Deconstruction Architecture

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Deconstruction Architecture

  1. 1. ARCHITECTURE
  2. 2. ABSTRACT “When we deconstruct anything, we simply do not destroy, dissolve or cancel the legitimacy of what we will be constructing”. -Jacques Derrida-
  3. 3. INDEX 1 2 3 4 5 • INTRODUCTION • PHILOSOPHY • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND • DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS • CRITIQUES
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION - What?  It is an architectural movement that began in the early 1980s.  It is influenced by the theory of "Deconstruction".  It is characterized by fragmentation, and interest in manipulating a structure's surface or skin through transform the basic Volumes of architecture (Cube, Cuboid, Pyramid & sphere) in order to recombine it in a new hybrid shapes. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Recombining Transformation HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION - Why?  Deconstructivism rejected the postmodern acceptance of the historical references, as well as the idea of ornament as an after-thought or decoration. Postmodern Modern INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Deconstruction HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION - Goals  Deconstructivism attempts to move away from the supposedly constricting 'rules' of modernism such as: form follows function INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Purity of form HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS Truth to materials CRITIQUES
  8. 8. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  9. 9. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  Deconstructivism came to public notice with the 1982 Parc de la Villette architectural design competition.  (especially the entry from Jacques Derrida and Peter Eisenman and Bernard Tschumi's winning entry). INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  10. 10. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  The Museum of Modern Art’s (MoMA) 1988 Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition in New York, organized by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley. Philip Johnson Mark Wigley INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  11. 11. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  and the 1989 opening of the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, designed by Peter Eisenman. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  12. 12. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  The New York exhibition featured works by Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l)au, and Bernard Tschumi. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  13. 13. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  Since the exhibition, some architects associated with Deconstructivism have distanced themselves from it.  Nonetheless, the term has stuck and has come to embrace a general trend within contemporary architecture. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  14. 14. PHILOSOPHY INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  15. 15. PHILOSOPHY  Deconstruction is a literary theory and philosophy of language derived principally from Jacques Derrida's 1967 work Of Grammatology. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  16. 16. PHILOSOPHY  the clearest explanation on Derrida’s thinking, which I also found to be notoriously difficult. it’s fundamental to Derrida’s extraordinary view of the world that nothing has much meaning anyway.  That’s why he struggles so hard not to communicate with us; he actually intends it to be difficult for us to find out what he says, if he has anything to say at all!  Many attempts to explain or to analyze Deconstruction have been violently rebutted on the grounds that such approaches violate the very nature of Deconstruction.  Its proponents insist that "it cannot be described and stated as other positions can" because it is a new form of logic that has superseded the old traditional logic in which such analyses are couched. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES Analyze Describe
  17. 17. PHILOSOPHY  Derrida tends to work not so much by initiating ideas as by reacting, forcibly, to what others have written already.  In each case Derrida aims to refute thinkers with arguments derived from the author’s own writings, to demonstrate -successfully in many cases- that the very premises on which the authors base their cases will, if pursued to their logical conclusions, defeat the original arguments.  Deconstruction, after all, is literally concerned -as Derrida insists- with written texts. His attacks are especially focused on subjects such as: Subjects 1. Metaphysics INTRODUCTION 2. Clarity 3. Logocentrism PHILOSOPHY 4. Meaning HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 5. Feelings CHARACTERISTICS 6. Binary Thinking CRITIQUES 7. Phonocentrism 8. Palimpsest
  18. 18. PHILOSOPHY  Metaphysics is the age-old search for “truth” and the “essence of being” that has been the center of occidental Philosophy.  INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Derrida despises this search through the centuries for the ultimate truth, for the reason of our existence & the idea that there should be some kind of "absolute knowledge", "prime mover" or "God". HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  19. 19. PHILOSOPHY  This is relevant to architecture in that, for Derrida, there is no "one best way", no "International Style", no roots from which all architecture has grown. So there are no received truths Classical, Modernist or other. Absolutes in Architecture Absolute knowledge INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  20. 20. PHILOSOPHY  To "deconstruct" at all -program, form or structure- is to demonstrate one's view that there are no absolutes in architecture, that attempts, such as Heidegger's (in philosophy) or Le Corbusier’s, Wright’s and others (in architecture) to find such absolutes are doomed to failure. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Church of the year 2000, Rome by Eisenman. (Deconstruction itself rejects the existence of God) CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  21. 21. PHILOSOPHY  Clarity in Structuralist predecessors is to write simply, directly, clearly and unambiguously,  INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Derrida is part of the Post-Structurlist movement that strongly reacted against the clarity. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  22. 22. PHILOSOPHY Ambiguous INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  23. 23. PHILOSOPHY   “It is my evident desire to insinuate my thoughts into your brain, and thus ‘colonize’ your mind! That is why they write deliberately in such an unclear, diffuse, incoherent and ambiguous way that will get you so angry that, in your struggle to understand, you will be forced into having your own thoughts.” -Broadbent-. Deconstructivist architecture is ambiguous as a Deconstructivist text, whereas clarity is what we see when analyzing Modern architecture, simplicity in its structure, coherence in its programme. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES Diffuse incoherent Ambiguous Struggle to Understand Give up Accept as it is
  24. 24. PHILOSOPHY  Robert Venturi, an exponent of Post-Modernism, had demonstrated a parallel kind of thinking in architecture when in "Complexity and Contradiction" (1966) he attacked "Modernist transparency". INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Outside of a building should not be molded according to its inside logic CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  25. 25. PHILOSOPHY  INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Logocentrism: analyzing the structure of our language -in believe that language is what allows us to think- to unveil the structure of our thoughts and thus arrive at those "ultimate truths". HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  26. 26. PHILOSOPHY  Derrida despises Logocentrism and even rejects any relationship between a word and its meaning. That is why he uses words in any way he pleases, and makes it so difficult for us to understand him.  He wants words (and presumably buildings) to literally have no single meaning. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  27. 27. PHILOSOPHY  He sees Deconstruction as our attempt to recover from the Tower of Babel! “The builders of the Tower sought political domination by imposing on the world their universal language and their universal architecture, exactly as Modern Architecture. Tower of Babel INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  28. 28. PHILOSOPHY  According to Derrida, our aim should not have been to find another "only absolute" view but to seek a diversity of views.” This is a view clearly contrary to that of Modernism. Some architects took literally the notion of no single meaning and tried to create buildings with no meaning at all, organized according to pure geometric rules that would convey no meaning. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  29. 29. PHILOSOPHY  INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Meaning: “Syntagmatic / Associative” ,“Signifier / Signified” Saussure, like many others before him, tended to think in pairs, or "binary oppositions". HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  30. 30. PHILOSOPHY  The denial of meaning from Derrida was taken by Deconstructivist architects and translated as an architecture of pure "syntax" without any "semantic" meaning.  Eisenman's aim when designing most of his early buildings was this, he used extremely pure, geometric "syntaxes" with no semantic references of the kind we loosely call "meaning". Semantic architecture INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  31. 31. PHILOSOPHY  INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Peter Eisenman says: "People have been concerned with relating themselves to their physical environment as a source of security. I believe that if the physical environment makes them anxious they might turn inward and the true source of security is internal. The physical environment can never provide that, it can provide physical comfort, shelter, but it can never provide psychological shelter." HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  32. 32. PHILOSOPHY  When it comes to Eisenman buildings, he creates a really disturbing spacing completely dislocated and every time you don't know where you are, or at what level you are, you never know.  For Heinrich Klotz, Deconstruction is "an indication of how we perceive our lives today and a good part of it is the uncertainty we feel". Eisenman is concerned in causing an uncertainty in people INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  33. 33. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  34. 34. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Classification Deconstruction Style Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY Organic (Curvilinear) Angular HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES Chaos
  35. 35. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Common  No physically pure basic volume.  Fragmented Mass.  New Material (Metals, Glass, Concrete).  Complicated Structure, and thus advanced structural systems.  Relatively high Void percentage.  Open Plan.  Distinguishing from Context. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  36. 36. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  37. 37. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering  Definition: essentially based on fragmenting pure basic Volumes into vertical & horizontal Planes which create different layers. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION Recombining Transformation PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  38. 38. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering  Notable Architects:  Nationality: American.  Born: 1934.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degree from Cornell University. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  39. 39. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering 1 2 3 4 5 Lines: Straight parallel lines & Arch. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  40. 40. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering 1 2 3 4 5 Corners: Right Angle. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  41. 41. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering 1 2 3 4 5 Appearance of Original Basic Volumes: Still visually. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  42. 42. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering 1 2 3 4 5 Articulation: through relation between layers & Masses. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  43. 43. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering 1 2 3 4 5 Openings: by Subtraction & Addition. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  44. 44. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  45. 45. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  46. 46. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  47. 47. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  48. 48. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  49. 49. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  50. 50. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular  Definition: essentially consists of complicated composition of hybrid volumes with Acute angles. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION Recombining Transformation PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  51. 51. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular  Notable Architects:  Nationality: American.  Born: 1946.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degree from University of Essex. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  52. 52. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular 1 2 3 4 5 Lines: Almost Straight Non-parallel lines. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  53. 53. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular 1 2 3 4 5 Corners: Acute angles. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  54. 54. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular 1 2 3 4 5 Appearance of Original Basic Volumes: Disappear. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  55. 55. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular 1 2 3 4 5 Articulation: through relation between Masses. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  56. 56. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular 1 2 3 4 5 Openings: Mainly by Subtraction . INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  57. 57. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  58. 58. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  59. 59. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  60. 60. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  61. 61. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  62. 62. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  63. 63. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic  Definition: essentially consists of complicated sculptured volumes with curvy lines. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION Recombining Transformation PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  64. 64. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic  Notable Architects:  Nationality: Iraqi-British.  Born: 1950.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degrees from Architectural Association in London. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  65. 65. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic 1 2 3 4 5 Lines: Curvy lines. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  66. 66. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic 1 2 3 4 5 Corners: Almost No Corners but curves. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  67. 67. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic 1 2 3 4 5 Appearance of Original Basic Volumes: Disappear. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  68. 68. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic 1 2 3 4 5 Articulation: sculpturing. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  69. 69. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic 1 2 3 4 5 Openings: Mainly by Subtraction. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  70. 70. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  71. 71. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  72. 72. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  73. 73. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  74. 74. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Organic INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  75. 75. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  76. 76. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos  Definition: essentially consists of complicated composition of hybrid volumes with wide variety of lines & angles. Fragmentation Basic Shape INTRODUCTION Recombining Transformation PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  77. 77. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos  Notable Architects:  Nationality: Canadian-American.  Born: 1929.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degrees from University of Southern California. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  78. 78. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos 1 2 3 4 5 Lines: Both Straight & Curvy lines. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  79. 79. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos 1 2 3 4 5 Corners: Both Right &Acute angles & curves. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  80. 80. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos 1 2 3 4 5 Appearance of Original Basic Volumes: Disappear. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  81. 81. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos 1 2 3 4 5 Articulation: through relation between Masses. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  82. 82. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos 1 2 3 4 5 Openings: by Subtraction & Addition. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  83. 83. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  84. 84. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  85. 85. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  86. 86. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  87. 87. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Chaos INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  88. 88. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Layering  Other Notable Architects:  Nationality: American.  Born: 1932.  Qualifications: Ph.D. of Architecture degrees from the University of Cambridge. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  89. 89. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS  Other Notable Architects:  Nationality: American.  Born: 1944.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degrees from ETH in Zurich. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  90. 90. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS  Other Notable Architects:  Nationality: Austrian.  Born: 1942.  Qualifications: Ph.D. of Architecture degrees from Southern California Institute of Architecture. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  91. 91. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS  Other Notable Architects:  Nationality: Polish.  Born: 1944.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degrees from Architectural Association in London. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  92. 92. DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS - Angular  Notable Architects:  Nationality: Dutch.  Born: 1944.  Qualifications: BCS of Architecture degrees from Architectural Association in London. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  93. 93. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  94. 94. CRITIQUES  Certainly arrowheads directed to School of Architecture deconstruction is ready, and the most important principle of causality or function architecture, it is possible to find a column in the dining room unnecessarily, or find a weapon of iron and glass cutter roof of the building without a cause functional convincing except for the art form outside. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  95. 95. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  96. 96. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  97. 97. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  98. 98. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  99. 99. CRITIQUES  As well as the abandonment of the cultural heritage of civilization, it approaches disassembly abandon motifs and architectural elements and replace it with other elements sharp and vehicle and shocking to the eye. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  100. 100. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  101. 101. CRITIQUES INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  102. 102. CRITIQUES  Geometric movement calling for the demolition of all the bases Engineering Alakulaidsah. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  103. 103. CRITIQUES  Calls for the dismantling of facilities to the parts. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  104. 104. CRITIQUES  Difficult to understand for the general public. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  105. 105. CRITIQUES  work needs to be seen by reading about it. Theo Van Doesberg Wall house INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  106. 106. CRITIQUES  You need to understand a catalog of ideas. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  107. 107. CRITIQUES  Building cracker and asymmetry and non-consistency. INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS CRITIQUES
  108. 108. Done by: Husam AlMuzainy Alaa Albdour Ali Athamneh Abdullah Odat Ahmad Sdoudi ARCHITECTURE

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