The Internet Revolution


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  • The Internet Revolution

    1. 1. The Internet Revolution The Not-For-Dummies Guide to the History, Technology, and Use of the Internet By J.R. Okin Presented by: Noel Benoit, Christie Lynne Brower, Heather Lynn White
    2. 2. What is this book? <ul><li>It’s a detailed run down of how the Internet came to be in terms of hardware, software & uses </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a good reference for Information Designers to understand how today’s technology came to be so we can use it more effectively and strategically </li></ul><ul><li>“… one of the most influential and critical technology stories of our time. When you know the Internet’s history and then explore its impact and use, you will start to appreciate the larger social story that the Internet’s creation, evolution and popularity has to relate about us, about the lives we are leading today, and about what we may expect from this technology tomorrow.”(31) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Main Topics <ul><li>Noel – timeline & jargon </li></ul><ul><li>Christie – significant points in the development of computers, networks and ultimately Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Heather – how a network of computers is now a social network of people </li></ul>
    4. 4. Historical Timeline <ul><li>Insert Noel here </li></ul>
    5. 5. ARPANET: the 1 st network <ul><li>1958 Advanced Research Project Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: “to assure that the US maintains a lead in applying state-of-the-art technology for military capabilities and to prevent technological surprise from her adversaries.” </li></ul><ul><li>1968 hosts, IMPs, lines </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized Atomic bomb proof </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative programming </li></ul>
    6. 6. ARPANET: strategy The Arpanet Insert Christie here
    7. 7. Internet: the 1 st network <ul><li>Lack of planned direction, demonstratable ownership or authoritative control </li></ul><ul><li>TCP/IP = NET </li></ul><ul><li>Internetworked network of computers </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Internet is a global information system of interconnected networks that relies on the fundamental communication protocols of TCP/IP.” </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Internet: Bulletin Boards <ul><li>FidoNet - enthusiasts, network of BB </li></ul><ul><li>UUCP - Unix to Unix copy program </li></ul><ul><li>USENET </li></ul><ul><li>BITNET (IBM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LISTSERV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSNET – NSF (RIP 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>CREN – French </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European link </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. The Internet: Commercialization <ul><li>1990’s ISPs – Compuserve, AOL, Prodigy </li></ul><ul><li>1991 WWW </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Mosaic – graphical browser </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Payments, Pizza Hut </li></ul><ul><li>1995 Netscape standard </li></ul><ul><li>Domain names </li></ul>
    10. 10. Packet switching
    11. 11. Protocols <ul><li>Communication layer (higher) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSI – fixed 7 layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TCP/IP – 4-5 layers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application layer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FTP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samples next slide </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Application Protocols </li></ul><ul><li>AppleShare, AppleShare </li></ul><ul><li>AIM, AOL Instant Messenger Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>APPC, Advanced Program-to-Program Communication </li></ul><ul><li>BitTorrent </li></ul><ul><li>BOOTP, Bootstrap Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>CFDP, Coherent File Distribution] Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>DCAP, Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>DHCP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>DNS, Domain Name System (Service) Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>ENRP, Endpoint Handlespace Redundancy Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Finger , User Information Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Freenet </li></ul><ul><li>FTAM, File Transfer Access and Management </li></ul><ul><li>FTP, File Transfer Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Gopher, Gopher protocol </li></ul><ul><li>HTTP, S-HTTP, (Secure) HyperText Transfer Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>H.323 , Packet-Based Multimedia Communications System </li></ul><ul><li>IMAP, IMAP4, Internet Message Access Protocol (version 4) </li></ul><ul><li>IRCP, Internet Relay Chat Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>LDAP, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>LPD, Line Printer Daemon Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>MIME (S-MIME), Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions and Secure MIME </li></ul><ul><li>Modbus </li></ul><ul><li>MSN Messenger [Instant Messaging Service] </li></ul><ul><li>NFS, Network File System </li></ul><ul><li>NIS, Network Information Service </li></ul><ul><li>NNTP, Network News Transfer Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>NTP, Network Time Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>PNRP, Peer Name Resolution Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>POP, POP3, Post Office Protocol (version 3) </li></ul><ul><li>Rlogin , Remote Login in UNIX Systems </li></ul><ul><li>RMON , Remote Monitoring MIBs (RMON1 and RMON2) </li></ul><ul><li>RTSP, Real Time Streaming Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SAP, Session Announcement Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SDP, Session Description Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SIP, Session Initiation Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SLP, Service Location Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SMB, Server Message Block </li></ul><ul><li>SMTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SNTP, Simple Network Time Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>SOAP, Simple Object Access Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>TCAP, Transaction Capabilities Application Part </li></ul><ul><li>TELNET , Terminal Emulation Protocol of TCP/IP </li></ul><ul><li>TFTP, Trivial File Transfer Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>TSP, Time Stamp Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>URL, Uniform Resource Location </li></ul><ul><li>VTP, Virtual Terminal Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Whois (and RWhois), Remote Directory Access Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>X.400 , Message Handling Service Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>X.500 , Directory Access Protocol (DAP) </li></ul><ul><li>XMPP, Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Messenger Protocol </li></ul>
    13. 13. Email <ul><li>Email around longer than the internet and networking. </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly used network service across all ages, races, economic groups, geographic regions and types of users. </li></ul><ul><li>Success: Simplicity? Bringing people closer together? No distance? </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: Get to the point fast, limited small talk, preserved record, asynchronous (like post). </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chat <ul><li>Simple cyberspace interaction used in business & personal </li></ul><ul><li>Allows 1:1, or 1:many conversations. </li></ul><ul><li>No geographic constraints. </li></ul><ul><li>Chat: synchronous, more like telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>IRC- Internet Relay Chat, open source, oldest chat tech. </li></ul><ul><li>Instant messenger- users must have same client (aol, yahoo, msn, ICQ) </li></ul><ul><li>Webpage chat- Hosted on a web page, uses a java applet. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Games <ul><li>Entertainment-training-education </li></ul><ul><li>Spacewars!-Adventure- (oldest Computer games) </li></ul><ul><li>Spacewars-action, like a science project </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure- Puzzle, exploration </li></ul><ul><li>M.U.D.- Multi-User-Dungeon (fantasy and usually role playing) </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional games are also adapted to the </li></ul><ul><li>internet. (chess…scrabble) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Virtual Reality <ul><li>Live and work in cyberspace. </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings-business </li></ul><ul><li>M.U.D- Business environment </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time work environment </li></ul><ul><li>No geographic constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Room to accommodate as many people as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptable environment </li></ul><ul><li>Total control of who’s there </li></ul><ul><li>Record events and conversations </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Internet… <ul><li>A combined effort of many different individuals from many different places. </li></ul>