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Interpersonal attraction hour 2


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Interpersonal attraction hour 2

  1. 1. Social PsychologyInterpersonalAttractionBetter dating through Science!<br />PSY 1001<br />Spring 2010<br />1<br />“I knew we had a lot in common, I’m crazy too!”<br />
  2. 2. Attraction and Relationships<br />Relatively new to social psychology<br />Psychologists generally only focus on individuals<br />Romance and attraction isn’t a ‘scholarly’ thing to study<br />Relationships have a number of important health benefits.<br />
  3. 3. Men vs Women<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Ideal Qualities in a Romantic Partner<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Overview <br />What leads to attraction?<br />Proximity<br />Mere exposure<br />Physical attractiveness<br />Similarity<br />Matching<br />Mimicry<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Attraction-Proximity<br />Proximity: We tend to like people who are closer to us<br />Festinger et al. (1950s): friendship patterns in dormitories <br />Closer friends with people who lived near<br />
  7. 7. Proximity<br />Why do you think proximity increases attraction?<br /> 1) More opportunities to meet, interact<br /> 2) People are likely to live near people of similar economic, social backgrounds<br /> 3) Mere exposure<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Attraction<br />Mere exposure<br />Moreland & Beach (1992): women coming into class; the more they came to class, the more other students liked her<br />
  9. 9. Which version do you prefer?<br />9<br />A<br />B<br />
  10. 10. Preferred Qualities in Partners (Buss et al., 1986)<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Who do you think is friendlier?<br />Who do you think is more outgoing?<br />To whom would you be friendlier?<br />
  12. 12. Physical Attraction<br />“What Is Beautiful Is Good” stereotype<br />People tend to attribute desirable characteristics such as sociable, friendly, poised, warm, competent, and well adjusted to those who are good looking<br />Attractive children and adults are judged and treated more favorably<br />Implications for career & salary<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Walster et al. Computer Dating Study<br />Freshman “Welcome Week” dance<br />I.V.s<br />Attractiveness rated<br />Personality tests (social skills; introversion-extroversion; masculinity-femininity; MMPI)<br />IQ<br />Subjects matched for date (randomly)<br />D.V.s<br />Rated date at intermission<br />Contacted several months later about further dates<br />
  14. 14. Computer Dating Study<br />Physical attractiveness the most important factor<br />Intelligence and personality were not related to future dating<br />
  15. 15. Card activity<br />Don’t look at your card.<br />Match with the person with the highest card who will also agree to match with you.<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Attractiveness<br />Physical attractiveness:<br />Hatfield, Berscheid, et al. (1966):<br />Randomly matched 752 incoming students as blind dates for an orientation dance<br />MOST IMPORTANT: physical attractiveness<br />But… matching effect<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Scent of Symmetry<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Attraction-Similarity<br />What traits did you want to match your partner on? <br />18<br />
  19. 19. Similarity<br />Couples tend to be similar in age, race, religion, social class, personality, education, intelligence, physical attractiveness, and attitudes<br />Personality similarity related to marital happiness.<br />Perceived similarity more strongly associated with marital satisfaction than actual similarity<br />19<br />
  20. 20. What personality traits are important to match on?<br />Malouff, et al. (2010) meta-analysis<br />Connection between personality traits and relationship satisfaction. <br />Low neuroticism,<br />Higher agreeableness, conscientiousness and extraversion.<br />Matching on Individual Big 5 traits does not predict satisfaction but matching on overall profile does. <br />20<br />
  21. 21. Similarily<br />Breakup<br />SAT .17<br />PhyAttr .16<br />Attitudes .41*<br />Together<br />SAT .31*<br />PhyAttr .32*<br />Attitudes .50*<br />
  22. 22. Similarity<br />Why do we like people like us?<br />Why does similarity increase relationship satisfaction?<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Mimicry-Similarity in Behavior<br />When we want to belong to a group or want others to like us, we mimic their behavior.<br />We like people who mimic our behavior.<br />But don’t be too obvious!!!<br />23<br />
  24. 24. Mimicry: Similarity in Behavior<br />Behavioral Mimicry<br />24<br />
  25. 25. People get more similar over time<br />Zajonc et al. (1987)<br />Dissimilar looking couples at marriage look more similar 25 years later.<br />Happier couple look more similar<br />Decades of shared emotions?<br />25<br />
  26. 26. Similarity to Pets<br />26<br />
  27. 27. When all else fails…<br />Misattribution of arousal<br />27<br />
  28. 28. Conclusions-Summary<br />Many factors contribute to attraction<br />Proximity<br />Physical attractiveness (matching)<br />Similarity<br />Importance of personality similarities<br />Mimicry  increased liking<br />We become more similar to our partners over time<br />28<br />