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Understanding Laws (VIII SST)

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Gives brief information of emergence of new laws

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Understanding Laws (VIII SST)

  1. 1. CIVICS CIVICS Chapter4.4. ChapterUNDERSTANDING LAWS
  2. 2. CIVICS Chapter 4.Oh ! I am much curious.What are laws ? How laws are changed and why? Are laws same for all ? Please tell me about it. Ok, I will clear your doubt. So, now lets study about law briefly.
  3. 3.  In this chapter we will learn about: Do laws apply to all? How do new laws come about? Unpopular and controversial laws What should we as citizens do under such circumstances?
  4. 4. What does rule of law means?Control as per the law. ORGoverning as per the law. We will discuss all the points one-by-one .
  5. 5. Do laws apply to all? Yes, all are equal before law. The law cannot discriminate anyone on basisof religion, caste and gender. If he/she is rich, poor, minister, president .He/She is equal before law. RICH POOR MINISTER PRESIDENT
  6. 6.  Reason for including law of equality:  Because of ‘SEDITION act’ of 1870 , Indian nationalists forced britishers to include equality And ideas of justice into set of rules.  Like this today also every year new laws are passed.  Now question is raised How do people come to think and propose that a new law is necessary?
  7. 7. How do new laws come about? When problems are faced by people theyraise the need for a particular law throughmedia like TV channels, newspapers.  The citizens play a crucial role in coming of a new law. We want it Give us our rights……
  8. 8.  What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? When people feel there is a need of law theygo to an organization. Then several organizations discuss on thecomplaint and then prepare a draft of laws.  The draft is then sent to minister. He introduces the law . Then voting of several ministers of Lok sabha takes place.
  9. 9.  What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? If it is approved by Lok sabha , it is send tocommittee 1 for further procedures. Also if it is getting approval by committee 1 .It is then sent to Rajya sabha , here ministersvote again. Rajya sabha
  10. 10.  What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? Approved bill is sent to committee 2 . Afterapproval , it goes to President and if Presidentapproves it . Then , the new law is introduced insociety.
  11. 11. Unpopular and controversial law: Parliament passes new laws every year thatmay be UNPOPULAR  Controversial law : Some of this laws may be unacceptable to people because they could feel Law as unfair and harmful . So , they might criticise this law and when a large number of people criticise a law, it changes. If any law is not in favour of any group & ignores the other, it is controversial law.
  12. 12.  As, citizens play crucial role inelecting their representatives .They alsoplay a crucial role in helping parliamentperform its representative functioningproperly. So , citizens of a democratic countrylike India must be aware of theirrights.

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