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Parenting styles and their possible impact on children


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Information about authoritarian, permissive and democratic parenting styles and how they impact children.

Published in: Education
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Parenting styles and their possible impact on children

  1. 1. Bombay Cambridge Gurukul
  3. 3. The Authoritarian Parent An authoritarian parent attempts to control a child's behaviour and attitudes, stressing the importance of obedience to authority and discouraging discussion.
  4. 4. Authoritarian Parents Parents who use this method of parenting tend to rely upon punishment - spanking or other physical measures. Parents are probably demanding of their child and may not give much in return. The family environment could be very rigid and controlling. The child might grow up feeling lost, without guidance and could lack self- confidence in making decisions
  5. 5.  They rank lowest in self- respect. They have little ability to conform to rules or authority.  The rigid harshness of the parent breaks the spirit of the child and results in resistance, "claming up,“ or rebellion. Possible reactions by children who have authoritarian parents
  6. 6.  The child usually does not want anything to do with his/her parents' rules or values. S/he tends to reject the ideals of his parents.  These children are also likely to grow up unable to handle power and authority. They may tend to misuse it and therefore be unhappy.
  7. 7.  The child may be attracted to children who rebel against their parents and the general rules of society. They may use drugs and participate in other illegal activities.  The child may be loud and demanding of his/her rights. In a classroom setting, s/he may cause disruption in order to gain attention from others or be
  8. 8. Permissive parents A permissive parent exercises minimal control. Children are allowed to set their own schedules and activities.
  9. 9. Permissive parents (contd) Those who have the ‘permissive’ parenting style, may treat their child as an adult by letting them make their own decisions. They don't impose rules on their child. The child may have control over meals, sleeping times and his/her behaviour. They probably have few restrictions in their daily lives. These children might have future problems dealing with rules and regulations, and they often make decisions with consequences they're not prepared to
  10. 10. Possible reactions by children who have permissive parents  The child senses that s/he is in the driver's seat and can play the parent accordingly.  S/he develops a feeling of insecurity, which is like leaning against a wall that appears to be firm, but falls over.
  11. 11. Possible reactions by children who have permissive parents  The child may have little self- respect because s/he has not learned to control himself/herself and master certain personal disciplines.  S/he learns that because standards are not firm, s/he can manipulate around the rules.
  12. 12. A Democratic parent operates on the belief that both the child and the parent have certain rights and that the needs of both are important. The parent is sure that s/he is in control and doesn't need to assert physical force to keep the child on the right track. Rather, a democratic parent is more likely to control his/her child by setting rules and explaining why these rules are important. ‘Democratic’ or ‘Balanced’ Parents
  13. 13. A Democratic parent is demanding of their child but they give in return as well. They are open to discussion and negotiation, giving the child firmness and self-control. The parent-child relationship is based on respect. Children learn social skills and their self-image is a positive one. “Democratic” or “Balanced” Parents(contd)
  14. 14. Balanced parents usually have clearly defined rules, limits, and standards for living. They take time to train their children to understand these limits - like why we don't make noise when people are sleeping and give clear warnings when a child has transgressed an established limit. But they also give support by expressing physical affection and spending personal time listening to their child. They are flexible and willing to listen to all the facts if a limit has been ‘Democratic’ or ‘Balanced’ Parents
  15. 15.  The warm support and clearly defined limits tend to build self- respect within the child.  A child is more content when s/he has learned to control herself/himself. Possible characteristics of children who have ‘Democratic’ or ‘Balanced’ parents
  16. 16.  His/her world is more secure when s/he realizes that there are limits which are unbending, and when s/he understands the underlying principles. Because the spirit of a child is not broken, the lines of communication are open with parents. There is less chance of the ‘rebellious’ teen Possible characteristics of children who have ‘Democratic’ or ‘Balanced’ Parents
  17. 17. The children of loving and firm parents ranked highest in:  Self-respect  Capacity to conform to authorities at school, community etc.,  Greater interest in their parents  Greater tendency not to join a rebellious group. Possible characteristics of children who have ‘Democratic’ or ‘Balanced’ Parents
  18. 18. is to have a little of all the three categories. We all can benefit from knowing how our interactions with our children will
  19. 19. BombayCambridgeGurukul