BLUNT CHEST TRAUMA
Blunt Chest Trauma followed by
Subcutaneous Emphysema- A
Case Report
Presenter:
Dr. Hriday Ranjan Roy, Asst. Prof. (Surger...
Rasel, a young man aged 30 years hailing
from Hazipara, Thakugaon admitted into
RpMCH on 27/11/2013 at 11.45 PM in
Neurosu...
So on next morning (28/11/2013 at 10.15
AM) he was referred to MSU-IV. On next
day (29/11/2013) at 5.30 PM he was
transfer...
Physical examination in ICU
revealedSevere Respiratory distress (SOB),
Peripheral cyanosis,
Pulse- >140/min,
B.P- 150/100 ...
Physical examination in ICU
revealed (cont.)
Pulse oxymeter- saturation <80%,
GCS was 14.
P/A- normal,
Limbs- Normal,
Whol...
Photograph of patient
(27/11/2013)
Photograph of patient (02/12/2013)
CXR on 29/11/2013
Findings of CXR….
Huge surgical emphysema,
Equivocal finding of rib fracture,
Tension pneumothorax- suspected huge but
equ...
Management given
Urgent chest drainage (Rt) (water seal)
O2 inhalation- 100%
Antibiotics
Analgesics
I/V fluids,
PPIs
Proper technique of IT drainage
Site- 6th or 7th ICS just behind anterior axillary
line. In female, just below infra-mamma...
Landmarks for male
Landmark for female
What happened?
Patient was feeling a sort of pain and
saturation fall below 85% immediately
after tube thoracostomy. An ex...
Signs of improvement (within 1 hour)
Work of breathing (dyspnea)- reduced
gradually,
O2 saturation- raised over 90% and be...
On next day (30/11/2013)
Patient’s condition was fluctuating,
All of his parameters were improving.
But his O2 saturation ...
Post-operative events (cont..)
Except O2 saturation, all other parameters
were stable and improving. So
Endotracheal Intub...
Another CXR was done on
04/12/2013
Findings of CXR
No pneumothorax,
No hemothotax
Surgical emphysema- minimal.
So, chest drain was removed on 04/12/201.
Comparison of pre and post IT CXR
Photograph of patient taken on
04/12/2013
Comparison of Photograph
(Pre and Post Treatment)
Smiling family photo….
They are smiling….

Their smile is
valued Trillion
Dollars to us.
ICU personnel involved in
management
Our (ICU) expressions…
We (ICU Staffs) are very much happy,
There were 3 or more similar cases
(Trauma) which were managed...
DISCUSSION (Cont..)
Standard protocol of trauma managementATLS protocol (Ref- Baily and Love)
• Protocol of surgical emphy...
Management of Blunt trauma
90% of chest trauma managed by- IT drainage,
O2 inhalation, Physiotherapy, Analgesics,
Antibiot...
DISCUSSION (Cont…)
Mechanism of
Surgical
emphysema
after chest
trauma-
Pneumothoarax
DISCUSSION (Cont…)
How surgical
emphysema
corrected by chest
drain?
Air of emphysema has
direct communication
with air of
...
DISCUSSION (Cont…)
Multiple stab or wide bore needle aspirationhave any value for emphysema?
It may delay improvement due ...
DISCUSSION (Cont…)
Chest strapping after rib fracture? NO
Disadvantages- Restrict movement of that
part of chest. Result- ...
Discussion (Cont..)
Indications of Tube
Thoracostomy in General
About 90% of thoracic surgical cases could
be managed by T...
CONCLUSION
The value of Human life is above all. All
doctors are ethically bound for that.
Ego should not be practiced her...
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Blunt chest trauma with surgical emphysema - A case report

1,871 views

Published on

This patient was presented to us with severe life threatening conditions. We treated him at ICU, Rangpur Medical College Hospital and he was completely cured. Later a case presentation was done at Seminar Room of the same institute.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,871
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
93
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Blunt chest trauma with surgical emphysema - A case report

  1. 1. BLUNT CHEST TRAUMA
  2. 2. Blunt Chest Trauma followed by Subcutaneous Emphysema- A Case Report Presenter: Dr. Hriday Ranjan Roy, Asst. Prof. (Surgery) Moderator: Assoc. Prof. Dr. B. D. Bidhu Asst. Prof. Dr. Hamidul Islam Organized by- Dept of ICU and Dept of Surgery Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur
  3. 3. Rasel, a young man aged 30 years hailing from Hazipara, Thakugaon admitted into RpMCH on 27/11/2013 at 11.45 PM in Neurosurgery Dept with the history of RTA (Motorcycle accident) 11 hours back. On admission, he was severely dyspneic, disoriented and huge swelling of his upper chest, neck and face. No sign of any head injury noted.
  4. 4. So on next morning (28/11/2013 at 10.15 AM) he was referred to MSU-IV. On next day (29/11/2013) at 5.30 PM he was transferred to ICU for life support management as his conditions were deteriorating severely. The patient had history of drug addiction.
  5. 5. Physical examination in ICU revealedSevere Respiratory distress (SOB), Peripheral cyanosis, Pulse- >140/min, B.P- 150/100 mm of Hg, Huge surgical emphysema of upper part of chest, neck and face, Crepitus (#rib) on right lateral chest wall on palpation,
  6. 6. Physical examination in ICU revealed (cont.) Pulse oxymeter- saturation <80%, GCS was 14. P/A- normal, Limbs- Normal, Whole body sorting- A 2 inch cut injury on scalp, otherwise no injury found. 100% oxygen support given. But saturation was not maintaining. Patient gradually became more dyspneic and disoriented.
  7. 7. Photograph of patient (27/11/2013)
  8. 8. Photograph of patient (02/12/2013)
  9. 9. CXR on 29/11/2013
  10. 10. Findings of CXR…. Huge surgical emphysema, Equivocal finding of rib fracture, Tension pneumothorax- suspected huge but equivocal radiologically, No hemothorax noted.
  11. 11. Management given Urgent chest drainage (Rt) (water seal) O2 inhalation- 100% Antibiotics Analgesics I/V fluids, PPIs
  12. 12. Proper technique of IT drainage Site- 6th or 7th ICS just behind anterior axillary line. In female, just below infra-mammary line. Anchoring sutureEncircling suture- (matress) to include muscle, fascia of thoracic wall to avoid IT complications. How much marking of chest drain tube? Know the proper way to avoid complications
  13. 13. Landmarks for male
  14. 14. Landmark for female
  15. 15. What happened? Patient was feeling a sort of pain and saturation fall below 85% immediately after tube thoracostomy. An extra dose of analgesic given (Inj- Anadol). Within 1 hour, patient began to improve.
  16. 16. Signs of improvement (within 1 hour) Work of breathing (dyspnea)- reduced gradually, O2 saturation- raised over 90% and become stable, O2 flow and percent reduced and it maintained the saturation. Patient began to fell better.
  17. 17. On next day (30/11/2013) Patient’s condition was fluctuating, All of his parameters were improving. But his O2 saturation was fluctuating between 85-90% on 1st 2/3 days. Close monitoring done with all sorts of equipments.
  18. 18. Post-operative events (cont..) Except O2 saturation, all other parameters were stable and improving. So Endotracheal Intubation was avoided. Patient became stable gradually on 3 rd POD onwards.
  19. 19. Another CXR was done on 04/12/2013
  20. 20. Findings of CXR No pneumothorax, No hemothotax Surgical emphysema- minimal. So, chest drain was removed on 04/12/201.
  21. 21. Comparison of pre and post IT CXR
  22. 22. Photograph of patient taken on 04/12/2013
  23. 23. Comparison of Photograph (Pre and Post Treatment)
  24. 24. Smiling family photo….
  25. 25. They are smiling…. Their smile is valued Trillion Dollars to us.
  26. 26. ICU personnel involved in management
  27. 27. Our (ICU) expressions… We (ICU Staffs) are very much happy, There were 3 or more similar cases (Trauma) which were managed similarly and results were excellent. We would like to improve and spread our experiences and thus to serve for humanity.
  28. 28. DISCUSSION (Cont..) Standard protocol of trauma managementATLS protocol (Ref- Baily and Love) • Protocol of surgical emphysema after chest trauma – “Tube Thoracostomy” (Ref- Porhomayon and Doerr International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011, 4:10 http://www.intjem.com/content/4/1/10)
  29. 29. Management of Blunt trauma 90% of chest trauma managed by- IT drainage, O2 inhalation, Physiotherapy, Analgesics, Antibiotics and Desiccation therapy. 10% may need Thoracotomy. Indications are>1500ml blood at initial IT; Continuous brisk bleeding >100ml/h for >1h; Continued bleeding >200ml/h for >3h; Rupture of bronchus, esophagus, aorta or diaphragm; Cardiac temponade.
  30. 30. DISCUSSION (Cont…) Mechanism of Surgical emphysema after chest trauma-
  31. 31. Pneumothoarax
  32. 32. DISCUSSION (Cont…) How surgical emphysema corrected by chest drain? Air of emphysema has direct communication with air of pneumothorax.
  33. 33. DISCUSSION (Cont…) Multiple stab or wide bore needle aspirationhave any value for emphysema? It may delay improvement due to entrance of atmospheric air into pleural space. What other protocols?
  34. 34. DISCUSSION (Cont…) Chest strapping after rib fracture? NO Disadvantages- Restrict movement of that part of chest. Result- reduced ventilation, increase prone to infection and thus detrimental. Modern concepts- If no pain, cont. lung injury- nothing to do except drain.
  35. 35. Discussion (Cont..) Indications of Tube Thoracostomy in General About 90% of thoracic surgical cases could be managed by Tube Thoracostomy. Indications are: (described earlier)
  36. 36. CONCLUSION The value of Human life is above all. All doctors are ethically bound for that. Ego should not be practiced here or old concepts (which may be detrimental for patient) should not be applied. IT drainage has no loss, but valued many. Please don’t hesitate to insert a chest drainage in such patients.
  37. 37. THANK YOU

×