CHALLENGES FOR WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS INPESHAWAR Lack of economic participation due to unfavorable traditions Women entrepreneurs were barred from participating in policyreform process. Heavily male dominated society Threats from Taliban for Women participation in the mainstream economy. Lack of access to finance Lack business experience and skills Limited knowledge of regulatory provisions Lack of understanding of chamber business2
THE FORMATION OF WOMEN’S CHAMBERS ISPERHAPS THE BEST THING HAPPENED FORWOMEN ENTREPRENEURS IN PAKISTAN. DESPITE51 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION, UNTIL 2006,WOMEN DID NOT HAVE A VOICE IN THE ECONOMICPOLICY DEVELOPMENT, NOW THERE ARE EIGHTREGISTERED WOMEN’S CHAMBERS TO SPEAK ONBEHALF OF THEIR MEMBERS. WE ARE YOUNGCHAMBERS, WE NEED TO IMPROVE OURSTRUCTURE TO BECOME MORE ACTIVE, BUT WEARE LEARNING FAST
WOMEN CHAMBER OF COMMERCEAND INDUSTRY, PESHAWAR (WCCIP)4 Formally registered on August 10,2010 Over 150 members to date A non-profit, non-politicalorganization 03 full time employees and First trade association in KPKfocusing on women’s economicempowerment in KhyberPakhthunkhwa
PWCCI SERVICES AND ACTIVITIES Promote and encourage women entrepreneursthrough advertising in media and trade fairs/Exhibitions. Organize and conduct workshops, conferencesfor the purpose of capacity building and raisingawareness amongst women. Provides visa recommendation letters to thosewho wants to establish business outside thecountry.5
BENEFITS OF FORMATION OF WOMENCHAMBER7 Women now have the right of trade association. Government officials and different institutions take womenentrepreneurs more seriously Creation of a legal body has given encouragement to womenentrepreneurs to come forward and discuss their businessissues. Women voice being raised in most conservative area of theregion 45% Increase in participation of Women Entrepreneurs since2010.
CIPE AS A CHANGE AGENT8 Built capacity of ourboard First grant in 2010resulted in: Office automation Membership drive Website Capacity building ofstaff members
CELEBRATION OF GLOBALENTREPRENEURSHIP WEEKFirst time in the history of KPKRegion, Participation of 70 femalestudents and lecturers from differentuniversities of Pakistan to debate onthe challenges and opportunities forthe start up university graduates.12
WHY POLICY ADVOCACY? Over the last two years, chamber on its own has been debatingwith provincial government for the development of womenentrepreneurship in the region, but due to the lack of advocacyskills and funding to support advocacy program from thegovernment, they have not been successful Through CIPE 2ndgrant, Chamber is now working morestrategically and looking at key impediments in the womenentrepreneurship development and what policy reforms requiredto remove these issues in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Province.14
ADVOCACY PROJECT OBJECTIVES To engage key stakeholders such as provincialassembly members, central bank, microfinanceinstitution, academia, students, business communityand media in democratic dialogue to identifyspecific issues related to the development ofwomen entrepreneurship in KPK To prepare a report based on stakeholder dialogueto embark upon a strategic policy reform project.16
WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS PROJECT1/5 Two focus group meetings have been heldDuring the 1stmeeting following recommendations have been raised Financial sector institutions should give soft loans to womenbusinesses. Through public and private sector partnership spirit ofentrepreneurship should be promoted Setting up a unit in the Chamber for prospective women entrepreneursto educate them about the dynamics of business and processesinvolved in setting up a business through public private partnership The universities should introduce entrepreneurship as a subject. ThePWCCI can provide support in developing entrepreneurshipcurriculum.17
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 2/52ndMeeting was attended by State Bank & major FinancialInstitutionsChief Manager State Bank instructed that local banks should startfinancial literacy programs to educate women entrepreneurs aboutbusiness procedure and financial management.The State Bank offered support in conducting a survey inpartnership with the Women Chamber about available products bylocal banks in the KPK region, so that maximum number of womencould utilize financial supportThere should be separate SME policy for women, to facilitatewomen entrepreneurship.18
ACADEMIA AND MEDIA 3/5 Agreed with academia to develop a curriculum for Grade 8 and 9. Business Idea Competitions. Mentorship, Internships preferences. Media agreed to join hands as a team and create a soft image. Entrepreneurship societies of the Universities to be linked with theChamber for Information Osmosis. Agreed on taking women entrepreneurs on boards of the universities.
ANTICIPATED RESULT FOR ADVOCACYINITIATIVE Better understanding of key policy issues related to thedevelopment of women entrepreneurship in KPK. Encouraging democratic dialogue between key stakeholders onthe subject matter, which will encourage discussion on womenentrepreneurship in provincial assembly. Increased media attention to the subject of womenentrepreneurship development in KPK Province. Providing networking opportunities to universities, researchand other stakeholder organizations.24
Politicians/Parliamentarians 4/5 Involve and ask for their support in taking itto the legislature.
FINAL ROUNDTABLE 5/5Policy Advocacy for EntrepreneurshipDevelopment Policy for Women of KPK Final round table involving all the stakeholders and handing over of PolicyDocument to the legislators.
WAY FORWARD Sustainability of the chamber and keep moving itforward Road map for next five years and review of the mapevery fourth year Developing an effective board Implementation of Good governance and leadershipdevelopment Participation of young leadership in chamber activities Developing and implementing a strategic plan.27