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[1]
HONDA MOTORCYCLE AND
SCOOTER INDIA
PRIVATE LIMITED (HMSI)
SUMMER TRAINIG REPORT
BY
SAURABH KHURANA
MECHANICAL ENGINEER...
[2]
A PROJECT REPORT
DIRECT PASS RATIO
Submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of
BACHELOR OF TECHNOL...
[3]
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project report entitled “DPR (Direct Pass Ratio)”
submitted by Saurabh Khurana...
[4]
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This report is based on the work led at HONDA MOTORCYCLE AND
SCOOTER INDIA PVT. LTD (HMSI) at Manesar,...
[5]
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Honda Motors And Scooters India Private Limited has a name in the field of
motorcycles and motor sco...
[6]
INDEX
CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Honda CorporateProfile
1.2 History of the Organization
1.3 Six Regional Headquarters...
[7]
CHAPTER-4 INTRODUCTION TO PAINT DEPARTMENT
4.1 Organisation Structure
4.2 Paint Organization Structure
CHAPTER-5 PROJE...
[8]
CHAPTER - 1
INTRODUCTION
[9]
1.1 Honda Corporate Profile:
HONDA, one of the biggest brand names in the automobile world today, was
founded by Mr.So...
[10]
He wanted to share his new motorcycles with the world and therefore he opened
American Honda Motor Co. in Los Angeles...
[11]
1.3 Six Regional Headquarters:
Six regional headquarters of the Honda throughout the world are written below:
 North...
[12]
1.4 Honda’s Products around the World:
Various Honda’s products around the world are as follows:
a) Scooters & Motorc...
[13]
1.5 Introduction to HMSI:
Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India Pvt. Ltd. (HMSI), a wholly owned
subsidiary of Honda Motor...
[14]
the spirit of today. Bringing joy to people and contributing to social
development will continue to be the principles...
[15]
1.7 Few Key details about HMSI:
1. Registeredoffice
Plot No. 1, Sector 3, IMT Manesar, Distt – Gurgaon
2. Incorporati...
[16]
CHAPTER – 2
PLANT LAYOUT AND
WORKING STRUCTURE
[17]
1.1 Overview of the HMSI
Area: 210,000 sq. m.
Production: 1.55million units/year
Location: IMT Manesar, Haryana
Incor...
[18]
2.2 Plant Layout of the HMSI
HMSI deals with the both the products in the two-wheeler segment. In this plant
there ar...
[19]
2.3 Flow Chart:
Various departments or sections within the HMSI are given below:
 Raw Material Storage
 Brought Out...
[20]
2.4 Various Models
HMSI has a number of models of scooters & motorcycles; they differentiate
according to their model...
[21]
2.5 HMSI Products:
CBR 250
[22]
2.6 Honda’s Philosophy:
Honda’s philosophy has the various characteristics that are listed below:
 It provides every...
[23]
2.7 Company Vision:
Maintaining a global viewpoint, they are dedicated to supplying products of the
highest quality y...
[24]
2.8 Two Fundamental Beliefs:
 Respectfor the Individuals
 The Three Joys
2.8.1 Respect for the Individuals
Respectf...
[25]
The Joy of Selling occurs when those who are engaged in selling and
servicing Honda products develop relationships wi...
[26]
CHAPTER – 3
HMSI PLANT
[27]
3.1 Few of the In-House Facilities
High Pressure Die Casting, Gravity Die Casting & Low Pressure Die Casting
Gravity ...
[28]
3.3 Paint Shop Robots
Paint Shop has a conveyor system, which is unique amongst all Honda
Factories in the world. The...
[29]
3.5 Frame Assembly
Frame Assembly is done at the slat conveyor. After the Frame Assembly line
is the roller tester to...
[30]
3.7 HMSI Environment Policy
As responsible members of society and industry, we Honda Motorcycle &
Scooter India Pvt. ...
[31]
CHAPTER – 4
INTRODUCTION TO
PAINT DEPARTMENT
[32]
PAINT SHOP
The paint department is one of the most important departments of the
organization where the organization h...
[33]
4.1 Organization Structure
PRESIDENT AND
CEO
VICE PRESIDENT
PURCHASE SALES &
MARKETING
MANUFACTURING FINANCE &
ACCOUN...
[34]
4.2 Paint Organization Structure
Paint Shop Organization Structure and There Different Departments are shown
below in...
[35]
CHAPTER – 5
PROJECT WORK
[36]
5.1 STUDY OF PAINT DEPARTMENT
5.1.1 Paint Process
Paint section is very important section. In this section, different...
[37]
Process Full Description
Loading - Material come to press shop in form of metal sheet, in press shop
it is pressed in...
[38]
Purpose of pre-treatment is to clean the surface by removing the occulted oils,
grease, lubricants, dust, and dirt wh...
[39]
5. Phosphating:- Phosphating is a process in which metal Surface is
brought in contact with the solution containing z...
[40]
Electron-Deposition Process- This process is carried out mainly to
apply coating on a component in order to prevent i...
[41]
What is Electro Deposition?
“It is dipping process in which electrically conductive substrate immeresed in a
waterbor...
[42]
Advantages of ED coating:
1. Corrosionresistance of car bodyincreases.
2. Paints are deposited even on surfaces inacc...
[43]
3. Ultra Filtration: To remove the extra ED from the part’s surface. It
also prevents wastage of extra ED paint. Ultr...
[44]
ED Oven: It is used to bake ED Painted parts for proper application of paint.
It removes moisture and bakes ED. Here ...
[45]
1. Sanding Zone:
This zone helps to expose fault & remove minor problem & catches dust by
sanding paper. In sanding z...
[46]
Top Coat Oven: It is used to bake the painted parts for proper application
of paint. It removes moisture and dry the ...
[47]
Paints Defect:-
S No. Defect Causes Appearance
1 Dust Dust from
environment, Paint,
Oven
Irregular particle and patte...
[48]
9 Color
Difference
Paint Maker/Painter Does not match color
standard
10 Overflow Exc.
Painting/Humidity
Paint is exce...
[49]
Process/technique for paint production
Paint Ingredients
1) PIGMENTS – Gives the paint its color
2) RESINS – Binds an...
[50]
5.1.2 Paint Equipment
Heat Exchanger
As there should be need to maintain the temperature of Pretreatment chemical
up ...
[51]
Anode Cell
In ED process, the supply of positive charge current is most essential in the
process. So anode cells are ...
[52]
5.2 Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) Plant
Effluent Treatment Plant is basically a treatment of waste water from paint
...
[53]
5.3 DPR (Direct Pass Ratio)
Direct Pass ratio measures the percentage of the product passing all quality
requirements...
[54]
[55]
[56]
[57]
[58]
An outlay of the above theory:
[59]
Further Activity Plan to Reduce Top Defect
[60]
Below diagram shows what was happening on BDC line and what is now
happening
KWPG PA-SC
BDCareinspected atQgate and t...
[61]
Below diagram shows what was happening on Assembly line and what is
now happening
KWPG PA-SC
Only 2 person on 2 VQ co...
[62]
REFERENCES
 Mr. Varun Chawla
 Mr. Harish Bhardwaj
 Mr. Davinder Deswal
 Mr. Arun Bharsakal
BIBLIOGRAPHY
www.honda...
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Honda Report On Paint

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Honda Report On Paint

  1. 1. [1] HONDA MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED (HMSI) SUMMER TRAINIG REPORT BY SAURABH KHURANA MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SRM UNIVERSITY DELHI-NCR CAMPUS
  2. 2. [2] A PROJECT REPORT DIRECT PASS RATIO Submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY In MECHANICAL ENGINEERING By SAURABH KHURANA (1020930087) SRM UNIVERSITY MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT
  3. 3. [3] CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled “DPR (Direct Pass Ratio)” submitted by Saurabh Khurana in partial fulfillment of the requirements of course at Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India Private Limited (HMSI), as part of degree of Bachelor of technology in Mechanical Engineering Department of SRM University, is a record of confide work carried out under our supervision and has not been submitted anywhere else for any other purpose. Mr. Varun Chawla Miss. Niyati Sinha (Executive, Paint Dept.) (HR -Training &Communication)
  4. 4. [4] ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This report is based on the work led at HONDA MOTORCYCLE AND SCOOTER INDIA PVT. LTD (HMSI) at Manesar, Gurgaon, which is the most prestigious, and a leading group in manufacturing sectors, in India. The contributions of those who ably helped me prepare background material for this report are hereby gratefully acknowledged. I would like to express my deep gratitude to Mr. Arun Yadav, Department Head, who gave me opportunity to do training in his department at Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India privateimited (HMSI). I take this opportunity to express my gratitude and indebtedness to my mentor, Mr. Varun Chawala, Executive, Paint Dept. for his perpetual inspiration, valuable suggestions and dynamic guidance during the course of this project semester. In all my humbleness I place on record, in its first place, my sincere most thanks to Mr. Harish Bhardwaj, Deputy Manager, Paint Dept. Mr. Davinder Deswal, Section head, Paint Dept. who slated me for training on the project which I found to be interesting to study as an engineering student. . I also appreciate his great enthusiasm, capability to make people work as a team, leadership skills and an immense freedom; he has allowed me in my work, which indeed nurtured my self-confidence. His guidance encouraged me to complete the assigned projects. I feel highly obliged and my heartiest thanks to Mr. Arun Bharsakal,Senior Executive, Paint Dept., who provided me an immense learning and practicalities of actual problems faced at the strategic and functional level. The acknowledgement would be incomplete if contribution of whole manufacturing division is not applauded as a whole. I sincerely thank all of them for their cooperation and guidance during my tenure at HMSI.
  5. 5. [5] EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Honda Motors And Scooters India Private Limited has a name in the field of motorcycles and motor scooters. After being established in 1999, in few years it has developed a reputation of providing world class products with a technology to suit Indian conditions. No doubt the policies and procedures followed by HMSI are of world standards but with growing competition and to cut cost in this price competitive market scope of improvement is always welcomed. In this stint of 4 months I was deputed in PAINT SHOP department, the back bone of every organization. The things, which I had read only in the books, were practically seen and experienced in this memorable time span. I was assigned project, which is utmost importance to the PAINT SHOP department i.e. DPR. I came to know the various processes involved in the manufacturing of the vehicles which in turn is very important in keeping the quality of the vehicle. Through this project, I was assigned many problems of welding line. During this project I learned a lot of things about the 5-S rule, cause and effect analysis & counter measure, TQM (Total Quality Management) etc. which was very important from the industrial point of view. Apart from this I got the chance to take part in extra activities, which goes side by side with the regular work. I also got the opportunity to visit various other departments of motorcycle and scooter plant of the company to know & understand how the final vehicle was taking shape. I visited engine and frame assembly, vehicle quality area.
  6. 6. [6] INDEX CHAPTER -1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Honda CorporateProfile 1.2 History of the Organization 1.3 Six Regional Headquarters 1.4 Honda’s Products around the World 1.5 Introduction to HMSI 1.6 Management Board of HMSI 1.7 Few Key details about HMSI CHAPTER-2 PLANT LAYOUT AND WORKING STRUCTURE 2.1 Overview of HMSI 2.2 Plant Layout of HMSI 2.3 Flow Chart 2.4 Various Model names 2.5 HMSI Products 2.6 Honda’s Philosophy 2.7 Company Vision 2.8 Two Fundamental Beliefs 2.8.1 Respectfor the Individuals 2.8.2 The Three Joys CHAPTER-3 HMSI PLANT 3.1 Few of the in House Facilities 3.2 Welding Robots 3.2 Paint Shop Robots 3.3 Engine Assembly 3.4 Frame Assembly 3.5 Safety Used While Working in HMSI 3.6 HMSI Environment Policy
  7. 7. [7] CHAPTER-4 INTRODUCTION TO PAINT DEPARTMENT 4.1 Organisation Structure 4.2 Paint Organization Structure CHAPTER-5 PROJECTWORK 5.1 Study of Paint Department 5.1.1 Paint Process 5.1.2 Paint Equipment 5.2 Effluent Treatment Plant 5.3 Direct Pass Ratio REFERENCES
  8. 8. [8] CHAPTER - 1 INTRODUCTION
  9. 9. [9] 1.1 Honda Corporate Profile: HONDA, one of the biggest brand names in the automobile world today, was founded by Mr.Soichiro Honda at Hamamatsu, Japan in 1948, since then the company has been growing by leaps and bounds satisfying customers all over the world with its comfortable world class products having most advanced technology. Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India Private Ltd. (HMSI), a wholly owned subsidiary of Honda Motor Company Ltd., was incorporated in 20th August 1999. 1.2 History of the Organization: Mr. Soichiro Honda was the founder of the organization, and the first plant of the organization was established at Hamamatsu (Japan) on 24th September, 1948. He dreamed of providing people, everywhere in the world an economical means of transportation. He thought of better ways of making piston rings and found a company & began production. Then his company started producing small motorcycles, including one built in 1949 called D-type dream. Then he thought of making high capacity motorcycles and taking them to racing. So his company made bigger and faster machines, two-, four-, five-, and six-cylinder race bikes and participated in the Isle of Man TT race (125 cc motorcycle class).
  10. 10. [10] He wanted to share his new motorcycles with the world and therefore he opened American Honda Motor Co. in Los Angeles. Also Honda began manufacturing motorcycles at its Suzuka factory in 1960. Honda launched its first sports car, the S500 in Japan and entered Formula-1 in 1964. In 1989, Soichiro Honda became the first Asian to be inducted into U.S. Automotive Hall of Fame. In 1990, Honda wins its fifth consecutive 1st ranking in the J.D. Power Consumer Satisfaction Index. In 1993, founder Soichiro Honda passed away. He dreamed of changing the way people looked at motorcycles and gave us machines that were powerful & fun to ride.
  11. 11. [11] 1.3 Six Regional Headquarters: Six regional headquarters of the Honda throughout the world are written below:  North/ Central America  South America  Afro-Europe  Asia & Oceania  Japan  China
  12. 12. [12] 1.4 Honda’s Products around the World: Various Honda’s products around the world are as follows: a) Scooters & Motorcycles b) Automobiles (Cars) c) Power Products (Generators) d) Robots (ASIMO) e) Trimmers f) Lawn Movers g) Jet Engines h) Honda Engine Jet Engine Fig: 1.1, Various Products of HONDA around the world
  13. 13. [13] 1.5 Introduction to HMSI: Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India Pvt. Ltd. (HMSI), a wholly owned subsidiary of Honda Motor Company Ltd. was incorporated on 20th August1999 to manufacture two wheelers in India. It’s Symbol “Wings” is recognized all over the world as the symbol of Honda two wheelers with which they promise to initiate changes and make a difference in the lifestyle of the people of India. It represents the flight that HMSI has taken to achieve the goals and targets which conform to the international standards. Honda’s commitment to India is to manufacture world class two wheelers that are designed and best suited for local conditions. Ever since its establishment in 1999, : Fig: 1.2, Honda Motorcycle &Scooter India Private Ltd. IMT Manesar HMSI has striven to offer products of the highest quality at reasonable price by following its fundamental belief of bringing joy to people. In a short span of Eight years, HMSI has emerged as the largest scooter manufacturer and the fourth largest two wheeler company in India. While endeavoring to meet and exceed the expectations of the customers, the critical importance of providing the product, technology and service that benefits the existing employees but also beneficial for the newly entered employees to understand the manufacturing flow process in plant. It is believed at HMSI that by meeting these expectations, HMSI will enhance the quality of life through products and services that reflect
  14. 14. [14] the spirit of today. Bringing joy to people and contributing to social development will continue to be the principles that will guide HMSI in future. It came into mass production with Honda Activa in 2001. Since then, the company has continued to grow in the Indian market along with regularly providing world class, advanced and technically sound products. Living up to its illustrious lineage of excelling in the manufacture of two wheelers of global quality, HMSI has revolutionized the multi-dimensional Indian two-wheeler market with products like Twister, Dio, Aviator, Unicorn, Shine, Dazzle, Stunner and Dream yuga Apart from outstanding sales, Honda also caters its customers with excellent service and spare parts support. The HMSI factory is spread over 52 acres, with a covered area of about 85,815 square meters at Manesar, Gurgaon district of Haryana. The foundation stone for the factory was laid on 14thDecember 1999 and the factory was completed in January 2001. The initial installed capacity was 100,000 scooters per year, which has reached 6, 00,000 scooters by the year by 2007 and motorcycle capacity shall be 4,00,000 per annum. The total investment outlay for the initial capacity was Rs.215crores and now the accumulated investment is 800crores. HMSI mainly deals with  Manufacturing and sales of two wheelers.  Manufacturing and sales of two wheeler engines.  Service and sales of spare parts and accessories.  Export of Honda products (CBU, Engine & Parts). 1.6 Management Board of HMSI: A name of the various management heads of the organization is given below:  Mr. Keita Muramatsu (President & CEO)  Mr. H Nagata (Vice President)  Mr. Miutani (Director)  Mr. H Iwakami (Director)  Mr. M Kato (Director)  Mr. T Oyana (ASH)  Mr. M Takedagaw
  15. 15. [15] 1.7 Few Key details about HMSI: 1. Registeredoffice Plot No. 1, Sector 3, IMT Manesar, Distt – Gurgaon 2. Incorporation August 20th 1999 3. Equity capital Rs. 300crores (Approx.7500 million yen) 4. Area Covered area 85,815 sq. m (41 %) 5. Product Motorcycle- Unicorn / Shine / Stunner / Twister / CBR/Dazzler/Dream yuga. Scooters – Activa / Dio / Aviator 6. Plant capacity 1,000,000 per annum, SC – 600,000, MC –400,000 7. Logo Wings 8. President & CEO Mr. Keita Muramatsu Table: 1.1, Few Key details about HMSI
  16. 16. [16] CHAPTER – 2 PLANT LAYOUT AND WORKING STRUCTURE
  17. 17. [17] 1.1 Overview of the HMSI Area: 210,000 sq. m. Production: 1.55million units/year Location: IMT Manesar, Haryana Incorporation: August 20th, 1999 Fig: 2.1: Overview of the HMSI Plant
  18. 18. [18] 2.2 Plant Layout of the HMSI HMSI deals with the both the products in the two-wheeler segment. In this plant there are two sections one is scooter plant and other is motorcycle plant. In scooter plant all the models Activa, Dio, Aviator, Lead and Beat are being made. In Motorcycle plant Unicorn, Shine and Stunner, Aviator is being made. Fig: 2.2: Plant Layout of the HMSI
  19. 19. [19] 2.3 Flow Chart: Various departments or sections within the HMSI are given below:  Raw Material Storage  Brought Out Parts (BOP)  Press and Weld  Paint Shop  Machining Section  Engine Assembly  Frame Assembly  Vehicle Quality  Logistics Fig: 2.3, Flow Chart for the production in HMSI
  20. 20. [20] 2.4 Various Models HMSI has a number of models of scooters & motorcycles; they differentiate according to their model names & power. These are listed below: Scooter & Motorcycle Name Model Name Power Activa KWP 109cc Dio KRP 102cc Aviator KVT 109cc Shine KTE 125cc Twister KWS 110cc Stunner KWFG 125cc Unicorn KSPP 150cc Dazzler KSPL 150cc Honda CBR KWJF 250cc Dream yuga k-14 110cc Table: 2.1, Various Model names & their Power
  21. 21. [21] 2.5 HMSI Products: CBR 250
  22. 22. [22] 2.6 Honda’s Philosophy: Honda’s philosophy has the various characteristics that are listed below:  It provides every Honda associate around the world with a vision.  It tells us the values of our business.  It bonds everyone together towards a common mission.  It provides a constant standard for correct action and ethical behaviour.  It shows the link between the company’s past, present and future.  It challenges the organization to strive for the realization of its vision  It helps our organization to maintain its sense of uniqueness. Fig: 2.10, Shows the Honda’s Philosophy Company Principle THE THREE JOYS HONDA PHILOSOPHY Management Policies RESPECT FOR THE INDIVIDUAL
  23. 23. [23] 2.7 Company Vision: Maintaining a global viewpoint, they are dedicated to supplying products of the highest quality yet at a reasonable price for worldwide customer satisfaction. HMSI has a basic policy that is MSQCD. This basic policy has the following description: Fig: 2.11, Shows the Company vision
  24. 24. [24] 2.8 Two Fundamental Beliefs:  Respectfor the Individuals  The Three Joys 2.8.1 Respect for the Individuals Respectfor the individuals recognizes the following core concepts:  Initiative: Initiative means not to be bound by preconceived ideas, but think creatively and act on your own initiative and judgment, while understanding that you must take responsibility for the results of those actions.  Equality: Equality means to recognize and respect individual differences in one another and treat each other fairly. Our company is committed to this principle and creating equal opportunities for each individual.  Trust: The relationship among associates at Honda should be based on mutual trust. Trust is created by recognizing each other as individuals, helping out where others are deficient, accepting help where we are deficient, sharing our knowledge, and making a sincere effort to fulfill our responsibilities. 2.8.2 The Three Joys Our goal is to provide Joy through our business: for those who buy our products ("The Joy of Buying"), engage in selling our products and services ("The Joy of Selling"), and are involved in business of creating our products ("TheJoy of Creating"). The Joy of Buying is achieved through providing products and services that exceed the needs and expectations of each customer. Importantly, the Joy of Selling and the Joy of Creating cannot be achieved without first bringing joy to the customer.
  25. 25. [25] The Joy of Selling occurs when those who are engaged in selling and servicing Honda products develop relationships with a customer based on mutual trust. Through this relationship, Honda associates, dealers and distributors experience pride and joy in satisfying the customer and in representing Honda to the customer. The Joy of Creating occurs when Honda associates and suppliers involved in the design, development, engineering and manufacturing of Honda products recognize a sense of joy in our customers and dealers. Formerly known as the "Joy of Producing," the Joy of Creating occurs when quality products exceed expectations and we experience pride in a job well done.
  26. 26. [26] CHAPTER – 3 HMSI PLANT
  27. 27. [27] 3.1 Few of the In-House Facilities High Pressure Die Casting, Gravity Die Casting & Low Pressure Die Casting Gravity Die-Casting & Low pressure Die Casting Sections are for manufacturing critical engine parts. 3.2 Welding Robots Weld Shop has spotwelding, seam welding and MIG welding machines to weld various sheet metal parts to form the basic frame and other scooter panels.
  28. 28. [28] 3.3 Paint Shop Robots Paint Shop has a conveyor system, which is unique amongst all Honda Factories in the world. The conveyor car carrying the parts is rotated and dipped so as to enable good paint adhesion, high gloss and superior paint finish. Robots are used in painting for improved paint finish. 3.4 Engine Assembly Engine Assembly is done in an enclosed air pressurized area to protectthe engine from dirt and dust. Each of the engines is then inspected for various parameters.
  29. 29. [29] 3.5 Frame Assembly Frame Assembly is done at the slat conveyor. After the Frame Assembly line is the roller tester to check the final scooterquality before handing over to dispatch. 3.6 Safety Used While Working in HMSI Various safety precautions used inside the plant are given below: a) Cotton Hand Gloves b) Arm Guard c) Arm Sleeve d) Face Mask e) Helmet f) Safety Shoes g) Goggles h) Apron i) Ear Plug
  30. 30. [30] 3.7 HMSI Environment Policy As responsible members of society and industry, we Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India Pvt. Ltd (HMSI), Manesar manufacturer of two wheelers, recognize that wellbeing of humans and conservation of earth’s environment is important. By adopting Environment management system, HMSI is fast moving towards realization of Honda’s Green Factory Concept. We shall endeavor to continually monitor, improve and conserve the environment in which we operate. HMSI is committed to achieve, environmental excellence in all its Industrial activities, in the following ways:  Conserving environment through preventing pollution at its source of generation and strengthening our existing pollution control system.  Promoting Conservation of resources such as energy, water, oil and grease and other Raw materials, by reusing, recycling and minimizing the waste generation.  Complying with all applicable legal/ regulatory requirements and strive to go beyond wherever possible.  Regular monitoring and reviewing of environmental objectives and targets. Increasing environment awareness and competence amongst our employees and encourage Vendors and dealers to adopt EMS. HMSI will continually improve its environmental management system following PDCA Cycle to make it more effective. The Policy will be well disseminated to our employees as Well as persons working on our behalf and to public at large.
  31. 31. [31] CHAPTER – 4 INTRODUCTION TO PAINT DEPARTMENT
  32. 32. [32] PAINT SHOP The paint department is one of the most important departments of the organization where the organization has its own production. The paints are the most important and critical area of any automobile industry. Paint department of Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India Private Limited (HMSI) is a responsible for all the colors which occur in the market. Paint department is the only department which covers the fifty percent area of the plant. Industry is incomplete without Paint Shop. And Paint Shop is only responsible for appearance of the vehicles. It gives colors to the vehicles. Necessity of Painting 1. Colour and appearance. 2. Covering the gaps between the weld joints. 3. Corrosion resistance 4. Makes Components Rust free. 5. Makes surface appearance shiny and good.
  33. 33. [33] 4.1 Organization Structure PRESIDENT AND CEO VICE PRESIDENT PURCHASE SALES & MARKETING MANUFACTURING FINANCE & ACCOUNT ADMIN & GENERAL AFFAIR FRAME MFG. PPC ENGINE QUALITY CONTROL ERING ENGINEERING ENGINE MFG. ASSEMBLY PRESS SHOP WELD SHOP PAINT SHOP
  34. 34. [34] 4.2 Paint Organization Structure Paint Shop Organization Structure and There Different Departments are shown below in the figure. PAINT SHOP Scooter Plant Motorcycle Plant Paint- 1 Paint- 2 Paint-3 Paint-4 B Paint Development A C D ACED ABSSPC Paint Engineering
  35. 35. [35] CHAPTER – 5 PROJECT WORK
  36. 36. [36] 5.1 STUDY OF PAINT DEPARTMENT 5.1.1 Paint Process Paint section is very important section. In this section, different treatments are done on the body covers, frame body and fuel tank and it is a step by step process done as follows. Here shows the process layout of the paint department. Process Flow Chart
  37. 37. [37] Process Full Description Loading - Material come to press shop in form of metal sheet, in press shop it is pressed in desired shape while pressing they use some lubricants, oil, grease in order to make pressing operation smooth. After that the material transfer to weld shop for welding then sends towards loading station where it loaded for PT. The components come from weld shop through trolleys& conveyors. Here the components to be painted are loaded on the jigs for further treatment of the components. These Jigs are attached with carrier & carriers are attached with conveyors. The conveyor is responsible for movement of components & carrier for movement of the jigs. Different types of jigs are used for different types of vehicle parts. Pretreatment- Pre-treatment means the process by which the object surface is cleaned & prepared for painting or coating which is applied subsequently. Pre-treatment plays very important role in the future of object. One can say that “Paint decides life of object & pre-treatment decides life of paint”. Pre- treatment improves quality of painting. It gives very good adhesion of primer, electro coat and paints to the metal substrate and hence increases the life of painted component.
  38. 38. [38] Purpose of pre-treatment is to clean the surface by removing the occulted oils, grease, lubricants, dust, and dirt which comes the surface of body in pressing, welding and loading of the components. Pretreatment is done to make the surface of the component viable for electro- deposition & make the surface clean from greases, oil, dust & make it anti corrosive and rust free. The pre-treatment process involves following stages: 1. Pre-Degreasing:- To remove oil, grease and dust from the component by Saponification & Emulsification reactions and make the surface clean. In this process, Nipaklin 364S chemical is used. 2. Degreasing:- The 80 to 90% of the oil and grease is removed by the pre degreasing process. To remove all the oil and grease from the part it is again reacted by the degreasing chemical. The process is same for pre degreasing and degreasing. In this process, Nipaklin 364S chemical is used. 3. Process Water Rinse 1, 2, 3:- Water rinsing is helpful to remove degreasing chemical solution carried by the surface. In this process, the Process water is sprayed by nozzles and the part is cleaned reducing the effect of degreasing chemical from the components. The part becomes ready for the next process. 4. Surface Conditioning:- To prepare the surface for uniform coating of phosphorus. Part roughness also increases in this process to activate the body for phosphating. In this process, Titanium Oxide is used for etching. Titanium salts form fine colloids which get adsorbed on the metal sprayed in surface conditioning bath. Function: Adsorbed titanium colloids provide fine active nuclei for phosphating reaction.
  39. 39. [39] 5. Phosphating:- Phosphating is a process in which metal Surface is brought in contact with the solution containing zinc, nickel or manganese, phosphoric acid, accelerator & other additives. It is also a spraying process using heated zinc phosphate solution. The treatment produces a reasonably hard, Electrically non conducting surface coating which is highly adherent to the metal surface. Phosphating acts as a base for ED. It prevents the part from rust and corrosion. It provides finely crystalline non metallic phosphate coating which inhibits corrosion resistance & improves adhesion & durability of the paint finish. 6. DI Water Rinse 4, 5, 6:- In this process De-Ionized Water is used as spray treatment. It is used to remove the excess phosphorus deposited on the surface. It provides contamination free phosphate surface prior to painting.
  40. 40. [40] Electron-Deposition Process- This process is carried out mainly to apply coating on a component in order to prevent it from corrosionand other environmental attack. It also provides adhesion for further coating of paint. It makes the surface better corrosionresistant and more durable after the paint process is complete. 1. DI Water Dip: In pre-treatment process, cleaning is done by spray process so some area remains without pre-treatment in which cleaning is not possible. So in this process the body is dipped in the DI Water tank to make the surface clean for ED and remove excess of PT chemicals. 2. ED Process : In this process, bodyis coated with paint with the help of current or charge. Simply, in this process the bodygets the negative charge(cathode) and paint as positive charge(anode) through anode cell dipped in the ED bath carring positive current. When both paint and body comes in contactwith each other electrons get transfer from one place to other forming a uniform layer of paint coating on the surface of body.
  41. 41. [41] What is Electro Deposition? “It is dipping process in which electrically conductive substrate immeresed in a waterborne paint.Thepaintdispersed in water is electrically deposited on the substrate to form a uniform & water insoluble film.”  Deposition of film takes place by increase in pH.  Paint gets deposited continuously through concurrence of four different phenomenon: i. ELECTROPHORESIS ii. ELECTRODEPOSITION iii. ELECTROLYSIS iv. ELECTROSMOSIS ELECTROPHORESIS: Electrically charged substances (dispersed particles, soluble resins) move to the electrodes.  Positively charged paint moves to the substrate. ELECTRODEPOSITION:  In solubilisation of resin takes place.  Positively charged resin gets deposited on the substrate after electrical discharging. ELECTROLYSIS:  Electrolysis of water takes place.  Cathode generates H2. ELECTRO OSMOSIS:  Water contained in the film moves against the current of phoresis of resin due to electric potential difference.
  42. 42. [42] Advantages of ED coating: 1. Corrosionresistance of car bodyincreases. 2. Paints are deposited even on surfaces inaccessible to conventional methods of painting. 3. Uniform film of desired thickness is obtained easily by adjusting voltage. 4. Quantity of drag-out solids is small since bath paint being diluted with water is low in solid content. 5. Automation & faster production rate. 6. Higher degree of paint utilisation up to 95% or more.. 7. No chance of sagging, solvent popping etc & hence better finish & appearance. 8. Less labour intensive. 9. Free from fire hazards & Environment friendly. Standard Specifications  ED MAIN TANK :  Solid content is 11 + 1 % (NV)  Specific conductivity is 600-1200 S/cm  pH is 6.1 + 0.3  Paint temperature is 28 + 2°C  ED application voltage is 140-180 V  ED oven temperature is 170 + 5 °C
  43. 43. [43] 3. Ultra Filtration: To remove the extra ED from the part’s surface. It also prevents wastage of extra ED paint. Ultra filtration means extreamly fine filtration. It is used to recover the paint taken out from the bath, filter the paint under a pressurized condition, utilizing the filterate as the rinsing water & extracted paint is again transfer to the ED bath for its properutilisation. UF 1&2 is done by spraying process & UF 3 is done by dipping process. It is done to remove excess paint deposited on a component. Advantages of UF 1. Efficient separation without the aid of heat or any coagulating agent. 2. Properties does not get affected. 4. DI water spray tank: It is done to wash out any traces carried over from UF 3. Mist spray: In this tank air with very less amount of water is blower over the component. It is done to remove any water marks present on a component.
  44. 44. [44] ED Oven: It is used to bake ED Painted parts for proper application of paint. It removes moisture and bakes ED. Here the component is baked to 170 - 180oC in an oven. This causes the different polymer chains to crosslink (i.e. bind to each other in many places) forming a very strong, flexible, interconnected network of polymer over the whole surface of the component. In oven, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is used for combustion. Cooling Zone: Baked part is then cooled by air blow at room temp. Cooling is necessary in order to make up the componentfor further painting process. Paint Booth: Paint boothis central core of any paint shop. The main painting process is carried out in paint booth. Here the components are painted for protection, providing luster and gloss to the component. Paint boothconsists of following different zones. 1. Sanding and cleaning zone. 2. Base coat application zone. 3. Flash off zone. 4. Top coat application zone. 5. Settling zone.
  45. 45. [45] 1. Sanding Zone: This zone helps to expose fault & remove minor problem & catches dust by sanding paper. In sanding zone SPC components are sanded with sanding paper of grid size 400(solid) & 600(metallic). Then cleaning is done by tag-rag application. But ABS parts are cleaned firstly by IPA (Iso Propyl Alcohol) application and then air is blown over it (Pr. is 4-6Kg/cm2). 2. Base coatzone : This zone provides desired color to the vehicle. In this zone paint is applied manually or by robotic application. It serves as a base for top coat. Electrostatic gun is used for painting purpose. Distance of gun from component is kept at 20- 25 inches. 3. Flashoff zone: This zone provides time for the component such that solvent present in paint should be evaporated from the component. Simply the Component is partially dried off in this zone. This zone is around of 7 minutes. 4. Top coat zone: It adds luster & hardness to the paint finish while protecting the base coat for UV radiation. In this zone paint is applied on the component for good shade & luster of the Component. 5. Settling zone: This zone provides time for the component such that solvent present in paint should be evaporated from the component. Simply the Component is partially dried off in this zone. This zone is around of 7 minutes. This zone is provided for setting of paint before entering in oven. It is necessary in order to avoid popping defect, pin hole defect.
  46. 46. [46] Top Coat Oven: It is used to bake the painted parts for proper application of paint. It removes moisture and dry the paint. Here the component is baked to 150 - 160oC for SPC parts & 60-70oC for ABS parts. This causes the different polymer chains to crosslink forming a very strong, flexible, interconnected network of polymer over the whole surface of the component. In oven, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is used for combustion. Cooling Zone: Baked part is then cooled by air blow at room temp. Cooling is necessary in order to make up the component for further painting process. Inspection: This is the final station of the paint shop & is of the most importance, as defects are bound to occurbut a thorough inspection can spot the defects out & the parts can be corrected right there or can be sent to t/up area or rework area for further correction of the defected parts. These parts are marked so that their further inspection would be easier. Unloading: In this area components are unloaded from the jig. Then they are separated as OK parts, NG parts. The NG parts are sent to rework area & touch up area. The OK parts are sent to frame assembly.
  47. 47. [47] Paints Defect:- S No. Defect Causes Appearance 1 Dust Dust from environment, Paint, Oven Irregular particle and pattern on areas. 2 Orange Peel Excessive or Poor Painting Uneven surface formation, texture like skin of an orange. 3 Mottling Gun not reaching the area a) Spotty, non-uniform, blotchy appearance of metallic paint. b) Small, darker in color, irregular areas or spots in solid paint. 4 Cissing Due to oil marks Appears as a small crater - like an opening in the finish after it has been applied. 5 Gun Spitting Choking of gun Tears or curtains of paint on vertical or inclined areas of unit. 6 E.D. Line Extra Stoppage in P.T Lines shown on the part 7 Popping Excessive Base Coat/Improper thinner mixed Small bumps in paint film which, under close examination, have small holes in the top. 8 Dent/ Scratches From Weld/Due to paint hangers Mark on the body.
  48. 48. [48] 9 Color Difference Paint Maker/Painter Does not match color standard 10 Overflow Exc. Painting/Humidity Paint is excesses on the body 11 Water Mark Improper Air treatment Tiny holes in the finish, putty or body filler usually the result of trapped solvents, air or moisture.
  49. 49. [49] Process/technique for paint production Paint Ingredients 1) PIGMENTS – Gives the paint its color 2) RESINS – Binds and wets the pigment giving paint adhesion, gloss, hardness and durability 3) SOLVENT – Binds and wets the pigment giving paint adhesion, gloss, hardness and durability 4) ADDITIVE – Improves paint and paint film properties. Paint Mixing Procedure 1) Paint & thinner is measured on a measuring machine and mixed together such that the mixture contains 70% paint & 30% thinner. 2) Paint & thinner mixture is properly mixed with the help of stirrer. 3) After mixing , viscosity of the mixture is checked with the help of Viscosity Cup (Ivada Cup – 50 ml, Viscosity Ford Cup – 110 ml) For SPC Parts: Paint Mixing:- Paint + Thinner For ABS Parts: Paint Mixing:- Paint + Thinner + Hardener
  50. 50. [50] 5.1.2 Paint Equipment Heat Exchanger As there should be need to maintain the temperature of Pretreatment chemical up to 55-60 ºC which is much higher than room temperature. So, to maintain this temperature up to a fixed value, heat exchangers are needed. Here, Plates type heat exchangers are used to exchange the heat. These plates are responsible for transfer of heat from one source to other. In this exchanger, in one side of plate chemical runs with a constant pressure & speed and other side in opposite direction hot water run from which heat is to be transferred to chemical. And this process is further going on with different plates attached with each other so that proper heating should be maintain with suitable or proper chemical. And this heated chemical is send to the Pretreatment tanks for their proper usage in pretreatment. For different PT process such as pre degreasing, phosphating etc different heat exchangers are used. And in Ed process also Heat exchangers are needed to maintain the ED temperature up to 27-30 ºC as ED paint get heated in the bath. Fig: Heat Exchanger Here, Hot water used in the process is generated by the direct contact of steam & water in hot water tank. The temperature of hot water is 85-90 ºC & steam temperature is 150-170 ºC. Steam is generated by waste heat recovery fire tube boilers by utility department. Here, waste heat recovery means the gas which is using here is exhaust of the Diesel Generator presented in the plant. So cost of producing steam in this plant is negligible.
  51. 51. [51] Anode Cell In ED process, the supply of positive charge current is most essential in the process. So anode cells are made for proper supply of positively charged current to the ED paint. In this cell, the DI water is used as anolyte for the proper operation. Anolyte Circulation Systems circulate the anolyte across the anode which maintains chemical balance in paint bath by removing paint acid and other anions in the paint bath. The current is passed through this membrane so that it can flow in paint solution. The Number anode cell used in the process is mainly depend upon the dry film thickness of ED painted parts. For more DFT, more no. of cells are used. The anode cells are made of stainless steel (SS) so that they should not be easily corroded. Fig: Anode Cell The Voltage plays a vital role in maintaining the DFT of the parts. As we increases voltage DFT increases. The specific voltage required in ED process is 140-180V. So voltage is directly proportional to DFT of painted parts. The positive charge is given to anode through wire and this positive charge is generated from rectifier. The rectifier converts AC voltage to DC voltage.
  52. 52. [52] 5.2 Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) Plant Effluent Treatment Plant is basically a treatment of waste water from paint shop in different stages with different chemicals used for reducing the water characteristics of waste water. So that, the water should be clean and drain to environment for their further use. What is effluent? Effluent is an industrial waste water of paint shop which is generated during the paint process such as pretreatment, Ed etc. during different stages of paint process. M/S Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India Pvt. Ltd. Installed effluent treatment plant (ETP) to treat the following effluents:- 1. PT & ED Effluent-This effluent is generated in the metal pretreatment and electro deposition process. 2. Paint Booth Effluent-This effluent is generated in the body paint shop. 3. DI & Softener Plant Effluent-This effluent is generated during the regeneration of DI water and softener plant. 4. RO Plant Effluent - The RO plant will continuously discharge a reject stream, which will be treated appropriately before discharge. 5. Stripping effluent.
  53. 53. [53] 5.3 DPR (Direct Pass Ratio) Direct Pass ratio measures the percentage of the product passing all quality requirements without rework. With a high first-pass ratio, costly rework is reduced, allowing production staff to focus on generating the product, not on fixing it or finding the causes of imperfections. Organizations with a high first-pass ratio often have relatively lower overheads, since they can generate more product out of the same equipment before shifting to a new manufacturing set-up. In this report three main paint defects on the BDC of KWP namely 1. Scratch 2. Dust 3. Paint poor These have been analyzed with their reasons of occurrence which is responsible for the ratio of direct pass of the products. Also with every defect occurring, the preventive measures for each have also been suggested.
  54. 54. [54]
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  58. 58. [58] An outlay of the above theory:
  59. 59. [59] Further Activity Plan to Reduce Top Defect
  60. 60. [60] Below diagram shows what was happening on BDC line and what is now happening KWPG PA-SC BDCareinspected atQgate and then supplied toAFby PBS&AF Partsareonceagaininspected at AFbeforesupplying to BDCsubassembly. NGparts arestopped fromsupply to AF. Partsskipped byQgate aresupplied toAF. DefectsaremoreinBDC. 170defectsfromBDC/day DPV(BDC):0.1 BDCisre-inspected beforesupplying. 153defectsfromBDC/day DPV(BDC):0.07 Before After
  61. 61. [61] Below diagram shows what was happening on Assembly line and what is now happening KWPG PA-SC Only 2 person on 2 VQ conveyor for repair of defects Now 2 persons are deployed on AF conveyor for inspection and these vehicles are repaired. 2 person each line at VQ conveyor for inspection Defects are marked by VQ and then repaired on line by PA person. Only defects from one side of conveyor are repaired. DPV 0.23 & DPR 42.7% PA Defects per day: 417 Now Inspection is done once at AF. Then vehicle is checked once again before VQ & repaired. DPV:0.15 & DPR 54.4% PA Defects per day:336 35% improvement in defects Before After
  62. 62. [62] REFERENCES  Mr. Varun Chawla  Mr. Harish Bhardwaj  Mr. Davinder Deswal  Mr. Arun Bharsakal BIBLIOGRAPHY www.honda2wheelers.com www.hondaworld.com www.wikipedia.com

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