Bodhisattva

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The Buddhist concept of Bodhisattva

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Bodhisattva

  1. 1. THE BODHISATTVA DOCTRINE
  2. 2. STHAVIRAS VS MAH Ā SANGHIKAS c.a. 200 B.C. <ul><li>RATIONALISTICS BUDDHA AS HISTORICAL PERSON </li></ul><ul><li>MORTAL </li></ul><ul><li>ARHANTAS </li></ul><ul><li>SVABH Ā VA ŚŪ NYA </li></ul><ul><li>MYSTICS </li></ul><ul><li>BUDDHA AS METAPHYSICAL PRINCIPLE </li></ul><ul><li>INMORTAL </li></ul><ul><li>BODHISATTVAS </li></ul><ul><li>ŚŪ NYAT Ā </li></ul>
  3. 3. MAH ĀYĀNA 100 B.C. and 100 A.D . <ul><li>LITERARY SOURCES: </li></ul><ul><li>PRAJÑ ĀPĀRAMITĀ </li></ul><ul><li>SADDHARMAPU ṆḌARĪKA </li></ul><ul><li>AVATAṂSAKA </li></ul><ul><li>SAMĀDHIRĀJĀ </li></ul><ul><li>VIMALAKĪRTINIRDEŚA </li></ul><ul><li>SALVATION </li></ul><ul><li>DOGMATIC AFFIRMATION </li></ul><ul><li>RELIGION </li></ul><ul><li>“ UNCONDITIONED” </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRADICTION </li></ul><ul><li>AFFIRMATION = NEGATION </li></ul><ul><li>PERFECTION OF WIDOM </li></ul><ul><li>EMPTINESS = CONCRETE FULLNESS </li></ul><ul><li>BUDDHA-NATURE </li></ul>
  4. 4. Japan, Bodhisattva, Heian Period  Late 12th Century, Wood with Gold Leaf  Stone Statue at Ryutakuji Temple
  5. 5. BODHISATTVA Pali: Boddhisatta <ul><li>IS A BEING WHO ASPIRES </li></ul><ul><li>TO BUDDHAHOOD. </li></ul><ul><li>IS A BUDDHA TO BE. </li></ul><ul><li>IS A HEROIC BEING, </li></ul><ul><li>A SPIRITUAL WARRIOR </li></ul>(c.a. 200 B.C.)
  6. 6. ETIMOLOGY <ul><li>Bodhi and Sattva: </li></ul><ul><li>Bodhi from the root budh , to be awake, </li></ul><ul><li>means `awakening´ or `enlightenment´ </li></ul><ul><li>Sattva derived from sant , the present participle of the root as, `to be´, means `a being´ </li></ul><ul><li>literally, `one who is´, `a sentient being´. </li></ul><ul><li>Satta (P ā li) and dpa ḥ (Tibetan), heroic being, </li></ul><ul><li>spiritual warrior. </li></ul>Har Dal. &quot;The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature&quot;. Delhi:1975. pp.9
  7. 7. Seated Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (Kannon) 1300?400 AD. Gilded bronze. National Museum of Korea, Seoul, D801 Bodhisattva Dated +1224  Daiho-on-ji Temple, Kyoto
  8. 8. ARAHANTA vs. BODHISATTVA <ul><li>Introverted </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal: Nibb ā na </li></ul><ul><li>Renounce: sa ṃsāra </li></ul><ul><li>Solitary meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Austere </li></ul><ul><li>Self-restrained </li></ul><ul><li>Dispassionate </li></ul><ul><li>Extroverted </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal: Omniscience </li></ul><ul><li>Renounce both </li></ul><ul><li>Social commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Compassive </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly/ Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul>
  9. 9. Avalokitesvara. Anuradhapura period, 8-9 century. Gilt bronze; solid cast.
  10. 10. ARAHANTS 734 AD, Kofukuji Temple, Japan (L) Ragora (M) Subodai (R) Furuna Otagi Nenbutsuji Temple, Arashiyama, Kyoto
  11. 11. Someone is called a Bodhisattva if he is certain to become a Buddha, a &quot;Buddha&quot; being a man who has first enlightened himself and will thereafter enlighten others. The change from an ordinary being to a Bodhi-being takes place when his mind has reached the stage when it can no longer turn back on enlightenment. Also he has by then gained five advantages; he is no more reborn in the states of woe, but always among gods and man; he is never again born in poor or low-class families; he is always male, and never a woman; he is always well-built, and free from physical defects; he can remember his past lives, and no more forgets them again. Translation by Edward Conze        &quot;Buddhist Scriptures&quot; (Penguin Books, 1973)
  12. 12. MANJUSRI BODHISATTVA
  13. 13. 1) Herakles (Louvre Museum). 2) Herakles on coin of Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius I . 3) Vajrapani , the protector of the Buddha , depicted as Herakles in the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara . 4) Shukongōshin , manifestation of Vajrapani , as protector deity of Buddhist temples in Japan.
  14. 14. <ul><li>For embodied beings </li></ul><ul><li>May I be </li></ul><ul><li>The wish-fulfilling jewel, </li></ul><ul><li>The pot of plenty, </li></ul><ul><li>The spell that always works, </li></ul><ul><li>The potent healing herb, </li></ul><ul><li>The magical tree that </li></ul><ul><li>grants every wish, </li></ul><ul><li>and the milk-cow </li></ul><ul><li>That supplies all wants. </li></ul><ul><li>Śantideva </li></ul><ul><li>Make me an instrument of Your peace. </li></ul><ul><li>Where there is hatred, </li></ul><ul><li>let me sow love; </li></ul><ul><li>Where there is injury, pardon; </li></ul><ul><li>Where there is doubt, faith; </li></ul><ul><li>where there is despair, hope; </li></ul><ul><li>Where there is darkness, light; and </li></ul><ul><li>Where there is sadness, joy. </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Francis </li></ul>

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