Basketball<br />1. Defense<br />-Man to Man<br />Man-to-man defense is a type of defensive tactic used in basketball, in which each player is assigned to defend and follow the movements of a single player on offense. Often, a player guards his counterpart (e.g. center guarding center), but a player may be assigned to guard a different position. The strategy is not rigid however, and a player might switch assignment if needed, or leave his own assignment for a moment to double team an offensive player.<br />-Zone<br />Zone defense is a type of defense used in team sports, which is the alternative to man-to-man defense; instead of each player guarding a corresponding player on the other team, each defensive player is given an area, or a "
, to cover.<br />A zone defense can be used in virtually all sports where a defending team is present.<br />2. Offense<br />"
This is a more simple, free-lance style of 4-out motion offense that uses the rules explained below under "
. Refer to the diagram to see the basic set-up for this offense. <br />With "
, our post player moves as the ball moves, using the low blocks, anywhere up and down the lanes, paint area, elbows and high post (free-throw line area)... basically anywhere he/she can get open for a pass inside.When the ball is on top (O1 or O2), O5 should locate at high-post, ball-side elbow area. If the ball is passed to O5 at the high post, O3 and O4 should be thinking about a back-cut to the hoop if they are being denied the pass. O5 passes to the back-cutter for the easy lay-up.When the ball is on the low wing, corner (O3 or O4), then O5 should move down to the ball-side low post. <br />1-3-1 offense<br /> The one will pass the ball to the three and the four will cut to the sideline.<br /> The three passes the ball to the four and then cuts towards the basket. If the three is open, the four will bounce pass to them and the three will drive for a layup.As the three is cutting to the basket, the one takes the threes place and the two takes the ones place.The five follows after the three as a second option to the four making a pass.<br /> If there is no pass available to the three or five, the four passes the ball to the one to start a reversal of the basketball.The three continues through the lane to the other wing.The five is following through the lane as well.<br /> The one passes the ball to the two at the top of the key.The three makes her way to the other wing while the five makes her way to the elbow. <br /> <br />The two passes the ball to the three for the open jumper.The four runs the baseline to look for a pass if the open jumper isn't there.The five is back at the foul line looking for the ball if the open jumper is not there. <br /> The three takes the open jumper.If there isn't an open jumper, then the three passes to the four and cuts towards the hoop.The five and four crash the boards for the rebound if the shot is taken.The five follows the three through the lane if the pass is made instead of the shot, the two takes the threes place and the one takes the twos place, and the cycle starts again from the left side.If the rebound is there either put it back up or kick it back out to start the cycle over again.<br />Bibliography<br /><ul><li>Lindsay, Ken. "How to Coach and Teach Team Basketball by Using Basketball Zone Pressure Defense." Guide to Coaching Youth Basketball Plays, Moves, Skills,Drills. 2008. Web. 01 Sept. 2010. <http://www.guidetocoachingbasketball.com/zone_press.htm>.
"Man to Man Defense: The Key to the Defensive Success of the Florida State Seminoles Men's Basketball Team - Tomahawk Nation." Tomahawk Nation - For Florida St. Seminoles Fans. 2009. Web. 01 Sept. 2010. <http://www.tomahawknation.com/2009/10/17/1085532/man-to-man-defense-the-key-to-the>.
Basketball Offense 1-3-1: 1-3-1 Offense." Jes-Soft - Basketball, Football, Hockey, Soccer, Volleyball, Baseball and Water Polo Plays, Drills and Software. Web. 31 Aug. 2010. <http://www.jes-soft.com/playbook/pla1-3-1offense.html>.
Wright, By Jay. "Basketball Offense - 4-Out, 1-In Motion Offense, Coach's Clipboard Playbook." Basketball Coaching Playbook, Coach's Clipboard... Coaching Youth & High School Basketball. Web. 01 Sept. 2010. <http://www.coachesclipboard.net/4Out1InMotionOffense.html>.</li></ul>Volleyball<br />You can serve a volleyball in two ways, a float serve and a jump serve. A float serve is performed with the volleyball tossed slightly into the air. In a jump serve, you toss the ball high in the air while striding forward and then hit while jumping up as the ball descends. This guide will discuss proper technique for both types of serves.<br />Learn to Jump Serve a Volleyball<br />1<br />Stand at the back line of the volleyball court. You will be taking three long strides forward before you serve the volleyball.<br />2<br />Take one large step forward, leading with your left leg.<br />3<br />Begin to step forward again, leading with your right leg. While stepping forward, toss the volleyball straight up into the air. You toss should be in front of you and quite high.<br />4<br />Stride forward one last time, and plant your right foot down and jump up to meet the ball.<br />5<br />Strike the ball with your hand as it is descending. Aim for the center of the ball near the top.<br />6<br />Follow through on your serve by landing at or over the service line. Your momentum should carry you towards the net.<br />7<br />Practice your jump serve frequently. Focus on maintaining your balance throughout the service process.<br />Practice the Float Volleyball Serve<br />1<br />Stand a few feet back from the net while holding a volleyball.<br />2<br />Arrange your stance so that your left foot is in front and pointed at the net--or the right foot forward if you are left-handed.<br />3<br />Shift your weight to your back foot.<br />4<br />Raise the volleyball, with your left hand supporting it from underneath. Your right hand should be resting lightly atop the ball.<br />5<br />Move your right hand to your ear, keeping your elbow high in the air. Your left arm still supports the volleyball in front of you.<br />6<br />Toss the ball into the air about two feet high and in front of your shoulder.<br />7<br />Shift your body weight to the front foot, and hit the back of the ball with your right hand. Do not follow through as you would with a jump serve.<br />Practice your float serve. The goal is to hit the ball straight across the net without much of an arch.<br />http://stanjones.ca/PHOTOGRAPHY/SportSeries/Hi700/Sport.jpg<br />Digging<br /> <br />The volleyball dig can keep your team in the game and is a key skill to develop. When the ball is attacked by your opponent, your job is to keep the ball from hitting the floor. A dig is a pass of a hard-driven ball from the other team. Like a pass, your arm position and platform remain the same. The difference is that the ball is coming from a high point above the net and hit in a downward trajectory. When passing the ball is coming from 30 feet away and usually below the height of the net. You must react quickly and adjust accordingly.<br />It is important to keep your knees bent and remain in a low stance for your ready position. You should be lower than you are to receive serve. Keep your weight balanced on your toes so you can spring forward or to the side to get the ball. Bend at the waist to put your shoulders over your knees and keep your arms out to the side just wider than your knees.<br />There are two volleyball-serving techniques. The first technique is ignoring where players are standing on the court and serve certain areas, not zones. If all you ever do is decide where to serve depending on how your opponent is lined up in serve receive, you often play right into their hands. Develop tough volleyball serving skills for hitting common areas of the court that are tough to pass (deep corners and short). The second technique is to analyze how your opponent lines up in serve receive. Much like a quarterback in football reads the defense when calling plays, a volleyball server can read the opponent's serve receive. No one knows your abilities to serve better than you do. Factor together what you know you can do, how you feel in that moment, with your opponent's vulnerabilities. Things to look for are how tall the passers are, how well does the passer move to pass, how well does the passer pass the deep serve, how well does the passer pass the short serve? Short players have s tough time passing deep servers, taller players usually don’t like to be served short. Watch for how well a player passes when moving to the left or to the right. Many players are stronger passing when moving to one side compared to the other. Many passers have become comfortable using their hands to overhead pass the deep serve. Other players only try to pass this ball with their forearms. It can be much more difficult to get in position and pass the deep ball with the forearms, especially for shorter players. Often the best hitter on the team is also one of the best passers. Look to see if a hitter is lined up to help serve receive. You can use this to your advantage by serving them deep pushing them out of the offensive system. You will often discover players not wanting to forearm pass and take every ball with their hands. Serve players that like to take the serve with their hands short, forcing them to forearm pass the ball. Notice if any front row players have backed up to help out with serve receive. You can place your serves in the area of the court that forces the front row player to pass. Forcing front row players to pass can disrupt a teams offense because the front row player will then need to hit after they pass the ball.<br />Volleyball techniques for setting consists of the following steps… <br />322580024765Get to the target. The second ball is always the setters. Seeing as though they know this ahead of time, setters should be lined up properly and ready to move to the target. <br />Be ready to move from the target. If possible, take your first step directly to where the ball is being passed. <br />The better judgment the setter has, the better job they will do in moving straight to where the ball is going. <br />If they leave too early or they make a bad judgment, they’ll step in the wrong direction and not make it there as quickly. <br />Beat the ball to the spot. Setters should try anticipating where the ball is going to be passed. By paying attention to how tough the serve is and watching the way their passer is handling the ball, they may get a good read on the pass. <br />Stop and set. Everything done up until now dictates how well the setter is able to stop and set. <br />Bibliography<br /><ul><li>"How to Serve a Volleyball | EHow.com." EHow | How To Do Just About Everything! | How To Videos & Articles. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. <http://www.ehow.com/how_2051860_serve-volleyball.html>.
Oden, By Beverly. "Volleyball Dig - How to Make a Volleyball Dig." Volleyball. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. <http://volleyball.about.com/od/learntoplay/a/Digging.htm>.
"Volleyball Serving Strategies, Why Volleyball Serve Is So Important." Best Conditioning Volleyball Drills, Skills, Strategies with Rules. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. <http://www.strength-and-power-for-volleyball.com/volleyball-serving.html>.
"Volleyball Techniques for Improving Volleyball Skills." Best Conditioning Volleyball Drills, Skills, Strategies with Rules. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. <http://www.strength-and-power-for-volleyball.com/volleyball-techniques.html>.