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Sawmills in Hammonds Plains

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A History of the Mills Of Hammonds Plains

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Sawmills in Hammonds Plains

  1. 1. A History of theA History of the MillsMills ofof Hammonds PlainsHammonds Plains A Presentation by the HammondsA Presentation by the Hammonds Plains Historical SocietyPlains Historical Society April 21, 2016April 21, 2016
  2. 2. OriginalOriginal HP Land Grant of 1786HP Land Grant of 1786 was attractive because of the firstwas attractive because of the first generation forest growthgeneration forest growth
  3. 3. Lumbering was the first PRIORTYLumbering was the first PRIORTY of the original grantees – ahead ofof the original grantees – ahead of settlement of the new landssettlement of the new lands
  4. 4. ‘‘The Kings Wood’ – AreaThe Kings Wood’ – Area reserved by the King for ship’sreserved by the King for ship’s MastsMasts
  5. 5. Early Years - Logs were transportedEarly Years - Logs were transported to Halifax Dockyards forto Halifax Dockyards for shipbuilding and paper making viashipbuilding and paper making via Nine Mile River - Bedford BasinNine Mile River - Bedford Basin
  6. 6. First Mills in Area – Early 1800’sFirst Mills in Area – Early 1800’s  Nine Mill River /Piers Mills Area –Nine Mill River /Piers Mills Area – river was used to float logs to Bedfordriver was used to float logs to Bedford Basin.Basin.  Christian Schmidt built a saw millChristian Schmidt built a saw mill along Nine Mill River in 1805along Nine Mill River in 1805  Anthony Holland set up mill nearAnthony Holland set up mill near Paper Mill Lake in 1813, which he usedPaper Mill Lake in 1813, which he used to make paper.to make paper.
  7. 7. Early 1800’s - Immigrants bringEarly 1800’s - Immigrants bring Cooper Skills to Hammonds Plains –Cooper Skills to Hammonds Plains – Chester Group / Chesapeake BlacksChester Group / Chesapeake Blacks
  8. 8. First Mill in Hammonds Plains –First Mill in Hammonds Plains – 1816-18? – John English Mill1816-18? – John English Mill
  9. 9. Jacob Shaffer – Pioneer ofJacob Shaffer – Pioneer of Lumbering in H PLumbering in H P  Believed to have lived in Piers Mills.Believed to have lived in Piers Mills.  Petition for land in 1823 at foot ofPetition for land in 1823 at foot of Pockwock Lake.Pockwock Lake.  Built a large mill on Pockwock LakeBuilt a large mill on Pockwock Lake  Partners – Wright, Lunn and LeighteizerPartners – Wright, Lunn and Leighteizer (received 950 acres).(received 950 acres).  Mill was moved to the Pockwock RiverMill was moved to the Pockwock River Falls area after John Wright became soleFalls area after John Wright became sole owner.owner.
  10. 10. By 1830, Pockwock/Kemptown AreaBy 1830, Pockwock/Kemptown Area becomes main lumbering area of HPbecomes main lumbering area of HP – Jacob Shaffer prominent leader– Jacob Shaffer prominent leader
  11. 11. The Hays FamilyThe Hays Family  In 1838, the Hays Family (Wesley Hays) buys 500In 1838, the Hays Family (Wesley Hays) buys 500 acres from Jacob Shaffer and re-establishes mill atacres from Jacob Shaffer and re-establishes mill at foot of Pockwock Lake.foot of Pockwock Lake.  Created a large mill. In 1860’s sons Norman andCreated a large mill. In 1860’s sons Norman and Johnathan build a modern two story mill.Johnathan build a modern two story mill.  The second story was used to cut barrel staves.The second story was used to cut barrel staves. The barrel pieces were hauled to Bedford BasinThe barrel pieces were hauled to Bedford Basin where the Hays family had Cooper Shop.where the Hays family had Cooper Shop.  By 1870’s, the Hays brothers had a lucrativeBy 1870’s, the Hays brothers had a lucrative business, installing modern machinery andbusiness, installing modern machinery and employing up to 50 people.employing up to 50 people.
  12. 12. 1890’s - Hays brothers sell mill to1890’s - Hays brothers sell mill to Lindsay Moran and HenryLindsay Moran and Henry HaverstockHaverstock
  13. 13. John WrightJohn Wright  Moves the original Shaffer Mill toMoves the original Shaffer Mill to Pockwock River Falls and then to Wright’sPockwock River Falls and then to Wright’s Lake.Lake.  Believed to be the first mill in H P to use aBelieved to be the first mill in H P to use a cylinder saw (sawing barrel staves).cylinder saw (sawing barrel staves).  Mill was powered by Wright’s Big OvershotMill was powered by Wright’s Big Overshot Wheel.Wheel.  Mill was in operation until 1960’s.Mill was in operation until 1960’s.
  14. 14. Wright Family MillWright Family Mill
  15. 15. Kemptown Mills – 1800’sKemptown Mills – 1800’s  Mills built in 1860’s by Melvin (between BigMills built in 1860’s by Melvin (between Big Indian Lake and Rafter’s Lake). Their millIndian Lake and Rafter’s Lake). Their mill had a gang saw that could saw 12 boards athad a gang saw that could saw 12 boards at one time.one time.  Dean’s MillDean’s Mill  Little’s MillLittle’s Mill  Davidson Mill – Largest in area. FloatedDavidson Mill – Largest in area. Floated lumber down Ingram River – hauled on twolumber down Ingram River – hauled on two wheeled carts to Halifax Marketwheeled carts to Halifax Market
  16. 16. Lower Hammonds Plains Mills –Lower Hammonds Plains Mills – 1800’s1800’s  Henry Schmidt – Steam Mill behind BloomHenry Schmidt – Steam Mill behind Bloom Nursey area (burnt down in 1902)Nursey area (burnt down in 1902)  Melvin - Bezanson Mill (Near where KynockMelvin - Bezanson Mill (Near where Kynock Resources is to-day)Resources is to-day)  English / Mason / Melvin Mill (On Mason’sEnglish / Mason / Melvin Mill (On Mason’s Pond)Pond)  Mill near English Corner?Mill near English Corner?  At Baptizing Lake?At Baptizing Lake?  MacQuade’s Lake?MacQuade’s Lake?
  17. 17. Upper Hammonds Plains MillsUpper Hammonds Plains Mills  A couple of small mills on Lizard LakeA couple of small mills on Lizard Lake  Deal Whiley Mill – built in 1888Deal Whiley Mill – built in 1888  Mill off Anderson RoadMill off Anderson Road
  18. 18. 1851 Census1851 Census  Lists 7 Mills in Hammonds Plains AreaLists 7 Mills in Hammonds Plains Area
  19. 19. During the second half of the 1800’sDuring the second half of the 1800’s HP area becomes recognized for it’sHP area becomes recognized for it’s second generation growth timbersecond generation growth timber
  20. 20. Mills begin to create secondary woodMills begin to create secondary wood products – Barrels, Staves, houseproducts – Barrels, Staves, house planks, fish box materials, appleplanks, fish box materials, apple boxesboxes
  21. 21. By 1880’s HP becomes a communityBy 1880’s HP becomes a community of small mills and cooper shopsof small mills and cooper shops The Hammonds Plains Road of the 1890’sThe Hammonds Plains Road of the 1890’s
  22. 22. Early Mills built by water – neededEarly Mills built by water – needed for powerfor power
  23. 23. Water Power – 1880’sWater Power – 1880’s  Had different types of wheels to run mill,Had different types of wheels to run mill, depending upon the head of the waterdepending upon the head of the water availableavailable..  Overshot Wheel (water fell in buckets) wasOvershot Wheel (water fell in buckets) was use for water falling from above.use for water falling from above.  Breast Wheel was used where there was noBreast Wheel was used where there was no height of water, but great volume.height of water, but great volume.  Undershot wheel was used for water flowingUndershot wheel was used for water flowing in a straight line.in a straight line.  A tub wheel was used where space was anA tub wheel was used where space was an issue.issue.
  24. 24. Water Power – 1880’sWater Power – 1880’s  All types of wheels were used in the mills ofAll types of wheels were used in the mills of Hammonds Plains.Hammonds Plains.  A box was built 3-4 meters from wheel toA box was built 3-4 meters from wheel to channel water and give pressure (called thechannel water and give pressure (called the flume).flume).  A gate was used to lift up and down (calledA gate was used to lift up and down (called the Stanpike) to control the flow of water.the Stanpike) to control the flow of water.
  25. 25. The Water Wheels – Overshot &The Water Wheels – Overshot & Breast WheelBreast Wheel
  26. 26. Undershot and Tub WheelsUndershot and Tub Wheels
  27. 27. Saws in the first mills were VerticalSaws in the first mills were Vertical SawsSaws
  28. 28. Circular Saws were introduced inCircular Saws were introduced in the late 1800’sthe late 1800’s
  29. 29. Pulley SystemPulley System  Mills used pulley system to run mill. It wasMills used pulley system to run mill. It was connected to water system. Quite an art toconnected to water system. Quite an art to connect all the pulleys together.connect all the pulleys together.
  30. 30. Turbines were introduced toTurbines were introduced to power larger mills in 1890’spower larger mills in 1890’s
  31. 31. Mills started to be developed alongMills started to be developed along the main road – 1890’sthe main road – 1890’s
  32. 32. Uncle Sid’s MillUncle Sid’s Mill
  33. 33. 1890’s – Hays Brothers sell their1890’s – Hays Brothers sell their Pockwock Mills to Moran andPockwock Mills to Moran and Haverstock FamiliesHaverstock Families
  34. 34. There were many mills in the areaThere were many mills in the area during the early 1900’s – the golden eraduring the early 1900’s – the golden era
  35. 35. 1923 Map - 18 mills in H P Area1923 Map - 18 mills in H P Area
  36. 36. The Larger Mills had LumberThe Larger Mills had Lumber CampsCamps
  37. 37. Lumber Camp near PockwockLumber Camp near Pockwock LakeLake
  38. 38. Many of the mills had associatedMany of the mills had associated Cooper or Box ShopsCooper or Box Shops
  39. 39. Gathering LogsGathering Logs
  40. 40. Prominent Lumbering Families inProminent Lumbering Families in Hammonds Plains Area – 1900’sHammonds Plains Area – 1900’s  AndersonAnderson  EisenhauerEisenhauer  HaverstockHaverstock  MelvinMelvin  MoranMoran  RomansRomans  SmithSmith  ThomsonThomson  WhileyWhiley  WrightWright
  41. 41. 1930’s1930’s  Electricity comes to Hammonds PlainsElectricity comes to Hammonds Plains  Trucks started to be used for transportationTrucks started to be used for transportation
  42. 42. To Market – The Old WayTo Market – The Old Way
  43. 43. To Market – The New WayTo Market – The New Way
  44. 44. Use of Tractors to haul logsUse of Tractors to haul logs
  45. 45. The lumbering industry startedThe lumbering industry started to decline in the 1940’s as postto decline in the 1940’s as post World War 2 advancements metWorld War 2 advancements met less emphasis on wood productsless emphasis on wood products
  46. 46. By the 1960’s the lumberingBy the 1960’s the lumbering industry was becoming a thing of theindustry was becoming a thing of the past in HPpast in HP
  47. 47. Last Cooper ShopLast Cooper Shop  W. G. Haverstock – Late 1970’sW. G. Haverstock – Late 1970’s
  48. 48. Last Day to Day Mill OperationLast Day to Day Mill Operation  Whiley Mill – 1990’sWhiley Mill – 1990’s
  49. 49. TodayToday  Hatfield FarmsHatfield Farms  Garvie HaverstockGarvie Haverstock
  50. 50. The Mills of Hammonds Plains –The Mills of Hammonds Plains – April 21April 21stst , 2016, 2016

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