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Kqa open quiz 12 apr2015 finals with answers

  2. 2. Written Round ! M. Krishnan was a pioneering Indian wildlife photographer, writer and naturalist. Ramachandra Guha edited a collection of Krishnan’s essays entitled ‘Nature’s Spokesman’ ! As section breaks, Guha uses verses that Krishnan had written to compile an animal alphabet for his granddaughter ! The next 5 slides will have a verse, an alphabet and an image of the creature. Just give me the name of the animal
  3. 3. B. I sadly fear the B May not be there for very long It is a Threatened Beast So experts now suggest we catch A dozen bear-cats in a batch, To breed in zoos, at least
  4. 4. G. The G is sullen and morose, His horn’s are like a buffalo’s, His tail is like a mare’s; He fiercely roams his native leas And charges everything he sees From hills to harmless hares And woe betide the hunter who, With careless aim, has shot his G Not in a vital place! The only way the charge to flee Is swarming up the tallest tree Within the nearest space
  5. 5. A. Behind the kopjes of his land This curious, unfamiliar brute Gambols, and frisks – and pants. His coat is much like rain-wet sand, He lives in burrows under-root And mainly feeds on ants.
  6. 6. O1. The O is both swift and strong, With sabre horns a metre long, And it is wild and wary. It is a desert antelope That loves in little herds to lope Across the Kalahari.
  7. 7. O2. O2, on the other hand, Are forest beasts that cannot stand The open sands and sunlight. They live within the humid, dark Ituri, and their limbs are stark- Ly banded black-and white.
  8. 8. Exchange sheets. Answers after this slide
  9. 9. Answers to the written round B – Binturong G- Gnu A – Aardvark O1 – Oryx O2 – Okapi
  10. 10. Clockwise ! 15 clock-wise ! Infinite bounce ! Infinite pounce (+10, -5) ! Conservation of points
  11. 11. Q1. The biggest selling music journal of the time, NME used the double meaning word X (referring to both a traditional holiday meal and an artistic failure) to describe this best selling single. It went on, “Millions of Dead Stars write and perform rotten record for the right reasons.” The single was released in 1984, re-recorded in 1989, 2004 and 2014. Give me X (2.5), the name of the song (5) and the cause for which it was re-recorded in 2014 (2.5).
  12. 12. Answers on next slide
  13. 13. A1. ! Turkey ! “Do they know it’s Christmas?” ! Ebola epidemic relief
  14. 14. Q2. ! This cuisine has influences of Rajasthani, Bengali, Awadhi, Afghani and Mughal cooking. Typical dishes include kheer ki kachori, pitha, bhapia, saloni mewa ka khichdi, nima and more. The food is ‘delicate and mildly flavorful’ (according to the reviewers). ! The cuisine came into existence thanks to the efforts of a community of Oswal Jains who left Rajasthan for a seat of Mughal power in the east. ! Give me the name of the cuisine and the place.
  15. 15. Answers on the next slide
  16. 16. A2. ! Sheherwali cuisine ! Murshidabad
  17. 17. Q3. ! This company found itself under a lot of pressure after its official twitter account posted “want to go somewhere but don’t know where?”. They eventually apologized and recognized that the tweet was “meant to inspire travelers” but may have “unintentionally caused offence to some.” ! Other promotional campaigns run by this business in the last year include a competition asking what activities and destinations were on their ‘bucket list’. ! Which company?
  18. 18. Answers on next slide
  19. 19. A3 ! Malaysian Airlines
  20. 20. Q4. ! These are pictures of a temple at Modhera, nearly two hours north of Ahmedabad. Who is the presiding deity at Modhera (2.5)? What is special about the location of Modhera? What unique architectural (and religious) occurrence takes place here every year because of its location?
  21. 21. Q4.
  22. 22. Answers on next slide
  23. 23. A4. ! Sun temple at Modhera ! Located on the Tropic of Cancer ! “The temple complex, which is built on the Tropic of Cancer, is designed such that the first rays of the sun fall on the main idol at the time of the equinoxes.” (The Hindu)
  24. 24. Q5. ! “Four metres high and three metres wide and fashioned out of 400 metres of fabric, the off-white, multi-tiered dress is a study in sartorial skills and a reconnect with history.” ! Known as the Mademoiselle Cantatrice Project, this dress will travel 4,500 Km from Pondicherry to a place in the Indian Ocean where it will be part of an annual festival and used to commemorate a mid-nineteenth century migration of 40,000 indentured laborers from India ! The dress will be used to project images from history while the wearer will belt out songs in the Maloya genre of music. ! Question is, which place is this dress travelling to?
  25. 25. Answers on next slide
  26. 26. A5. ! Reunion Island
  27. 27. Q6. Text courtesy Wikipedia. “According to this legend, King Abenner or Avenier in India persecuted the Christian Church in his realm, founded by the Apostle Thomas. When astrologers predicted that his own son would some day become a Christian, Abenner had the young prince Josaphat isolated from external contact. Despite the imprisonment, Josaphat met the hermit Saint Barlaam and converted to Christianity. Josaphat kept his faith even in the face of his father's anger and persuasion. Eventually Abenner converted, turned over his throne to Josaphat, and retired to the desert to become a hermit. Josaphat himself later abdicated and went into seclusion with his old teacher Barlaam.” Scholars like Wilfred Cantwell Smith traced this myth back to which early religious texts? Also give me the source of the word Josaphat.
  28. 28. Answers on next slide
  29. 29. A6. ! 2-4th century Sanskrit Mahayana Buddhist texts ! Josaphat <- Yudasaf/Budasaf (Arabic) <- Bodhisatva (Sanskrit)
  30. 30. Q7. ! Nom de plumes or pseudonyms are names that people or groups adopt for a specific purpose. ! This early 20th century Portuguese writer adopted what he called Xs, which differed from pseudonyms in that they were not mere false names but instead, characters having their own supposed physiques, biographies and writing styles. Popular Xs adopted by him include Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis and Alvaro Campos. ! In addition to this, he also adopted semi-Xs, which were semi- autobiographical and ‘mere mutations of the author’s personality’. ! Author? X?
  31. 31. Answers on next slide
  32. 32. A7. ! Fernando Pessoa ! Heteronyms
  33. 33. Q8. ! Dr. David Waterhouse, a fossil expert, found in mid-2008 that a particular species not only lived in Scandinavia 55 million years ago but probably evolved there before spreading into the Southern Hemisphere. ! His discovery was based on the preserved wing bone of a previously unknown species, now given the scientific name Mopsitta tanta and nicknamed X ! Dr Waterhouse, said of Mopsitta tanta: "Obviously, we were dealing with a bird that is bereft of life, but the tricky bit was establishing it was a <species>.“ ! Give me X. Pop cult reference gets you half points 33
  34. 34. Answers on next slide
  35. 35. A8. Norwegian Blue from the Monty Python Dead Parrot Sketch
  36. 36. Q9. ! Which famous cricketing personality and ladies’ man X is Osman Samiuddin describing in this passage from ‘The Unquiet Ones’? Also give me Y. ! “So smooth was he on the floor apparently, that Y insisted on a dance at the famous Faletti’s Hotel […] while she was filming Bhowani Junction[..]” ! “Mahboob Khan wanted him to star in Aan, the early 1950s Bollywood hit starring Dilip Kumar, but he turned it down. A role in Bhowani Junction was also on the cards but that too was flapped away, X’s day job as a traffic cop getting in the way. There couldn’t have been a sexier traffic cop in all of Pakistan and famously incorruptible as well.”
  37. 37. Answers on next slide
  38. 38. A9. ! Fazal Mahmood ! Ava Gardner
  39. 39. Q10. Blurb for whose last book? “X’s final novel, bringing together his thoughts on gay identity and Eastern mysticism, now back in print. Two English brothers meet, after a long separation, in India. Oliver, the idealistic younger brother, prepares to take his final vows as a Hindu monk. Patrick, a successful publisher with a wife and children in London and a male lover in California, has publicly admired his brother’s convictions while privately criticizing his choices. First published in 1967, A Meeting by the River delicately depicts the complexity of sibling relationships-the resentment and competitiveness as well as the love and respect. “A radiant novel of mystical devotion and worldly desire by a master of English prose.” --Chicago Tribune “The best prose writer in English.” Gore Vidal”
  40. 40. Answers on next slide
  41. 41. A10. ! Christopher Isherwood. Author of A Single Man, My Guru and his Disciple
  42. 42. Q11. Early 20th century American college football was extremely popular ! This popularity also meant a no holds barred competition in which violent tackles were frequently employed, leading to injuries and broken bones. ! The heads of 62 schools were invited by X to a meeting in New York to reform this situation and amend the existing rule book. This meeting led to some changes which are still part of modern American football. These changes were - ! Banning “flying wedges” ! Creation of a neutral zone ! A ten yard (rather than five yard) movement in three downs. ! What was the fourth rule that this meeting introduced? ! Who (X) convened the meeting? 42
  43. 43. Answers in next slide
  44. 44. A11. ! Only forward passes allowed ! Teddy Roosevelt 44
  45. 45. Q12. ! Vinod Mehta in his book “Lucknow Boy: A Memoir” narrates this lovely tale about the music critic for the Guardian. ! “Derek Malcolm (renowned film critic with a passion for Indian cinema) was one of the night subs on the Guardian desk. X, by then a big celebrity, would send his music reviews written in long hand from the Café Royal in The Strand without bothering to go to any concert. Thus, a 500-word review of, say, Mozart or Elgar would arrive on Derek’s desk, without name, place and date of the performance. These Derek filled in.” ! Who was the music critic for The Guardian? He was better known (at least in India) for his expertise in other forms of journalism.
  46. 46. Answers in next slide
  47. 47. A12. ! Neville Cardus
  48. 48. Q13. This is a cartoon by artist Michael ffolkes, made after watching a 1961 anthology film. Give me the name of the film that fflokes watched (5 points). How was it different from the film that was originally made (5 points)?
  49. 49. Answers on next slide
  50. 50. A13. ! Two Daughters was the film that ffolkes watched. ! Satyajit Ray made ‘Teen Kanya’ based on 3 short stories by Tagore but during its international release, the second story (‘Monihara’) was edited out. ! Which is why fflokes depicted only stories 1 (The Postmaster) and 3 (‘Samapti’)
  51. 51. Q14. ! “Each one is unique and handmade. Some are very talkative, very sociable, very loud and extroverted... while others are more intimate, almost whispering their sounds,” X’s top executive in the Americas said. ! “These gems worth $137,000 each are created in the company’s factory in the New York borough of Queens”, where “each X goes through the hands of 325 people before it’s ready to play” ! This company X has a secure space, a basement to which only select ‘X artists’ have access to. It’s a place in midtown Manhattan, only a few yards from Carnegie hall. ! Give me X. Clue on next slide.
  52. 52. Q14.
  53. 53. Answers on next slide
  54. 54. A14. ! Steinway Piano Company
  55. 55. Q15. Author John Banville writes crime fiction as Benjamin Black. His most recent book is The Black-Eyed Blonde. The protagonist in The Black-Eyed Blonde is a detective created by author X. Writer Ian Sansom, in his review of The Black-Eyed Blonde says that Benjamin Black outdoes the original author X. “If anything, oddly, the book is probably better than an actual X: more coherent, more careful. Banville is simply a more elegant writer. X was a metaphorical rogue trader; Banville is a class act” He then goes on to give examples. Author X: “A blonde to make a bishop kick a hole in a stained glass window” Banville: “Around here there are days in high summer when the sun works on you like a gorilla peeling a banana” Sansom also notes Banville’s eye for detail in noting that all the necessary devices and sets incorporated by author X are present in his book as well – the detective Y’s office, his apartment, the beautiful LA houses. Author X? The protagonist (Detective Y)?
  56. 56. Answer on next slide
  57. 57. A15. ! Raymond Chandler
  58. 58. Reverse. Anticlockwise. 15 QUESTIONS MORE 58
  59. 59. Q16. Kurosawa met Y at a welcome dinner hosted by Mosfilm in the early 70s ! After a few pleasantries, Y hurriedly excused himself, saying “I still have work to do”. Minutes later, Kurosawa heard a huge bang outside the dining hall’s windows. The smiling head of Mosfilm assured him that a new world war hadn’t, in fact, broken out, and that Y had simply launched another rocket. ! Later, visiting the set of Y’s film Z, Kurosawa heard that Z had cost the equivalent of 600 million yen. Speaking about the beautiful and lengthy depictions of nature in Z, Kurosawa said - ! “[…] after the main character has been sent in a rocket into the satellite station base, [the nature sequences] almost torture the soul of the viewer like a kind of irresistible nostalgia towards mother earth […] Without [these nature sequences], you could not make the audience directly conceive the sense of having no way out harboured by the people “jailed” inside the satellite base. 59
  60. 60. Answer on next slide
  61. 61. A16. Andrei Tarkovsky, Solaris
  62. 62. 17. And here’s Tarkovsky photographing someone who is more at home behind a camera rather than in front of it. Who? 62
  63. 63. Answer on next slide
  64. 64. Sven Nykvist (The Sacrifice, 1986)
  65. 65. 18. Since circa the 11th century AD, stones bearing a particular mural are found on the borders of fields around rural Maharashtra ! A sociological explanation is that the stones deter trespassers by promising them that if they trespass, the owner would plough over the trespasser’s field using a plough yoked to the animal depicted in the mural. The female form depicted in the mural is therefore held to be a metaphor for Mother Earth. Such an act would, it was believed, lead to the offender’s field becoming barren. ! A much more practical and literal explanation of these murals is that they are a visual depiction of an earthy and colourful Maharashtrian curse that involves animals and women. ! So - what is this curse / what do such murals depict? 65
  66. 66. Answer on next slide
  67. 67. Tujha aai-la gaadhav laagel Curse involving mothers and donkeys
  68. 68. 19. Terence Young, the director of Dr.No / From Russia With Love / Thunderball ! Has directed another movie that was released in 1971 - with an international cast. ! Besides the villain Gauche, played by Alain Delon, and the love interest Cristina, played by Ursula Andress, this is possibly the only movie that stars two actors together - one from the original version X of a classic movie, and another from its superhit copy, Y. ! Name both actors and the movies X and Y. 68
  69. 69. Answer on next slide
  70. 70. A19. Toshiro Mifune (The Seven Samurai) and Charles Bronson (The Magnificent Seven)
  71. 71. Q20. Who (x) is celebrating the end of his rather unfortunate nickname (y)? 71
  72. 72. Answer on next slide
  73. 73. Ajit Agarkar - Bombay Duck ! Acknowledging the cheers of the crowd after breaking his epic sequence of seven ducks in a row against Australia
  74. 74. Q21. Paul’s Epistle to the Corinthians: 1 Corinthians 13:12 ! In Greek - βλέποµεν γὰρ ἄρτι δι' ἐσόπτρου ἐν αἰνίγµατι (blepomen gar arti di esoptrou en ainigmati) ! In modern English - “Now we see but a poor reflection, as in a mirror” ! In the King James Bible - ___________________ ! The KJV rendition of this phrase has inspired everything from episodes of Star Trek, Enterprise and Highlander, to short stories by Agatha Christie and Philip K Dick. ! What has the Swedish translation of this phrase inspired? 74
  75. 75. Answer on next slide
  76. 76. A21. Såsom i en spegel / Through a glass, darkly The Ingmar Bergman movie
  77. 77. Q22. Identify this man - the location where he is standing all by himself should as serve as a clue 77
  78. 78. Answer on next slide
  79. 79. A22. Otto Frank - Anne Frank’s father Sole survivor from his family
  80. 80. Q23. A man who came to be known as Siruthondar once traveled to Karnataka ! More specifically, he paid a visit to a small town in Bagalkot district, sometime around AD 642. ! He brought back a souvenir from the town, which, several years later, he took back to his hometown, Thiruchenkattankudi, in the Thiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu. ! What was this souvenir, which is still to be found in his hometown today? A detailed and poetic description of the qualities of this souvenir is very well known in India, if that helps. 80
  81. 81. Answer on next slide
  82. 82. A23. The Vatapi Ganapathi - from Badami / Vatapi ! Siruthondar, before he became a Shaivaite saint, was known as Paranjyothi, the general of the Pallava emperor Narasimha Varman I. ! He commanded the Pallava army that invaded Vatapi in AD 642 and killed the Chalukya king Pulakesin II ! He brought back an idol of Ganesha which is installed at the Uthrapathishwara Swamy temple in his hometown.
  83. 83. Q24. When Pulakeshi II was at the height of his powers ! Who, according to a pun in the Aihole inscription that tells us much about his life, did Pulakeshi II cause “to lose his happiness”? 83
  84. 84. Answer on next slide
  85. 85. A24. “Harsha lost his Harsha” ! After his elephant corps was defeated by Pulakeshi II’s army on the banks of the Narmada 85
  86. 86. Q25. To whom is this box addressed? 86
  87. 87. Answer on next slide
  88. 88. A25. Jeremy Clarkson Soon after being fired from Top Gear
  89. 89. Q26. Variants of this dish are a national favorite in several Central & South American countries ! The Cubans have named it for the parties in a conflict known as the “Reconquista” that lasted nearly 8 centuries till 1492. ! The Venezuelans call it by the Galician phrase “Pabellon Criollo” or “Creole Pavilion”, a reference to their colonial past in which early early settlers had to leave their wives behind in Spain. ! The Nicaraguans and Costa Ricans call it a “Spotted Rooster” - though the recipe does not include any chicken. ! What would this dish be called in plain English - and why is it so called - a common theme across these three names above? 89
  90. 90. Answer on next slide
  91. 91. A26. Black Beans and Rice References to the dish having two different colors ! Moros y Cristianos = Moors and Christians ! Pinto Gallo = A white rooster with black spots ! Pabellon Criollo = Criollo being a contemptuous expression used to refer to Spaniards who were born in the colonies, quite frequently after intermarriage by the early Spanish settlers with Indian women.
  92. 92. Q27. Virgins of a different kind ! Before Cilic and Nishikori made it to the finals of the US Open 2014, which was the most recent pair to have made a Grand Slam final for the very first time in their lives? 92
  93. 93. Answer on next slide
  94. 94. A27. Rafael Nadal / Mariano Puerta French Open 2005
  95. 95. Q28. Necessity being the mother of invention, King Edward VII found it convenient to adopt a certain practice ! This practice, since widely adopted by people around the world, is described using the words of a common problem set for middle school students. ! Such a problem asks students to classify a list of statements based on their truth. ! And here is a visual of His Royal Highness enjoying a cigar, if that helps you. 95
  96. 96. Answer on next slide
  97. 97. A28. The “sometimes, always, never” rule for buttoning a three button suit ! King Edward VII had a potbelly that would make even well cut suits tight and difficult to wear unless he fastened the middle button, and sometimes the top button of his coat - but never the bottom button.
  98. 98. Q29. Give me A, B, C and X, Y, Z ! The inhabitants of the fictional Welsh village A include people like - ! Captain Cat - A retired sailor who keeps telling old sea stories ! Mrs Ogmore-Pritchard - Nags her two husbands, after their death ! Organ Morgan - Obsessed with music ! The name A sounds Welsh - and some of the characters such as the two Mrs. Dai Breads, do have Welsh names. However, it was actually named by the author B, when he reversed a rather rude English phrase C, possibly denoting that there was nothing of note in the village, it was a small place in the middle of nowhere. ! Another fictional land X was named by a different author Y. X, like Wales, has a society that revolves around mining. X’s name reverses another slang phrase Z, which has much the same meaning as C. 98
  99. 99. Answer on next slide
  100. 100. Llareggub - Dylan Thomas - Bugger All Llamedos - Terry Pratchett - Sod Em All
  101. 101. Q30. Abdul Hayee took his takhallus (nom de plume) XY from two things ! X was based on this poem (a tribute to Daagh by Allama Iqbal) which he read as a teenager: ! "There will be many nightingales born in this garden ! Countless magicians, men who work miracles as well" ! He chose this name because "I never had much of an opinion about my poetry and always considered myself as one amongst several poets. The word X (translation of Magician) immediately caught my eye and I chose it as my takhallus" ! Y is his birthplace, a city described by writer Nirupama Dutt as 'Punjab's Manchester known for its hosiery industry, cycle factories, its business money, the agricultural university (...)" 101
  102. 102. Answer on next slide
  103. 103. A30. Sahir Ludhianvi
  104. 104. Written
  105. 105. a. ! From an Agha Shahid Ali poem ‘Qawwali at A’s Dargah’: “Between two saints, he shares the Earth, Mohammad Shah “B”, (Evoked in Paluskar’s khayal) The beggar-woman kisses the marble Lattice, sobs on C’s pillars. in a corner, D, garbed in The fakir’s grass, mumbles a Sufi quatrain.” Give me A - whose Dargah is still a popular Delhi landmark (5)
  106. 106. b. You can see Mohammad Shah depicted with his wives in this miniature. Give me his pen name “B” (5) 106
  107. 107. c. ! C, perhaps A’s most famous disciple, is widely recognized as the originator of the Qawwali and Ghazal styles of poetry and is also credited with introducing Persian, Arabic and Turkish elements into Indian classical music. ! Identify C for 5 points.
  108. 108. d. ! D was a Mughal princess, famously devoted to her father. Father and daughter are depicted in this painting. ! Identify her (D) for 5 points.
  109. 109. e. ! Identify the painter, founder of the Indian Society of Oriental Art, and author of popular children’s books - Rajkahini, Budo Angla, Nalak etc. for 5 points. First name is required. 109
  110. 110. Exchange sheets. Answers on next slide
  111. 111. Answers. ! A - Nizammudin Auliya ! B – Mohammad Shah ‘Rangeele’ ! C – Hazrat Amir Khusro ! D – Jahanara Begum ! E - Abanindranath Tagore
  112. 112. The End 112