All About Interview


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Types of Interviews - Detailed Notes

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All About Interview

  1. 1. WELCOME
  2. 2. INTERVIEWS Presented by, Sivaraman. P.S.
  3. 3. INTERVIEWS <ul><li>An interview is a conversation between two or more people (interviewer & interviewee) where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Interview <ul><ul><li>Interviews of Assessment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is the most common type; as of a Job Interview , where in the interviewer wants to assess the potential of his/her employees in the job. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews for Information. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is that kind of interview being conducted to gather information about a subject. It may be a scholar’s research, Journalists Research or Police Investigation. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Other Types <ul><li>Structured Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Meal Time Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Panel Job Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Exit Interview </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structured Interview <ul><li>The employer identifies the competencies (skills, abilities and experience) required for the role. </li></ul><ul><li>They design the questions to test whether the candidate has these competencies. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Behavioural Interview <ul><li>Behavioural interviews are trying to find out how you would act in certain situations. </li></ul><ul><li>The interviewer wants to be able to predict how you would behave in the role, if they recruited you. </li></ul><ul><li>So they ask hypothetical questions, about a time in your past, or asking you to imagine yourself in a future situation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. 4 Styles of Situational Leaders
  9. 10. Meal Time Interview <ul><li>A mealtime interview is a standard component of a sequential interview in a position that requires marketing, networking, sales, business dinners, and travel . </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of the dinner or mealtime interview is to determine how you perform in a social setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you relaxed and charming or awkward and evasive? </li></ul>
  10. 11. Contd… <ul><li>Companies want to observe not only how you handle a fork, but also how you treat your host, any other guests, and the serving staff. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SWOT Analysis of Meal Time Interview </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Threats: - </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to prepare for the interview as its structure may vary greatly. </li></ul><ul><li>Many items such as dress, manners and etiquette, and effective conversation to consider. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities: - </li></ul><ul><li>To guide the interviewer through all your strengths, while minimizing your weaknesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Likely to learn more about the organization and its corporate culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness: - </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge of manners and table etiquette. </li></ul><ul><li>You might not be sure what to talk about, or how to start a conversation. </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths: - </li></ul><ul><li>This is your chance to discuss other areas of knowledge (sports, arts, community, travel...) </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re skilled at casual conversation it is easier to win over the interviewer. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Telephone Interview <ul><li>Prepare a list matching your accomplishments to the company's stated requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>To get the feel of being interviewed over the phone, compile a list of probable questions and ask a friend use them in a simulated phone interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Select a quiet place where you will not be disturbed during the phone call. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a good idea to stand during a telephone interview as this makes you sound more confident and helps project a positive and professional image. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Contd… <ul><li>If you don't understand a question, ask for clarification. Provide well-developed, balanced, and analytical answers. Avoid monosyllabic 'yes' and 'no' replies. </li></ul><ul><li>Under no circumstances should you criticize your previous employers or colleagues. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of phone call, disconnect the phone only after your employer disconnects. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Panel Job Interview <ul><li>Sometimes employers want candidates to be seen by a number of managers or peer-workers. A panel interview simply means a candidate meets multiple interviewers at once. </li></ul><ul><li>They may play the &quot; Good cop / Bad cop &quot; routine, where one of them is aggressive and another sympathetic, to see how you perform under stress. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Stress Interview <ul><li>To measure the stress bearing capacity of the interviewee in the working environment. </li></ul><ul><li>To know the adaptability of interviewee towards the changing job needs. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you clarify an unclear assignment? </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;If you had a project due and a co-worker wanted to talk about something else, what would you do?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;In what kind of a work environment are you most comfortable: structured, unstructured, etc.?“ </li></ul><ul><li>Have you any experience working to meet deadlines? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever worked in a place where it seemed to be just one crisis after another? </li></ul>
  16. 17. Exit Interview <ul><li>It is typically a meeting between at least one representative from a company's HR department and a departing employee. </li></ul><ul><li>HR departments conduct exit interviews (also called exit surveys) to gather data for improving working conditions and retaining employees. </li></ul><ul><li>However, a hidden purpose is to help employers avoid costly litigation down the road, caused by &quot;disgruntled&quot; employees. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Preparations for Interview
  18. 19. Planning for the Interviews <ul><li>Prepare yourself, interviews are two-way meetings. It is an opportunity for the interviewer to find out about you as a suitable candidate for the position. </li></ul><ul><li>But they are also an opportunity for you to find out about the organisation that will provide you with the challenge and job satisfaction you are looking for. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Contd…. <ul><li>Prepare some questions to ask at the interview. At the first interview it would be wise to restrict your questions to the details of the job and the organisation. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Main Tips <ul><li>Find out everything you can about the company and what it makes or does. Look for current news - show you are up to date. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does this job exist? What problems will it solve? What are the Key Result Areas? </li></ul><ul><li>Dress as if you are already doing the job. </li></ul><ul><li>what skills/qualities/experience do you have to match? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Contd… <ul><li>Be your own worst interview nightmare. What is the most difficult question you might have to face? Practice the answer. Practice again. </li></ul><ul><li>Be upbeat. Employers latch on to negative messages, so don't give them any! </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for rejection. On balance you will be rejected more times than accepted. Even if you don't get the job, you can learn a huge amount about your perceived market value. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember : “there's a job out there for you somewhere”. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Ideal Professional Attire for Men
  23. 24. Ideal Professional Attire for Women
  24. 25. Conducting the Interview - SOARA Technique <ul><li>The SOARA (Situation, Objective, Action, Results, Aftermath) is a Job interview technique used by interviewers to gather all the relevant information about a specific capability that the job requires. </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Situation: The interviewer wants you to present a recent challenge and situation you found yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: What did you have to achieve? The interviewer will be looking to see what you were trying to achieve from the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Action: What did you do? The interviewer will be looking for information on what you did, why you did it and what were the alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Results: What was the outcome of your actions? What did you achieve through your actions and did you meet your objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Aftermath: What did you learn from this experience and have you used this learning since? </li></ul>
  26. 27. Conducting the Interview <ul><li>Pre-Interview . </li></ul><ul><li>During the Interview. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of Interview. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Pre-Interview For Employer <ul><li>Ensure that the room layout is appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that adequate refreshments are provided </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure all members of the panel are present </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key selection criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss questions and order of questions with the panel members </li></ul>
  28. 29. For Candidates <ul><li>Prepare well about the company, its products and services, values, philosophies…etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Go through the major issues and key related areas of interview discussions. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare all the testimonials required to be shown at the time of interviews. </li></ul><ul><li>Get well with the route map and access to the company or interview venue. </li></ul><<
  29. 30. During Interview <ul><li>Introduce panel or the panel introduce themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Order of questions as agreed </li></ul><>
  30. 31. At the End of Interview <ul><li>Ask the candidate if he/she has any questions </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm their current salary and notice period is as stated on their application form, if not gather the updated details </li></ul><ul><li>Contact details, i.e. mobile phone number for informing candidates of the outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Inform the candidates that they will be contacted with the decision as soon as after the interview </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm that normally HR will contact with the decision </li></ul>
  31. 32. Closing the Interview <ul><li>Leave your interviewer with the right picture of you. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask if there is anything else you can provide. (References, background information, or samples?) </li></ul><ul><li>Ask about the next step in the process. (Important for you to know for follow up. Ask for the decision date, if possible.) </li></ul><ul><li>Find out how to contact them. (If you don’t hear back, you will need to know who to contact and whether they will accept calls to check the status.) </li></ul>
  32. 34. Do’ s & Don't s
  33. 35. THANK YOU