesIntroduction to Astronomy Notes
Introduction to Astronomy Notes
 
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe  Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe
Science and Quran on the darkness of the Universe
 
The universe2
The universe2The universe2
The universe2
 
Astronomy
AstronomyAstronomy
Astronomy
 
Modern Astronomy
Modern AstronomyModern Astronomy
Modern Astronomy
 

Viewers also liked

The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlope
The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlopeThe Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlope
The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlopegreatest man
 
Kepler's laws of motion
Kepler's laws of motionKepler's laws of motion
Kepler's laws of motiondwinter1
 
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
Kepler's Laws of Planetary MotionKepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motiondwinter1
 
Kepler's law of planetary motion
Kepler's law of planetary motionKepler's law of planetary motion
Kepler's law of planetary motionTrebor Dadinirt
 
The origin of the universe
The origin of the universeThe origin of the universe
The origin of the universeHamalgo
 

Viewers also liked (7)

The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlope
The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlopeThe Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlope
The Quran and science on the function of the frontal interlope
 
Kepler's laws of motion
Kepler's laws of motionKepler's laws of motion
Kepler's laws of motion
 
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
Kepler's Laws of Planetary MotionKepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
 
Keplers Laws
Keplers LawsKeplers Laws
Keplers Laws
 
Kepler's law of planetary motion
Kepler's law of planetary motionKepler's law of planetary motion
Kepler's law of planetary motion
 
The universe
The universeThe universe
The universe
 
The origin of the universe
The origin of the universeThe origin of the universe
The origin of the universe
 

Similar to The Structure of the Universe - Between Science and Quran

Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...
Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...
Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...SimpiKaim
 
6. the fine tuned universe
6. the fine tuned universe6. the fine tuned universe
6. the fine tuned universeAriel Roth
 
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0Jerry Daperro
 
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - Cosmology
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - CosmologyAstronomy - Stat eof the Art - Cosmology
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - CosmologyChris Impey
 
Universe revised.pdf
Universe revised.pdfUniverse revised.pdf
Universe revised.pdfDrHafizKosar
 
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrt
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrtDark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrt
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrtZhaksylyk Kazykenov
 
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...Abdul Hamzzah
 
The collapse of the universe
The collapse of the universeThe collapse of the universe
The collapse of the universeXenia Y
 
Complete essay on exoplanet
Complete essay on exoplanetComplete essay on exoplanet
Complete essay on exoplanetAnamul Haque
 
The Hunt for Exoplanets
The Hunt for ExoplanetsThe Hunt for Exoplanets
The Hunt for ExoplanetsAnamul Haque
 
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?The Big Bang: God or an Accident?
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?Dennis Edwards
 
The Collapse of_the_Universe
The Collapse of_the_UniverseThe Collapse of_the_Universe
The Collapse of_the_UniverseXenia Y
 
Scientific miracles of islam
Scientific miracles of islamScientific miracles of islam
Scientific miracles of islamUmer Bhatti
 
The Existence of God
The Existence of GodThe Existence of God
The Existence of GodEhab Roufail
 

Similar to The Structure of the Universe - Between Science and Quran (20)

Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...
Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...
Significance of space exploration, interesting facts about space, Galaxies, b...
 
6. the fine tuned universe
6. the fine tuned universe6. the fine tuned universe
6. the fine tuned universe
 
Universe and the bigbang
Universe and the bigbangUniverse and the bigbang
Universe and the bigbang
 
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0
Our Universe - Size & Age 1.0
 
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - Cosmology
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - CosmologyAstronomy - Stat eof the Art - Cosmology
Astronomy - Stat eof the Art - Cosmology
 
Universe revised.pdf
Universe revised.pdfUniverse revised.pdf
Universe revised.pdf
 
Astronomy NC 2014
Astronomy NC 2014Astronomy NC 2014
Astronomy NC 2014
 
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrt
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrtDark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrt
Dark side ofthe_universe_public_29_september_2017_nazarbayev_shrt
 
Project 202rev04
Project 202rev04Project 202rev04
Project 202rev04
 
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...
PHI454 Current Issue In Science : Al Quran and Science : Compatible or Incomp...
 
The collapse of the universe
The collapse of the universeThe collapse of the universe
The collapse of the universe
 
Cosmology
CosmologyCosmology
Cosmology
 
Hubble Space Telescope
Hubble Space TelescopeHubble Space Telescope
Hubble Space Telescope
 
Universe
UniverseUniverse
Universe
 
Complete essay on exoplanet
Complete essay on exoplanetComplete essay on exoplanet
Complete essay on exoplanet
 
The Hunt for Exoplanets
The Hunt for ExoplanetsThe Hunt for Exoplanets
The Hunt for Exoplanets
 
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?The Big Bang: God or an Accident?
The Big Bang: God or an Accident?
 
The Collapse of_the_Universe
The Collapse of_the_UniverseThe Collapse of_the_Universe
The Collapse of_the_Universe
 
Scientific miracles of islam
Scientific miracles of islamScientific miracles of islam
Scientific miracles of islam
 
The Existence of God
The Existence of GodThe Existence of God
The Existence of God
 

Recently uploaded

4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsManeerUddin
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptx
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptxKarra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptx
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptxAshokKarra1
 
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPHow to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...JojoEDelaCruz
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 

Recently uploaded (20)

4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
 
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
Difference Between Search & Browse Methods in Odoo 17
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptx
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptxKarra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptx
Karra SKD Conference Presentation Revised.pptx
 
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPHow to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptxRaw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
 
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxFINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxYOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxLEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 

The Structure of the Universe - Between Science and Quran

  • 1. IN LIGHT OF QURAN AND SCIENCE Dr. Hussein Mhanna
  • 2. • We will learn about the biggest astrologic discovery of the 21st century: The Cosmic Web. • We will also examine the Quranic text related to this discovery. • But before we do that, lets get an idea on how people used to think of the universe 14 centuries ago… when the Quran was revealed!
  • 3.
  • 4. • From the early through the late Middle Ages, Europeans moved from a disorganized, almost mystical way of thinking about the universe to an acceptance of a well-ordered, geocentric universe based upon the ideas of Greek philosophers such as Ptolemy and Aristotle. • In this universe, the Earth was at the center and other heavenly bodies rotated around it in a series of concentric spheres. The entire system was powered by the primum mobile, or "Prime Mover," which was the outermost sphere set in motion directly by God. • Since medieval Europeans had no conception of a vacuum, it was believed that the heavens were filled with a celestial fluid that flowed as the spheres of the universe rotated, thus sustaining the motion of the planets. Furthermore, all of this motion created a beautiful "music of the spheres" which could not be detected by humans (at least not until after they died and went to heaven), but which provided pleasure for angels and other supernatural beings.
  • 5. • In the early 20th century, scientists discovered that almost all the stars and objects visible from Earth with the naked eye are only part of our “small” galaxy: The Milky way! • Our galaxy contains a 100 billion stars. (100,000,000,000) • Our Sun is one of these stars.
  • 6.
  • 7. • This is a difficult number to know for certain, since we can only see a fraction of the Universe, even with our most powerful instruments. • The most current estimates guess that there are 100 to 200 billion galaxies in the Universe. • A recent German supercomputer simulation put that number even higher: 500 billion! • Each of these galaxies has hundreds of billions of stars!
  • 8.
  • 9. Different shapes of galaxies next door to our galaxy
  • 10. • Scientists always thought the galaxies are randomly scattered around the universe. • A question came up: How does the universe look like if we were to look at it “from outside”?! • If we were able to look at the universe from outside, we would get an idea on how the galaxies are positioned around the universe. • But how can you take a picture of the universe from outside when it is impossible for anyone or anything to be outside the universe?!!
  • 11. • Scientists needed to design a “Supercomputer” that weighed more than 100,000 kg! • This Supercomputer can perform calculations in 1 second that would normally take a regular computer 10,000,000 years to perform!!! • So it was the duty of this computer to put together, from tons of data and information, a picture of our universe, as if it was taken from outside.
  • 12.
  • 13. • 10 million pieces of information were fed into this supercomputer • This included information about the expansion of the universe, the behavior of galaxies and stars, cosmic dust, dark matter, and details about 20,000,000 galaxies. • They took a small section of the Hubble Deep Field and accrued tons of data on the most distant galaxies and objects. They determined size, mass, speed, and distance using the most advanced methods available. Then, they fed that info into a computer and produced a 3D model that was our first glimpse into it’s overall structure.
  • 14. Hubble eXtreme Deep Field "XDF" (2012) view – Every speck of light is an entire galaxy - some of these are as old as 13.2 billion years - the observable universe is estimated to contain 200 billion galaxies
  • 15.
  • 17. Despite the unimaginable speed of the Supercomputer, it took a whole month to process all the information fed into it, and eventually draw a picture of the observable part of the universe. So how did look like?!
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. • The picture represents millions of galaxies in the Cosmic Web. • Each of the yellow dots is an ENTIRE GALAXY. • That’s @ 200,000,000,000 stars each (200 billion). • The largest portions of the structure (@ 84%) are in purple, representing Dark Matter and Dark Energy. You can get lost in it. • Despite the fact that this map equals only 0.000001% of the Known Universe, that’s 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars you’re looking at! That’s countless planets with countless moons, untold comets, asteroids, black holes, and nebulae. Soak it up!
  • 21. • After the saw they amazing picture, they figured that the old concept of the galaxies being randomly located around the universe is wrong! • They concluded that galaxies, filled with billions of stars, seem enormous, but they only make up a small percentage of the material in the universe. They serve as nodes where gravity draws matter together. Computer simulations suggest that long filaments connect the distant galaxies. These web lines contain hydrogen gas left over from the start of the universe.
  • 22. This insert (in green) is a 10-million-light-year segment of the universe, that includes both gas and dark matter. It represents 2 clusters of galaxies connected together by filament-like matter. Computer simulations suggest that matter in the universe exists in a "cosmic web" that stretches between the nodes made up of galaxies.
  • 23. • In simple words: • The universe is like a “web” • Galaxies are like the “nodes” in the “web” • Long “filaments” connect the distant galaxies together. • Take a look again… A slice, 70 million light-years thick, taken from the Millennium Run. The overlaid panels zoom in each time by a factor of four.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. In verse of 7 of sura Thariyat (51:7), Allah uses the arabic work “hubuk” when swearing with the sky. So what does this word mean? According to 1. Lisan Al-Arab dictionary [1] , Book 6, Page 21. 2. Al-Muheet dictionary [2], Page 862. 3. Al-Muajam Al-Waseet dictionary [3], Page 153. 4. Al-Mawrid dictionary Arabic-English section [4], Page 450. 5. Al-Mawrid dictionary English-Arabic section [5], Page 1053. 6. Arabic-English dictionary the Hans Wehr dictionary [6], Page 154. Some of the meanings of “hubuk” are the following: ‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫الشد‬ (al-shad) to pull or to attract. ‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫النجوم‬ ‫طرائق‬ (araa'eq al-nujoom) the paths of the celestial bodies. ‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫المحبوك‬ (al-mah'book): ‫ما‬‫أجيد‬‫عمله‬ (ma ujeeda aamaluh) what has been perfected or done successfully. ‫محبوك‬ (mah'book): ‫شديد‬ ‫قوي‬ (Qawiy Shadeed) strong and mighty. ‫الحبك‬ (alhubuk): ‫اجاد‬‫نسجه‬ (ajaada nasjoh) weaved it with mastery. Weave: ‫يحبك‬ (yahbuk), ‫ينسج‬ (yansij).
  • 27. • By the heaven containing pathways Sahih International • By the heaven full of paths, Muhsin Khan • By the heaven full of paths, Pickthall • By the Sky with (its) numerous Paths Yusuf Ali • I swear by the heaven full of ways Shakir • And (by) the heaven comprising interwoven tracks Dr. Ghali
  • 28. • Allah Almighty's choice of the Holy Words was for a Divine Purpose and not just by chance. • There were many other choices of words that Allah Almighty could've chosen, but He Chose the word “hubuk” because it carried far deeper meanings in it that only Science today was able to unveil and confirm. • This Holy Word was used by Allah Almighty to describe how He, the Almighty, Created the Universe and many of the creations in it. • The Holy Words are in perfect harmony with Science and with the way the Universe was truly created by Allah Almighty.
  • 29. • “Such structures look like highways converging onto a large city, but with the important difference that clusters feeding filaments are organized in three-dimensional space.” • (Gemini, Subaru & Keck, Discover large-scale funneling of matter onto a massive distant galaxy cluster, www.gemini.edu, 30 June 2004.) • Highways in the sky?! Where did I hear that before?!
  • 30. •‫املؤمنني‬ ‫أمري‬ ‫عن‬(‫ع‬:)‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ي‬‫وِن‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ ُ‫َّاس‬‫ن‬‫ل‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫َي‬‫أ‬ََ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ي‬‫وِن‬ُ‫د‬‫ي‬‫ق‬‫ف‬َ‫ت‬ ‫َن‬‫أ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ي‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ط‬ ‫ي‬‫اء‬َ‫م‬َّ‫لس‬َ‫ا‬‫ي‬‫ض‬‫ر‬َ‫ْل‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬‫ق‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ط‬‫ي‬‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ّن‬‫ي‬‫م‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫ل‬‫َع‬‫أ‬ • Imam Ali (pbuh) used to say: O people! Ask me before you lose me, because certainly I am acquainted with the passages of the sky more than the passages of the earth
  • 31. • As a doctor, I can’t help it but notice the stunning resemblance between that image of the cosmic web and the web of neurons in the brain. • Another evidence of the One Creator! And in your selves; do you then not behold? [51:21]
  • 32. The creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of the people do not know. 40:57
  • 33. • http://quran.com/ • http://faculty.knox.edu/fmcandre/cosmology.html • http://www.universetoday.com/30305/how-many-galaxies-in-the-universe/ • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Columbia_Supercomputer_- _NASA_Advanced_Supercomputing_Facility.jpg • http://cyberpunkswebsite.com/the-cosmic-web-illuminated/ • http://www.space.com/24431-dark-matter-cosmic-web-first-image.html • http://www.space.com/1236-code-heavens.html • www.gemini.edu/node/15 • http://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-189-one-belief- which-firm-and-steadfast-hearts%E2%80%A6#knowledge-successor-wasi-his- challenge-ask-me-you-miss-me-and-prophecy-about-umayyads • http://www.answering- christianity.com/detailed_meanings_of_scientific_words_in_verses.htm • http://www.kaheel7.com/ar/index.php/2010-02-02-20-06-04/945-2013-02-17- 06-59-38 • https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-gCFurNf682OwzNzi6iu8DcyE1pGyQ63