East Texas Abstinence Program Research


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East Texas Abstinence Program Research

  1. 1. Ready or Waiting? The Affects of Abstinence-Only Education on Heterosexual and Homosexual Women Research compiled and presented by Laura Hughes
  2. 2. Choosing a Topic: The Process <ul><li>-Sexual education and reproductive health </li></ul><ul><li>-Long-standing interest </li></ul><ul><li>-Invested interests </li></ul><ul><li>-Memories of sex ed </li></ul><ul><li>-Internship at Planned Parenthood </li></ul><ul><li>-Encourage women to be confident and knowledgeable in sexual health decisions </li></ul><ul><li>-Program evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>-Public policy continually changes </li></ul><ul><li>-Many changes currently being made </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research Statement <ul><li>“ The purpose of this program evaluation is to identify the affect of the East Texas Abstinence Program on heterosexual and homosexual adolescent women participants. </li></ul><ul><li>By measuring the acquired practical knowledge of sexual health and women’s perceptions of intimate relationships after participating in public school Abstinence-Only Education, program effectiveness of the East Texas Abstinence Program will be evaluated. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, differences heterosexual and non-heterosexual women experience during and as a result of Abstinence-Only Education will be studied. </li></ul><ul><li>The ultimate objective is to determine if the East Texas Abstinence Program is teaching young women of heterosexual and homosexual orientations to be confident and knowledgeable with their sexuality while preparing for relationships of the romantic and intimate nature.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Review of Literature: Synopsis <ul><li>AOE receiving criticism for method of education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently proven ineffective, losing government funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East Texas Abstinence Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of the Teacher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information delivered by teachers carries more weight than when delivered by peers or family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus of study on women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterosexual and non-heterosexual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stigmas of men and women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanting sex vs. wanting love </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Men= dominant; women= submissive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence amid sexual stereotypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women finding a voice when making decisions about sexual health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contradiction in being the ‘gatekeeper’ while being submissive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homosexual women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsure of relationship roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less communication and education= more STDs and partner abuse </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Overview of Methodology <ul><li>Semi structured Interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regionally based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject qualifications: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women of any sexual preference, in or out of relationship(s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ages 12-18 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attending public school and participating in sexual health education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent by mail to students who did not participate in interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parental consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-ended questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Counts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms/ categories compiled in advance, reviewed by interviewers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Matrices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to organize results from questionnaire, making connections </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Figure 2: Sexual orientations and status of subjects participating in semi structured interviews.
  7. 8. Results & Discussion: Synopsis <ul><li>Semi structured interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>808 participants from a variety of sexual backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participants described themselves as ‘confident’, ‘nervous’, ‘cautious’, and others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>27% of the participants identified as lesbian/homosexual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is a need to focus on same-sex relationships and healthy relationship behavior in sexual education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1247 questionnaires were completed and returned (out of a possible 1600 parent-consented and distributed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterosexual sample: direct positive correlation between the reliance on Public School Sexual Education and cases of abuse and pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homosexual sample: positive correlation with between AOE and occurrence of abuse and STDs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Conclusion “ It is the recommendation of the researcher that the East Texas Abstinence Program be completely cut from government funding until the program is revised. The updated program would be more effective for a broader population if it included comprehensive sexual education styles and a more expansive curriculum for healthy relationships. In order to see societal changes in adolescent sexual decision-making, confidence and knowledge will be essential to this growing process.”