Rhythm

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Introduces concepts of meter and scansion

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Rhythm

  1. 1. Rhythm Meter and Scansion of Poetry
  2. 2. Types of Feet• Iambic • Whose woods/ these are/ I think/ I know• Trochaic • Tyger,/ Tyger,/ burning/ bright• Anapestic • Anniver/sary Waltz• Dactylic • Dracula,/ count of the/ darkness
  3. 3. Types of lines• Monometer one • Trimeter, foot tetrameter and• Dimeter two feet pentameter are the• Trimeter three feet most common.• Tetrameter four • Tetrameter can also be called feet quadrameter• Pentameter five • Blank verse is feet unrhymed iambic• Hexameter six pentameter. feet• Octameter eight feet
  4. 4. Let’s try Scanning Loveliest of trees, the cherry now Is hung with bloom along the bough And stands about the woodland ride Wearing white for eastertide.
  5. 5. Scanning Loveliest/ of trees, /the cher/ry now Is hung/with bloom/along/the bough And stands/about/the wood/land ride Wearing/white for/easter/tide.
  6. 6. Scanning Loveliest/ of trees, /the cher/ry now Is hung/with bloom/along/the bough And stands/about/the wood/land ride Wearing/white for/easter/tide. 1 Dactyl, iamb, iamb, iamb 2 four iambs 3 four iambs 4 three trochees and an extra stress
  7. 7. Scanning Loveliest/ of trees, /the cher/ry now Is hung/with bloom/along/the bough And stands/about/the wood/land ride Wearing/white for/easter/tide. Iambic tetrameter
  8. 8. Scan the next stanza Now of my threescore years and ten, Twenty will not come again, And take from seventy springs a score It only leaves me fifty more
  9. 9. Describe the rhythm Now of/ my three/score years/and ten, Twenty/will not/ come a/gain, And take/from sev/enty springs/a score It on/ly leaves/me fif/ty more
  10. 10. Describe the rhythm Now of/ my three/score years/and ten, Twenty/will not/ come a/gain, And take/from sev/enty springs/a score It on/ly leaves/me fif/ty more 1 iambic tetrameter 2 trochaic tetrameter with stress only on last foot 3 iambic tetrameter with 3rd foot anapestic 4 iambic tetrameter.
  11. 11. You can feel changes inrhythm• Although getting good at scanning takes a lot of practice and comes to very few people easily, you can easily hear changes in rhythm.• Compare the two versions of various poems on the next few screens. I’ll bet you can tell when the rhythm has been ruined.
  12. 12. Which one is the originalShe dwelt among She dwelt among untrodden ways untrodden waysBeside the blue Beside the springs waters of Dove. of Dove.A Maid whom there were none to A Maid whom praise there were noneAnd very few to love. to praise And very few to love. 
  13. 13. Answer• The one on the right.
  14. 14. Which one is theoriginal?Nature’s first green is Nature’s first green is gold gold,Her hardest hue to Her most difficult hue hold. to keep hold of.Her early leaf’s a Her early leaf’s a flower; flower;But only so an hour. But only so an hour.
  15. 15. Answer• The one on the left.
  16. 16. Which one is theoriginal?Tyger, Tyger Tyger, Tyger burning bright. burning brightIn the forests of In the woods of the night the night
  17. 17. Answer• The one on the left.
  18. 18. Which one is theoriginal?Knives can harm Knives can harm you, heaven you, heaven forbid; forbid;Axes may disarm Axes may disarm you, kid; you, kid;Guillotines really Guillotines are hurt, but painful, butThere’s nothing There’s nothing like a paper cut! like a paper cut!
  19. 19. Answer• The one on the right.
  20. 20. Which one is theoriginal?I cannot dance I cannot dance upon my toes upon my toesNo teacher No man instructed instructed me. meBut often, in my But oftentimes, imagination among my mindA Glee possesses A Glee possesses me. me.
  21. 21. Answer• The one on the right.

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