Principles of Design


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Principles of Design

  1. 1. Final Review Principles of Design • • • • Pattern Balance Movement Rhythm • Emphasis • Contrast • Unity/Harmony
  2. 2. PaTtErN • A repeating of an element within a composition or section of composition • Examples: Repeated shapes within a quilt; repeated arch ways on the façade of a building; strips or spots on an animal
  3. 3. *Many animals have many different patterns on their body created by stripes and/or spots
  4. 4. Notre Dame Cathedral Paris, France
  5. 5. • Chrysler Building, New York, New York William Van Allen
  6. 6. *Artists use Pattern within their artwork to add excitement and movement to the composition • Chuck Close, Emma detail of selection
  7. 7. • Jasper Johns, Numbers in Color
  8. 8. Balance • Balance in visual art can be formal, informal and radial. • Formal balance places equal or very similar objects on either side of a central axis. • In radial balance, equal or similar objects radiate from a central point. • Informal balance is a balance of unlike objects.
  9. 9. Formal Balance: Symmetry
  10. 10. Informal Balance: Asymmetry
  11. 11. Radial Balance
  12. 12. Movement • Visual direction created by elements of Art arranged in an organized way • This can be achieved by using Pattern or repeated a single shape several times
  13. 13. Rhythm • Rhythm is the repetition of visual movement – colors, shapes, or lines • Variety is essential to keep Rhythms exciting and active to the viewer
  14. 14. • Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase
  15. 15. Emphasis • Emphasis is used to create dominance and focus in an artwork • Artists can emphasize color, value, shapes, or other art elements to achieve dominance • Various kinds of contrast can be used to emphasize a center of interest
  16. 16. Contrast • Contrast refers to differences in values, colors, textures, shapes, and other elements • Contrasts create visual excitement and add interest to the work • If all the art elements are the same, the result is unexciting and boring to the viewer
  17. 17. Value Scale 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  18. 18. Unity/Harmony • Unity provides the cohesive quality that makes an artwork feel complete and finished • Unity is achieved when all the elements in a work look as though they belong together • One way to do this is by clustering elements together within an artwork
  19. 19. • What Elements make these Unified and Harmonious???
  20. 20. Let’s point out all or as many Principles of Design as possible in Leonardo Da Vinci’s Last Supper. • Pattern, Balance, Movement, Rhythm, Emphasis, Contrast, Unity