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The Asante- A Kingdom of Slave Traders *Notes are for Dana Hall classroom use only.  Reproduction of  These materials is s...
The Asante (Ashanti) Kingdom  <ul><li>Developed in the 1670’s </li></ul><ul><li>Formed as a result of competition for gold...
Who Were They? <ul><li>In the 1400s, the Akan peoples lived on the edge of the </li></ul><ul><li>Sahel/forest region </li>...
<ul><li>1500’s: Akan peoples came into contact with Portuguese traders </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy owners of the Akan gold m...
Osei Tutu: Founder of the  Asante Kingdom <ul><li>1670’s:  Osei Tutu was a military leader and head of the Oyoko clan of t...
The Golden Stool <ul><li>Osei Tutu told the Akan peoples that the Golden Stool had been sent to him by the gods </li></ul>...
The Continuance of the Asante <ul><li>Osei Tutu was succeeded by Opoku Ware (1717-1750) </li></ul><ul><li>During his rule,...
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The asante a kingdom of slave traders

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The asante a kingdom of slave traders

  1. 1. The Asante- A Kingdom of Slave Traders *Notes are for Dana Hall classroom use only. Reproduction of These materials is strictly forbidden. Bibliographic information for Images available upon request. http://www.runofplay.com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2008/03/asantehene.jpg
  2. 2. The Asante (Ashanti) Kingdom <ul><li>Developed in the 1670’s </li></ul><ul><li>Formed as a result of competition for gold fields in the Akan forestland and later took control over the slave trade in this region- </li></ul>http://www.ascleiden.nl/Images/library/webdossiers/library_webdossiers_asante_mapghana.jpg
  3. 3. Who Were They? <ul><li>In the 1400s, the Akan peoples lived on the edge of the </li></ul><ul><li>Sahel/forest region </li></ul><ul><li>They mined gold in the forest, and farmed crops in the Sahel </li></ul><ul><li>The Akan also traded gold for slaves with the Malian empire </li></ul><ul><li>Akan depended on slaves laboring in the gold mines and in the fields </li></ul>http://www.artofancientafrica.com/images/0190.jpg
  4. 4. <ul><li>1500’s: Akan peoples came into contact with Portuguese traders </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy owners of the Akan gold mines begin to trade gold for Benin slaves with the Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>Akan centers of trade began to shift away from the Trans-Saharan routes toward the forestland and coasts </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1600s, several trade centers were competing for control over these new trade centers. </li></ul>http://www.lindakreft.com/Images/akangold.jpg
  5. 5. Osei Tutu: Founder of the Asante Kingdom <ul><li>1670’s: Osei Tutu was a military leader and head of the Oyoko clan of the Akan peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Took control over a trade center near Kumasi and established this as his capital city </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered the neighboring chiefdoms and took control of their trade </li></ul><ul><li>Took the title of ASANTEHENE </li></ul><ul><li>Collected taxes from the chiefdoms on profits from the gold mines </li></ul><ul><li>Built a standing army by demanding that chiefdoms provide soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Sought the support of religious leaders throughout the region </li></ul><ul><li>Established the “GOLDEN STOOL” as a symbol of his rightful rule. </li></ul>www.tamarin.com/seat-pic/seat11.JPG
  6. 6. The Golden Stool <ul><li>Osei Tutu told the Akan peoples that the Golden Stool had been sent to him by the gods </li></ul><ul><li>The safety and success of these people was dependent upon protection of the stool and the Asantehene </li></ul><ul><li>Akan peoples become Asante (Ashanti) </li></ul><ul><li>Osei Tutu develops an Asante culture complete with new traditions, festivals and histories (Clan histories were outlawed) </li></ul><ul><li>By 1700, Osei Tutu controlled most of the gold fields of the Akan forestland </li></ul>http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/39882000/jpg/_39882008_goldenstool203.jpg
  7. 7. The Continuance of the Asante <ul><li>Osei Tutu was succeeded by Opoku Ware (1717-1750) </li></ul><ul><li>During his rule, he will extend the Asante kingdom to include most of what is today present-day Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Opoku Ware will participate in the slave trade with the Europeans, selling war captives and growing very wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Asante were one of the last great kingdoms to fall to the Europeans in the late 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, they are a recognized cultural group, with a symbolic Asantehene as its leader. </li></ul>http://www.jmu.edu/international/images/progphoto_ghana_P7000002.jpg

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