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Chery & AKila


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Chery & AKila

  1. 1. Information Ecologies Cheryl Aupperle Akila Sathiaseelan
  2. 2. Metropolis <ul><li>The 1927 film by Fritz Lang is used as the theme for the backdrop of the reflections on people and technology that the authors present. </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolis is presented as a view of what the typical city would be like in the 21 st century. </li></ul><ul><li>The city of Metropolis consists of the masters, who are the minds that control the city from above and the workers, whose hands are the ones that actually built the city. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Metropolis in Conversations about Technology <ul><li>Technophiles – Welcome the ‘inevitable’ process of technology and they see only the good things as the end result of any future technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Dystopians –They wish that we could turn our backs on technology because of the invasive effects it will have on our social structure. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many other opinions besides these two extremes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Metaphors <ul><li>In order to explain how Information Technology impacts our daily lives, the authors use a series of metaphors. </li></ul><ul><li>One reoccurring metaphor is that technology is a tool. </li></ul><ul><li>The title is actually a bit of a metaphor. information. The authors define an information ecology as “…a system of people, practices, values and technologies in a particular local environment. In information ecologies, the spotlight is not on technology, but on human activities that are served by technology. ” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technology as a Tool <ul><li>People who see technology as a tool believe that they control technology. People who see technology as a system see themselves as being caught up inside of it. </li></ul><ul><li>We use tools to make everyday tasks easier, and we should apply technology to our lives the same way. </li></ul><ul><li>Designers should also think that they are creating a tool in order to help them keep the users of technology in mind. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Information Ecology of a Library <ul><li>Librarians are a keystone species. </li></ul><ul><li>The Library Ecology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three basic parts of this ecology are the reference materials, reference librarians and the people (clients). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference librarians receive a request for information , talk with the clients to further define their search, followed through with the planned search (or taught client how to search) and then returned the most useful materials to the client. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Virtual world <ul><li>What is it? – It is a computer based environment that depicts the ordinary, physical world we live in or imagine. </li></ul><ul><li>While visiting, participants can communicate with one another and explore or sometimes manipulate </li></ul><ul><li>Has four central characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geography </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and awareness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Cultivating gardeners – Importance of Homegrown Expertise <ul><li>Gardeners – take on the responsibility of customizing software tools for local conditions and assisting their co-workers in using the tools. </li></ul><ul><li>The key to understand gardening is to notice the diversity of expertise and interests in each work setting. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Information Ecology in Class <ul><li>Digital Photography class was an Information Ecology class in Lincoln High School </li></ul><ul><li>The class became successful for 3 reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artwork, not the computer, drove the day to day activity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structured lesson plans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical support provided by the lecturer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. A Dysfunctional Ecology: Privacy Issues of a Teaching Hospital <ul><li>In 1992, in a teaching hospital, a few neurosurgeries were remotely monitored by the Head specialist. </li></ul><ul><li>This gave the ‘head’ the immediate feedback of all the neurosurgeries going on in that hospital </li></ul><ul><li>How Dysfunction? – Invaded the privacy of operators, made them self-conscious and lose their balance. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>Changing technologies lend strangeness and adventure to many of the settings we inhabit. </li></ul><ul><li>With our heightened awareness of our surroundings, we can know about what is happening and understand better what actions we can take ourselves. </li></ul>