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Introduction for language testing
Hiroshi SHIBATA / GMO PEPABO inc.
2016.06.21 RedDotRubyConf 2016
How to Begin
Developing Ruby Core
self.introduce
=>
{
name: “SHIBATA Hiroshi”,
nickname: “hsbt”,
title: “Chief engineer at GMO Pepabo, Inc.”,
commit_bits: [“ruby”, “rake”, “rubygems”, “rdoc”, “psych”, “syck”, “ruby-
build”, “railsgirls”, “railsgirls-jp”, …],
sites: [“hsbt.org”, “ruby-lang.org”, “rubyci.org”, “railsgirls.com”,
“railsgirls.jp”],
}
How to contribute to OSS
Contributing of OSS
People say:
“Contributing to OSS is easy! Please write some documentation and
submit a patch!”
You say:
“Okay! I will contribute new documentation for Ruby!”
Documentation is hard
But documentation is hard, I think
• No-one knows the true behavior of OSS
• Only author knows that.
• Documentation is tedious work :bow:
Because documentation is valuable work.
Testing and Running are easy
On the other hand:
• Ruby has a lot of test ecosystem and libraries.
• Bundler and Docker provide an encapsulated environment.
If you get test failures, you can submit issue ticket to tracker like
github. It helps OSS author.
Let’s try
to
contribute ruby core
Start to test Ruby language
$ git clone https://github.com/ruby/ruby
$ cd ruby
$ autoconf
$ ./configure —disable-install-doc
$ make -j
$ make check
You can invoke language tests with the following instructions:
% make check TESTS=‘-j4’
(snip)
PASS all 1010 tests
exec ./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems "./bootstraptest/runner.rb" --ruby="ruby --disable-gems" ./
KNOWNBUGS.rb
2016-06-18 15:42:02 +0900
Driver is ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15]
Target is ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15]
last_commit=* test/rubygems/test_gem_installer.rb: Fixed broken test with extension build. https://github.com/rubygems/rubygems/pull/1645
KNOWNBUGS.rb PASS 0
No tests, no problem
test succeeded
Run options: "--ruby=./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems"
# Running tests:
Finished tests in 2.513254s, 87.9338 tests/s, 177.4592 assertions/s.
221 tests, 446 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips
ruby -v: ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15]
Run options: "--ruby=./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems" --excludes-dir=./test/excludes --name=!/
memory_leak/ --exclude=/testunit/ --exclude=/minitest/ -j4
# Running tests:
[ 89/803] 4625=test_bigdecimal 4626=test_table 4627=test_encodings 4628=test_bug_reporter
common.mk
• check/check-ruby
• btest/btest-ruby
• test-basic/test-knownbug
• test-testframework
• test
• test-all
• test-almost
• test-ruby
• test-rubyspec
make test
• btest-ruby
• snip for next slides
• test-basic
• invoke `basictest/runner.rb` with target ruby
• test-knownbug
• invoke `KNOWNBUGS.rb`
• It’s empty a lot of the time.
make btest-ruby
% ls bootstraptest
pending.rb runner.rb* test_attr.rb test_autoload.rb test_block.rb test_class.rb test_eval.rb test_exception.rb test_finalizer.rb test_flip.rb
test_flow.rb test_fork.rb test_gc.rb test_io.rb test_jump.rb test_literal.rb test_literal_suffix.rb test_load.rb test_marshal.rb test_massign.rb
test_method.rb test_objectspace.rb test_proc.rb test_string.rb test_struct.rb test_syntax.rb test_thread.rb
What’s `bootstraptest/runner.rb` ?
• load test files and invoke them
• define assertion methods like `assert_equal` etc.
`cat bootstraptest/test_class.rb`
assert_equal 'true', %q( class C; end
Object.const_defined?(:C) )
assert_equal 'Class', %q( class C; end
C.class )
(snip)
assert_equal 'Class', %q( class A; end
class C < A; end
C.class )
(snip)
assert_equal 'M', %q( module M; end
M.name )
(snip)
assert_equal 'A::B', %q( class A; end
class A::B; end
A::B )
test-basic
a, = nil; test_ok(a == nil)
a, = 1; test_ok(a == 1)
a, = []; test_ok(a == nil)
(snip)
def r; return *[]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == [])
def r; return *[1]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == [1])
def r; return *[nil]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == [nil])
(snip)
f = lambda { |a, b=42, *c| [a,b,c] }
test_ok(f.call(1 ) == [1,42,[ ]] )
test_ok(f.call(1,43 ) == [1,43,[ ]] )
test_ok(f.call(1,43,44) == [1,43,[44]] )
(snip)
These are for Developer
of
VM/GC/Syntax/etc
make test-all
test-all invokes test files under the `test` directory. test-all has some
options for testing:
• make test-all TESTS=“logger”
• test only files under `test/logger`
• make test-all TESTS=“-j4”
• it make parallel execution with 4 processes.
cat `test/ruby/test_array.rb`
% cat test/ruby/test_array.rb
# coding: US-ASCII
require 'test/unit'
class TestArray < Test::Unit::TestCase
(snip)
def test_percent_i
assert_equal([:foo, :bar], %i[foo bar])
assert_equal([:""foo"], %i["foo])
end
def test_0_literal
assert_equal([1, 2, 3, 4], [1, 2] + [3, 4])
assert_equal([1, 2, 1, 2], [1, 2] * 2)
assert_equal("1:2", [1, 2] * ":")
(snip)
cat `test/logger/test_logger.rb`
% cat test/logger/test_logger.rb
# coding: US-ASCII
require 'test/unit'
require 'logger'
require 'tempfile'
class TestLogger < Test::Unit::TestCase
(snip)
def test_add
logger = Logger.new(nil)
logger.progname = "my_progname"
assert(logger.add(INFO))
log = log_add(logger, nil, "msg")
assert_equal("ANY", log.severity)
assert_equal("my_progname", log.progname)
(snip)
cat `test/-ext-/array/test_resize.rb`
% cat ext/-test-/array/resize/resize.c
#include "ruby/ruby.h"
static VALUE
ary_resize(VALUE ary, VALUE len)
{
rb_ary_resize(ary, NUM2LONG(len));
return ary;
}
void
Init_resize(void)
{
rb_define_method(rb_cArray, "__resize__", ary_resize, 1);
}
require 'test/unit'
require '-test-/array/resize'
class TestArray < Test::Unit::TestCase
class TestResize < Test::Unit::TestCase
def test_expand
feature = '[ruby-dev:42912]'
ary = [*1..10]
ary.__resize__(10)
assert_equal(10, ary.size, feature)
assert_equal([*1..10], ary, feature)
ary.__resize__(100)
assert_equal(100, ary.size, feature)
(snip)
make check
make check depends on the following definitions:
• main
• build encodings and extensions.
• test
• test-testframework
• run tests for `testunit` and `minitest`
• test-almost
• run tests under `test` excluding `testunit` and `minitest`
These are for “you”
make test-rubyspec
CRuby has `make update-rubyspec` and `make test-rubyspec` tasks.
•`make update-rubyspec`
• pulls ruby/rubyspec and ruby/mspec into the spec directory.
•`make test-rubyspec`
• invokes mspec with the ruby binary and the latest rubyspecs.
cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/append_spec.rb
% cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/concat_spec.rb
require File.expand_path('../../../spec_helper', __FILE__)
require File.expand_path('../fixtures/classes', __FILE__)
require File.expand_path('../shared/concat', __FILE__)
describe "String#<<" do
it_behaves_like :string_concat, :<<
it_behaves_like :string_concat_encoding, :<<
end
% cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/shared/concat.rb
describe :string_concat, shared: true do
it "concatenates the given argument to self and returns self" do
str = 'hello '
str.send(@method, 'world').should equal(str)
str.should == "hello world"
end
(snip)
Please check details: https://github.com/ruby/spec
These are for developer
who
interest compatibility
Please contribute tests to ruby
$ git clone https://github.com/ruby/ruby
$ cd ruby
$ autoconf
$ ./configure —disable-install-doc
$ make -j
$ make check
You can invoke CRuby tests:
You can invoke focused tests with coverage:
$ COVERAGE=1 make test-all TESTS=“logger”
$ open coverage/index.html
You can code new tests or update existing tests. and submit patches to
our tracker or github.com/ruby/ruby.
Ruby (language) testing
is
so easy

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Easy ways to contribute Ruby core tests

  • 1. Introduction for language testing Hiroshi SHIBATA / GMO PEPABO inc. 2016.06.21 RedDotRubyConf 2016 How to Begin Developing Ruby Core
  • 2. self.introduce => { name: “SHIBATA Hiroshi”, nickname: “hsbt”, title: “Chief engineer at GMO Pepabo, Inc.”, commit_bits: [“ruby”, “rake”, “rubygems”, “rdoc”, “psych”, “syck”, “ruby- build”, “railsgirls”, “railsgirls-jp”, …], sites: [“hsbt.org”, “ruby-lang.org”, “rubyci.org”, “railsgirls.com”, “railsgirls.jp”], }
  • 4. Contributing of OSS People say: “Contributing to OSS is easy! Please write some documentation and submit a patch!” You say: “Okay! I will contribute new documentation for Ruby!”
  • 5. Documentation is hard But documentation is hard, I think • No-one knows the true behavior of OSS • Only author knows that. • Documentation is tedious work :bow: Because documentation is valuable work.
  • 6. Testing and Running are easy On the other hand: • Ruby has a lot of test ecosystem and libraries. • Bundler and Docker provide an encapsulated environment. If you get test failures, you can submit issue ticket to tracker like github. It helps OSS author.
  • 8. Start to test Ruby language $ git clone https://github.com/ruby/ruby $ cd ruby $ autoconf $ ./configure —disable-install-doc $ make -j $ make check You can invoke language tests with the following instructions:
  • 9. % make check TESTS=‘-j4’ (snip) PASS all 1010 tests exec ./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems "./bootstraptest/runner.rb" --ruby="ruby --disable-gems" ./ KNOWNBUGS.rb 2016-06-18 15:42:02 +0900 Driver is ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15] Target is ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15] last_commit=* test/rubygems/test_gem_installer.rb: Fixed broken test with extension build. https://github.com/rubygems/rubygems/pull/1645 KNOWNBUGS.rb PASS 0 No tests, no problem test succeeded Run options: "--ruby=./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems" # Running tests: Finished tests in 2.513254s, 87.9338 tests/s, 177.4592 assertions/s. 221 tests, 446 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips ruby -v: ruby 2.4.0dev (2016-06-18 trunk 55440) [x86_64-darwin15] Run options: "--ruby=./miniruby -I./lib -I. -I.ext/common ./tool/runruby.rb --extout=.ext -- --disable-gems" --excludes-dir=./test/excludes --name=!/ memory_leak/ --exclude=/testunit/ --exclude=/minitest/ -j4 # Running tests: [ 89/803] 4625=test_bigdecimal 4626=test_table 4627=test_encodings 4628=test_bug_reporter
  • 10. common.mk • check/check-ruby • btest/btest-ruby • test-basic/test-knownbug • test-testframework • test • test-all • test-almost • test-ruby • test-rubyspec
  • 11. make test • btest-ruby • snip for next slides • test-basic • invoke `basictest/runner.rb` with target ruby • test-knownbug • invoke `KNOWNBUGS.rb` • It’s empty a lot of the time.
  • 12. make btest-ruby % ls bootstraptest pending.rb runner.rb* test_attr.rb test_autoload.rb test_block.rb test_class.rb test_eval.rb test_exception.rb test_finalizer.rb test_flip.rb test_flow.rb test_fork.rb test_gc.rb test_io.rb test_jump.rb test_literal.rb test_literal_suffix.rb test_load.rb test_marshal.rb test_massign.rb test_method.rb test_objectspace.rb test_proc.rb test_string.rb test_struct.rb test_syntax.rb test_thread.rb What’s `bootstraptest/runner.rb` ? • load test files and invoke them • define assertion methods like `assert_equal` etc.
  • 13. `cat bootstraptest/test_class.rb` assert_equal 'true', %q( class C; end Object.const_defined?(:C) ) assert_equal 'Class', %q( class C; end C.class ) (snip) assert_equal 'Class', %q( class A; end class C < A; end C.class ) (snip) assert_equal 'M', %q( module M; end M.name ) (snip) assert_equal 'A::B', %q( class A; end class A::B; end A::B )
  • 14. test-basic a, = nil; test_ok(a == nil) a, = 1; test_ok(a == 1) a, = []; test_ok(a == nil) (snip) def r; return *[]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == []) def r; return *[1]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == [1]) def r; return *[nil]; end; a = r(); test_ok(a == [nil]) (snip) f = lambda { |a, b=42, *c| [a,b,c] } test_ok(f.call(1 ) == [1,42,[ ]] ) test_ok(f.call(1,43 ) == [1,43,[ ]] ) test_ok(f.call(1,43,44) == [1,43,[44]] ) (snip)
  • 15. These are for Developer of VM/GC/Syntax/etc
  • 16. make test-all test-all invokes test files under the `test` directory. test-all has some options for testing: • make test-all TESTS=“logger” • test only files under `test/logger` • make test-all TESTS=“-j4” • it make parallel execution with 4 processes.
  • 17. cat `test/ruby/test_array.rb` % cat test/ruby/test_array.rb # coding: US-ASCII require 'test/unit' class TestArray < Test::Unit::TestCase (snip) def test_percent_i assert_equal([:foo, :bar], %i[foo bar]) assert_equal([:""foo"], %i["foo]) end def test_0_literal assert_equal([1, 2, 3, 4], [1, 2] + [3, 4]) assert_equal([1, 2, 1, 2], [1, 2] * 2) assert_equal("1:2", [1, 2] * ":") (snip)
  • 18. cat `test/logger/test_logger.rb` % cat test/logger/test_logger.rb # coding: US-ASCII require 'test/unit' require 'logger' require 'tempfile' class TestLogger < Test::Unit::TestCase (snip) def test_add logger = Logger.new(nil) logger.progname = "my_progname" assert(logger.add(INFO)) log = log_add(logger, nil, "msg") assert_equal("ANY", log.severity) assert_equal("my_progname", log.progname) (snip)
  • 19. cat `test/-ext-/array/test_resize.rb` % cat ext/-test-/array/resize/resize.c #include "ruby/ruby.h" static VALUE ary_resize(VALUE ary, VALUE len) { rb_ary_resize(ary, NUM2LONG(len)); return ary; } void Init_resize(void) { rb_define_method(rb_cArray, "__resize__", ary_resize, 1); } require 'test/unit' require '-test-/array/resize' class TestArray < Test::Unit::TestCase class TestResize < Test::Unit::TestCase def test_expand feature = '[ruby-dev:42912]' ary = [*1..10] ary.__resize__(10) assert_equal(10, ary.size, feature) assert_equal([*1..10], ary, feature) ary.__resize__(100) assert_equal(100, ary.size, feature) (snip)
  • 20. make check make check depends on the following definitions: • main • build encodings and extensions. • test • test-testframework • run tests for `testunit` and `minitest` • test-almost • run tests under `test` excluding `testunit` and `minitest`
  • 21. These are for “you”
  • 22. make test-rubyspec CRuby has `make update-rubyspec` and `make test-rubyspec` tasks. •`make update-rubyspec` • pulls ruby/rubyspec and ruby/mspec into the spec directory. •`make test-rubyspec` • invokes mspec with the ruby binary and the latest rubyspecs.
  • 23. cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/append_spec.rb % cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/concat_spec.rb require File.expand_path('../../../spec_helper', __FILE__) require File.expand_path('../fixtures/classes', __FILE__) require File.expand_path('../shared/concat', __FILE__) describe "String#<<" do it_behaves_like :string_concat, :<< it_behaves_like :string_concat_encoding, :<< end % cat spec/rubyspec/core/string/shared/concat.rb describe :string_concat, shared: true do it "concatenates the given argument to self and returns self" do str = 'hello ' str.send(@method, 'world').should equal(str) str.should == "hello world" end (snip) Please check details: https://github.com/ruby/spec
  • 24. These are for developer who interest compatibility
  • 25.
  • 26. Please contribute tests to ruby $ git clone https://github.com/ruby/ruby $ cd ruby $ autoconf $ ./configure —disable-install-doc $ make -j $ make check You can invoke CRuby tests: You can invoke focused tests with coverage: $ COVERAGE=1 make test-all TESTS=“logger” $ open coverage/index.html You can code new tests or update existing tests. and submit patches to our tracker or github.com/ruby/ruby.