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Self illumination


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Before illuminating others illuminate self. Ideas on how I tried to achieve self-illumination

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Self illumination

  1. 1. Self Illumination
  2. 2. Managing Partner Phenomena Communications
  3. 3. Dr. Ali Anani - Managing Partner Dr. Ali Anani : As General Manager, Dr. Ali Anani heads and supervises a team of talented young professionals, and manages the overall brand strategy - ensuring the cohesiveness and creative parts of each campaign for all Agency clients. Dr. Ali Anani holds a PhD from the UK (1972). He has a wide experience in many fields. His accomplishments include the writing of more than eighty publications in international journals, the writer of three printed books in Arabic and one E-book in English. He has written widely for the media and presented a TV program and many radio programs. Dr. Anani main credit is his creativity thinking where he scored among the top %5 international conferences and an author of many business slogans. Moreover, he has consulted for many international agencies including UNIDO, Atomic Energy Agency, UNDP, ESCWA, private businesses and governmental agencies.
  4. 4. index Conditions for Success Wrong strategies Are Thorny Crossing the Intangible Bridges Societal Fragility Must Be Stopped The Profits Syndrome Inducing Opposites for Purpose The C-Day Is Approaching What Unites Us All? Positive Negativity Pairing Thinking Profits Weedy Ideas and How to Deal with Them? Living on the Edge Growing Ignorance Trustphobic Characters Misunderstanding the Message Live and Leave Good Leaves Life below the Soil A Fibonacci Perspective of Emotions Holes in Minds The Profit Paradox The Opinion Path Expecting the Unexpected Building on Cores and not Arms The Flaw in the Flow Is Success the Organized Outcome of Chaotic Movements? The Team Lab Will People-Before-Profit Movement Succeed? The Paradox of Fast Wins The Dizziness of Employee Rotation A Controversial Business Metaphor A Metaphor on the Movement of Businesses Arranging for Success The Orbitals of Needs Disturbing Social Competition How Feeling Insignificant Makes You Significant? Reverse Competition of Values The Butterfly Effect of Time Leaders with Wet Hearts The Luminescence of Minds 6 9 11 13 15 17 20 22 24 26 30 33 35 38 40 42 44 46 50 52 54 56 59 62 64 68 70 73 75 78 80 83 87 91 93 95 97 99 102
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  6. 6. 6 Conditions for Success It is amazing when people do more of the same and believe results will change. It is like if I fry eggs with vegetable oil I would get a banana cake. Results shall not change unless we have different ingredients that will make a banana cake. Organizations that worked with the wrong ingredients are mostly continuing the same thing and yet get surprised when results don›t change. One false ingredient is that profits come first. Profits are the banana cake and will only come as a result of serving people and not the other way round. This is a directional fact. Organizations that worked with the wrong ingredients are mostly continuing the same thing and yet get surprised when results don›t change. One false ingredient is that profits come first. Profits are the banana cake and will only come as a result of serving people and not the other way round. This is a directional fact. This explains my unconditional support for the uplifting purpose of the People-Before- Profit (PBP) Group. Having a purpose that serves people is the third party that glues members of the PBP Group together. We need to remember that there exists no real strong bond between two parties; it is always stronger through a third party.To explain, a wife and husband might differ and come close to divorce. If they have a kid then both the father and the mother would consider the ill-impact of divorce on the kid. They both have a shared purpose: to give their kid the opportunity to grow up healthily spiritually and physically.
  7. 7. 7 The kid is the third party that may prevent or delay divorce. The PBP Group has the purpose of serving people before making profits. This is the gluing third party among its members. Even though this is a pre-requisite for success; however it doesn›t guarantee it. Like any group it takes positive thinking to plan out an action plan. The question that popped up in my mind is why some groups or communities succeed and others fail? My search led me to an excellent and thoughtful post in which the success of local communities depends on completing repeatedly a four-stage process as is shown in the figure below. The PBP is not a transactional one in the sense it is not aiming at improving the current understanding of business; it is more towards transforming the future of how to do business by putting people before profit. The success of the PBP group depends on selecting the right members who share the same passion for transforming the future of business this way. This is the binding glue for members of the group who come from different parts of the globe. The purpose is their concern to serve people first. The members have other concerns in building strong clusters of different specialtiesandtocommunicateeffectivelywithpeople everywhere to get their feedback. The PBP should not only have its own resources; but also connecting with people with particular interests so as the PBP may not distant itself from the masses. It is through people and their contacts that the reachability of the purpose and services of the Group may be channeled to the right people effectively. It is the entanglement of the peoples› desires with those desires of people and their communication channels that will fuel commitment. The PBP Group is having its first global meeting in Las Vegas on May 12th, 2016. This is the time when grape yards will be blossoming. What does these yards teach us? We wish the grape flowers of the PBP Group to blossom to the best grape fruits. The growth cycle of vineyards go through four stages as is shown below:
  8. 8. 8 During the Bud Break stage, buds start growing shoots, which in turn and eventually sprout tinyleavesthatcanbegintheprocessofphotosynthesis,producingtheenergytoaccelerate growth. The buds of ideas of the PBP must grow shoots and generate many ideas, even tiny ones, so as to accelerate the growth of the group. The early shoots are vulnerable to frosting; likewise the PFP Group should pay attention that even though it is holding its meeting in May, still some opponents shall try to «freeze» its shoots of ideas. The Group should know how to sway away the freezing winds away from its shoots. Depending on temperatures, 80–40 days after bud break the process of flowering begins with small flower clusters appearing on the tips of the young shoots looking like buttons. Here is the need for the PBP Group to enthuse the attendees and the public to the value of its purpose. This shall reduce the time required for the flowering of its ideas to begin. It is equally important to realize the time requirement here are lengthy and maximum patience by all PBP members must be exercised. This patience shall be rewarding soon as the stage of fruit set follows flowering almost immediately. Equally important is that the Group forms clusters based on clear criteria and to address peoples› desires. The next stage is veraison, which means the onset of ripening.The grapes remain mostly sour so that they may not be eaten by predators.The strategy here is that the grapes remain «sour for the foxes» to ripen. This is followed by reversing the strategy and turning grapes into sweet ones. The reason is survival is that animals may distribute the seeds. There is a great lesson here for the PBP Group in that it should be «sour» to opponents till its purpose meets support enough to turn the idea into very sweet ones so that people may adopt and distribute them. It is at this stage that people shall connect and commit themselves to the group purpose. It is by linking the two diagrams above that PBP Group shall be able to strategize it efforts. The grape yard is a great metaphor for this course of action. It is a nice surprise that the May conference is held close to grape yards.
  9. 9. 9 Wrong strategies Are Thorny Aquestionoverwhelmsmymind.Arewethe«productofcircumstances»andifenvironment shapes us the way we are? The question spurred my mind having noticed how plants respond to critical environmental conditions repeatedly. This behavior ends up as a habit and a way of living. Are thorny behaviors of some people right in being forced to behave the way they do? It is not only behaviors; it is also making thorny assumptions that make life difficult for all. Showing by examples is a good approach to explaining what I mean. Many plants have thorns, prickles or spines. Prickles, for example
  10. 10. 10 Harsh environments can create harsh behaviors and self-defense strategies. Pickles, thorns and spines are examples of such strategy. When they are noticeable to the naked eye they send a warning of don›t get near me or try to «eat me». Other behaviors resulting from scarcity of resources in harsh environments include being «extensive exploiters». Many smaller shrubs have a dense network of shallow roots that allow them to compete with other plants for water. Survival needs may even turn some plants into being very cunningly aggressive. For example, few shrubs are heavily branched and are pungent-smelling with roots which have roots that secrete chemicals that are toxic to nearby plants. The harsher the environment is the more aggressive plants may get. The self-defending strategies may change to aggressive strategies in some cases. The aggression behavior may be so well disguised that it takes years to uncover them. Recent research (See the article «Plant biological warfare: thorns inject pathogenic bacteria into herbivores.» in Environ Microbiol, volume 9 on page 584) has revealed some disturbing findings. The nicely-colored thorns may release toxic pathogens to the wounded victims. This is death hiding in colorful thorns. Scarcity may lead to different strategies. Plants have four different strategies to cope with the problem of water and nutrients scarcity as outlined in my presentation below: Human may apply similar strategies to cope with harsh business environments. The lack of resources may send businesses into heated competition. Examples include wounding a competitor›s reputation and injecting the wounds with killing rumors. They could lead to depriving other competitors from resources by buying out all sources of a raw material. Establishing entangled networks so as to mutualism is another form of depriving competition from customers. The problem extends to work environments. Depriving employees from useful information is creating a harsh environment for employees. This in turn could shape up the behavior of employees to adopt thorny strategies, which could develop into aggressive ones. This is a crucial issue for fear that employees who develop such behaviors at work may spell same behavior out to customers as well. Harsh work environments when combined with harsh business environment may inflame self-defense strategy into aggressive ones. Making profit more important than people has the recipe of disaster. Profits drive managers to apply excessive pressures on employees signaling the start of a harsh work environment. If the prevailing economic conditions are lagging or getting slower they feed back on the internal work environment. Again, more pressure on employees is applied.The result is that aggressive employees may apply all sorts of negative strategies to protect themselves. A chaotic society may result. Companies that have profits-Before-People strategies may be responsible for creating a society in which individuals may have to have thorns, prickles or spines if not all combined. The decreasing opportunities are for these companies to make profits, the more aggressive theyshallbe.But,itistheirstrategythatpoisontheworkenvironmentwhichinturnreduces profits. These are strategies of tightening the rope of profits on their necks. We know what results to expect.
  11. 11. 11 Crossing the Intangible Bridges A recent post by Sara Jacobvici enlightened me and surely changed me. Sara wrote in her post «I’m never in the same place twice. In other words, I’m not stuck in a transition, I am always moving from one transition towards another. What this means for me is that I need to adapt to the process of change which I need to experience in order for me to grow, develop and succeed. I need to find my “settled” spots or resting places in different ways». This is a profound statement. Change is a process taking us from one state to another.What carries us from on state to the next is a bridge. This could be a moving bridge, a fixed one, a straight one, an arched one, it could be wooden or not. It could be a tangible bridge or an intangible one. It could be a lasting bridge or it could be a very short-lived ones. Quite often than not, radical changes are associated with short «life spans». Take chemical reactions and the transition bridges between reactants and products are of fleeting existence. We can hardly capture them. If the products are firmly «settled» in their new spots they don›t revert back to reactants. The beauty of flowers, the dim lights of dawns, the sunset that separates end of daylight and the arrival of night are the repeating bridges that never fail us. As we cross these bridges we move from one state of emotions to different ones. Some people live in constant worry for fear the lovely dawn hours shall soon disappear only to realize that the dawn has already disappeared. Other people enjoy the dawn and once it disappears they know when the
  12. 12. 12 next dawn shall arrive. Emotional transitions are fast and as we move from one state of passion to another one over short-lived bridges. These bridges may be branched into many directions. Let us go back to the dawn example. One person will enjoy it and as the dawn disappears he/ she is in a new state being willed with positive emotions. The same person could have a different perspective by complaining that the dawns are-only short-lived. By the time the dawn disappears he/she shall be in a sad state. One bridge takes us to more joy and the other bridge taking us to an undesirable state that doesn›t like to stay in that spot. But the experience shall repeat itself the next dawn and the same person will have the choice at the intersection of the two bridges which one to take. If this person takes the same saddening bridge this becomes later a habit in which the person shall sadly stay in for long times. Life is thus a continuous series of intersecting bridges that may take us to different states. We experience this everyday while driving, to give an example. The driver in front of you makes a sudden stop or changes direction and he endangers your life. You could say may be he is sick and is not at his best times to drive and this fleeting thinking is your bridge to the state of toleration. Or, you might get angry with the driver and do acts to stop him or start yelling at him. This bridge shall take you to a negative state. Building negativity on negativity shall become a trend. Staying in its «comfort» might be the consequence. Small and fleeting bridges may as a consequence result in building lasting bridges. The consequential moving to negative states may act at the same time in developing the bridges of habit on crossing them without even thinking. This is worrying as it takes far more effort to correct solidified bridges. Businessesbuildbridgestointeractwiththeircustomers.Imaginenowthatthesebusinesses arriveatabridgewithtwobranches.Onebridgeofchoiceistoputpeoplebeforeprofits.The otherbridgetakesthesebusinessestoprofitbeforepeople.Thislastchoiceisanegativeone and upon repeating this behavior for long times walking this bridge becomes spontaneity. And soon the building of more negativity of a negative bridge shall collapse the bridge.
  13. 13. 13 Societal Fragility Must Be Stopped Keep writing posts- is a call that I received from many thoughtful readers. Is this a good strategy to follow? Or, is it better to write occasionally so that readers may miss your posts. It is like a friend who makes rare visits and this way I miss the friend. Which option to take? Is there a formula to help in answering these questions? To write quite often may sound like a problem of surplus. Exceeding certain limits may be counter effective. Writing very frequently may turn into a problem of «over feeding». It is like over feeding a plant with fertilizers as over feeding plants with them can lead to fragility including pest attraction and disease. If we consider posts the fertilizer of minds then writing excessively can be a risky habit. Could this habit induce fragility to the minds of readers or the writer›s relationship with them? This leads me to the concept of emotional fragility and an author may turn the emotions of his readers towards him into fragile ones. If the readers give strong emotions to a writer and then get soaked with many frequent posts they may have dry emotions to the writer. Like wet clay when it dries it cleaves and so are the emotions of readers. Emotional withdrawals are hard to reverse again and due care is eminent.
  14. 14. 14 Theissueofemotionalfragilityisworthyofcarefulconsiderationandmayleadtoundesirable consequences.The emerging societies are subject to increased emotional fragility.This was shown in a great article titled «Causes of Students’ Emotional Fragility: Five Perspectives». Digging deep into this problem shows that it is a problem of surplus. Excessive controlling by college students whose parents are highly intrusive, controlling, and over-protective are especially prone to emotional difficulties and maladaptive feelings of entitlement. The parents want their siblings to get a high grading to qualify for acceptance at reputed universities. Their exert pressures on their kids, on teachers and on society to make sure their goal is realized. The teachers are under pressure to give high grades even when some students don›t deserve an A grade. Not all teachers have high resilience to pressure. The superficialA›sstudentsattenduniversitiesandjoincoursesgivenbypart-timelecturers.The performance of part-time lecturers is in part judged by students, who shall not give high evaluations unless they get high grades. Once these students graduate and attend work they have already formed the habit of getting what they want by applying pressure. The conflict initiates as employers pay their salaries expecting certain levels of performances by the graduates. The latter fail expectations. Tension builds up at work and productivity suffers. Emotional fragility has its rippling effect and the society suffers. We are building systems that don›t put people first starting from home. By not putting people first we are inducing fragile habits and the whole society suffers. It is a mentality that must be changed.We have seen many proofs of it. Shaky organizations because of falling performances, employees who produce little but require «soft» work conditions are accompanied by declining creativity. We have seen it in hospitals where some MDs make fatal diagnosis or give the wrong prescriptions.The examples too many to count, but the idea is that we lost the vigor to do the right thing right. We are putting family interests before societal interests. We are making quick profits as our prime goal. Profits are centered in the hands of few and again further fragility is introduced to our societies. «People before Profit» is the way so as to restore the resilience of our societies. Continuing with the excessive practices will only compound our problems. If the value of an individual is «tell me how much money you make I tell you what your worth is» is a distortion of values and shall only lead to further societal fragility. It shall penetrate to all societal levels. This shall hurt all societal activities. «Profits before people» is simply a call for societal breakage. I would rather be accused of writing in surplus rather than feeding the society of surplus fragile emotions. That is my cry- put people before profits.
  15. 15. 15 The Profits Syndrome The ultimate objective of a business is to make profits, without which a business shall not survive. There is no denial to this fact. It is when this objective overwhelms the mind that things starts to get distorted. Profits for the business and excluding the interests of people and the environment and basic human values are a recipe for disasters. Imagine a case in which a tires manufacturing company produces mal-manufactured tires. These tires are risky and could lead to fatalities. Still the company uses them in their manufactured cars. The innocent people who pay for the cars end in paying for their death or serious injuries. Who profited then?This is an appalling scenario because the profit of one side is at the cost of lives of others. Selling pharmaceuticals with side effects that offset their benefits is another example of profits that are not. Shelves that are packed with expired products, selling meet that is not suitable for human consumption and trading in faulty building materials that lead to the collapse of buildings in which these materials are used are just few more notorious examples of focusing on profits for one side regardless of the cost it inflicts on people. Trading drugs is a sure way of making huge profits on the expense of the families and their emotional and financial cohesions. The movie « Erin Brockovich» in which an unemployed single mother becomes a legal assistant and almost single-handed brings down a California power company accused of polluting a city›s water supply is a shining example of the distortion I am talking about. Profits have their boundaries and exceeding those boundaries turns the profit desire into
  16. 16. 16 a blind greed that is blind to peoples› interests. This burning desire to make profits while causing severe hazards to the buying customers is a prescription for disaster. Seeing profit in the sole perspective of money-making may deprive the societies from the limiting values that keep making profits within its acceptable zone. The rich becomes richer and the poor poorer is even further aggravated by using illegal ways to satisfy the hunger for making more monetary profits. The result is a society with huge discrepancies and differences in its void structure. The greater the differences are, the weaker the whole society shall get and the possibility of its structure falling down. I discussed this terrible consequence and its destructive impact in the presentation below, which I urge you to scan through to fully comprehend this idea: We cause a problem and then try to solve it. Making profits as the sole objective of businesses is a problematic attitude that is causing huge harm on all levels. We waste our energies in solving problems that we alarmingly created. This attitude has stretched too many domains in our lives and crippled long-standing values. School teachers are among the least paid in many countries. People avoid this job because a teacher is no longer respected for the profits the society gets from him in bringing up healthy generations. The attitude prevailing is that a teacher is a poor person. His worth is not what he provides the society with; it is how much money he/she makes. The results are frightening as people are avoiding teaching as a job or teachers get immersed in giving private tuition to make more money. For me, this is the most alarming issue. It is not only the poor get poorer as much as it is the values of societies are getting poorer as well. This unfortunate trend is spiraling with its damaging effect. Peoplemakemoney,butmoneydoesn›tmakepeople.Thisisanotherexampleofirreversible equations. It is only through putting value to peoples› interest and serving them first that we may reverse the wrong trend and make profits, and including non-monetary ones, of value in our lives. That is the explanation of titling my post of yesterday «Social Fragility Must Be Stopped». We don›t to stand on icy glories that melt as soon as the sun of reality shines out. We need to avoid sinking into the polluted waters of making monetary profits the sole value of a business. We don›t to stand on icy glories that melt as soon as the sun of reality shines out. We need to avoid sinking into the polluted waters of making monetary profits the sole value of a business.
  17. 17. 17 Inducing Opposites for Purpose I am writing from home because I am not feeling well; yet I can›t resist the drive to write this post. The outstanding post of Sara Jacobovici of yesterday titled «Human Paradox 2#: Being Independently Dependent» exited me to the extent I find myself writing. In her post, Sara wrote «From Ali Anani’s provocative post on negativity and positivity, and the dynamic discussion of opposites that ensued, this series titled Human Paradox emerged». The exchange of ideas with Sara is developing into a game by throwing an «idea ball» at her and she responding by returning another «idea ball» at me. Dealing with opposites is a tricky, but is an extremely enjoyable game. Building a strategy to invest in differences is possible, even though it requires advanced creative thinking. Let me start with a real story from which we may deduce a possible strategy. My neighbor had two kids with opposite characters. One kid was nice and quiet; the other one was trouble maker and rough. My neighbor lived on renting few flats in which he collected monthly rents. As expected, some of the tenants procrastinated in paying the rent on time. My neighbor used to send first his «polite» kid to them to remind them of the due rent. Some tenants responded and the rest didn›t. So, the next time my neighbor sent his rough kid to those tenants who didn›t pay the rent. The kid was so aggressive that most of them paid the rent to him to avoid his harsh words and possible wicked actions. The previous story shows how we may build a strategy to use opposite characters to our
  18. 18. 18 advantage by applying one opposite at a time. The strategy would follow the steps shown in the graph below: Having opposites may be employed using a different strategy than the one I proposed above. Here, we may learn from nature. If we look at the bizarre behavior of plants we find that they use smell to repel and attract. That is to say same smell has dual, but opposing functions.TheStinkLilyplant,whichisfoundmostlyintheBalkansregions,gotitsnicknames from the smell that it gives off, which has been compared to the smell of rotting flesh. The smell attracts pollinators so that the plant can continue to grow. The good thing is that the smell is only temporary and does eventually go away. What a creative way of using opposites! There are many other plants which behave similarly. They use the same smell to keep away predators while inviting pollinators. Storytelling benefits from conflicts in personalities. One extrovert and the other introvert for example. When we wish to mix with people very similar to us we run into the risk of staying in our comfort zone. We seek comfort and avoid disrupting it. That is great as long as we don›t wish to experiment, discover and learn. It is in dealing with opposite characters that we get challenged, find new zones to walk into and open our eyes to new possibilities. I find homogeneous teams whose members share same attributes efficient, but not very creative. It is in the diversity that we see new possibilities. This is one of the risks of having social groups of similar interests as there is very little to disturb «their waters». Similar teams or groups or two people are like two keys with no lock to open. The challenge is to find the lock for the key and having the creativity to do that using smart approaches. I suggest to you my presentation below which shows how to use the opposites of silk flowers versus natural flowers purposefully: The opposites that puzzle me the most are optical isomers. These are molecules that have same structure, but aren›t superimposable on each other.
  19. 19. 19 Notice how building up differences results in «emerging» properties. Notice that each of the black atoms carries the same four different atoms or groups. Yet; they are not superimposable on each other. This results in much diversity in their performances. One molecule shall turn the polarized light to the right while the other molecule will turn the light to the left. You might ask, but so what? My answer is that our bodies are rich of molecules that exhibit this character. Not only that as our bodies show different metabolic pathways to the molecule rotating polarized light to the right than same molecules which turn light to the left. There is need to separate the constituent of drugs and only use the isomer that heals our bodies. Using the two together could lead to drastic harmful impacts. A still living example is the Thalidomide. The drug was used o treat pregnant women from morning sickness. Only years later it was discovered that this drug was responsible for the missing limbs of babies.The drug had the two optical isomers: one active and the other causing the babies› problems. Opposites may have their «butterfly effect. A small difference in one molecule turning light right and the other isomer turning light left caused huge problems to humanity. Not all opposites are innocent.
  20. 20. 20 The C-Day Is Approaching May 2016 ,12 is the date for launching the People-before-Profit global conference in Las Vegas. The conference has +30 renowned speakers from different regions of our world. The attendees will cover the five continents and more. The conference shall be a great event by being a conference of brains and hearts united in putting people before profit. The dedicated workshops accompanying the conference shall provide greater opportunities for attendees to exchange knowledge and to strengthen their human bonds. It shall be a thrilling experience to meet with virtual friends with whom we built spiritual relationship in person. It is going to be a conference of minds, hearts, and exchange of knowledge all in a joyful atmosphere. Sounds too good to believe!Yes, it is realizing that the whole idea of the Group was initiated by dear brother Brad Fergusson only few months ago. Dream big to achieve big, but the bigger the dreams are, the more difficult it is to realize them. It is like a kid aiming to reach the top of a high mountain with the harsh rocks of the mountain making the way up to the peak even harder. In spite of all these challenges Brad Fergusson didn›t lose heart and his unyielding determination made him focus on his noble goal with difficulties seen as opportunities to achieve more. Amazingly, over the period of only few months Brad successfully passed many milestones and is still heading his way relentlessly. I find that nothing dilutes difficulties more than believing in a great purpose and following it with enough determination.This is the story of Brad Fergusson as his achievements reached
  21. 21. 21 the peak of his mountainous dream. This is a lesson for all that if there is a genuine will there should be a way. A thorny way may be, but experiences are the gloves that protect us from the thorns. It might get chilly at the top of the mountain, but the warm heart of Brad Fergusson to his friends and his concerns are the blanket not to keep him only warm, but also to those faithful friends around him. I find the post of dear Jenna Stones on Brad Fergusson so fitting that I decided to make a «public-known» stealing of her image and incorporate it in this post. As the C-Day (I mean Conference Day) approaches and our hearts beat faster we feel that it is time to take a pause and say: Thank You dear Brad Fergusson.
  22. 22. 22 What Unites Us All?I find me asking myself questions that sound so naive that I fail to answer them. One question is what unites people? What unites two members of a family, the whole family, the community, the society, the neighboring countries, a geographical region or the whole world? Is the uniting factor the same at all levels or does it vary? Is it survival? That is an important factor because we see birds flock together and help each other by flying in flocks and within V-formations. We see it in fish because they find better survival opportunities in gathering in huge numbers. In wealthy families is survival an issue? Most likely it is not at the moment. The creation of The United Nations has the purpose of peace for all nations and this leads to achieving the purpose of survival for all. Apparently, working from top to down approach is not good enough to keep this dream fully alive. Is it trust? Is this enough to unite people? With all the differences we inherited over the centuries we have created so many rooted differences that make full trust almost an impossible dream. We lost trust by not being trustful to differences and accepting them as a way of enjoying differences; instead to fight over them. Like a garden of flowers with so many flowers with different colors and fragrances that live together has its beauty because of the joy of differences that we experience. However; when it comes to humans and their «garden of differences» we behave differently. We tend to see the thorns in flowers and become self-defending with trust waning away. We have even created The Black Swan and The BlackTulip when we were doing the wrong things to Black people. A car is good as long as it is black. We started segregating beauty and enlarging our preferences. Is it then the
  23. 23. 23 lack of enjoying differences that is preventing humans from acting together? The agony is that our inability to enjoy differences extends to all facets of life. Religions have been a cause of many wars. Religions are like flowers each with its fragrance; but we focusedourattentiononwhichonehasthebetterone.Intheprocess,westartedtorelegate other religions. Language is another example in which each language has its fragrance; yet we failed to enjoy the differences and went into logical preferences that plant the seeds of conflict. Race and country of origin are different; and again we fell miserably in enjoying the differences and make them a source of conflict because we even scale u differences. If an Arab makes a evil action the voices reach the sky kill Arabs. The evil act triggered the wrong attitudes of hating a nation because of its race, language and the «stored» feelings towards that nation. We need to find an element that scales up from the individual to the whole world to act as a real bonding element among people. An element that scales up regardless of the differences, that only stands the test of time, but also strengthens with time. We need an element that applies to all regardless of their differences. WE need an element that is not based on profit from relationship because profits for some all losses for others. WE need a concept that doesn›t disengage itself from us like paint disengages from its substrate. Thinking about the factor I find it to be LOVE. But not any love. It is a conditional one. It loves for others what you love for yourself. This is the fractal initiator that can extend its roots from individuals to families and teams and all the way up to the world. When you love others you think of their interests and grow to believe that if you do you are actually serving yourself, your family and the world. Loving people means doing to them what you like for yourself. This is the unifying concept in a world that is fragmented because of differences rather than enjoying them.reached
  24. 24. 24 Positive Negativity To be living is to be growing for a plant to live it has to grow. Businesses need to grow. Our hopes and aspirations need to grow.Trees need to grow. It is how trees grow that fascinates me and is worthy of pondering on and on. Trees grow and they keep their fractal shape. They keep their uniformity. They keep the provision of equal opportunities for all leaves to have exposure to light and humidity. Trees do that keeping the Golden Ratio. It is the fairness and loving for other leaves what a leaf loves for itself that keeps the unity of a tree. The branches seemed to have a spiral pattern that reached up into the sky. It is amazing that solar panels arranged in emulation of the tree leaves and branches have the maximum efficiency in collecting sunlight. It is fairness and loving for others what to love for self that builds the confidence for a tree to grow. This collective action makes the interest of all higher than the interest of one individual (leaf). As our societies grow it is important to realize that growth should serve the interests of all that will keep the integrity of the social tree. It is not a genuine growth that advances one part of the society while ignoring other parts. It is like a tree growing healthily in one section and staying ailing in another. Soon the tree dies. Within this frame of growth the tree grows tall. New heights impose new challenges. How will the tree transport water from the soil all the way up to the top sections of the tree?Why wouldn›t the lower parts capture all the water with its dissolved nutrients and deny the top
  25. 25. 25 sections of them? Even if the lower branches of tree attempted to do that would they be able to? So many questions percolate in my mind. But the one question of concern here is the way the tree transfer nutrients-enriched water extracted from the soil all the way to the top. It is by creating a negative pressure at the top. The majority of water molecules fall from the top leaves downwards because of gravity. The difference in concentration of water molecules creates a huge negative pressure at the top that overweigh the forces of gravity. This corresponds to a pressure decrease of one atmospheric pressure every ten meters.Watermoleculesthenmoveupfromthepositivepressuretoneutralizethenegative pressure at the top of the tree. I call this positive negativity because the negative pressure led to positive actions. If not, the performance of organizations shall fall as dead leaves do. Thisisanamazingmechanismandhasmanylessonstoteachus.Thetopmanagementmust be the first to sacrifice water (resources, power, or whatever) and create negative pressure and not a positive one on employees. This way the equivalent of water and nutrients in the base soil get naturally to the top in which each layer of the tree acts as a supporter of the water transportation. What is equivalent to water and nutrients is the information at the base level of the organization. If the top management exerts positive pressure all it shall get is the transfer of orders from top to bottom. Organizations can›t grow high without having solid bases and the roots to extract information. More importantly, the unity of purpose and loving for others what a human loves for himself that eventually lead to a coherent structure that serves its own interest by allowing information to reach the top managerial level. Nutrients are not in the air and they are near the base. My previous post on «What Unites Us All»? received a wealth of comments and thoughts. Some authors suggested thoughts as the unifying factor; others suggested power, enlightenment and love. We have a living metaphor- the tree- and show us the way ahead. It is when we serve each other as we want to be served lies the solution. Love and enlightenment are great catalysts when we realize that good things travel up easily if the pressure at the top is negative.This is only possible if people at the top give more than they take realizing that it is the only way to keep the coherence of the growing tree.
  26. 26. 26 Pairing Thinking To sleep is to awake; to live be to die, to think positively is to think negatively and the examples roll on. We live in pairs in spite of us separating the components of the pairs. In doing so, we lose. It is by accepting the pairs as a unity that we may arrive at even creative solutions and I shall show with examples. I follow up on my previous two posts, which drew quite numerous and valuable comments that prompted me to write this post. I want to start with a simple example: the half empty cup, but in a different perspective. I show first the cup filled with optimism and pessimism. This cup could in reality be filed with any polar pairs (positive and negative).
  27. 27. 27 I consider optimism the denser of the two pairs and therefore fill the bottom half of the cup. The more we fill the cup the less of pessimism we have. We could fill the cup till the brim so that no pessimism shall be left. Is that fine working with one component of the dipolar pair? My answer is that this could be counter-productive. This is simply we negating reality if we do so. It is like having a day without the night and the terrible effects this will have on our health. We need a stabilizing effect to our exaggerated sense of optimism like we stabilize our body temperature with negative feedback loops. I am therefore in accordance with the article on «How to Harness the Positive Power of Negative Thinking», in which the author Oliver Burkeman states « Consider the logic: when you try to persuade yourself that everything will work out for the best, you risk reinforcing your unspoken belief that it would be utterly catastrophic if they didn’t. Instead, try soberly working through how badly things could really go. You may find that your fears get cut down to manageable size». We need to go with nature and not against it. That is why I find handling pairing is the natural thing and the swing to one extreme without a solid purpose can fire back. When our selectivity of going for one extreme polar end we fail to embrace reality, the natural laws of pairing and we start to swim against the tide. This is a way of self-deceive. «In simple terms I say we have to think positively about negativity». I enjoyed reading the E-book on The Positive Effect of Negativity, the books offer four examples of campaigns that benefitted from negativity. I produced the below figure from the text extracted from the E-book to show how a negative, but active minority awakened the sleepy majority to their case. It is an example of which the negative produces positive effects.
  28. 28. 28 I give another example from a post that Joanne Swecker shared recently. I love the way she paired the mind and heart, as shown in her image below: My dear friend Edward Lewellen shared a very thoughtful post recently on «The Death of Your True Values», which is quite relevant to this post. Equally important are the great comments there contributed by many thinkers such as Yogesh Raheja, Rod King, Ph.D and JENNA STONE. The comments are of great value to this post. And the big question now «Is it People before profit, or profit before people? I am separating the two opposites. I am saying people come before profit and that does not mean profits are unwelcome. It doesn›t mean turning a blind eye to negative comments. It simply means it is the determination to turn negativity into power to awaken the passive masses into a powerhouse to make the cup mostly full with supporters of people before profit. It is the negativity that shall keep the wave going. I wonder what my friend Brad Fergusson thinks of this post. I think I guessed the answer rightly.
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  30. 30. 30 Profits Weedy Ideas and How to Deal with Them? Obstacles have to be removed. If they stay for long they become deterrent to our progress, which brings in fear, diminishing self-confidence and plants all kind of evil weeds in us. How to remove obstacles is an issue that warrants thinking about. A comment by the honorable lady Isabella (Demetriou) Wesoly, BA Hons, Dip.IRIS, FRSA on one of my posts invoked the idea of this post. In her comment Isabella wrote «In creating a business plan here, there are various levels of ‹pairing› going on, (including a content/discontent 15 year old). It›s as if I am a colander: A colander separates what we mix into a pot of boiled vegetables = SOLID/ LIQUID both are useful for the same and different reasons EATING/DRINKING do we eat or drink soup? I feel we do both, considering that any liquid soup contains particles of food. USEFUL HERE/USEFUL THERE Things that I do not need are useful somewhere else». Things that I do not need are useful somewhere else.This idea brewed in my mind.We have so many tangible and intangible wastes. Emotional wastes, energy wastes, time wastes and food wastes are just few examples. Worse, may be, are the ideas and emotional wastes that stay in our bodies and intoxicate us. Nobody shall remove those wastes for us. It is the individual responsibility first.
  31. 31. 31 One possibility is eliminating wastes by treating the waste someone as the starting material for another.Thinking this way proved to be very viable in negotiations and leading them to success. I explained this possibility in the embed presentation: But then the idea of using colanders to separate liquids from solids strokes my mind. Solid ideas that might not be «solid» and thus sticking to them become blocking obstacles to our progress. The low efficiency of our thinking results in wastes that stay in our bodies? Don›t we have colanders to remove them? Or, are the colanders blocked by the vastly growing seeds of negative thoughts, attitudes, beliefs and bad habit patterns? Or, may be the colanders are glassy and they got broken leaving sharp pieces of irritating glass in our bodies? I feel that we get hot-headed sometimes and try to purify our ideas by adding them to a plastic colander in our heads while holding it. This is risky and the hot ideas may penetrate the holes in the colander and burn us. It is not enough to have hot ides; equally important is purifying them correctly. Hot-headed people and hot ideas need another type of care to contain them in the «colander». We need a breathing period to deal with them to deal with them successfully. Remember that you should never add cold water to hot oil for the oil shall splash around causing risk to people around. It is far better to either add the hot ideas slowly to our «colanders» or wait for the hot person to cool down. We want an approach «colander» that removes obstacles without creating new and major problems. We rinse fruits in a colander to wash the fruits. We brain «wash» people to clean them and reform their ideas and thoughts. Great as we achieved that- but where the washing water ended up? If it is not released outside it allows for the growth of weeds that shall block the colanders of those people we brainwashed.This reminds me of the 1964 movie «36 Hours». Germans kidnap an American major and try to convince him that World War II is over, so that they can get details about the Allied invasion of Europe out of him. The kidnapped walked up to the fact that a small wound in his body did not heal yet. How could the war have ended then? He uncovered the plot. We may brainwash people, but this is subject to finding out the real facts later. Peoplehavedevelopedcreativemethodstoexpandtheusesofcolanders.Forexample,they use them to sprout beans. If you wish the video below shows you how. This way you may a constant supply of fresh beans. Be careful not to leave the sprouts to grow for extended periods for the sprout beans are best when young. This shows us we need constant supply of fresh ideas and that it is best to use them when are young. Blocking the colanders in our brains will only block us from sprouting them in the colanders, but also to inhibit their sprouting because of the colanders are already blocked by old and irrelevant ideas. Best is if we could use our brains colanders to turn wastes no matter of what origin to into useful ones.
  32. 32. 32 Little strain or pain can be of help in somewhat straining some people.They are like strained yogurt to make your own Greek-style yogurt: Line the colander with cheesecloth and. drain plain yogurt overnight in the fridge (remember to place a bowl underneath to catch all the liquid!). We need to wash old thoughts such as profits come before people. Those weedy ideas grow fast and so they lose their tastes.They grow fast and block our colanders and we must remove them first. Streams of new ideas are needed to keep the momentum of «People before Profits». We need to carefully understand that blockage of the colanders is always possible. We need to understand that we shouldn›t waste our times and resources in vain because we then block our own colanders. Instead of wasting times cleaning them it is far better to keep the colanders clean to host other functions and including turning the wastes collected by the colanders into useful products and ideas. We don›t assume easiness of the road ahead, but we shall turn the wastes resulting from own effort into useful applications. This is how people benefit and we benefit. I hope we are not trying to remove misunderstandings, bad ideas, habits, behaviors and emotions with the same blocked colander.
  33. 33. 33 Living on the Edge Iamexperiencingnowlivingontheedgeoflifeanddeath.Livinginapoorhealthstatewhere death is eminent, but full of a lively desire to communicate to the world my experience. The two opposites almost meeting in one point and living the death experience. This is an amazing experience where the swing of the pendulum is frozen in one point. Too tired to write, but energized to exploit the last drop of living. It is a situation in which I find all opposites meeting in point. I find myself looking in the back rear and asking myself have I been honest or dishonest. What would I have done better for myself and others? Have I cheated being dishonest? When people build trust in a person and have no reason to be skeptic about him/her and suddenly this person behaves in a dishonest way the consequences are terrible for all parties. In a story a woman told her friend» dear X… I am sorry to tell you that your husband is living with another woman». Mrs. X blew up and started screaming and cursing her husband. When she cooled down a little, her friend told her «now I have to tell you the truth.Your husband passed away». Mrs. X replied «Oh, now I feel better that he didn›t cheat on me». Cheating was more injurious to her than death. The longer a wife and husband live together, the more the trust is the other partner is honest and is not cheating. When a solid foundation is established between the couple,
  34. 34. 34 trust is taken for granted. If this trust is then violated the consequences are dire. The wife reaches a stage where even she would prefer her husband›s death rather than cheat on her. Cheating can thus turn a relationship that is as bright as a diamond into charcoal that is dull. Why would we do that and how to combat it? What are the consequences of rapidly falling expectations on human relations It seems to me that people great a natural concept- if you cheat and betray the trust people put on you then same people would react to counter your betrayal. This is not only in the human domain; it extends to the animal and plants worlds too. For example, Yucca plants and moths have a mutual interaction to benefit both.The female yucca moths deposit their egg one at a time to the yucca flower. At the same time, the female moth also deposits a small amount of pollen from yucca flowers as nutrition for the yucca moths. Because most of the pollen is not consumed by the larva, yucca moths are therefore also the active pollinators for the yucca plant. “Cheating” sometimes happens when the yucca moth deposits too many eggs in one plant. In this case, the yucca plant has little to no benefits from this interaction. However, the plant has a unique way of constraining this behavior. Whereas often the constraint against cheating occurs directly to the individual, in this case the constraint occurs to the individual’s offspring. The yucca plant can “abort” the moths by aborting the flowers. Notice that the yucca plant prefers aborting its flowers to being cheated.This reminds me again of the lady who found the death of her husband less painful than finding him betraying her. Trust and love are a genuine mixture. Loving your wife and gaining her trust that you shall not betray her or cheat on her is a the way to live a life that keeps you in sheer joy of not inflictingpainonthosepeopleyoucarefor.Losingtrustbycheatinggeneratealltherippling negative feelings. Losing trust and love lead to mounting doubts, building of worries and anxiety and developing feelings of suspicion of self and others as well. It is love combined with trust that does the miracles. The opposite is at least equally true. Like living between life and death on the edge; it is also the same living on the edge of lovable trust and hateful betrayal. Betrayal signals the death of a living life vividly. Businesses should realize that customers are people who shall behave similarly if their trust to the businesses is exploited.The same lessons and the same repercussions are derived.
  35. 35. 35 Growing Ignorance I recall my days when I have just completed my doctorate degree becoming a university lecturer. The campus was lively with sports and entertainment facility. The swimming pools in particular were very inviting. I couldn›t swim and the kids started mocking at me. I didn›t try to swim again for a while. Realizing this was a negative thinking I decided to teach myself swimming. I based my thinking on trying at night so that nobody could see me «faltering» in water. Using my scientific background I realized that if I could float while relaxed I should self-learn swimming easily. I accomplished that in a short while. The next step was to synchronize my breathing while pushing water backwards so that it may push me forwards. I watched movies of great swimmers and how they do that. Soon, I managed to swim. Next time I joined other swimmers they thought that I was acting not knowing how to swim. The feelings that my self-worth was diminishing was the true force towards me to learn swimming and restore my self-worth. Only two years later I decided to study the French language being a frequent traveler and I needed to understand some French. I had moved already to a research job and seconded to teach one course at the university. The French classes were evening classes. To my surprise, two of my female students at the university were my classmates in the French class. No text was given and we had to learn French like babies do. Watch a video in French and then repeat what you here. I still remember the first class in which the first phrase was «Je vais avec vous». I had difficulty repeating it while my students did very successfully. For two days I was under the heavy embarrassment of my students doing better than I. I could have
  36. 36. 36 quitted, but this was to be considered as an escape. I could tell my two students reported my failure to their friends. I decided to work on two fronts: to find out if there was a ‹secret formula» for my two average students to perform better than I in French and find a way to accelerate my learning of French. It turned out that in the country students study French at high school and that the students get the text of the videos from last year students. So, I was racing with a class who started the race before the whistle was blown. These findings restored some of my self-worth. I brought a private teacher for the weekend only to teach me French all day long. He would read French text and I had to repeat after him. My ear got «tuned» to the French language. I ended the first semester with Bien whereas my students got bien evaluation only. It amazes how times have changes. My daughter Sara speaks fluent Turkish only by attending Turkish TV programs and listening to Google Translate. The rapidity of not only technological changes, but also the provision of tools and apps to foster the use of those technologies are mind-boggling not only in learning languages, but in every facet of life. I do routine screening of tools used in social networking. As soon as I have familiarized myself with one, a new tool or apps appears. I find myself losing self- worth for being unable to cope with the rapidity of change.This diminishing return on self- worth may be expounded in the following illustration: This negative effect of change may crop in. Realizing that social networking is causing another negative phenomenon, which is increasing distraction and losing focus warn us that we are swimming in different waters and that we may need to adjust our swimming into diving in the ocean of rapid changes without losing our confidence of self-worth. The propagation of technologies that is able to overcome the obstacles of time and space are rapidly diminishing time and creating new spaces that we are unfamiliar with. We need to upgrade our social skills and not only social tools. The feeling that we may suffer from «growing Ignorance» may damage severely our social and individual worth.
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  38. 38. 38 Trustphobic CharactersMy dear friend, Rod King, Ph.D is the father of the ratio (Delight/Pain). As simple as this ratio is, still it has great repercussions on what we do. We wish to change, but change is painful as it takes us out of our comfort zone. The greater the displacement from this zone is, the greater the pain is. This means that we must anticipate change to give us greater delight than the accompanied pain of change if we are to change. Change for me is of two major parts: voluntary change and compulsory change. If we communicate to people that change is for their benefit and delight their resistance to change me shrink making the change process much easier. In contrast; people will not change unless it is a compulsory change if not convinced of the outcome of it. Change has its depth as well. It could be superficial or it could be deep. Superficial changes maylookinnocent,butcouldhavemajoreffects.Alimestoneshallsinkinwaterbecauseofits heaviness; it shall not if coated with a fatty lubricant.The coating induces new propertied on limestone that create an opposing force to gravity strong enough to offset the gravitational force. This is how a duck floats on water instead of sinking in it. Plants do it as well. May be you heard of «The Lotus Effect». This super water-repellent plant (superhydrophobic) plant because of the presence of fatty materials on its leaves cause water to roll off the leaves and in the process washes away foreign materials. The lotus flower has become the symbol of purity for this reason. It is painful that the purity of the lotus flower has been abused by some humans. You meet
  39. 39. 39 a person who shows you deep smile with whitish teeth and he makes you think this person is the symbol of purity.To your dismay, you find that below the smiles lies a different person with a cunning character. It is turning delight into pain that causes us to change our opinion of this person, but in the wrong direction. I have experienced this effect on LinkedIn. Few supposedly friends wrote to me urging me to read their posts and like them. No matter what, I shall only do that to a deserving post. If I read a post and it doesn›t resonate with me I don›t comment or surely will not click the like button. But then I noticed something. The number of likes decreased on some of my posts. Few likes were turned to unlike. You guessed right as this was done by the same people whom I liked their posts. This is what I call a «trusthobic character». These people roll off water but water drops are not enough to remove all their dirt. Interestingly, these people keep writing to me asking for my comments and likes! I changed my feelings easily because the delight of not responding to them is far greater than the interim pain they caused because of their unprofessional behavior. Sometimes we may hate people or avoid them because of their religion, race or color and it is deep and difficult change to reverse the attitude. This is wrong, but we know it happens. The examples are too many to numerate them.There is an inherited hatred that can›t roll off from the leaves of our memory. Running across those people accidentally will initially cause feeling of avoidance. Changing feelings has to surmount a mountain because meeting them is devoid of delight and is full of pain. However; how many times we discover the wrongness of these behavior that base themselves on false assumptions. I experienced this and it turns out that the change of enmity to friendship may become a lasting one. This is a profound change because it involves change of long inherited assumptions.These changes uproot us from our comfort zones into more comfortable ones. In businesses, a sure way to gain customers and change the hearts of your customers positively is by removing their pains. Not only we may track customers› complaints on social media, but also we may study customers› Journey Maps to identify painful points and creatively turn them to delight points. This is a big change as churning customers who return are the most loyal to your business. Your comments and opinions shall delight me even if they are painful.
  40. 40. 40 Misunderstanding the Message A heart-moving post that is written by Trish Goff and titled «The Power of Goodbye». In the post Trish describes her experience when she was sixteen watching her mother die. Before dying her mother gave her a note she could hardly write saying «Please leave». That was the last time Trish saw her mother alive. The message was poorly understood by Trish thinking her mother didn›t want to see any more of her. This faulty understanding led Trish to lose her way in life for years. Only when she awoke to the real meaning of the message that Trish corrected her paths. Her mother didn›t want her daughter to see her suffering and hardly collecting herself writing the short message. She wanted to relieve her daughter from experiencing the difficult times she was passing through. This realization and self- awakening years later led Trish into new beliefs, healthy actions and selecting the right paths to march on. Trish post not only invoked my feelings, but also triggered an old memory of almost same message that I received and misunderstood. I was doing my PhD in England. One day I heard my name called upon in a loud speaker. I was requested to report urgently to the Department of Students Affairs. I rushed with worries flooding my heart. It turned out that a local hospital received an Arab lady from Morocco. The lady was in a poor health condition, but couldn›t speak English. The doctors were at loss what to do. They contacted
  41. 41. 41 the university to find if there is somebody who could speak Arabic. So, I rushed to the hospital and did the translation. The lady had to undergo a major surgery. Unfortunately, her husband had left one day before and didn›t know about the sudden surgery of his wife. Two days later I decided to visit the lady just in case she needed help. She was recovering and happy that her husband was due to come back in two hours. Having been pleased with her recovery I said goodbye. She replied «Ismahli- meaning please permit me». So, I sat again each time I said goodbye and she kept saying the same words. Finally, «I said I have to leave». She responded «I have been telling you please leave». Even though we both spoke Arabic, Ismahli turned out to mean «you have my permission to leave» Please Leave was the same message Trish and I received and we both misunderstood it, even though the repercussions were not to the same magnitude. The rush to misinterpret the message of please leave led us to guilty behaviors. Both women- the mother and the lady from Morocco- were being hospitalized and weak.Their weakness still prompted them to send positively-intended messages that we failed to comprehend. It is amazing how much pain teaches us. The pain coming from unexpected people like mothers can be truly harsh and may lead some of us to do the wrong actions. It is the accepting the assumption that we build on misunderstanding the message. In a rush of thinkingwetakethewrongmeaning,thewrongpathsandthewronghabits.Onewrongmay invite for many more wrongs. It is only when we wake u to the real meaning and motives of the messages that we wake up. Too late is better than never. The guilt of misunderstanding clouds our minds and hearts. And when the clouds turn rainy, they rain regret and sorrow for not trusting the people who cared for us enough to accept our mistaken interpretations of their messages. From the great pain comes the great regret and self-correction. It is comforting that we may misread the intentions of others. It is comforting that this self-induced pain may be our source of strength and self-correction later on. Please leave… reading this post Please leave…a comment Please leave…your opinion Please leave… the interpretation of the message is yours.
  42. 42. 42 Live and Leave Good Leaves Human tragedies bind people and they rush for help voluntarily. The passionate feelings turn into a driving force that pool people towards helping the deserving parties. In a video that is becoming very popular in Jordan and was only published one day ago shows a kid selling kids stories on the streets. It is a snowy weather and extremely cold. This prompts a man stop his car and ask the kid why he was on the streets. The kid answered him because he needs to make money to buy fuel to heat his home as his family is poor and can›t afford it. As he lost his father the family is dependent on him. The man gave him money so that the kid could buy fuel and go home. When the kid handed him the books the man told him «I have no kids to read them». «But I take no money for nothing» and the kid insisted on giving the man the books. The kid is in need for money, but also in need to keep his dignity. The need for money is for his family, but his dignity is for himself first of all. The man couldn›t drive away leaving the kid with no dignity. In life, we may leave, but we must keep the dignity of others for them. OntheinternetthereisanimageofIndianleadersdisguisedinthetreeleaves.Theoriginator of the image is apparently unknown. I am not puzzling here how many leaders are in the image; I am more interested in what these leaders left for humanity. Did these leaders leave in the leaves great memories? We are the same. Instead of the Indian leaders we can visualize the many faces we have each hiding in a leave. Are we hiding the faces of beauty,
  43. 43. 43 love, affection or hatred, grudge and greed? There are many faces for the same thing. Look at ice and how many faces it has. Look at isotopes how many faces they have. Look at love and how many faces it has. Look at a cube and how many it has. More dimensions we cover, the more faces we show. DO we want faces of heroes or…? It amazes me how many faces passions have. Love is a complex force, but it has many forms as some minerals have. Depression has many faces as dear Dr. Edward Lewellen has shown in his recent post «Costly Depression in Your Organization». Not all depressions may be treated the same way. We call all cases depression, but forgetting they have different faces in the tree leaves. My last post «Misunderstanding the Message», which was inspired by another post by dear Trish Goff and titled «The Power of Goodbye» the Leave order was the theme of both. Here, the theme is Leave healthy leaves with each leaf showing different love. When the hidden faces of love get exposed then people shall remember you for great things. Leave, but leave good leaves behind
  44. 44. 44 Life below the Soil Amazing things go below the surfaces. We all know the Iceberg Effect. How about having a «Sandberg Effect», or «Soilberg Effect»? What we see on the surface is different when we travel below the surface. Why limit our thinking to what goes below the ice and not extend it to the soil? Examples shall explain what I mean. Take the cooperation between plants and fungi. The fungi threads below the soil not only exchange nutrients between self and the roots of plants, but also the threads act as information carrier to the plants so that the plants may talk to each other. Plants have found other ways of communication to alert each other of possible threats coming from approaching threats such as herbivores. They exchange the release of volatile chemicals. Recent researches have shown that the plants have found other formidable means of cooperation. The plants click to the sounds coming from other plants to alert them to approaching threats. Amazingly, plants send sound vibration, which are inaudible for the human ear that can travel through the soil and which the other plants respond to. It is amazing how threats unite living systems and leads to the finding diverse creative solutions to combat the threat. Small plants tend to grow faster when receiving such threats to protect themselves. This is in contradictory to what most small businesses do as they tend to shrink as a means of survival when they in fact may need to grow faster. Survival is a great way to promote voluntarily collaboration. Collaboration need not be
  45. 45. 45 observable and mostly goes below the soil. This is what I termed «Soil Iceberg». That is not the end of the story for this iceberg has many more lessons to teach us. Research has shown that plants have not only diversifies their strategy to combat threat, but also to satisfy their energy requirements. Research has shown recently that plants may draw energy from each other. Again, it is the algae that provided the example. The green algae not only engage in photosynthesis, but also have an alternative source of energy: it can draw it from other plants. The alga secretes enzymes that break down the cellulose from neighboring down into smaller sugar components. These are then transported into the cells and transformed into a source of energy: the alga can continue to grow. The waste of one plant is the source of energy for another plant. What is far more fascinating to me is the human may apply those simple concepts and develop them into feasible applications. The waste of one plant may be the seeds of great potential applications by humans. Here, imagination has a great role and that imagination should reach below the sandy surfaces of the familiar thinking. We need «Brainberg Thinking». Brains realize what great possibilities exist below the surfaces. Does the waste of plants need to be a physical material? Not necessarily as it could be a strange waste as electrons. That is right. Plants generate organic wastes that go into the soil. Great and cheap source these wastes are for bacteria neighboring the roots of the plants. The breakdown of these wastes by bacteria is accompanied by the release of electrons. The use of electrons is for what? It is for electricity generation. This genius idea was developed by Dutch researchers and they have now succeeded in making a pilot plant of this idea. “Via photosynthesis a plant produces organic matter. Part of this organic matter is used for plant-growth, but a large part can’t be used by the plant and is excreted into the soil via the roots. Around the roots naturally occurring micro-organisms break down the organic compounds to gain energy from. In this process, electrons are released as a waste product. By providing an electrode for the micro-organisms to donate their electrons to, the electrons can be harvested as electricity. Research has shown that plant-growth isn’t compromised by harvesting electricity, so plants keep on growing while electricity is concurrently produced.” (source) You can see a video below of this concept and how it works: Below the soil there are so many possibilities for humans to uncover and find innovative applications. I should not leave without mentioning that low «profile» creatures such as bacteria and algae happen to lead us to great discoveries. Never belittle someone for being» little», for this little person could be the spark for great collaborations and innovations. Our view of some humans or employees being waste is distorted. If we can turn electron waste into high energy (electricity), do we fail to do the same with humans?
  46. 46. 46 A Fibonacci Perspective of Emotions It amazes me how much people tend to swing to an extreme among polar things such as emotions warning from negative emotions and encouraging positives emotions. Other examples include: Positive and negative thinking Positive and negative feelings Positive and negative comments Positive and negative opinions Positive and negative beliefs Positive and negative loops, and Positive and negative numbers Being named positive and negative means they are oppositely charged. One can only be present in the presence of its opposite. Yet; we warn against all negatives. What makes things worse is our Negativity Bias, in which we inflate the negativity far more
  47. 47. 47 than we do with the positive ones. Inflating negativity may paralyze us and stop us from takingactions.Itisbecausewefocusonthenegativeofnegativityandforgetthatnegativity has a positive face as well. There are many negative feedback pathways in biological systems, including: Temperature regulation Blood pressure regulation Humanbodyhomeostasis.Thebodytriestomaintainanequilibrium;letustaketemperature. If too cold, the body shivers to bring up the temperature. If too warm, the body evaporates tocooldown. Blood sugar regulation Thyroid regulation Supply demand balance Photosynthesis in response to increased carbon dioxide, and Predator/prey population dynamic The negative feedback loop may cool down the positive escalation of negative feelings and emotions. Take anger as an example. Anger bursts as soon as they get started, they keep growing until reaching a maximum point. We need a negative loop to subdue escalating anger. It is very unhealthy to have meetings in which all people express positive attitudes to an idea.We may experience a positive loop and turn us blind to seeing the negative side of the idea and we get off balance as we tend then to think irrationally. We need some negative thoughts to bring us back to reality.We need negative ideas to oppress our chaotic positive thinking and to awake our senses to the possibility of overlooking what I may term in this context «The Positive Bias». Is this another name for «groupthink»? I dare say that too much of sugar in your cup of coffee makes the coffee unpleasant to drink. No drinking of coffee means no action. Too much of positive can also lead to no action and sleeping on sweet dreams that shall not be realized. Please refer to the two presentations below for greater details: and, «People before Profit» is a positive concept. Its reverse «Profits before People» is a negative one. We need negative thoughts and opinions to stabilize our zeal to the concept and we see them as an opportunity to build on and purify the concept further. This is a concept that id advocated by Brad Fergusson - PBP Heart Centered Leadership and is assisted by great mind to carry it through with enough determination, but not without some self-doubt to think and imagine the brighter future sensibly. But the question is by how much? How much time and effort should be allowed for this mix of positive and negative thinking? My answer is by following Fibonacci Rule»: %62 of time and efforts to positive thinking and the remaining %32 for negatives ones. Is there a better way than using The Golden Ratio of Fibonacci? WhatpromptedmetowritethispostisacommentthatImadeonapostbySophieMilltitled
  48. 48. 48 «Global Politics with the University of Oxford». In her response Sophie wrote «The reason I write so freely about medical and therapy is because I have been through depression and I have come out the other side with so much insight about ourselves and how we are treated by ‹therapists›. My biggest mistake was to put my soul and life into the hands of people who didn›t know me or understand what I was capable of overcoming. I am very lucky that I had my creativity. Today, I teach the young ones not only painting techniques but how to relate each stroke, dot and layer to their own life; painting a picture is similar to painting your life picture. If a mistake happens I never allow them to rub it out - a mistake can lead to another interesting part of the painting that your conscious mind would never have dreamed. It is allowing mistakes and it is allowing yourself to go forward without fear of making the mistake that you can find the jewel in the crown. This jewel is Creativity. Creativity will give you the tools to break out of your own tundra». Is there a better way to show how negative thinking may turn negative experiences into great positive ones? I hope this post serves in painting a better future for all readers.
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. 50 Holes in MindsHoles vary in shape, size and tangibility. You see holes in flowers, tree trunks, cement structures, eggshells, rabbit holes, paint holes and that is to name few examples. You may observe structural holes in social networks and these networks might send you through rabbit-like holes while surfing. In this sense, the term «rabbit holes» is used to describe online activities. You start with an idea in mind, but find yourself going into paths that you didn›t intend to. You learn, may be lucky to run into a new discovery or a video that explains a concept clearly, which was vague to you or run into a new interest. As much as this experience might be enriching, it could also distract you from your initial intent of surfing. Small observations while surfing may drastically change your path of surfing. There are nine holes in the human body. It is amazing how these holes are connected together. Just watch this wonderful video and see for yourself the miraculous human body and how the integration of these nine holes affects the behavior of our bodies.
  51. 51. 51 Structural holes in social media could be a source of information through the bridges connecting the holes. It is again «location, location, location». Structural hole is understood as a gap between two individuals who have complementary sources to information. A benefits from having two bridges allowing him to get tangible advantage. So, a hole might be advantageous for some people and need not be a bad thing. However; it is the intangible holes that prompted me to write this post. These holes could have an adverse effect in that A in the above figure may use his «arms» to exercise power and to pass information that benefits him. Egoism and self-interest might be the consequences of having such a powerful location. A hole is a way to promote self-interest by communicating disordered information. Holes in social network structures with their double faces are indifferent from holes in the leaves of plants. Insects such as beetles that chew the leaves of your plants cause the formation of holes in the leaves. This is the negative side and is not fatal as chewing shall not kill the plants. On the positive side, these insects feed birds. This keeps the ecosystem in balance. Somebody›s loss is somebody else›s profit. Thinking on an ecosystem level is differentfromthinkingself-interestlevelonlyasweexperiencewithholesofsomenetworks structures. Here is an important point to consider by the «People-before-Profit Group» as it looks for the profit not from the self-interest only, but also for the interest of the ecosystem as well. Intangible holes result from our negative thinking. I would is that negative thinking is like insects that bite leaves and leave holes in them. These are holes of low-esteem, of self- poverty and indecisiveness. These negative insects (thoughts) may cause the formation of many holes in the minds. These are dark holes that reflect no light. The adoption of wrong concepts such as «Profits-before-People» may allow for immediate gains. But overtime their harmful effects on the self as well on the ecosystem may not be curable. Profits that lead to holes on the structure of the societal ecosystem are not profits. They are based on self-interests making the interest of an individual or group higher than the interest of the society. When you have a puncture in a tire the car doesn›t drive safely. A puncture in our thinking will only do the same to our societies.
  52. 52. 52 The Profit Paradox Amazing is how life plans for us and we think we do the planning. Dear Sara Jacobovici started a series of posts that are built on a post that I published before. Sara is writing hugely mind-provoking posts. In her last brilliant one titled « Human Paradox 3#: How to Be in the Process of Becoming» she discusses the paradoxes of becoming. The first paradox she attunes to is «As we strive to become, we need to understand who we are, so as to then find the way to be». Sara then moves on to arrive at a second emerging paradox «The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change - Carl Rogers». This paradox then invites for another paradox «paradox of our need for novelty within a structured and familiar environment». It is identifying paradoxes and their emergence that act as a high-level octane fuel to prompt us to see new possibilities and uncover butterfly effects that make businesses profitable while serving high purposes. I commented on this post and I extract the following from my comment «I read the post three times and each time get more amused with a paradox generating another paradox. It is a rule that a paradox generates another paradox? Are we living in a state of fractal paradoxes? Are we chasing an impossible dream by trying to solve a paradox because as soon as we try to do that a newer paradox appears (or emerges)? You remind me of a presentation I wrote few years back titled «The Cost of the Emotional Coast». In the presentation I explained what you described ably in this post «This results from the fractal-
  53. 53. 53 likepropertiesofcoastlines…..».Ifemotionsarepartofwhatdriveustowardstheunknown, then the driver itself is fractal and it shall then be impossible to track or measure a driver because it might change face into a similar, but different face. I have to think more of the linkage between fractal emotions and fractal paradoxes and how they could be related». The great post of dear Sara stretched my boundaries of thinking. Does profit have a paradox attached to it? If yes, is this paradox fractal in nature in the sense that if we zoom in a paradox another one shall emerge? Has anybody experienced this? What were the results? My Google search led me to a heart-breaking and wonderful video. The experience sheds tremendous light on what Sara wrote and on what I am trying to achieve. It is a must see video and I embed it below for the readers› convenience. It is the proof that what Sara wrote is supported by a great life example: We want to be what? Profit-making machines, but what purpose does that serve? Do we increaseprofitsbymakingemployeesstressedandunhappy?Isthepurposetomakeprofits a source of happiness when we create unhappy and stressful work environments? Do we create our own confrontations with embedded tensions and paradoxes and then we create a losing work environment and then hope to make profits. Who will win the cake? I believe it is those businesses that focus on the input and not the output. The cake metaphor shall help in clarifying what I mean. If you make a cake that is of low quality and nobody desires it then you need to see what went wrong. It could be the high mixing of the ingredients (rushing the formation of groups or teams). It could be using the wrong ingredients and mainly unsuitable flour.The presence of gluten in the right amount to balance the formation of tiny voids and inflation of the cake to the desired levels is a prerequisite. It could be the high humidity environment that changes the suitability of gluten. Finally, it could be due to the baking process itself. Just think of the causes and they are all input-related and not output-related. And here comes the paradox of making profits in its alarming face: we stress people, overload them with work and make them work like machines and then expect a great cake o be the outcome! Profits are outputs and we are beyond our control. The cake of profits shall never come to the right level unless the ingredients are right. A main ingredient is that «People-before- Profit» concept is applied. Anything else is a mirage.
  54. 54. 54 The Opinion Path I want first to start with two real scenarios that we all experienced. Suppose you feel very hungry and you want to eat. You also have an important appointment and you must eat fast.You have one supply of canned food. Before opening the can you read the expiry date. To your dismay, today is the expiry day of it. Would you eat? What would be your behavior? Or, you have a supply of rotten potato would you fry it and eat it? Or you have yogurt whose expiry date was yesterday- would you eat it, or throw it in the can?
  55. 55. 55 People are in general risk averts. The instinct of survival will make them react violently if they see the risk as a huge one that endangers their life. However; it is the risk assessments that may people behave differently in above situations. It is also the tension being on the edge between risk and safety. Some people will eat the canned food saying it is low risk to do so because manufacturers tend to bring earlier the expiry date for safety and selling reasons. Others will say why take the risk and add to it the risk of missing the meeting and opt to discard the can. Still some people will at the canned food for economic reasons and avert the loss of purchasing a can that they throw away. I am sure readers have many other thoughts on what they shall do. Nowimagineputtingallthosepeopleinoneroomandonlyyouhavethesamefoodcanand who would eat it?The group dynamics shall influence the individual path of opinion on the same issue. Groups of opinion shall form. One group shall opt not to eat and leave. Another group will be tolerant to the risk and eat the food. A third group shall be undecided and stay on the edge. Same incident, same people but with some different opinions because of the way we influence each other. Those people staying on the edge are the ones whose opinion shall be difficult to predict because a word might send them into different paths. The risk of losing and how it changes the paths of our opinions is well manifested in a soccer game that I witnessed yesterday. Two football teams were competing. The host team had an on-loan player from the competitive team. The match ended in the host team winning one to nil. But the agony was that the on-loan player not only a goal-scoring opportunity for his old team, but also one minute later he scored against his previous team with a brilliant header. I made a point to read some of the comments after the match. It is incredible how the pain developed.The «waste» player who had little value suddenly became the center of interest, being a hero by the fans of his new club and a traitor by the old fans.That «double- pain» came from a player who was relegated made the pain escalate and take a totally different path than expected. Change is painful as it takes people out of their comfort zone. Very rapid changes are even more painful. New technologies are changing fast. As soon a firm buys a new technology a new one emerges. Ideas are taking different paths and as soon as people come to grip with one a new one appears. A scientific research reveals a new finding that makes our current knowledge obsolete. As soon as we get over this pain a new research finding reveals new facts, which make the newly acquired beliefs wrong. We experience the paradoxical pain of knowing more to find how lesser we know. We are living on canned knowledge whose expiry date is now and the pain of deciding is it worthy to acquire a knowledge that is about to expire. Our real dilemma is that we are on the edge having to make instant decisions on issues that are about to expire.We know whatever decision we make shall take us into unknown paths and that people shall never be in full agreement while staying on the edge. If my thought are scattered then I hope readers will help me focus them.
  56. 56. 56 Expecting the Unexpected It is amazing how a small adaptation may lead to unexpected results and produce «Butterfly Effects» on our lives.The need to adapt to changes is a hot issue. But could a small adaptation lead to further adaptations that are disruptive to our lives? Are we aware of the consequences urging people to adapt that in the asking is embedded the possibility of a possible butterfly effect that may lead to heavy disruptions of our lives with its cascading effects? Let me explain. When Edward Lorenz constructed a mathematical model of the weather, namely a set of differential equations that represented changes in temperature, pressure, wind velocity and other parameters he focused on measurable ones to obtain data for his weather simulation. That led him to the discovery of the butterfly effect wherein small changes in weather parameters may cause drastic and unpredictable weather changes. Now, new scientific discoveries shows a different butterfly effect- it is certain types of bacteria, which were never accounted for in the equations by Lorenz, might be responsible for the weather unpredictability. How will these finding reflect on our thinking shall be discussed later in this post. ThestorybeganwiththediscoverybyDeaneArnythatmorefrostformedonplantsinfected with P. syringae. The bacteria produce a special protein, InaZ, which can act as an ice
  57. 57. 57 nucleus at the relatively warm temperature of °2-C, probably because its repetitive shape is just right for coaxing water molecules into a crystalline ice. Pure water may go below 38- Celsius degrees before freezing. Water molecules enjoy being fluid water apparently! It is the presence of impurities around which water molecules arrange into ice crystals that water phase turns into the ice phase. Impurities include microscopic dust particles and soot which may act as ice nucleation centers. But what purpose what serve the bacteria to produce an ice-nucleating protein? It turns out that it is for a frosting damage. Ice has a larger volume than water causing the plant to damage and release its nutrients upon which the bacteria feeds. Later on, the same bacteria were found in the upper atmosphere causing the conversion of water in air to ice. I wonder how such adaptations shall require us to adapt our thinking, simulations and ability to predict the already unpredictable climates of business! If interested, you may watch this short video on «The bacteria that turns water into ice» Adaptations serve a purpose. The purpose of one adaptation of a species might harm the purpose of others in survival or living healthily. It is the «conflict of «purposes» that we are witnessing. When a new business forms it ideally must have a clear purpose that is well expressed. It is the «who» the business shall serve combined with why and how of implementing it that count. It is quite helpful to consider business on different time scales. These may include the far future, the near future and the present.
  58. 58. 58 I call this «The Venn diagram of Time». It is great to have a look into the future; however it is equally important to realize that the business climate is turbulent and «small» nucleating agents may frost the climate and lead us to burst out our information like a protein from bacteria forces a plant to burst and feed its nutrients to the bacteria.We need to be realistic and do reverse thinking. We need to think of the near future and what to do and then we need to focus on the present. Using this «time funnel» would help us spot adaptations of «small players» who may be able to make life difficult for any business and even on a global scale. Not all purposes are equal- they have different impacts and these impacts might vary over time. We may place them in a graph similar to those used for risk graphs. Some purposes might be impactful and grand; others could be marginal with no impact. At least it is how they appear today. Be aware for some purposes may be small in your opinion, but may be the bacteria that defeat the purposes of others and frost them to deprive them of any value. Work on grand purposes, but always remember the opposing purposes coming from small players. Small purposes have the advantage of being almost unnoticed, while preparing self for digesting a noticeable business.The grand purpose of survival of the weak might be the most hidden threat to a business. Expect the unexpected from them.
  59. 59. 59 Building on Cores and not Arms TherearebooksthatIreadandresideinmymemory.Theykeeppoppinginmyheadabruptly. One book is surely that is written by the dear friend Edward Lewellen titled «The -90Second Mind Manager». I am still privileged to have written the foreword for this «thinking book». In the book Dr. Lewellen highlights the importance of mining out the core values of people as a primary step in their healing. The question that reminded me of this book is what happens if we don›t build on the core values? Is there a metaphor to answer this question? And what lessons may be derived? Having scratched my head I found what I believe is a good metaphor. It is the growth of polymers either from the core or from the arms. The simplest polymer that has some fascinating properties is Ethylene Oxide. The building block is ethylene oxide, which upon reacting with itself it produces a polymer with many faces (morphs).This process of building the polymeric chains may be by adding more molecules of other chemicals to the core or arms of the growing polymer. It is amazing that the resulting copolymer of core-first showed different behavior of the material produced by adding to the arms. For example, the core-based one gave a copolymer that is soluble in water; in contrast, the arms-based
  60. 60. 60 one is water insoluble and formed aggregates. The star-shaped copolymer remains «more homogeneous» with itself. Source: Tobias Rudolph et al. Published Tobias Rudolph. Published in Polymers ,5 ,2013 1101-1081; doi:10.3390/polym5031081 Edward Lewellen calls for identifying the core values to build on them, stretch them and add to them if we are to stay homogeneous with one self. If not, we may be extending the arms of non-core values and this way we become less homogeneous with self. It is strengthening the core that matters. It becomes then of extreme value to identify the core values and the «The -90Second Mind Manager» e-Book shows you the way on not only how to identify your core values, but also how to build on them and stretch them to cope with depression and low-energy states. Trees define their attachment points so that dead leaves may fall. Attachment serves a purpose. See in particular Slide 6 of the presentation in particular on how attachment may be «tailored to serve certain purposes. Attachmenttocorevaluesmustthereforeserveapurposeaswell.Itisamazingourtendency to stretch the arms of non-core values and still expect great results when in fact we are making ourselves less «homogenous» with selves, others and the environment. The story doesn›t end here as a new definition of leaders may be elucidated. It is amazing how ethylene oxide might give so many different shapes of polymers to adapt to the reaction conditions. This molecule, ethylene oxide, has a triangular shape with two carbon atoms and one Oxygen atom. The triangle is stressed so that it loves to «open up» and with other molecules rather easily. Analogously, do we need leaders who have initially a closed and tight group of three people who are «stressed» enough to open easily for others so that they may build a chain of supporters? Are leaders more stressed with the prevailing situations so that they arrange
  61. 61. 61 themselves in closed triads ready to burst and open up for energetic supporters? Have movements such as «People-Before-Profit» started with a core of three people who were highly energetic to expand by adding great supporters? Brad Fergusson surely has the answer. Themetaphorofethyleneoxidestillservesotherideasonleadership.Thismoleculeproduces highly flexible polymers because it has no bulky groups to restrict the movement of the resulting polymer chains. This way ethylene oxide polymers upon crystallization produce so many different shapes- almost endless shapes that adapt to the prevailing conditions. It is the flexibility of the linkages of the backbone of the monomer, ethylene oxide that allows for the formation of so many different shapes. As with all crystallization, you have the competing effects of nucleation and growth occurring.The relative rates determine the shape of the final crystal. See figure below for examples of these shapes. Source: The take away here is that having a stressed triangle of people with enough flexibility shall allowtheirideastocrystallizeinmanyshapesandformsdependingontheemergingneeds. In the case of «people-Before-Profit» Group this means that they might be assessing two different needs: the nucleation of new activities versus the growth of existing ones. It is the flexibility in the structure that shall allow for balancing the two forces and new shapes of growth, activities and responsibilities shall emerge. It is nucleation and adding to the core or expanding and adding to the arms. Report this
  62. 62. 62 TherearebooksthatIreadand resideTheFlawintheFlow Based on my experiences I dare say that our efforts reach their climax when we are able to turn negative events into positive ones.This change of direction requires momentum to do, but with creative ideas we may turn them into great successes. I had my share of negative situations. One example is a freely-distributed weekly newspaper that carried the name of Al Madina meaning the city. The newspaper had a label in red and bold letters saying it is for free for fear some distributors would sell it. Complaints soon mounted because critics didn›t like the sound of their city being offered for free.They linked for free with the city and not with the newspaper. The owners were at loss what to do. I was consulted and came with the following solution «Al Madina for Free… it is too dear to be sold». This became a trademark for the newspaper and people loved it. It proved to be a great idea to dissolve all objections. In a story from old Arab history a leading man was killed. For Moslems to dignify a dead person you must bury him/her.The governor ordered that the corpse of the man be hanged to a high tree so as not to dignify him and remind people of what would happen to them should they carry on with the guidance of the killed leader. A brilliant poet passed be the