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Inclusive Education in Australia. Is it possible?


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Inclusive Education in Australia. Is it possible?

  1. 1. Inclusive Education in Australia. Is it possible?<br />The title of the paper linked with this presentation is:<br />Taking the Next Step <br />in Overcoming the Obstacles of Effective Inclusive Education in Australia<br />Presentation by<br />Kerryn Hukkinen<br />
  2. 2. Obstacles of inclusive education in Australia.<br />Competitive School Market<br />The Australian National Curriculum<br />Additional Responsibilities<br />
  3. 3. A Competitive School Market undermines inclusive education.<br />
  4. 4. The Australian National Curriculum supports both equality and excellence<br />“ . . . ACARA . . . will produce advice about using the curriculum to address the diversity of student learning.” (ACARA, 2011, para 1)<br />Will it be enough?<br />
  5. 5. Additional Responsibilities make inclusion difficult.<br />Frustrated<br />Accountability<br />Lack of Time<br />Exhausted<br />Confused<br />Supervision<br />Guilty<br />Professional competence<br />Balancing Needs<br />Support Personnel<br />Behaviour Problems<br />
  6. 6. For Australia to take the next step teachers need to be supported.<br />
  7. 7. Will Australia be able to overcome the obstacles?<br />Only if changes are made<br />
  8. 8. Finland has a different approach and is having amazing success.<br />Result: <br />Little difference in high achievement regardless <br />of socioeconomic factors.<br />
  9. 9. Finland’s part time special education program – all the difference<br />Result: <br />Currently the number of children attending full time special schools is decreasing.<br />
  10. 10. Funding and assistance for all students who struggle – regardless of diagnosis<br />Further release time for all teachers<br />Reduce class sizes<br />Policies and Practices need to align with both equality and excellence<br />Recommendations so Australia can achieve both equality and excellence.<br />
  11. 11. “Our whole system here is all about inclusivity . . . all our kids have special needs. . . There’s very few of our kids who don’t have some kind of special need, even though they might not fit into a funding box.” (Graham & Spandagou, 2011, p. 227)<br />Inclusive education in Australia – not if things don’t change.<br />The title of the paper linked with this presentation is:<br />Taking the Next Step <br />in Overcoming the Obstacles of Effective Inclusive Education in Australia<br />
  12. 12. References<br />Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority. (2011). Diversity of learners [Information Sheet]. Retrieved from Sheet_Diversity_of_learners.pdf<br />Brackenreed, D. (2008). Inclusive education: Identifying teachers' perceived stressors in inclusive classrooms. Exceptionality Education Canada, 18(3), 131-147. Retrieved from 127&sid=99c291c9-b306-4c0b-8640-7426cb4ca396%40sessionmgr114<br />Bourke, P. (2010). Inclusive education reform in Queensland: implications for policy and practice. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 14(2), 183-193. doi:10.1080/13603 110802504200<br />Dare to be Different [Image]. (2011). Retrieved from http://smashfly.files.wordpress. com/2011/08/success.jpg<br />Florian, L., & Linklater, H. (2010). Preparing teachers for inclusive education: using inclusive pedagogy to enhance teaching and learning for all. Cambridge Journal of Education, 40(4), 369-386. doi: 10.1080/030576 4X.2010.526588<br />Forlin, C. (2001). Inclusion: identifying potential stressors for regular class teachers. Educational Research, 43(3), 235-245. doi: 10.1080/0013188011008101 7<br />Graham, L.J., & Jahnukainen, M. (2011). Wherefore art thou, inclusion? Analysing the development of inclusive education in New South Wales, Alberta and Finland. Journal of Education Policy, 26(2), 263-288. doi:10.1080/02680939.2010. 493230<br />Graham, L., & Spandagou, I. (2011). From vision to reality: views of primary school principals on inclusive education in New South Wales, Australia. Disability & Society, 26(2), 223-237. doi:10.1080/09687599.2011. 544062<br />Taking the Next Step in Overcoming the Obstacles of Effective Inclusive Education in Australia<br />
  13. 13. References<br />Halinen, I., & Järvinen, R. (2008). Towards inclusive education: the case of Finland. Prospects, (Preprints), 1-21. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.<br />Kennedy, K. (2008). A national curriculum for the “twenty first century: What do Susan Ryan, John Dawkins and Julia Gillard have in common. [National Curriculum Symposium]. Retrieved 10 September, 2011 from http://www. mean<br />Lindsay, K. (2004). ‘Asking for the moon?’ A critical assessment of Australian disability discrimination laws in promoting inclusion for students with disabilities. Inclusive Education, 8(4), 373-390. doi: 10.1080/13603 110410001678125<br />Odd One Out [Image]. Retrieved from gallery/bold_wallpapers/odd_one_out.jpg<br />Savolainen, H. (2009). Responding to diversity and striving for excellence: The case of Finland. Prospects (00331538), 39(3), 281-292. doi:10.1007/s11125-009-9125-y<br />Success [Image]. Retrieved from TFPx_zFIjII/AAAAAAAAAJ4/FW71cGio1bg/s1600/Dare+to+be+different.jpg<br />Westwood, P., & Graham, L. (2003). Inclusion of students with special needs: Benefits and obstacles perceived by teachers in New South Wales and South Australia. Australian Journal of Learning Disabilities, 8(1), 3-15. doi: 10.1080/19404150309546718<br />Taking the Next Step in Overcoming the Obstacles of Effective Inclusive Education in Australia<br />
  14. 14. Inclusive Education<br />