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Ap Bio Ch 1 3 Recap

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Ap Bio Ch 1 3 Recap

  1. 1. AP BIO Ch 1-3 Recap http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookTOC.html
  2. 2. WEBSITE <ul><li>http://mrshurstscience.wordpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>All electronic files files will be posted here…..if you want to refer to them later </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tips for note taking in class.. <ul><li>http://coe.jmu.edu/learningtoolbox/cornellnotes.html </li></ul><ul><li>Doodle </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize </li></ul><ul><li>Change colors </li></ul><ul><li>Re-read ASAP! </li></ul><ul><li>Trade/Share </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 1 <ul><li>Scientific Method </li></ul><ul><li>Theory, law </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Experimentation ( variable, control, IV, DV, constants) </li></ul><ul><li>Major Contributing Theories: </li></ul><ul><li>1.The Cell Theory, </li></ul><ul><li>2. Evolution by Natural Selection, (all 4 pts) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Gene Theory, </li></ul><ul><li>4. Homeostasis </li></ul>
  5. 5. Names to know <ul><li>Cell Theory: Hooke, Schleiden and Schwaan (1800s) </li></ul><ul><li>Gene Theory: Watson, Crick (1953) </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution: Darwin, Linneus, Lamark, Wallace </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3 domains, 5 kingdom system <ul><li>Domains: Archae, Bacteria, Eukaryota </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms: Archaebacteria – extreme </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria(Monera) – single celled, prokaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Protista – simple eukaryotic cells </li></ul><ul><li>Fungi – mostly multicellular decomposers </li></ul><ul><li>Planatae – multicellular producers </li></ul><ul><li>Animalia – multicellular heterotrophs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Characteristics of Living Things <ul><li>1) Organization </li></ul><ul><li>2) Homeostasis </li></ul><ul><li>3) Adapt to Environment </li></ul><ul><li>4)Reproduction and Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>5)Growth and Development </li></ul><ul><li>6) Energy Acquisition and Release </li></ul><ul><li>7) Detection and Response to Stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>8 ) Interactions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Levels of Organization <ul><li>Biosphere to subatomic Particles ( be able to put in order) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ch2 Chemistry Review <ul><li>Matter ( anything that has mass and takes up space) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Mixture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pure Substance </li></ul><ul><li>a. Element </li></ul><ul><li>b. compound </li></ul><ul><li>Basic unit of matter is the atom </li></ul><ul><li>Subatomic units: proton, neutron and electron </li></ul>
  10. 10. Isotopes <ul><li>Same element, different mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Different # of neutrons </li></ul><ul><li>Ex C-14 </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic # </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Mass </li></ul>
  11. 11. Periodic Table and Energy <ul><li>**don’t need to know all the orbital info </li></ul><ul><li>Basics of periodic table </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein and the electron ( E=mc 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Electrons in their excited state </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bonding <ul><li>1. Ionic </li></ul><ul><li>2. Covalent ( double, triple) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hydrogen </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chemical Reactions and Bonding <ul><li>Molecules – covalently bonded compounds. Fixed ration </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose =C 6 H 12 O 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Reactants  Products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(synthesis – combination, dissociation – decomposition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHON </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Ch3: Water <ul><li>Many of it’s unique properties can be contributed to the fact that it is polar. </li></ul><ul><li>“Universal solvent” </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions ( homogeneous mixture) </li></ul><ul><li>Like dissolves like ( oil and water) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Acids and Bases <ul><li>Acids – dissociate into H+ ions </li></ul><ul><li>Bases – dissociate into OH- ions </li></ul><ul><li>pure water is = </li></ul><ul><li>pH scale (0-14) – hydronium concentration </li></ul>
  16. 16. Organic Molecules <ul><li>1) formed w/ actions of living things </li></ul><ul><li>2)have a Carbon backbone </li></ul>
  17. 17. Then just the basics… <ul><li>What is a functional group: We will study them in more detail in Ch4 </li></ul><ul><li>4 types of Macromolecules ( more detail in Ch5) and example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lipids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amino Acids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleic Acids </li></ul></ul>

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